The Making of an Enterprise: The Society of Jesus in Portugal, Its Empire, and Beyond, 1540-1750

Forside
Stanford University Press, 1996 - 707 sider
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Based on more than two decades of research conducted on five continents, this monumental work focuses on the activities of members of the Society of Jesus from its foundation to the eve of its expulsion from the Portuguese world. A second volume will examine the Order’s expulsion, the fate of its members, and the disposition of its assets in Portugal and her empire from 1750 to 1808.

The present volume begins with the Society’s introduction to Portugal and traces its expansion throughout what the Society defined as the Portuguese Assistancy, a vast complex of administrative units that included the kingdom of Portugal and her empire plus portions of the Indian subcontinent, Japan, China, the Indonesian archipelago, and Ethiopia. Though it fully describes the evangelical and educational activities of the Jesuits, the book emphasizes their political relations with Portuguese and indigenous leaders, the founding of their major training facilities, the development of their economic infrastructure, their activities as governmental administrators for the Portuguese in India and China, and their role in Portugal’s unsuccessful attempts to preserve her eastern empire and to revive Brazil after the Dutch occupation (1630-1654). Throughout, the author makes insightful comparisons between the Jesuits and their peers in various parts of the Portuguese Assistancy and between the Jesuits and their monastic predecessors in various parts of Europe, notably France and England.

  

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Innhold

The Founding of a Controversial New Society
3
Formation of the Province of Portugal I541ca 1615
24
The Distant Empire
41
The Jesuits and the Crown
79
The Jesuits
101
Gains and Losses in the East
130
Consequences
159
The Collapse of the Estado da India and Its Impact
181
Attempts to Monitor
430
Gods Share or the Kings? Jesuit Resistance
461
Jesuit Efforts to Defend the Freedom of
474
Bondsmen and Lay Servants
502
For Piety or Profit? The Commercial Activities
528
The Jesuits
552
The Society
571
For God or Mammon?
614

Vicissitudes of the Enterprise in the Atlantic World
206
The Hierarchy
229
The Pertinacity
255
Admissions and Dismissals in the Brazil Province 15661707
293
The Fiscal Administration of an Enterprise
298
The Crown as Benefactor and Taskmaster
321
The Societys
345
An Enterprise with a Rich Past but an Uncertain Future
651
A Concerning Coinage Money of Account
665
Number of Jesuits Serving in the Portuguese
674
F The Fate of the Jesuits Serving in the College
680
Index
691
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Om forfatteren (1996)

Dauril Alden is Professor of History and Latin American Studies at the University of Washington. He is the author of Royal Government in Colonial Brazil.

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