Empires of Faith: The Fall of Rome to the Rise of Islam, 500-700
Oxford University Press, 27. okt. 2011 - 446 sider
Drawing upon the latest historical and archaeological research, Dr Peter Sarris provides a panoramic account of the history of Europe, the Mediterranean, and the Near East from the fall of Rome to the rise of Islam. The formation of a new social and economic order in western Europe in the fifth, sixth, and seventh centuries, and the ascendancy across the West of a new culture of military lordship, are placed firmly in the context of on-going connections and influence radiating outwards from the surviving Eastern Roman Empire, ruled from the great imperial capital of Constantinople. The East Roman (or 'Byzantine') Emperor Justinian's attempts to revive imperial fortunes, restore the empire's power in the West, and face down Constantinople's great superpower rival, the Sasanian Empire of Persia, are charted, as too are the ways in which the escalating warfare between Rome and Persia paved the way for the development of new concepts of 'holy war', the emergence of Islam, and the Arab conquests of the Near East. Processes of religious and cultural change are explained through examination of social, economic, and military upheavals, and the formation of early medieval European society is placed in a broader context of changes that swept across the world of Eurasia from Manchuria to the Rhine. Warfare and plague, holy men and kings, emperors, shahs, caliphs, and peasants all play their part in a compelling narrative suited to specialist, student, and general readership alike.
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Introduction and Acknowledgements
1 The World that had been Rome
2 The Formation of PostRoman Society
The Era of Theoderic and Clovis
Crisis Survival and Renewal
The Late Sixth Century
6 Religion and Society in the Age of Gregory the Great
7 Heraclius Persia and Holy War
Africa amongst Anastasius Anglo-Saxon Arab aristocratic Armenian History Austrasian Avars Balkans barbarian Bede bishops Burgundian Byzantine Byzantium Cambridge Cassiodorus Christian Chronicle Chronicon Paschale Church Clothar Clovis coinage Constans Constantine Constantinople Council court culture Early Medieval East Roman Eastern Roman ecclesiastical economic elite Emperor empire’s estates evidence example fifth forces Frankish frontier Gaul Gepid Gothic Goths Greatrex and Lieu Gregory of Tours Heraclius Howard-Johnston ibid imperial authorities increasingly Italy Justin Justinian Kavadh khagan Khusro king king’s kingdom kingship land landowners Langobard Late Antiquity late-Roman leadership lords lowland Britain Merovingian Miaphysite military Neustrian nobility northern Odoacer Ostrogothic Oxford Paul the Deacon Persian political Procopius provinces records region reign result Roman Empire Roman territory Rome Rome’s royal rule rulers Sarris Sasanian Saxons senatorial settlement seventh century Sidonius Sidonius Apollinaris sixth century social society Syria Theoderic Theoderic’s Theophanes throne Transcaucasus Vandal Visigothic West Western whilst