The Fundamental Problems of Western Metaphysics
University Press of America, 27. okt. 2009 - 244 sider
This book introduces the profound reflections of Xavier Zubiri (1898-1983) on the history of philosophy to English-speaking audiences. As a philosopher who rethought much of philosophy and theology, Zubiri felt it necessary to be in continuous dialogue with earlier thinkers both to avoid past mistakes and to extract all that is valuable from them. The theme of the present book is the transcendental in Western philosophy and how a firm grasp of it reveals underlying unity in Western philosophy, but also fundamental problems that Zubiri believed require a complete rethinking of certain basic notions and theories. Zubiri develops this theme by analyzing the work of six major philosophers: Aristotle, St. Thomas, Descartes, Leibniz, Kant, and Hegel. To conclude, he sketches his own resolution of the problems of Western philosophy, a subject addressed in greater depth in his major work, Sentient Intelligence. This translation was made possible by a grant from the Spanish Ministry of Culture.
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Absolute spirit actually afﬁrms Anaximander appears Aristotle Aristotle's beginning called certainty characteristic consciousness consists constitutes created things creation deﬁned deﬁnitely Democritus Descartes determined dialectic diaphanous difﬁculty divine reason entiﬁcation entity essence ex nihilo existence fact ﬁnd ﬁnite ﬁnitude ﬁrst place formal framework of nothingness G. W. F. Hegel given Hegel says Hegel tells here-and-now human reason idea inﬁnite insofar intel intellection internal intrinsic intuition Kant says Kant tells Kantian knowing knowledge Leibniz logic logos Markus Herz means meta monad moral movement nature objective spirit pantheism Parmenides philosophy Plato possible precisely predicate principle problem purely and simply question radical rational reality refers reﬂection respect scendental second place sense sensible sentient intelligence speculative reason structure sufﬁcient synthesis term theology thing-in-itself Thomas Thomas says thought tion tive tran transcendent transcendental order translation true unity unmoved mover Western metaphysics Xavier Zubiri Zubiri