In Defense of Things: Archaeology and the Ontology of Objects
Rowman Altamira, 16. jul. 2010 - 208 sider
In much recent thinking, social and cultural realms are thought of as existing prior to—or detached from—things, materiality, and landscape. It is often assumed, for example, that things are entirely 'constructed' by social or cultural perceptions and have no existence in and of themselves. Bjornar Olsen takes a different position. Drawing on a range of theories, especially phenomenology and actor-network-theory, Olsen claims that human life is fully mixed up with things and that humanity and human history emerge from such relationships. Things, moreover, possess unique qualities that are inherent in our cohabitation with them—qualities that help to facilitate existential security and memory of the past. This important work of archaeological theory challenges us to reconsider our ideas about the nature of things, past and present, demonstrating that objects themselves possess a dynamic presence that we must take into account if we are to understand the world we and they inhabit.
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Chapter 01 Introduction
Archaeology and Material Culture Studies
Scenes from a Troubled Engagement
Chapter 04 The Phenomenology of Things
The Silencing of Things
How Things Remember
Matter in Place
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actants action actor-network theory actors actually anthropology approach archaeology argued artifacts attitude become Benjamin Bergson Bjornar Olsen Blackwell body Bruno Latour Cambridge chapter circumspective claim clearly cognitive conceived conception concern consciously constitutive construction dealing with things Deetz Derrida Despite discourse effective history embodiment emphasis engagement entangled entities epistemology everyday experience fetishism Gothenburg habit memory Harman Heidegger Heidegger’s hermeneutics historical Hodder human hybrid Ingold intellectual interpretation involved Iournal Ioyce kayak landscape landscape archaeologies Latour linguistic living London material culture studies material world matter Maurice Merleau-Ponty meaning mediating megalith Merleau-Ponty Meskell Michael Shanks Miller mode modern nature Neolithic nonhuman Norway Norway photo notion objects ontological Oxford past phenomenology philosophy poststructuralism poststructuralist present present-at—hand Preucel qualities ready-to—hand recollective reindeer relations role Routledge sciences Serres Shanks significance social society structures Svalbard symbolic textual theory thinking Tilley Tilley’s tion University Press Walter Benjamin words writings