The History and Sociology of Genocide: Analyses and Case Studies
Frank Robert Chalk, Kurt Jonassohn, Institut montréalais des études sur le génocide, Montreal Institute for Genocide Studies
Yale University Press, 1990 - 461 sider
Genocide is not an invention of the twentieth-century, say Frank Chalk and Kurt Jonassohn in this absorbing book, but has occurred throughout history in all parts of the world. This study--the first comprehensive survey of the history and sociology of genocide--presents over two dozen examples of the one-sided mass slaughter of peoples, spanning the centuries from antiquity to the present.
By including political and social groups as potential victims, Chalk and Jonassohn provide a definition of genocide that is considerably broader than that contained in the United Nations Convention on Genocide. They present a typology of genocide according to the motives of the perpetrator: to eliminate a perceived threat; to spread terror among real or potential enemies; to acquire economic wealth; or to implement a belief, theory, or ideology. Chalk and Jonassohn show how the first three motives have played a role in the establishment and maintenance of empires. They note that since empires have almost disappeared, so have these three types of genocides become rare, and that ideological genocides have become the most important type of genocide in the twentieth-century. The second part of the book consists of selected studies. These include Rome's final war with Carthage, the Mongol Conquests, the Albigensian Crusades, the Great Witch-Hunt, Christians in Japan, Indians in the Americas, Ndwandwe under Shaka Zulu, Hereros in German South West Africa, Armenians in Turkey, the Soviet Union under Stalin, the Holocaust, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Burundi, and Cambodia, among others. The last part of the book presents topical bibliographies to aid the student and researcher.
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aborigines Albigensian Crusades American Armenian Armenian genocide army arrested Athenians attack became Burundi camps Carthage Carthaginian century Chingis Christian civil colonial Convention crime Crusades culture death definition of genocide destroyed destruction East Timor economic empire enemies England English Europe European extermination force foreign France German Gypsies Herero heretics Hitler Holocaust human Hutus ibid ideology Indians island Japan Jewish Jews Khmer Rouge land leaders living major Masinissa mass killing massacres Melians ment military million missionaries Mongol murder natives Nazi nkvd officials Ottoman Ottoman Empire party peasants Pequots percent perpetrator persecution political population present prisoners punishment Puritans racial regime reported Roman settlers Sinti social society South-West Africa Soviet Stalin survivors Tasmanians territory terror tFrom tion took torture trade treaty tribes Turkey Turkish Tutsi type of genocide typology United Nations victim group witch witch-hunt witchcraft women Young Turks Zulu