In the Exeter Martyrology his feast is marked on May 1, the day of his Translation, but in the parish of Cury it is observed on November 2.

In the dioceses of Léon, Quimper, and S. Brieuc, his day is December 12; in that of Nantes, on December 11.

Sir Harris Nicolas gives as well September 5, on which day he is commemorated at Tours, and is inserted in the French Martyrologies.

Cury parish, it will be noticed, adjoins that of Gunwaloe, dedicated to S. Winwaloe, supposed—but incorrectly—to have been his disciple.

In Brittany S. Corentine is invoked against paralysis. He has there numerous churches and chapels, especially in the diocese of Quimper. At Serignac are two chapels under his invocation.

In art he is represented with a fountain at his side, in which is a fish.

There can be little hesitation in conjecturing that to him has descended a mythological attribute; the sun is the imperishable goldfish that swims athwart the basin of the blue sky. It dies daily, and as often revives.

The same story attaches to other Saints, and therefore it is probably an early myth which adhered here and there, when the Celtic people adopted Christianity.



S. CRALLO, Confessor

S. CRALLO was son of S. Sadwrn Farchog by S. Canna, daughter of Tewdwr Mawr, of Armorica. His mother subsequently married Alltu Redegog, and he was thus half-brother to S. Elian Ceimiad. This “nephew, brother's son to Illtyd, came with Garmon to this island, and became a saint in Illtyd's Côr. He founded a church and a Côr at Llangrallo, where he lies buried.” i He is also said 2 to have been “contemporary with S. Lleirwg,” i.e. Lucius ; a statement which does not deserve any consideration.

The only church dedicated to him is Llangrallo, 3 now better known as Coychurch (for Coed Church), in Glamorganshire. It adjoins Llangan, of which his mother is patroness. A circular stone cross in Coychurch churchyard, once bearing an inscription, now illegible, has been supposed to mark his grave. Edward Lhuyd says his holy well, Ffynnon Grallo, is near the south side of the church, and that his festival, which does not occur in any Calendar, was observed on August 8. Among the “Sayings of the Wise " is the following— 5

Hast thou heard the saying of Crallo,
When there was nothing stirring ?
" It is easy to make the wry-mouthed weep."

(Hawdd peru i fingam wylo.) Curiously, the expression “ Yr hên Grallo," "the old Crallo,” is used in Glamorganshire as a term of reproach in the sense of a crazy fellow. 6

S. CREDA, or CRIDA, Widow În the Life of S. Cainnech or Canice, of Kilkenny and Aghaboe, and in a few stray notices elsewhere, is all we learn about this Saint.

She was the daughter of Senach Ron, son of Nathi of the Hy Eircc family. He is called Ron or Ronan, King of Leinster, but he was not more than a chieftain. He retired from the world into a monastery, and became an intimate friend of S. Canice, who calls him “one of my monks,” or, in another copy, “one of my friends."? S. Canice was a pupil of S. Cadoc of Llancarfan. One day he told his monks that he had heard the voice of Senach Ron calling him, as from a great distance, and that he knew he was dead, but that he had striven with Satan to save the soul of his disciple. Senach Ron had been killed

1 Iolo MSS., p. 132 ; cf. also pp. 134, 220, where he is called " brother in the faith to Illtyd.”

? Ibid., pp. 100, 220. 3 Browne Willis, Survey of Llandaff, 1719, append. p. 3, errs in giving it as dedicated to S. Illog (August 8). 4 Iolo MSS., pp. 365-6.

5 Ibid., p. 255. o Compare with it Llelo and Iolyn, diminutives of Llewelyn and Iorwerth.

?" Qui michi corpus et animam suam et stipem suosque agros obtulit." Vita in Salam. Cod., coll. 367-8.

in the south of Leinster. Senach was of Iverk in the south-west of Ossory, which was occupied by his clan, the Hy Eircc, and was a cousin of S. Colman of Iverk.

One day Findach, a robber, came to the church near the house where Creda was, and concealed himself in a thorn tree above the holy well, hard by, waiting for an opportunity to break into the church and rob it.

Whilst he was there concealed, Crida came to the well to wash her hands. Findach, beholding her beauty, forgot about the church treasure and carried her off instead. By him she became the mother of S. Boethin, who is commemorated on May 22. In the Félire of Oengus she is spoken of thus :

Cred, good was the woman,
Daughter of Ronan, King of Leinster.
With her lovable church, constant, pure,

Mother of Boethin, son of Findach.
In the Martyrology of Donegal, on August 11, is the commemoration
of “ the Daughter of Senach," but it does not give her name.
She is given on this day by Sir Harris Nicolas as Credyw.

She had a church at Kilcredy, in the deanery of Ida, dedicated to her, and that was probably the place of her residence. Another of her churches is Kilcready in Upper Ossory. These two churches, and another in Rosture, now Rosmore, near Kilmanagh, are the only mementos of her existence in the land.

Aedh, son of Senach, was one of the ecclesiastics who accompanied S. Moling, Bishop of Ferns, about 673, to obtain the remission of the Boromæan tribute of cow's paid by the Leinster men to the king of Ireland. It has been supposed that he was brother of S. Crida, but it is hardly possible to put Crida so late. S. Canice, her father's friend, died at the age of eighty-four in 598; there is no reason for supposing that Senach Ron became a monk and died, till he was at a good age, and we can hardly put S. Crida down as living later than 670. Aedh must have been a grandson and not son of Senach. She must have had sisters, for the Martyrology of Tallagh gives, on August 11, “ the daughters of Senach.”

In Bishop Stapeldon's Register, Creed is called Ecclesia Sanctæ Cridæ (1310); so also in those of Bytton (1314) and Brantyngham (1375), and in the Taxatio of 1291. Grade may also have her as an earlier patroness than the Holy Cross. In Bronescombe's Register the church is that Stæ. Crucis de Rosewycke, 1261 ; but Brantyngham gives it as Ecclesia Stæ. Gradæ, 1381.

1 Gloss on Félire of Oengus, ed. Whitley Stokes, p. Ixxxix.

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