Behind the Scenes at the WTO: The Real World of International Trade Negotiations, Updated Edition
World hunger, jobs, the overall economic prospects of developing and developed countries alike are all being influenced by the international negotiations about trade, agriculture, services, investment and intellectual property rights going on at the World Trade Organization (WTO). Based on interviews with the participants, this remarkable book lifts the shroud of secrecy surrounding these ostensibly democratic negotiations.
What emerges is a disturbing account entirely at odds with the official picture of a rules-based consensus emerging out of multilateral trade discussions in which all WTO member countries are equal participants. In reality:
· Closed doors rather than open access and public information is the preferred mode of negotiation;
· Decisions are often being made without the full approval of developing countries;
· The tiny delegations of the poorest and smallest countries have only a limited capacity to calculate in advance the implications of what they are being asked to sign up to;
· More seriously still, there are instances of illegitimate pressures and inducements being offered by the US and EU delegations - including threats to report non-compliant Third World delegates to their superiors, and hints that aid to countries refusing to kow-tow may be withheld.
The revelations contained in this book are of enormous importance to all those concerned that international institutions should be more transparent and democratic, and that the rules being developed for the world economy should primarily be geared to solving the pressing humanitarian problems of poverty, hunger, jobs and improvements in the standards of living of all those being left behind by the process of globalization.
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Figures tables and boxes vi Acknowledgements
Cancun and its aftermath
The final hours of Cancun xvi Reactions to the collapse
The devil you know an introduction to the
The battleground the key issues in Doha
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ACP countries Africa Group African countries agenda AGOA agreed agriculture ambassador arm-twisting bilateral Brazil Bretton Woods Cairns Group Cancun chair Chapter Committee consensus consultations coun Council decision Derbez developing country delegates discussions dispute settlement Doha Declaration Doha Ministerial draft economic exports GATT Geneva global government procurement green room green room meetings important India industrial interests investment Kenya Lamy launch LDCs liberalization major powers Malaysia market access Marrakesh Agreement ment Mexico Mike Moore mini-ministerial Ministerial Conference ministerial meetings MNCs multilateral trading neutral NGOs Pascal Lamy pharmaceutical political position pressure proposal public health Quad representative Robert Zoellick role rules Seattle Secretariat staff Singapore issues Stuart Harbinson subsidies Supachai Supachai Panitchpakdi Tanzania tariffs tion trade agreements Trade Minister Trade Negotiations trading system transparency TRIPs Agreement TRIPs and public Uruguay Round USTR wanted WTO members WTO Secretariat WTO's Zoellick
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