World Hypotheses: A Study in Evidence
University of California Press, 1942 - 348 sider
"World hypotheses" correspond to metaphysical systems, and they may be systematically judged by the canons of evidence and corroboration.
In setting forth his root-metaphor theory and examining six such hypotheses—animism, mysticism, formism, mechanism, contextualism, and organicism—Pepper surveys the whole field of metaphysics. Because this book is an analytical study, it stresses issues rather than men. It seeks to exhibit the sources of these issues and to show that some are unnecessary; that the rest gather into clusters and are interconnected in systems corresponding closely to the traditional schools of philosophy. The virtue of the root-metaphor method is that it puts metaphysics on a purely factual basis and pushes philosophical issues back to the interpretation of evidence.
This book was written primarily as a contribution to the field, but its plan excellently suits it for use as a text in courses in metaphysics, types of philosophical theory, or present tendencies in philosophy.
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The Utter Skeptic
Evidence and Corroboration
Examples of Inadequacies in World
A General View of the Hypotheses
Mechanistic Theory of Truth
Contextualism 1 The Contextualistic Root Metaphor
Derivation of the Contextualistic Categories
Strands and Context of Texture
References of Strands
Operational Theory of Truth
Amalgamation of the Immanent and the Tran scendent Categories of Formism
Truth in Formism
The Transition to Mechanism
Mechanism 1 Two Poles of Mechanism
The Mechanistic Root Metaphor
The Mechanistic Categories
Organicism 1 The Root Metaphor of Organicism
The Categories of Organicism
Application of the Categories
Time and Truth 232
SUMMARY CRITICISMS AND ANSWERS
Review and Conclusions 317 1 A Review of the Argument
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accept action actual adequate analysis appear attitude basic become believe body called certainty characters claims cognitive common sense completely concepts concrete consists contextualism contextualist contradictions course criticism danda definition deny described determinate dogmatic doubt empirical event evidence exhibit existence experience fact feeling field follows formism fragments give given grounds hypothesis idea ideal indubitable instance integration interpretations intuition knowledge laws locations logical machine material matter means mechanism mechanistic method multiplicative mystic nature never norms objects observations organism particular physical possible precisely present primary principle qualities question reason reference refined relations relatively result root metaphor scope seems sentence similarity simply skeptic sort space strands structural corroboration successful suggested texture things tion true truth turn types ultimate universe utter whole world hypotheses world theories