World Lexicon of Grammaticalization
Bernd Heine, Emeritus Professor Institute of African Studies Bernd Heine, Tania Kuteva, Heine Bernd, Professor of English Linguistics Tania Kuteva
Cambridge University Press, 14. mar. 2002 - 387 sider
While the comparative method is concerned with regularities in phonological change, grammaticalization theory deals with regularities of grammatical change. In an A-Z format, this book summarizes the most salient generalizations that have been made on the unidirectional change of grammatical forms and constructions. The product of ten years of research, World Lexicon of Grammaticalization provides the reader with the tools to show how different grammatical meanings can be related to one another in a principled way, how to deal with issues such as polysemy and heterosemy, or why certain linguistic forms have simultaneous lexical and grammatical functions. It covers several hundred grammaticalization processes, in each case offering definitions of lexical concepts, suitable examples from a variety of languages, and references to the relevant research literature. Indices organized by source and target concepts allow for flexible use, and the findings delineated in the book are relevant to students of language across theoretical boundaries.
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ABILITY ABLATIVE action adverb anonymous reader ARRIVE aspect auxiliary Baka Basque benefactive body Bybee CAUSE child Chinese clause comitative complementizer concepts concern conjunction constructions CONTINUOUS COPULA creole dealing demonstrative derived English example exist express face FINISH forms French front functions future future tense German give rise given grammatical markers grammaticalization appears habitual Haspelmath head Heine indefinite Indo-European instance introducing involving languages LEAVE live locative Lord Marchese marking meaning middle modality nature Niger-Congo nominal Note noun numeral participant particle pass passive PAST pathway perfect personal communication Peyraube phrases plural possession postposition preposition present process whereby progressive pronoun quoted reference reflexive relational relative research is required salient semantic side Sotho spatial stand Stolz structural subordinator suffix Swahili temporal tense marker third tree verb woman