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name, signifying, by this outward
mayest raise him up from this bed of sign, thy willingness to heal the sickness, if such, in thy wisdom and broken hearted, who trust in thee, goodness, is thy holy will; and that, with the balm and oil of thy comfort in whatever event of this thy visitaand benediction ;* mercifully accept tion, thou mayest hereafter raise him this our bounden duty and service ; up in thy heavenly kingdom, where (here the Minister is to slightly all obedient believers, that endure to touch the sick man's head with the the end, will be anointed kings and oil;) and grant to this thine afflicted priests unto thee, and thy Son our servant such a measure of the gifts Saviour, for ever.t And this we beg and graces of thy Holy Spirit, that for Jesus Christ's sake. Amen. I prayer of faith may save him,
I Then as in Prayer Book to the through the merits and intercession
end of the Service. of thy blessed Son; and that thou
-, there :
ou chied ents ?
* Isaiah lxi.
+ Rev. i. 6; xx. 6. # I have endeavoured, in the above prayer, to avoid the old controversy of the proper number of sacraments altogether. I only take the words as I find them in the Epistle, which appear to me very remarkable, and which must mean something, and therefore all silence upon them in the service appears ill-judged, to say the least. Judging by the Catechism, it would seem, that the church does not limit the number of sacraments to two, but only says, that there are two only as generally necessary to salvation,” without giving any information of the number of special and temporary occasions for introducing others, founded, like unction, upon a special and unequivocal apostolic command, issued, as Protestants must allow, and, to use the very words of this apostle, in the Acts of the Apostles, because “it seemed good to the Holy Ghost, and to him ;” and, according to the two subsequent answers, it would seem that the church acknowledges more than two sacraments, though only two generally necessary, seeing that a sacrament is described as “an outward and visible sign of an inward and spiritual grace," (like Confirmation, for instance, or ordering priests ;) for we must not suppose that St. James, inspired as we believe him to have been, intended the anointing to be a mere idle and indifferent ceremony (nec Deus intersit, nisi dignus vindice nodus.) Therefore it seems, at least, to be a lesser kind of sacrament, and it being commanded, may be, though not generally necessary, of the first importance to those who study the Scriptures, seeing that we have no licence to wilfully violate any precept, which appears to be still binding, of an inspired apostle. And let it not be said, that I am favouring the Roman Catholic doctrine, which, after all, is an argument unworthy of an enlightened age ; for to refuse to follow any in what we think them right, is as bad as any thing we can bring against Popery, as we ought rather to rejoice when we can, in any particular, conscientiously “speak the same thing with them,” (Rom, xvi. 17; 1 Cor. i. 10;) for the doctrine of extreme unction, confining the ceremony to the most desperate cases in both words and practice, is almost as contrary to my view of the passage, as omitting to perform it altogether. There are two more remarks to make, to look at the question honestly in all its bearings. First, this epistle was addressed to the “ twelve tribes, &c.;" and we know, by the 15th chapter of Acts, that St. James was the proposer of that distinction which so soon prevailed between Jewish and Gentile converts. We find, however, by St. Paul's epistles, that this could never have been intended as more than temporary expediency; in fact, that he bimself threw every discouragement upon the Jewish Christians retaining the distinction. The fair way, therefore, to put it is, I conceive, to determine the force of the injunction in question by the date of the epistle; if it is of very early date, to hold the command of the apostle to be one of those things not binding upon Gentile Christians. Now it is notorious that St. James is universally admitted to have written this epistle for, among other reasons, the purpose of removing some misconceptions caused by St. Paul's Epistle to the Hebrews, in which those ceremonial prejudices of the Jews, which were for a time countenanced by that apostle, are shown to be ill-founded, as well as those passages to which St. James appears to have alluded. Hence it appears, that the command to anoint is a new one, comparatively; and, therefore, binding upon believers generally, as a command of an inspired apostle, whatever is the case with regard to the question of general necessity as a sacrament abstracted from the consideration of our obligation to obey an apostle in all things applying to our circumstances. The second remark is, that some may say, that the spiritual meaning of St. James is merely to administer the consolation of religion to the sick brother ; but do they consider to what this leads them, carried to its legitimate length ? Doubtless there is always a spiritual meaning to be sought for; but I am inclined to think,
THE ORDER FOR BURIAL OF THE DEAD. Where there is a choir, funerals Pastoral symphony. (Handel.) are to be choral, except when the f After which the priest shall say, relations prefer the contrary.
earth being cast upon the body by | Here &c. (This Rubric requires one of the Ministers, or clerks, at
revision in accordance with altered the appropriate words, Canons.)
Forasmuch &c. (as in Prayer The Priests and Clerks, 8c. (as Book.) in Prayer Book, only omitting “or I Note.— The preceding portion of say,” which is above provided the Service is to be omitted at the
for,)-I am the resurrection, &c. funerals of executed convicts. (Croft.)
Then shall be sung, | After they are come into the
I heard a voice &c. (Purcell.) church, shall be chanted these two 1 Then as in Prayer Book to the Psalms. (Beethoven.)
prayer after the Lord's Prayer, Lesson (as in Prayer Book,)
part of which is to be altered thus, | After the Lesson shall one of these (the first alteration, as in Mr. U. anthems be sung:
Price's pamphlet.) Lord, let me know mine end. “We humbly submit ourselves to (Greene.)
thy Divine Will, in that it hath Hear my prayer. (Kent.)
pleased thee &c.;
beseechI have set God. (Blake.)
ing thee, that when it shall be thy q In going to the grave shall be good pleasure to accomplish the played,
number of thine elect, and complete Dead March in Saul, (Handel.) thy kingdom, we, with &c. (as in When they are come to the grave,
Prayer Book.) and the corpse laid near it, shall [ If there be a second anthem, it be sang,
shall he before the Valedictory Man that is born &c. (Purcell.) Prayer. 9 After which, while the corpse is
Anthem. If we believe. (Boyce.) being lowered, shall be played, if
Or, the grave, or vault, is in the When the ear heard him. (Hanchurch,
del.) If consistent with the cha
that the instances of solely one meaning to a passage, are not so pumerous as, at first sight, we might suppose. If, for instance, it should be said, that the command to the rich to sell all they had and give to the poor, meant that those strong in faith should sacrifice all those unworthy carnal affections, which had a tendency to become stumbling-blocks in the way
of the poor, or those whose belief is less confirmed, there appears no objection to the interpretation ; but yet no sober divine would deny that it also meant, that the rich in worldly possessions should be very charitable under all circumstances, and even ready to renounce the whole of their wealth, if, from any special circumstances which might arise, they could not retain it without violating some divine precept. And then, again, are we prepared, as in consistency we must be, if we attach only that spiritual meaning not literally expressed, to the command of St. James—are we prepared to say with the Scotch Presbyterians, that the prostration of the heart, and not of the body also, is what is required in prayer; (and therefore, accordingly, alter all our Řubrics about posture ;) or say, as they might as cogently say, that their imitation of the exact posture of the Pope himself, in their zeal to avoid the posture of Roman Catholics, is lying on couches (which is the sitting mentioned in the Gospel) in their hearts? Again, there is a fervent, effectual, prayer “not to be seen of men," which is mental, apparently dumb; yet, unless we will come to Quakerism, we must contend that this mode of prayer was never intended for public worship. I have not wilfully omitted any thing candour required, and I now leave the subject to the reader's judg.
racter of the deceased, and the last
If there be no second anthem,
able to, shall, after the Valedic-
FORMS OF PRAYER TO BE USED AT SEA. Some think that the phraseology “earth,” or “dust," is appropriin this service about burials, more ate to every possible change. The philosophically correct than in our reader will find in Hooper's Medical Land Service. I only mention it, Dictionary, under the word “ Putrebut cannot say I am not contented faction,” the theory to which I with the latter, for, adınitting the
allude, and which seems to me pertheory, which appears to me to be fectly reconcileable with the doctrine rational, the effect is very remote;
of St. Paul in the Burial Lesson. and it is not meant, that the phrase
THE THREE POLITICAL FESTIVALS. My preceding suggestions are a the alterations I would propose in sufficient indication of the extent of these services.
* It is of such consequence that the anthems on particular days should be consistent with the rest of the services, that I will here mention a few, which occur to me, not meaning to shut out future talent; of which, I believe, we should have a vast deal brought to light were music more encouraged in our churches; but, as I have done in the Burial Service, taking what I find. For Palm Sunday there is, Who is this?” (Arnold,) and some of Handel's Messiah ; much of the latter for Passion Week; for Easter Day and two following days, “ If we believe,” (Boyce,) “ The trumpet shall sound,” (Handel,) If God be for us,” (ditto,) "I have set God, (Blake ;) for Low Sunday, any of the Easter Day ones, and “ Ascribe unto the Lord,” (Truvers ;) which last does for the Epiphany, and for several of the fixed and accidental principal feast days; " When the Son of Man,” (Kent,) should also not be forgotten on Low Sunday; or “ In the beginning,” (ditto,) for the opening of the year ; or “ Hear my prayer,” (Kent or Stroud,) for Ash Wednesday. For Whit-Sunday, &c. there is, “ The Lord gave the word,” (Handel,) and “The Lord is my light,” (Boyce,) and “ O Lord, thou hast searched me out,” (Croft ;) for Ascension Day there is “God is gone up,” ( Croft,) and “ When the Son of man,” (Kent ;) the same for the Sunday after ; for Easter Eve, Luther's Hymn, (arranged by Hawes, I believe,) “I know that my Redeemer liveth,” (Handel,) « The trumpet shall sound,” (ditto;) for Advent and Christmas, several parts of the Messiah, and appropriate Anthems by Wyse, Purcell, and Green ; and for Trinity Sunday I would propose, as the words of an Anthem, the 129th, 130th, 138th, 144th, 151st an 152nd verses of the 119th Psalm, as well as
• I was in the Spirit,” (Blow,) which applies to St. John's Day and several other festivals likewise. For fast days, and other times, there are the graver Anthems of Boyce, Purcell, Weldon, &c.' There is also a most magnificent Anthem, “ The Lord is very great,” (Beckwith ;) and we must not omit, “ The King shall rejoice,” (Handel,)“ / Lord, grant the King,” (Croft,) “Give the King,” (Boyce,) and the excellent Anthems of a man as excellent as his music, Mr. Attwood, for the King's birth day; or Thanksgiving Anthems of Croft, Hayes, and others. And for Consecration of New Churches, there is Boyce's “I have surely built thee an house."
MARTYRDOM OF KING CHARLES THE FIRST. What I have just said of the pre- men, who, not observing the puncceding Festivals, applies here also. tuation, have read this Service on As to Mr. Price's suggestion about the Sunday, which was never intendthe Hymn “Righteous” &c., I can- ed. I therefore suggest the follownot agree with it.
The questioning. seems to me to turn upon this, I If this day shall happen to be “ Have the verses in this hymn one Sunday, the fast shall be kept on exclusive meaning only, or more than the next day following, on which one?" I think the latter. But the latter day this form of prayer first Rubric, which is not strictly in- shall be used for that year, and correct, I would alter, for I have not on the Sunday. known a surprising number of clergy
FORM OF PRAYER,
UPON OCCASIONS OF SUCH
FESTIVALS FOR CHARITABLE PURPOSES,
A FULL ORCHESTRA IS PROVIDED.
Before Prayer, Coronation An- The Second Lesson shall be 1 John them," I was glad," (Attwood.) iii. beginning at ver. 11. Responses. (Tallis.)
9 Jubilate Deo, (Humphries's Grand The Venite exultemus shall, upon chant.)
this occasion, be omitted. 1 Then shall follow the Apostles' Proper Psalms, 47, 133, 134, and Creed, and the Prayers, as in 150. (Jones's Grand Chant.) Morning or Evening Prayer, (as Before the first Lesson, Overture the case may be,) to the end of the to Esther. (Handel.)
third Collect, after which, q Or, if the charity has recently
Anthem, lost, by death, a royal patron, or Ascribe unto the Lord, (Travers.) patroness, Dead March in Saul.
Sing unto God, (Croft.)
other Anthem suited to a q The First, Job xxix. 11 to 16. grand and solemn Assembly in (both inclusive.)
the Church. 1 After the First Lesson, Cantate Then shall follow the Prayers,
Domino. (Hayes, or Attwood, v. c.) as in ordinary Morning or Even9 Second Lesson, Rom. xv. 25 to 27. ing Service, after which shall be
(both inclusive, if the Charity is performed an Anthem suitable to one of those excellent ones for the the charity. relief of distressed children, v. C., 9 Then shall follow the Sermon, of Clergymen.
after which shall be performed, Otherwise,
Dettingen Te Deum. (Handel.)* * Most musical people will, I think, agree with me, that placing the Dettingen Te Deum earlier would prevent full justice being done to other composers, whose works, however excellent, all want that peculiarity of body more easily felt than described. It is also more in accordance with my proposed other services,
Then shall the Priest, or Bishop, (being present,) in his cope, and at the Lord's table, read this Collect: Grant, we beseech thee, &c. (as
in the Communion Service.)
Glory be to the Father, &c.
(Handel.) Then the Minister, at the altar,
shall dismiss the people with this
of God, &c.
- The Coronation Anthem (Attwood) may also be performed, with the common choir, at the beginning of the Service, upon occasions of the Convocation attending Divine Service, or other solemn occasions, as the Ordinary shall think becoming
FORM OF ORDAINING OR CONSECRATING OF AN
ARCHBISHOP, OR BISHOP.
After the Collect this Rubric is suggested : q Forasmuch as some persons may be
Christianity, all presbyters were misled from the first of these styled bishops; but soon afterEpistles being in this Service, it is wards, from a feeling of mothought fit to explain, that this desty, the apostles of the different ancient selection was because of churches wished to sink a title the qualifications contained in it, held by their inspired predecessors; which the highest in the ministry and so they took one of the titles, should be reminded to cultivate as which before all elders had in well as the lowest, and not on ac- common, and the bishops of the count of the word “ bishop,” which second class sunk that title, and here means a bishop, or elder, of called themselves, in general, only the second class, Timothy being elders. Perhaps, as an inspired what we now call a bishop, (which apostle calls, in Scripture, uninappears still more clearly from the spired men apostles, this change of Epistle to Titus,) who would be appellation was not praiseworthy ; more correctly styled an apostle, but it is thought right that the or angel; that is to say, messenger, fact should be mentioned, as the ( for in the original language the faithful might otherwise attach same word means both,) being the more importance to the arguments appellation used by the apostle of Presbyterians than they really St. John. In the first period of