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The Works of Adam Smith: The nature and causes of the wealth of nations
Uten tilgangsbegrensning - 1812
according afford almoſt altogether amount ancient annual army attention authority become body BOOK branch Britain called capital carried caſes cent church civil clergy common conſequence conſiderable conſumer continually court cultivation debt duties employed England equal eſtabliſhed Europe expence fall farmer firſt fome foreign France frequently fund give greater himſelf houſes hundred important impoſed improvement increaſe induſtry intereſt kind labour land leſs levied maintain manner manufactures ment merchants millions moſt muſt naturally neceſſarily neceſſary never obliged occaſion officers ordinary paid particular payment peace perhaps perſon pounds preſent principal produce profit proper proportion provinces quantity raiſe ranks render rent reſpect revenue ſaid ſame ſeems ſhillings ſhould ſmall ſociety ſome ſometimes ſovereign ſtate ſtill ſtock ſubject ſuch ſupport ſuppoſed ſyſtem themſelves thing thoſe tion trade univerſities uſe whole
Side 42 - According to the system of natural liberty, the sovereign has only three duties to attend to; three duties of great importance, indeed, but plain and intelligible to common understandings: first, the duty of protecting the society from the violence and invasion of other independent societies...
Side 21 - He seems not to have considered that, in the political body, the natural effort which every man is continually making to better his own condition is a principle of preservation capable of preventing and correcting, in many respects, the bad effects of a political economy, in some degree, both partial and oppressive.
Side 257 - ... 4. Every tax ought to be so contrived as both to take out and to keep out of the pockets of the people as little as possible over and above what it brings into the public treasury of the state. A tax may either take out or keep out of the pockets of the people a great deal more than it brings into the public treasury, in the four following ways.
Side 42 - Every man, as long as he does not violate the laws of justice, is left perfectly free to pursue his own interest his own way, and to bring both his industry and capital into competition with those of any other man or order of men.
Side 378 - ... a person who, though no doubt highly blameable for violating the laws of his country, is frequently incapable of violating those of natural justice, and would have been, in every respect, an excellent citizen, had not the laws of his country made that a crime which nature never meant to be so.
Side 257 - Every tax ought to be levied at the time, or in the manner, in which it is most likely to be convenient for the contributor to pay it.
Side 360 - Every increase or diminution of capital, therefore, naturally tends to increase or diminish the real quantity of industry, the number of productive hands, and consequently the exchangeable value of the annual produce of the land and labour of the country, the real wealth and revenue of all its inhabitants.
Side 256 - The expense of government to the individuals of a great nation is like the expense of management to the joint tenants of a great estate who are all obliged to contribute in proportion to their respective interests in the estate. In the observation or neglect of this maxim consists what is called the equality or inequality of taxation.