Women and States: Norms and Hierarchies in International Society
Cambridge University Press, 3. jun. 2010 - 249 sider
Momentous changes in the relation between women and the state have advanced women's status around the globe. Women were barred from public affairs a century ago, yet almost every state now recognizes equal voting rights and exhibits a national policy bureau for the advancement of women. Sex quotas for national legislatures are increasingly common. Ann E. Towns explains these changes by providing a novel account of how norms work in international society. She argues that norms don't just provide standards for states, they rank them, providing comparative judgments which place states in hierarchical social orders. This focus on the link between norms and ranking hierarchies helps to account better for how a new policy, such as equality for women in public life, is spread around the world. Women and States thus offers a new view of the relationship between women and the state, and of the influence of norms in international politics.
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2 Constructivism and worldwide changes in state policy
3 A complex society of norms and social hierarchies
4 Excluding women in the society of civilized states
5 Womens suffrage and the standards of civilization
6 National womens policy bureaus and the standards of development
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activists actors adoption advancement of women Africa allegedly America approach Argentina argued behavior Beijing beneﬁt causal century chapter civilization claims Clara Zetkin colonial Commission Communist conceptualized Conference Congress of Peru constitutive constructivism constructivist creation decision-making deﬁned democracy democratic differentiation economic equality Europe European female feminist feminization ﬁrst Gender global identiﬁed identity inﬂuence institutions Inter-Parliamentary Union international norms International Relations international society Keck and Sikkink Latin American levels of women liberal male masculinity modern Mujer national machinery norms scholars NWMs ofﬁce ofﬁcials Participation political emancipation post-structural presumably progress quota laws rank Reuterskiöld role rule sex quotas sexual signiﬁcant social hierarchies socialist speciﬁc state’s status of women stratiﬁcation suffragists tion traditional transnational suffragism Uganda understood UNDP United Nations University Press vote Western woman Women in Development Women in Politics women legislators women’s political Women’s Rights women’s suffrage World Bank world culture world polity scholars York Zetkin