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any school district having a population of less than 100,000 inhabitants, and existing by virtue of any special charter and governed by any or all such special charters, is hereby empowered and authorized to borrow money for the purpose of building school houses, or repairing or altering any school house already erected, or purchasing school house sites or purchasing school grounds adjacent to or adjoining any school house site, or separated therefrom only by a public street or way, and to issue its negotiable coupon bonds therefor, in such form and such denominations, payable at such place and at such time or times (not exceeding twenty years from date of issuance) and bearing interest at such rate as said board of education may by resolution prescribe. Such bonds shall be in denominations of not less than $100.00 nor more than $1,000.00, and shall bear interest at a rate not to exceed five per centum. per annum, payable semi-annually: Provided, that no money shall be borrowed or bonds issued unless the proposition or question to borrow money and issue bonds for the purpose or purposes and in the amount prescribed in said resolution shall be submitted to the voters of such school district at some general or special election held in such school district, or at a special election called for such purpose and the majority of all the votes cast shall be in favor of such proposition: Provided, further, that no such board of education or school district shall incur any indebtedness hereunder, which together with all other outstanding indebtedness, exceeds in the aggregate five (5) per centum on the value of taxable property of such school district, to be ascertained by the last assessment for State and county taxes previous to the incurring of such indebtedness. § 2. Whenever it is desired to submit to the voters of any school district to which this Act applies, the proposition or question to borrow money and issue bonds for any or all of the purposes specified in this Act, the president or secretary of the board of education of such school district shall, in writing, direct the county clerk or board of election commissioners, or other authority required by law, to give notice of - general elections held within the city, town or county wherein such school district is situated, to give notice that such proposition or question shall be submitted to the voters of such school district, upon such date as the president or secretary shall have in writing specified. And thereupon such county clerk, board of election commissioners or such other authority shall post or cause to be posted a notice in some public place in each election precinct within such school district, twenty (20) days prior to the date of the election at which such proposition or question shall be submitted to the voters of such school district, or publish or cause to be published once each week for two successive weeks, a notice in some secular newspaper of general circulation in and published in the city, town or county wherein such school district is situated, stating that such proposition or question shall be submitted to the voters of such school district. The time and place or places of election shall be specified in such notice, and the proposition or question to be voted upon at such election shall be stated therein. § 3. The ballot to be used at any election when said proposition or question shall be submitted to the voters of any school district to —41 L

which this Act applies, shall be a separate distinct ballot, and the total amount of the bonds sought to be issued, and the specific purpose or purposes for which said bonds shall be issued shall be stated on said ballot. The ballot used at such election shall be substantially in the following form:

Shall bonds or obligations for the purpose

...

| Yes | | of (state specific purpose) in the sum of | $. . . . . . . . . . . . 00 be issued by the board of |→– education of . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . | | No |

| |

The ballots cast at such election shall be canvassed, and the result of such election shall be entered of record and certified to as provided by law for other elections in such district.

§ 4. All bonds authorized to be issued under and by virtue of this Act, before being issued, negotiated and sold shall be signed by the president of the board of education of the school district for the benefit of which said bonds shall be issued, and attested by the secretary of such board of education, and countersigned by the treasurer of such board of education or of such school district. All of such bonds shall be numbered by such treasurer and registered in a book provided for such purpose. All money's borrowed under and by virtue of this Act shall be paid into the treasury of such board of education or of such school district, and thereupon the treasurer thereof shall deliver the bond or bonds therefor to the person, persons, corporation or corporations entitled to receive the same. Such treasurer shall record the exact amount for which each bond shall be issued, negotiated and sold, and when any bond shall be paid, the treasurer shall duly cancel the same and enter in the register opposite the record of such bond the date. month and year when said bond was paid.

§ 5. This Act shall not be construed to repeal “An Act to authorize certain school districts to issue bonds for certain purposes,” approved and in force May 10, 1901.

APPROVED June 29th, 1915.

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SCHOOLS AS SOCIAL CENTERS.

§ 1. Amends section 115, Act of 1909. § 115. As o tenth, provides school rooms may be used for lectures, concerts and other educational and social interests and recreational and civic activities.

(SENATE Bill No. 221. Approv Ed JUNE 25, 1915.)

AN ACT to amend section 11.5 of an Act entitled, “An Act to establish and maintain a system of free schools,” approved and in force June 12, 1909. SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the People of the State of Illinois. represented in the General .1ssembly: That section 115 of an Act entitled, “An Act to establish and maintain a system of free schools, approved and in force June 12, 1909,” be amended so as to read as *śns. The board of school directors shall be clothed with the following powers: First—To purchase a suitable book for their records. Second—To allow the clerk a reasonable compensation for his services, payable out of money not otherwise appropriated. Third–To dismiss a teacher for incompetency, cruelty, negligence, immorality or other sufficient cause. - - - Fourth–To assign pupils to the several schools in the district; to admit non-resident pupils when it can be done without prejudice to the rights of resident pupils; to fix rates of tuition, and to collect and pay the same to the township treasurer for the use of the district. Fifth–To suspend or expel pupils guilty of gross disobedience or misconduct, and no action shall lie against them for such expulsion or suspension. Sixth–To provide that children under twelve years of age shall not be kept in school more than four hours daily. Seventh—To appropriate school funds for the purchase of libraries and apparatus, after the provision has been made for the payment of all necessary school expenses. Eighth–To sell at public or private sale any personal property belonging to the school district, and not needed for school purposes. Ninth-To grant special holidays whenever in their judgment such action is advisable, but no deduction shall be made from the time or compensation of a teacher on account of such days. Tenth-To have the control and supervision of all public school houses in their district, and to grant the temporary use of them, when not occupied by schools, for religious meetings and Sunday schools, for evening schools and literary societies, and for such other meetings as the directors may deem proper; to grant the use of assembly halls and class rooms when not otherwise needed, including light, heat and attendants, for public lectures, concerts, and other educational and social interests, under such provisions and control as they may see fit to impose and to conduct, or provide for the conducting of recreational, social and civic activities in the school buildings under their control. Eleventh—To decide when a site or building has become unnecessary, unsuitable or inconvenient for a school. Twelfth–To borrow money, and issue bonds for the purposes and in the manner provided by this Act. Thirteenth–To furnish each school with a flag and a staff, as provided by law. Fourteenth—To establish classes having an average attendance of not fewer than fifteen pupils for the instruction of cri ppled children over the age of six and under twenty-one years. Fifteenth-To establish classes for the instruction of deaf children over the age of three and under twenty-one years: Provided, lowerer. that no person shall be employed to teach the deaf who shall not have

received instruction in the methods of teaching the deaf for a term of not less than one year.

Sia teenth—To establish kindergartens for the instruction of children between the ages of four and six years, if in their judgment the public interest requires it, and to pay the necessary expenses of the same out of the school funds of the district: Provided, that no one shall be employed to teach in a kindergarten who does not hold a kindergarten certificate as provided by law.

APPROVED June 25th, 1915.

TAX LEVIES.

§ 1. Amends section 189, Act of 1909. § 189. As amended, provides tax may be levied annually for school purposes —incidental expenses, what not include—when levy in excess of one and one-hals per cent, desired —referendum—when and how submitted.

(House Bill No. 204. Approv Ed MAY 27, 1915.)

AN ACT to amend section 189 of an Act entitled, “An Act to establish and maintain a system of free schools,” approved and in force June 12, 1909, as thereafter amended. SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the People of the State of Illinois, represented in the General Assembly: That section 189 of an Act entitled, “An Act to establish and maintain a system of free schools,” approved and in force June 12, 1909, as amended by an Act approved June 20, 1913, in force July 1, 1913, be and the same is hereby amended to read as follows: § 189. For the purpose of establishing and supporting free schools for not less than six nor more than nine months in each year and defraying all the expenses of the same of every description; for the purpose of repairing and improving school houses, of procuring furniture, fuel, libraries and apparatus, and for all other necessary incidental expenses in each district, village or city, anything in any special charter to the contrary not withstanding, the directors or the board of education and the authorities of such village or city, as the case may be, shall be authorized to levy a tax annually upon all the taxable property of the district, village or city, not to exceed, except as hereinafter stated, one and one-half per cent for educational, and one and one-half per cent for building purposes. upon the valuation to be ascertained by the last assessment for State and county taxes: Provided, that the term incidental expenses herein used shall not include any sum expended or obligation incurred for the improvement, repair or benefit of the school buildings, and property, but all such sums and obligations shall be paid from that portion of the tax levied for building purposes. No election or petition shall be necessary to authorize the levy of a tax for the ordinary repair and improvement of school buildings or grounds or for the payment of any special tax or special assessment levied upon such property. But if the board of education, in any district having a population of not less than one thousand and not over one hundred thousand inhabitants, and not governed by any *Poojal Act in relation to free schools now in force by which no tax limit is imposed, shall desire to levy in any one year more than one and onehalf per cent, but not more than two per cent, for educational purposes, such board may, by resolution stating the percentage so desired, cause a proposition for an assent thereto to be submitted to the voters of such district at any general school election, or at a special election called for that purpose, and if at such election a majority of the votes cast on said proposition shall be in favor thereof, the board of education of such district may thereafter, until such authority is revoked in like manner, levy annually for educational purposes, a tax in excess of one and onehalf per cent, but not exceeding the percentage mentioned in said proposition, and for building purposes such a percentage that the aggregate levy shall not exceed three per cent; proposed changes in such percentage for educational purposes, either to increase or decrease the same, but not below one and one-half per cent nor above two per cent, may be submitted at any time, and from time to time, to the voters of such district, at any such election, either at the instance of such board of education or by petition for that purpose, addressed to such board and signed by at least five per cent of the voters of such district ascertained by the vote cast at the last preceding general election in said district; and such board of education shall levy no general tax in excess of one and one-half per cent for educational purposes that shall not be authorized by the result of such election, ascertained as aforesaid, unless and until assented to by the voters of such district in like manner. APPROVED May 27th, 1915.

TEACHERS' CERTIFICATION.—ACT OF 1913 AMENDED. § 1. Amends section 6, Act of 1913. § 6. As amended, second paragraph, provides for renewals for .." of two io paragraph, provides or special training in special sub

jects.

(House Bill No. 886. Approv ED JUNE 23, 1915.)

AN ACT to amend section 6 of an Act entitled, “An Act to provide for the certification of teachers,” approved June 28, 1913, in force July 1, 1914. SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the People of the State of Illinois, represented in the General Assembly: That section 6 of an Act entitled, “An Act to provide for the certification of teachers,” approved June 28, 1913, in force July 1, 1914, be and the same hereby is amended so as to read as follows: § 6. County certificates granted by the county superintendent and the requirements for the same shall be as follows: First—A third grade elementary school certificate, valid for one year in the first eight grades of the common schools of the county in which it is issued and in no other county. This certificate shall be renewable once only and on evidence satisfactory to the county superintendent of three months’ successful teaching or six weeks’ professional training. Applicants for this certificate shall be examined in orthography, civics, Illinois history, physiology, penmanship, reading, grammar, geography, United States history, arithmetic, and the principles and methods of the State course of study. This certificate shall not be issued the second time to the same person. At the option of the county superintendent this certificate may be issued without examination to persons who have successfully completed two years of work in a

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