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Among the barbarians and the Jews . 90

Among the Christians , 92

Approaching end of the world . ib.

Doctrine of the Millennium - . 93

Conflagration of Rome and of the world . 95

The Pagans devoted to eternal punishment 96

Were often converted by their fears - - . 98

III. THE THIRD cause. Miraculous powers of the primitive
church - - - - - - ib.

Their truth contested - - - - - 101

Our perplexity in defining the miraculous period . . ib.

Use of the primitive miracles - - - - ... 103

IV. THE FourTH cause. Virtues of the first Christians 104

Effects of their repentance ib.

Care of their reputation 105

Morality of the fathers 107

Principles of human nature - - ib.

The primitive Christians condemn pleasure and luxury 108

Their sentiments concerning marriage and chastity . 110

Their aversion to the business of war and government . 112

V. THE FIFTH cause. The Christians active in the governmen

of the church - - - - 114

Its primitive freedom and equality - - - 115

Institutions of bishops as presidents of the college of presbyters 116

Provincial councils - - - - - . 118

Union of the church . . 119

Progress of episcopal authority - 120

Pre-eminence of the metropolitan churches 121

Ambition of the Roman pontiff - 122

Laity and clergy - - - 124

Oblations and revenue of the church ib.

Distribution of the revenue . 128

Excommunication - . 129

Public penance - - - - - 131

The dignity of episcopal government - - - 132

Recapitulation of the five causes - 133

Weakness of polytheism - - - - . 134

The scepticism of the Pagan world proved favourable to the new re-

ligion - - - - - - . 135

And to the peace and union of the Roman empire . 137

Historical view of the progress of Christianity . 138

In the East - - - - ib.

The church of Antioch 139

In Egypt 141

In Rome - - - * - - - 142

In Africa and the western provinces - - - 143

Beyond the limits of the Roman empire 146

General proportion of Christians and Pagans 147

Whether the first Christians were mean and ignorant 148

Some exceptions with regard to learning - - 149

——— with regard to rank and fortune - 150

Christianity most favourably received by the poor and simpl 151

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330 or 334. Dedication - - • -

300–500. Form of government in the Roman empire . -

Hierarchy of the state - - - - -

Three ranks of honour - - - - -

Four divisions of office . - - -* -

ib.

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270

ib.

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273

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