War and Ethics in the Ancient Near East: Military Violence in Light of Cosmology and History
Walter de Gruyter, 1. jan. 2009 - 248 sider
The monograph considers the relationships of ethical systems in the ancient Near East through a study of warfare in Judah, Israel and Assyria in the eighth and seventh centuries BCE. It argues that a common cosmological and ideological outlook generated similarities in ethical thinking, with kings’ military activities made morally imperative by their identification with a cosmic struggle against chaos. The research begins the discussion of ancient Near Eastern ethics outside of Israel and Judah and fills a scholarly void by placing Israelite and Judahite ethics within this context.
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Part I Ideology cosmology and ethics
Part II Ethics and society
Part III Ethics and history
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a-na actions acts allusions Amos ancient Near East ancient Near Eastern ARAB Aram Aramaeans Aššur Assurbanipal Assurbanipal’s Assyrian Babylon Babylonians biblical Borger campaign Chronicles context cosmological language creation defeat depiction described destruction Deuteronomistic Deuteronomistic History divine Elam Elamites élite emphasise EnĀma eliš enemy Esarhaddon ethics evidence exile explicit explicitly extreme framework god’s gods h¾rem Haldar Hebrew Bible historical human agent human king i-na identified impaled indicates inscriptions Israel Israel and Judah Israelite Ištar Judah Judahite ki-ma kingship Layard leaders legitimation Letter to Aššur lex talionis Liverani Luckenbill LUGAL Marduk Marduk-apla-iddina Moab moral Nahum nations nature Nineveh Nissinen occurs Old Testament oracles Philistia practice psalms punishment rebellion rebellious reference reliefs reports role royal šá Šamaš Šamaš-šuma-ukîn Sargon scholars seems Sennacherib Seow and Ritner similar social specific struggle against chaos suggests Summ synergy Tadmor Teumman texts threat Tiamat Tiglath-pileser Tiglath-pileser’s tion treatment violence warfare Yahweh