The crisis of Rome: the Jugurthine and Northern Wars and the rise of Marius
Pen & Sword Military, 15. aug. 2010 - 259 sider
In the later 2nd century BC, after a period of rapid expansion and conquest, the Roman Republic found itself in crisis. In North Africa her armies were already bogged down in a long difficult guerrilla war in a harsh environment when invasion by a coalition of Germanic tribes, the Cimbri, Teutones and Ambrones, threatened Italy and Rome itself, inflicting painful defeats on Roman forces in pitched battle. Gaius Marius was the man of the hour. The first war he brought to an end through tactical brilliance, bringing the Numidian King Jugurtha back in chains. Before his ship even returned to Italy, the senate elected Marius to lead the war against the northern invaders. Reorganising and reinvigorating the demoralised Roman legions, he led them to two remarkable victories in the space of months, crushing the Teutones and Ambrones at Aquiae Sextae and the Cimbri at Vercellae.The Roman army emerged from this period of crisis a much leaner and more professional force and the author examines the extent to which the 'Marian Reforms' were responsible for this and the extent to which they can be attributed to Marius himself.
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The defeat of Rome in the East: Crassus, the Parthians, and the disastrous ...
Gareth C. Sampson
Ingen forhåndsvisning tilgjengelig - 2008
The Age of Marius l04lO0
The Rise of Numidia 2061 12 BC
The Northern Wars The Threat from the North 1201 11 BC
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Adherbal allies Ambrones annexed appears Appian Aquae Sextiae Arausio attack barbarian Battle of Cirta beneﬁted Bestia Bocchus Bomilcar Caecilius Metellus Caepio Caius campaign Carthage Carthaginian Catulus cavalry century BC Cimbri clear conﬂict consul consulship defeat despite difﬁcult elected enemy faced ﬁght ﬁghting ﬁgure ﬁnal ﬁnally ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬂed ﬂee fought Furthermore Gaetulians Gallic Gaul given Gracchus Illyria invading Italy Jugurtha Jugurthine king kingdom Livy Macedon Marius Masinissa Mauri Metellan Micipsa narrative negotiations North Africa Northern Wars Numantia Numidia ofﬁce once Orosius Periochae of Livy period Plut Plutarch Postumius province Punic Q Caecilius region return to Rome Roman army Roman commander Roman forces Roman military Roman politics Rome Rome’s Rutilius Sall Sallust Saturninus Scaurus Scipio Aemilianus Scordisci Senate Senate’s Senatorial Sicily siege slave soldiers southern Gaul Spain Strabo surviving sources Syphax tactics territory Teutones threat Tigurini took town tribal tribes tribunes triumph victory whilst