The Incas: New Perspectives
W. W. Norton & Company, 26. aug. 2008 - 269 sider
They were isolated in a forbidding landscape and lacked many of the supposed necessities for building a civilization, including the advantages of a written language, the wheel, iron, draft animals, and trading markets. Yet despite these apparent disadvantages, the Incas forged one of the greatest and most influential imperial states that the world has ever known. Before the empire's destruction at the hands of Pizarro and his conquistadors, the Incas demonstrated an astonishing mastery of a wide range of fields, from engineering and mathematics to agriculture, astronomy, and medicine. In recent years, researchers have drawn on development in archaeology, anthropology, and ethnohistory to investigate this mysterious culture. The Incas: New Perspectives provides the most up-to-date interpretations available of the civilization's religion, politics, economics, and daily life. Readers will learn how the Incas kept records using knotted cords, how they created sophisticated highways and bridges, and how these inhabitants of seemingly poor farmlands came to give the world potatoes, beans, corn, squashes, tomatoes, avocados, peanuts, and peppers. Book jacket.
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Historical and Chronological Setting
Origins Growth and Decline of Inca Civilization
The Economic Structure of the Inca State
Social Organization and Social Structure
The Political Structure of the Inca State
Religion and Ideology
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accounts administrative American ancient Andean animals archaeological architecture army Austin buildings built called Capac carried centers central ceramic ceremonies chronicles civilization cloth coast Cobo common Conquest construction culture Cuzco dating discusses early edited emperor estates European field function highlands huacas human imperial important Inca Empire Inca history Institution John known labor Lake land Lima living llamas located Machu Picchu major Manco means month native official organization origin Pachacuti period Peru Peruvian political population Press production province published Quechua term recorded refer region reign result ritual River Rowe royal ruled ruler sacred scholars served social society sources Spaniards Spanish stone structure style temple tion Titicaca Tiwanaku Translated unit University University of Texas Valley Valley of Cuzco Viracocha Wari York