Mr. Haldeman to Mr. Seward.


No. 5.] UNITED STATES LEGATION, Stockholm, July 28, 1861.

SIR.: Since I last wrote quite a change is visible in diplomatic circles in regard to American affairs. They now speak out openly that the government of the United States should act vigorously and efficiently; enforce the laws by the strong arm of military power; that the rebellion should be annihilated by force and not by compromise; that is a mistaken policy to suppose that delay and the holding out of the olive branch ever fitted rebels for grace, or brought them to a sense of their guilt. # # # # # * * # # On the 29th of July the King joins his fleet in the Baltic, and will visit the coasts of Norway and Denmark; he will be absent some four or five weeks. Her Majesty at the same time visits her parents, the King and Queen of Holland. Count Edward Piper, who has been appointed minister to the United States, is one of the first noblemen in Sweden, with a thorough English education and manners, and whose appointment was intended as a compliment to the United States. Count Manderstrom informed me at our last conference that a large Swedish frigate would be sent to the American waters to protect Swedish interests against privateers if it should be necessary. From all quarters the firm and decided course of the administration is spoken of with respect and esteem; no one now seems to doubt of the speedy triumph of the government. I remain, with great respect, your obedient servant, J. S. HALDEMAN. Hon. WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of State, &c., &c., &c., Washington.

Mr. Seward to Mr. Haldeman.

No. 4.] DEPARTMENT of STATE, Washington, July 30, 1861. SIR: Your despatch of July 4, 1861, (No. 3,) has been received, and it is entirely satisfactory in regard to your own activity in your mission, and the favorable dispositions of the enlightened government to which you are accredited. We notice with much pleasure the willingness of military gentlemen of talent and experience in Sweden, as in other nations, to enter the army of the United States. It is a proof of a sympathy with our great cause of inestimable value. We wish, indeed, that we were able to engage to accept all who should come. But this is impossible, for the reason that they are coming in unknown numbers from various European states, while at the same time a long repressed martial spirit has broken out among our own countrymen, which gives us more candidates than we have places for. Gradually we have taken into the service several able and spirited military men from Prussia, Italy, France, and Hungary. I shall be happy to recommend any the government of Sweden may desire us to accept. # # # # # # >k # # I am, sir, respectfully, your obedient servant, WILLIAM H. SEWARD. JACOB S. HALDEMAN, Esq., 3C., 3C., &c., Stockholm.

Mr. Seward to Mr. Haldeman.

Washington, August 19, 1861.

SIR: Your despatch (No. 4) of July 22 has been received.

The announcement which you were requested to make, by his excellency Count Manderstrom, of the appointment of Count Piper as his Swedish and Norwegian Majesty's minister resident in the United States, has been received with much satisfaction. The filling of the mission in so acceptable a manner at this period is regarded by the President as an earnest of his Majesty's friendly feelings towards the government of the United States, and you are directed to assure Count Manderstrom that the new minister will receive at our hands a most cordial welcome, and that no opportunity will be neglected of strengthening the ties of amity between the government of his Majesty and that of the United States.

I'am, sir, respectfully, your obedient servant, WILLIAM H. SEWARD. JACOB S. HALDEMAN, Esq.,

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The information which you give concerning the temper and feeling of the government and people of Sweden is very gratifying: This government will find a sincere pleasure in doing all that shall be in its power to favor the safety and freedom of the commerce of Sweden in the ports of the United States not closed by the blockade. I am, sir, respectfully, your obedient servant, WILLIAM H. SEWARD. JAcoB S. HALDEMAN, Esq.,

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Your communications concerning internal questions in Sweden are appreciated, and we hope that the succession to the throne may be settled in a manner satisfactory to the government, and conducive to the welfare of the enlightened people whom it so deeply concerns.

We have already forgotten the reverse of our arms at Bull Run, which affected you so deeply, and the prospect of the restoration of the authority of the Union is entirely satisfactory. Our volunteer army will, I have no doubt, vindicate its character and win back the confidence of the country and its friends.

I am, sir, your obedient servant,

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During the evening his Majesty inquired with interest as to the condition of affairs in the United States, but when I assured him, as I had before done on a similar occasion, that the Union would be preserved, his manner was more expressive of doubt than belief, though he replied that he hoped I was not mistaken, as it would be a great pity to see so fine a country ruined, and I regret to say that my colleagues, and European politicians generally, regard the disruption of the States as an established fact. >k :k >k >k >k >k >k >k With high respect, I have the honor to be your obedient servant, GEORGE W. MORGAN. Hon. W. H. SEWARD, Secretary of State.

Mr. Morgan to Mr. Seward.

Lisbon, May 29, 1861.

SIR: I have the honor to enclose a copy of my note to the government of H. M. F. Majesty on the subject of privateers. I have notified our consular agents of the importance of vigilance. Would it not be good policy to take into regular commission a considerable number of our clipper ships, till our navy can be placed on a basis commensurate with the crisis 7 The telegraph announces that the President has notified the foreign powers that he will discontinue diplomatic relations with any nation that recognizes the so-called Confederate States. - I trust that it is true, for such a policy will produce good results, and is not less wise than it is dignified. If we come out of this contest triumphant, and the Union be preserved, our nation will be more powerful and more glorious, more loved and more feared, than ever before in our history as a nation. I have the honor to be, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

GEORGE W. MORGAN, Hon. WM. H. SEWARD, Secretary of State.

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