World Lexicon of Grammaticalization
While the comparative method is concerned with regularities in phonological change, grammaticalization theory deals with regularities of grammatical change. In an A-Z format, this book summarizes the most salient generalizations that have been made on the unidirectional change of grammatical forms and constructions. The product of ten years of research, World Lexicon of Grammaticalization provides the reader with the tools to show how different grammatical meanings can be related to one another in a principled way, how to deal with issues such as polysemy and heterosemy, or why certain linguistic forms have simultaneous lexical and grammatical functions. It covers several hundred grammaticalization processes, in each case offering definitions of lexical concepts, suitable examples from a variety of languages, and references to the relevant research literature. Indices organized by source and target concepts allow for flexible use, and the findings delineated in the book are relevant to students of language across theoretical boundaries.
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A-POSSESSIVE adposition adverb Afroasiatic Alain Peyraube Albanian areal distribution aspect functions aspect marker Baka Bantu Basque Basque anonymous reader benefactive Bernd Heine Bulgarian Bybee clause marker comitative preposition complementizer concepts conjunction copula creole languages dative demonstrative English example finish French future tense marker genetic and areal German give rise grammaticalization appears habitual Haitian CF Harris and Campbell Haspelmath 1997b Hausa Heine and Reh i:sg Imonda Indo-European instance Kikuyu Kxoe languages Lehmann Lezgian Lingala locative copula locative marker Lord Mandarin Chinese Marchese marker introducing Matisoff Middle Chinese modality Negerhollands Negerhollands CD Ngbaka Niger-Congo Nilo-Saharan nominal numeral pathway PERS-PRON personal communication pidgin plural postposition preposition process whereby process reflexive marker relational noun research is required rise to grammatical S-QUESTION salient semantic property Seychelles Seychelles CF spatial Stolz structural templates suffix Swahili Tamil templates to express Tok Pisin Traugott verb verbs are grammaticalized whereby process verbs y.SG Yagaria