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be two years, unless sooner removed for cause. The salary of each superintendent shall be fifteen hundred ($1500) dollars per annum, the salary of each assistant superintendent shall be one thousand two hundred ($1200) dollars per annum. The salary of each clerk shall be one thousand ($1,000) dollars per annum. In each city containing a population of one million or over, within sixty days after this Act shall take effect, the State Board of Commissioners of Labor shall recommend and the Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate shall appoint a general superintendent of the central office; three department superintendents, three assistant department superintendents, and three clerks who shall devote their entire time to the duties of their respective offices. Three of these appointments shall be women. The tenure of such appointments shall be two years unless sooner removed for cause. The salary of the general superintendent shall be one thousand, eight hundred ($1,800) dollars per annum; the salary of each department superintendent shall be one thousand, five hundred ($1,500) dollars per annum; the salary of each assistant department superintendent shall be one thousand two hundred ($1,200) dollars per annum; and the salary of each clerk shall be one thousand ($1,000) dollars per annum, together with proper amounts for defraying the necessary costs of equipping and maintaining the respective offices. § 3. The general superintendent of the central office in each city containing a population of one million or over, and, the superintendent of each free employment office in each city containing a population of less than one million, shall, within sixty days after appointment, open an office in such locality as shall have been agreed upon between such general superintendent or superintendent and the secretary of the Bureau of Labor Statistics as being most appropriate for the purpose intended; such office to be provided with a sufficient number of rooms and apartments to enable him to provide and he shall so provide, a separate room or apartment for the use of women registering for situations or help. Upon the outside of each such office, in position and manner to secure the fullest public attention, shall be placed a sign which shall read in the English language, Illinois Free Employment Office, and the same shall appear either upon the outside windows or upon signs in such other languages as the location of each such office shall render advisable. The general superintendent or superintendent of each such free employment office shall receive and register the names of all persons applying for employment or help, designating opposite the names and addresses of each applicant, the character of employment or help desired upon blank forms furnished by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, together with such other facts as may be required by the Bureau of Labor Statistics to be used by said bureau: Provided, that no record shall be open to public inspection at any time, and that such statistical and sociological data as the Bureau of Labor may require shall be held in confidence by said bureau, and so published as not to reveal the identity of any one: And, provided, further, that any applicant who shall decline to furnish answers as to the questions contained in application blanks shall not thereby forfeit any rights to any employment the office might secure. § 4. Each general superintendent or superintendent shall make" to the secretary of the Bureau of Labor Statistics such reports of application for labor or employment, and other details of the work of each office and the expenses of maintaining the same, and shall perform such other duties in the collection of statistics of labor as the secretary of the Bureau of Labor Statistics may require. § 4a. The secretary of the Bureau of Labor Statistics shall cause to be published an annual report concerning the work of the various offices for the year ending September 30, together with a statement of the expenses of same. § 5. It shall be the duty of each such superintendent and general superintendent of a free employment office to immediately put himself in communication with the principal manufacturers, merchants and other employers of labor, and to use all diligence in securing the co-operation of the said employers of labor, with the purposes and objects of said employment offices. To this end it shall be competent for such superintendents and general superintendents to advertise in the columns of newspapers, or other mediums, for such situations as he has applicants to fill, and he may advertise in a general way for the co-operation of large contractors and employers in such trade journals or special publications as reach such employers, whether such trade or special journals are published within the State of Illinois or not. Full information shall be given to applicants regarding the existence of any strike or lockout in the establishment of any employer seeking workers through the Illinois Free Employment offices. § 7. No fee or compensation shall be charged or received directly or indirectly, from persons applying for employment or help through said free employment offices, and any superintendent, general superintendent, department superintendent, assistant department superintendent, assistant superintendent or clark, who shall accept, directly or indirectly, any fee or compensation from any applicant or from his or her representative shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction shall be fined not less than twenty-five nor more than fifty dollars and imprisoned in the county jail not more than thirty days. § 13. All printing, blanks, blank books, stationery and such other supplies as may be necessary for the proper conduct of the business of the offices herein created shall be furnished by the State Board of Contracts upon requisition for the same made by the superintendents or general superintendent of the several offices. § 2. That section six (6) of an Act entitled, “An Act relating to employment offices and agencies,” approved and in force May 11, 1903, as amended by subsequent Acts, be and the same is hereby repealed. APPROVED June 24th, 1915.

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HEALTH, SAFETY AND COMFORT OF EMPLOYEES IN FACTORIES, MILLs AND WORKSHOPS.

§ 1. Hazardous machinery to be located so as not $ 16. Handrails on stairways. to be dangerous to employees—dangerous places to be properly enclosed, etc.—no $ 17. Proper light in all main stairways, etc. machine to be used when defective—no repairs while machine in motion. § 18. Floor space not to be overloaded.

§ 2. Safeguards not to be removed, except for re. § 19. Passage ways must be of ample width. pairs. $ 20. Requirements as to water closets and privies. § 3. Means to be provided for disconnecting

power. § 21. Washing facilities—dressing rooms. § 4. Hoistways, etc., to be enclosed—device to § 22. Duty of employer to make changes and addi§: elevator cab or cars in event of acci- tions—duty of owner to permit alterations ent. § 23. Alterations to be made and completed with§ 5. No. onate condition by chief factory in reasonable time after notifications. nspector. - $ 24. Duty to report as to accidents resulting in § 6. Employee not to operate or tamper with death—as to accidents entailing loss of 15 machine with which he is unfamiliar. days time—what report to state. § 7. Traversing carriage of self-acting machine $ 25. Duty of chief factory inspector and assistants must be located at what distance. to enforce act—where secret process used in factory—notice of violations – when $ 8. Food not to be taken where poisonous sub- changes made complying with act not to stances, etc., are present as result of busi- be disturbed for a year. ness. § 26. Penalty.

§ 9. Requirements as to seats for female employees.

$ 27. Where inspection of a standard equal to that

of this act is required by ordinances of city, § 10. Equable temperature to be maintained assar etc.

as possible.

- § 28. Act not to apply where federal government § 11. Airspace required—when artificial means of exercises jurisdiction.

ventilation required—terms defined.

§ 29. Terms defined.

§ 12. Factories to be kept free from gas from sewer,

etc.—poisonous fumes, dust, etc., arising $ 30. Act to be printed in English and other

from any process to be removed. languages. § 13. Refuse, waste and sweepings removed once § 31. Notice as to provisions of Act to be posted

each day—cleaning—where floors are wet. in office and workrooms. § 14. Fire escape. § 32. Repeal.

§ 15. Outside doors to open outward.
- (House Bill No. 713. Approved JUNE 29, 1915.)

AN ACT to provide for the health, safely and comfort of employees in factories, mercantile establishments, mills and workshops in this State, and to provide for the enforcement thereof, and to repeal an Act entitled, “An Act to provide for the health, safety and comfort of employees in factories, mercantile establishments, mills and workshops in this State, and to provide for the enforcement thereof.” (Approved June 4, 1909; in force January 1, 1910.) SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the People of the State of Illinois, represented in the General Assembly: That all power driven machinery, including all saws, planers, wood shapers, jointers, sand paper machines, iron mangles, emery wheels, ovens, furnaces, forges and rollers of metal; all projecting set screws on moving parts; all drums, cogs, gearing, belting, shafting, tables, fly wheels, flying shuttles and hydroextractors; all laundry machinery, mill gearing and machinery of every description; all systems of electrical wiring or transmission; all dynamos and other electrical apparatus and appliances; all vats or pans, and all receptacles containing molten metal or hot or corrosive fluids, in any factory, mercantile establishment, mill or workshop, shall be so located wherever possible, as not to be dangerous to employees or shall be properly enclosed, fenced or otherwise protected. All dangerous places in or about mercantile establishments, factories, mills or workshops, near to which any employee is obliged to pass, or to be employed shall, where practicable, be properly enclosed, fenced or otherwise guarded. . No machine in any factory, mercantile establishment, mill or workshop, shall be used when the same is known to be dangerously defective, and no repairs shall be made to the active mechanism or operative part of anv machine when the machine is in motion. § 2. No person shall remove or make ineffective any safe-guard required by this Act, during the active use or operation of the guarded machine or device, except for the purpose of immediately making repairs thereto, and all such safeguards so removed shall be promptly replaced. § 3. In every factory, mercantile establishment, mill or workshop, effective means shall be provided for immediately disconnecting the power, so that in case of need or accident any particular machine, group of machines, room or department, can be promptly and effectively shut down. (a) Where machines require to be started and stopped frequently, they shall, wherever practicable, be provided with tight and loose pulleys, clutch or other effective disengaging device. When provided with tight and loose pulleys, the shifting of the belt shall be accomplished by the use of a belt shifter, placed within easy reach of the operator. When a clutch, or other disengaging device is used, an effective means for throwin such device into or out of engagement shall be provided, and shall be placed within easy reach of the operator. (b) Where machines are direct connected with the prime mover, (electric motor, steam, gas or gasoline engine, or other source or [of] power), a switch, throttle, or other power controlling device shall be furnished and shall be placed within easy reach of the operator, or his co-worker. (c) Where machines are arranged in groups, rooms or departments, and power is supplied by a prime mover, located within the confines of such group, room or department, a switch, throttle, or other power controlling device shall be furnished, and shall be placed within easy reach of the operators affected, so that all shafting, transmitting machinery and machines of such group, room or department, can be simultaneously shut down. (d) Where machines are arranged in groups, rooms or departments, and are supplied by power through the use of main or line shafts, receiving power from some prime mover, located without the group, room or department, the power receiving wheel of such main or line shaft, shall, wherever possible, be provided with a friction clutch, or other effective power disengaging device, with suitable means for operating the clutch, or power disengaging device, and these means shall be placed within the confines of such group, room or department, and within easy reach of the employees or operatives affected, so that all machines, shafting and other transmission machinery within such group, room or department, can be simultaneously shut down. In addition to such safeguard, communication, consisting of speaking tubes, electric bells, electric colored lights, or other approved and effective means, shall be provided in all cases covered by this paragraph between each such group, room or department, and the room in which the engineer, or prime mover, is located, so that in case of need or accident, the motive power of such group, room or department can be promptly stopped or controlled. § 4. All hoists ways, hatch ways, elevator wells and wheel holes in factories, mercantile establishments, mills or workshops, shall be securely

fenced, inclosed or otherwise safely protected, and due diligence shall be

used to keep all such means of protection closed, except when it is necessary to have the same open, in order that the said hatch ways, elevators or hoisting apparatus may be used. All elevator cabs or cars, whether used for freight or passengers, shall be provided with some device, whereby the car or cab may be held in the event of accident to the shipper rope or hoisting machinery or controlling apparatus. § 5. If any elevator, machine, electrical apparatus or system of wiring, or any part or parts thereof, in any factory, mercantile establishment, mill or workshop, are in an unsafe condition, or are not properly guarded, where reasonable to guard the same, the owner or lessee, or his agent, superintendent or other person in charge thereof, shall, upon notice from the Chief State Factory Inspector, or the Assistant Chief State Factory Inspector, remedy such unsafe condition within a reasonable time after receiving such notice. - § 6. No employee of any factory, mercantile establishment, mill or workshop, shall operate or tamper with any machine or appliance with which such employee is not familiar and which is in no way connected with the regular and reasonable necessary duties of his employment, unless it be by and with the direct or reasonably implied command, request, or direction of the master or representative or agent. § 7. The traversing carriage of any self-acting machine must not be allowed to run out within a distance of eighteen (18) inches from any fixed structure, not being part of the machine, if the space over which it runs out is a space through which any employee is liable to pass, whether in the course of his employment or otherwise. § 8. No employee shall take or be allowed to take food into any room or apartment in any factory, mercantile establishment, mill or workshop, where white lead, arsenic or other poisonous substances or injurious or noxious fumes, dusts or gases under harmful conditions are present, as the result of the business conducted by such factories, mercantile establishments, mills or workshops, and notice to this effect shall be posted in each room or apartment. Employees shall not remain in any such room or apartment during the time allowed for meals, and suitable provision shall be made and maintained by the employer, when practicable. for enabling the employees to take their meals elsewhere in such establishment: Provided, however, that this section shall not apply to such employees whose presence during meal hours may be necessary for the proper conduct of such business. § 9. That every person, firm or corporation employing females in any factory, mercantile establishment, mill or workshop in this State, shall provide a reasonable number of suitable seats for the use of such female employees, and shall permit the use of such seats by them when they are not necessarily engaged in the active duties for which they are employed, and shall permit the use of such seats at all times when such use would not actually and necessarily interfere with the proper discharge

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