« ForrigeFortsett »
Wherever there may exist a people incapable <rf being governedundo*Amen can laws, in consonance with the American Constitution, the■ temtojy of that people ought not to be part of the American domain. We ^iat «iat we ;**nt lo do for the Filipinos what we have already done for the Cubans, and it s our duty to make that promise- now, and upon *******' J^f^f?imL of^ur wlthcitizens of our own and other countries resident there at the time of our witn drawal, set the Filipino people upon their feet free and independent to work out their own destiny.
The endeavor of the Secretary of War by pledging the government's ^doraement for "promoters" in the Philippine Islands to make the Unttefl States a partner in speculative legislation of the archipelago, which was only temporarily held up bv the opposition of the Democratic Senators m the last session, will, \I successful/ lead to entanglements from which it wilt be difficult to escape.
The Democratic party has been and will continue to be the consistent opponent of that class of tariff legislation by which certain interests have been permitted through Congressional favor to draw heavy tribute* from the The Tariff* American people. This monstrous perversion of those equal opportunities which our political institutions were established to secure, ha-s caused what may once have been infant industries to become the greatest combinations of capital that the world has ever known. These especial favorites of the government have, through trust method.% been converted mto monopolies,, thus bringing to an end dQtue&tie competition which was the only alleged check upon the extravagant profits made possible by the protective system. These industrial combinations by the financial assistance they can give, now control the police of the Republican party. We denounce protection as a robbery of the many to enrich the few and we favor a tariff limited to the needs of the government, economically administered and so levied as not to discriminate against any industry, class or section, to the end tbat the burdens of taxation shall be distributed as equally as possible.
We favor a revision and a gradual reduction of the tariff by the friends or the masses and for the common weal,, and not by the friends of its abuses, itsextortions and its discriminations, keeping in view the ultl-nste ends of "equality of burdens and equality of opportunities M and the constitul;- nal purpose of raising a revenue by taxation—to wit. the support of the federo.*. government in all its integrity and virility, but in simplicity.
"We recognize that the gigantic trusts and combinations resigned to enable caoital to secure more than its just share of the .joint products of capital and labor, and which have been fostered and promoted under RcpubTrusts.and lican rule, are a menace to beneficial competition and an obstacle
CombinatiDns. to permanent business prosperity. A private monopoly is indefensible and intolerable. Individual equality of opportunity and free competition arc essential to a healthy and permanent commercial prosperity, and any trust combination or monopoly tending to destroy these,, by controlling production, restricting competition or fixing prices should be prohibited and punished by law. We especially denounce rebates and discrimination by transportation, companies.
As the most potent, agency m promoting and,, strengthening these unlawful conspiracies against trade, we demand an enlargement of the powers of the Interstate Commission to the end that the travelling public and shippers of this countrv "may have prompt and adequate relief for the abuses to which they are subjected in the "matter of transportation. We demand a strict enforcement of existing civil and criminal statutes against all such trusts, combinations, and monopolies, and we demand the enactment of such further legislation as may be necessary to effectually suppress, them.
Any trust or unlawful combination engaged in interstate commerce which is monopolizing any branch of business or production should not be permitted to transact business outside of the State of its origin. Whenever -it shall be established in any court of competent jurisdiction that such monopolization exists, such prohibition should be enforced through comprehensive laws to be enacted on the subject.
We congratulate our Western citizens upon the pa-ssage of the Newlands irrigation act for the irrigation and reclamation of the arid lands at the West, ameasure framed by a Democrat, passed In the Senate by a nonlleclamation partisan vote and passed in the House against the opposition of
of Arid i^andft. almost all the Republican leaders by a vote the majority o£ which was Democratic.
We call attention to this great Democratic measure, broad and comprehensive as it is, wo-rking automatically throughout all time, without further action of Congress, until the reclamation of all the land in the arid West capable of reclamation is accomplished, reserving the lands reclaimed for homeseekers in small tracts, and rigidly guarding against land monopoly, as an evidence of the policy of 'domestic development contemplated by the Democratic party should It be
"aCThe Democracy when intrusted with power will construct the Paaama Canal speedily, honestly and economically* thereby giving to our people Isthmian Canal, what Democrats have always- contended for—a great interocuanlc canal* furnishing shorter and cheaper lines of transportation and broader and tess trammelled trade relations with the other peoples of the world.
zcna^t ^SSS? ««?"2*2 *? ^J81. T3pon th^ 3ust and lawful Protection of our citiU zens at Homo and abroad and to use all proper measures to secure for themv Atm<«^wtm. whether native born or naturalized and without distinction of race:
JjLtSn X>?tr<fe^tbe< I?TM1 Bwt^t^ ^ laws and the enjoyment of ill ^itizensnjip. rights and privileges open to them under the covenants of our trear,„v4 rt+ +_ Vies ?f ff]en^snlp and commerce, and if under existing treaties the 15 i* *0f. tra7el *?d s°J°ura » denied the American citizen, or recognition is withheld from American passports by any countries on the ground of race or cTeed we favor the beginning of negotiations with the eoyeyrnm^tBotYw^uLTlelto secure by treaties the reaiwal of these unjust discriminations country to
We demand that all over the world a duly authenticated passport issuer! bv %% ^TfiT16?* of *?e U^itGd ^ates to I113 American citizen shSTbe Prooof the ■Mm astfuch! ie *"* American citizen and shall entitle him to the treatment due'
Election of We favor the election of United States Senators by the direct
Senators. vote of the people. * v uireti
We favor the admission of the Territories of Oklahoma and the Indian Territory. We also favor the immediate admission of Arizona and New-Mexico as' Cj. * t. * * separate States, and a Territorial government for Alaska and Porto Htatebood for Rico. We hold that the officials appointed to administer the gdvferritoriee, ernment of any Territory as well as the district of Alaska should m ,± - »i x , *?a fid? reei<i«nts at the time of their appointment for the
Territory or district in which their duties are to be performed.
We demand the extermination of polygamy; within the Jurisdictoiyganay. tion of the United btates and the complete separation of church and state In political affairs,
We denounce the ship subsidy bill recently passed by the United States Senate as an iniquitous appropriation of public funds for private purposes and a wasteful, «« «. * *r _i illogical and useless attempt to overcome by subsidy the ob
Merchant Marine, structione raised by Republican legislation to the growth and development of American commerce on the sea. We favor the upbuilding of a merchant marine without new or additional burdens upon the people and without bounties from the public treasury.
„ M .. J?® favor liberal trade arrangements with Canada and with
Reciprocity, peoples of other countries where they can be entered into with ^ A_a_benefit to American agriculture, manufactures, mining or commerce. Monroe Doctrine. We favor the maintenance of the Monroe Doctrine in its
full integrity. We favor the reduction of the army and of army expenditure to a point historically demonstrated to be safe and sufficient.
, - The Democracy would secure to. the surviving soldiers and
Army3 Pensions, sailors and their dependents generous pensions, not by an arbitrary executive order, but by legislation which a grateful people stand ready to enact. ° . ~
Our soldiers and sailors who defend with their lives the Constitution and the laws have a sacred interest in their just administration. They must therefore share with us the humiliation with which we have witnessed the exaltation of court favorites, without distinguished service, over the scarred heroes of manv battles, of their aggrandizement by executive appropriation out of the treasuries of a prostrate people in violation of the act of Congress which fixed the comnCTdi Hon of allowances of the military officers. - v*u.a*
The Democratic party stands committed to the principles of Civil Service Re form, and we demand their honest, just and impartial enforcement. W> denouno* I the Republican party for Its continued and sinister wicroachmS!
! Civil Service, upon the spirit and operation of Civil Service rules, whereby it has 61 arbitrarily dispensed with examinations for-office in1 the interAts
of favorites and employed all manner of devices to overreach ahd set aside the principles upon -which Civil Service was established. ?witu. xne
The race question has-brought countless woes to this country. The calm wisdom of the American people should see to it that it brings no more
To revive the dead and hateful race and sectional animosiRace Question. ties m any part of our common country means confusion dls^ traction of business and the reopening of wounds now happily
North and South, East and West have but recently stood tog-ether In line of battle from the walls of Peking to the hills of Santiago, and as sharers of a common glory and a common destiny we should share fraternally the common
We therefore deprecate and condemn the Bourbonlike, selfish and narrow n-sDirit of the recent Republican Convention at Chicago, which sought to kindla i an^w the embers of racial and sectional strife, and we appeal from it to the '--ober common sense and spirit of the American people. • VAiv;
The existing Republican Administration has been spasmodic, erratic, sensational, spectacular and arbitrary. It has made itself a satire upon the Congress, the courts and upon the settled practices and usages of The RepnbKcam national and international law.
Administration. It summoned the Congress into hasty and futile extrp ses
sion and virtually adjourned it, leaving behind its flight Vrom Washington uncalled calendars and unaccomplished tasks, ',
It made war, which is the sole power of Congress, without its authority, thereby usurping: one of its fundamenal, prerogatives.
It violated a plain statute of the United States, as welt as plain treaty.obligations, International usages and constitutional law. and has done so under pretence of executing a great public policy which could have been more easily effected lawfully, constitutionally and with honor. „„„^5««. ■,•»*!
"It forced strainod and unnatural constructions upon statutes, usurping judicial interpretations and substituting Congressional enactment.
It withdrew from Congress thoir customary duties of investigation which have heretofore made the representatives of the people and the States the terror
It conducted a secretive investigation of its own and boasted of a few sample convictions, while It threw a broad coverlet over the bureaus whioh had been their chosen field of operative abuses and kept In power the superior officers under whose administration the crimes had been committed. . ,
It ordered assaults upon some monopolies, but, paralyzed by its first victory, it flung out the flag of truce and cried out that it would not "run amuck, leaving its future purposes beclouded by its vacillations.
Conducting the campaign upon this declaration of our principles and purposes, we invoke for our candidates the support, not only of our great and time honored organization, but also the active assistance of.all of our fellow citizens, who, disregarding past differences, desire the perpetuation of our constltutiorial government as framed and established by tbe fathers of the Republic.
The Prohibition National Convention met in Indianapolis' on June 29-SQ. Homer L. Castle, of Pittsburg, was made temporary chairman, and A. G. Wolfen■barger of Omaha, permanent chairman of the convention- On June 30, Lieutenant'General Nelson A. Miles having declined to stand as a Presidential candidate, Silas C. Swallow, of Pennsylvania, was nominated for President. George W. Carroll, of Texas, was nominated for Vice-President.
The platform, adopted on June 30, was as follows: .■
The widely prevailing system of the licensed and legalized sale of alcoholic beverages IS so ruinous to individual Interests, so inimical to public welfare, so , destructive to national wealth, and so subversive to the rights
I The Paramount of great masses of our citizenship, that the destruction of the Issue, traffic Is and for years has been the most Important question in
We denounce the lack of statesmanship exhibited by the leaders of the Democratic and Republican parties in their refusal to recognize the paramount importance of this question and the cowardice with which the leaders of these parties have courted the favor of those whose selfish interests are advanced by the continuation and augmentation of the traffic, until to-day the influence of the liquor traffic practically dominates national. State and local government throughout the nation. . ..«_,* t *, «.
We declare the truth, demonstrated by the experience of half a century, that all methods of dealing with the liquor traffic which recognize its right to exist, in any form, under any system of license, or tax, or regulation, have proved powerless to remove its evils and as useless as checks on Its growth, while the j insignificant public revenues which have accrued therefrom have seared the public conscience against a recognition of its iniquity.
We call public attention to the fact, proved by the experience of more than fifty years, tjiat to secure the enactment and enforcement of prohibitory legislation, in which alone lies hope of the protection of the people from the liquor traffic, it Is necessary that the legislative, executive and judicial branches of the government should be in the hands of a political party in harmony with the prohibition principles and pledged to Its embodiment In laws and to the execution of those laws.
We pledge the Prohibition party, wherever given power by the suffrage of the people, to the enactment and enforcement of laws prohibiting and abolishing the manufacture, importation, transportation and sale of alcoholic beverages.
We declare that there is not only no other issue of equal Importance before the American people to-day, but that the so-called issues on which the Democratic and Republican parties seek to divide the electorate of the country are in large part subterfuges under the cover of which tfcey wrangle for the spoils <_■£ office.
Recognizing that the intelligent voters of the country may properly ask our altitude on other questions of public concern, we declare ourselves in favor of:
The impartial enforcement of all law. 1 The safeguarding of the- people's rights by a rigid application of the princi
ple of justice to a.U combinations and organizations of oapltal and labor.
A more Intimate relation between the people and governOther Deelara- merit by a wise adaptation of the principle of the initiati/e and tions of Policy, referendum. .
Tho safeguarding to every citizen in every place under the government of the people of the United States of all the rights guaranteed by the laws and the Constitution.
International arbitration; and we declare that our nation should contribute Se„\Veo7pTaacy1lr4t^?^lTtnaU^anaUOnal ai8nHy- t0 the Permanent establish
coum^ a^XenJenoili ta faVOr °f th° ^"««<»^ »f TMKorm laws for all our
. the ^vi]d|eCr^rce°lawsIVeS * faV°r °f the'^^ and honest" administration of
voteTfetbfpaeoepleUrSe,VeS iR f*V°r °f tbe eleCtion of United States Senators by
"V rS,c S??iaTliS^ Naii0nal Convention met in Chicago May 4-C. On May 5 Eugene Ki^^v^0f Inaiana. was nominated for President, and Benjamin Hanford of ?natimonslyWaS nominated for Vice-President. Both nomiSitiSns w^Je made
The platform, adopted on May 5, was a.s follows: A« ■ * the Socialist Party, in convention assembled, make our anneal to th« American people as the defender and preserver of the idea of libSS and sell? Pai.. government, in which the nation was born: as the only political
iS^f,TM * i !Z0V1T£eri} standin- for the programme and principles by which Fundamental, the liberty of the individual may become a fact" as the only TM„ ♦ *, i Political organization that is democratic, and that has for its pur
pose the democratizing of the whole of society. p
^wTonl?i!3 id>na of • lib<ETty. the Republican and Democratic parties are equally false. They alike struggle for power to maintain and profit bv an industrial «vstem which can be preserved only by the complete overthrow of such liberties L we already have, and by the still further enslavement and degradation of labor
Our American institutions came into the world in the name of freedom They have been seized upon by the capitalist class as the means of rooting out the idea of freedom from among the people. Our State and national legislatures nave become the mere agencies of great propertied interests. These interests control the appointments and decisions of the judges of our courts They have" come into what is practically a private ownership of all the functions and forces of government. They are using these to betray and conquer foreign and weaker peoples, in order to establish new markets for the surplus goods which the oeoule make, but arc too poor to buy. They are gradually so invading and restricting the right of suffrage as to take unawares the right of the worker to a vote'or voice in public affairs. By enacting new and misinterpreting old laws they are *->-e paring to attack the liberty of the individual even to speak or think for himV-if or for the common good. mi^n
By controlling all the sources of social revenue, the possessing class U able to silence what might be the voice of protest against the passing of "liberty -tnd the eoming. of tyranny. It completely controls the university and public school the pulpit and the. press, and the arts and literatures. B\ making these ecoron' ically dependent upon itself, it has brought all the forms of public teaching m'to servile submission to its own interests. to
Our political institutions are also being used as the destroyers of that irdividnal property upon which all liberty and opportunity depend. " The promise"of economic independence to each man was one of the faiths upon which our institu tions were founded. But under thi:' guise of defending private property capitalism is using our political institutions to make it impossible for the vast'maioritv of human beings to ever become possessors of private property in the means of life Capitalism is the enemy and destroyer of essential private property Its development is Through the legalized confiscation of all that the labor "of the working class produces' above its subsistence-wage. The private C'apitaliHiM ownership of Hie means of employment grounds societ3r in 'an
and Socialism, economic slavery which renders intellectual and political tyranny inevitable. Socialism comes so 'to organize industry and society thai every* individual shall be secure in that private property in the means of life upon which his liberty of being, thought and action depend. H comes to rescue the people from the fast increasing and successful assault of capitalism upon the liberty of the individual.
As an American Socialist parly, we pledge our fidelity to the principles of international socialism, as embodied in the united thought and action of the Socialist* of all nations. In the industrial development already accomplished, the interests of the world's workers are separated by no national boundaries. 'The condition of the most exploited and oppressed worker?, in the most remote places of the earth, inevitably tends to drag down all the workers of the, world to the same level. The tendency of the competitive wage system is to make labor's lowest condition the measure or rule of it* universal condition. Industry and finance are no longer national but international, in both organization and results. The chief significance of national boundaries 'and of the so-called patriotisms which the ruling class of each nation is seeking to revive is the power which these give to capitalism, to keep the workers of the world from uniting and to throw them against each other in the struggles of contending capitalist interests for the control of the yet unexploited markets of the world, or the remaining sources of profit.
The Socialist movement therefore is a world movement It knows of no conflicts of interest between the workers of one nation and the workers of another. It stands for the freedom of the workers of all nations; and, in so A World standing, it makes for the full freedom of all humanit}'. Movement, The Socialist movement owes its birth and growth to that econom
ic development or world process which is rapidly separating a working or producing class from a possessing or capitalist class. The class that produces nothing possesses labor's fruits, and the opportunities and enjoyments these fruits afford, while the class that does the world's real work has increasing economic' uncertainty and ph3rsical and intellectual misery fo,r its portion.
The fact that these two classes have not yet become fully conscious of their distinction from each other, the fact that the lines of division and interest may not yet be clearly drawn, does not change the fact of the class conflict.
This class struggle is due to the private ownership of the means of employment, or the tools of production. Wherever and whenever man owned his own land and tools, and by them produced only the things which he used, economic independence was possible. But production, or the making of goods, has long ceased to. be individual. The labor of scores, or even thousands, enters into almost every article produced. Production is now social or collective. Practically everything is made or done by many zn-en—sometimes separated by seas or continents—working together for the same end. But this co-operation in production is not for the direct use of the things made by the workers who make them, but for the profit of the owners of the tools and means of production; and to this is' due the present division of society into two distinct classes; and from it have sprung all the miseries, inharmonies and contradictions of our civilization.
Between these two classes there can be no possible compromise or identity of interests, any more than there can be peace in the midst of war, or light in the midst of darkness. A society based upon this class division carries in Itself thr> seeds of its own destruction. Such a society is founded in fundamental injustice. -There can be no possible basis for social peace, for individual freedom, for mental and "moral harmony, except, in the conscious and complete triumph of the working class as the only class that has the right or power to be.
The Socialist programme is not a theory imposed upon society for its acceptance or rejection. It is but the Interpretation of what is, sooner or later, inevitable. Capitalism is already struggling to its destruction. It is no Trusts and longer competent to organize or administer the work of the world, or Socialism. even to preserve itself. The captains of industry are appalled at their own inability to control or direct the rapidly socializing forces of industry. The so-called trust is but a sign and form of the developing socialization of the world's work. The universal increase of the uncertainty of employment, the universal capitalist determination to break down the unity of labor in the trades unions, the widespread apprehensions of impending change, reveal that the institutions of capitalist society are passing under the power of inhering forces that will soon destroy them.
Into the midst of the strain and crisis of civilization the Socialist movement comes as the only saving' or conservative force. If the world is to be saved from chaos, from universal disorder and misery, it must be by the union of the workers of all nations in the Socialist movement. The Socialist party comes with the only proposition or programme for intelligently and deliberately organizing the nation for the common good of all its citizens. It is the first time that the mind of man has ever been directed toward the'conscious organization of society.
Socialism means that all those things upon which the people in common depend shall by the people in common be owned and administered. It means that the tools of employment shall belong to their creators and users; that all production shall be for the direct use of the producers; that the making of goods for profit shall come to an end; that we shall all be workers together, and that opportunities shall be open and equal to all men.
To the end that the workers may seize every possible advantage that may strengthen them to gain complete control of the powers of government, and thereby the sooner establish the co-operative commonwealth, the SoParty . cialist party pledges itself to watch and work in both the economic and Pledges, the political struggle for each successive immediate interest of the working class; for shortened days of labor and increases of wages; for the insurance of the workers against accident, sickness and lack of employment; for pensions for aged and exhausted workers; for the public ownership of the means of transportation, communication and exchange; for the graduated taxation-of incomes,( inheritances, and of franchise and land values, the proceeds to be applied, to public employment and bettering the conditions of the worker**' Children, and; their freedom from the workshop; for the equal suffrage of men and women; for the prevention of. the use of the military against labor in the settlement of .strikes; for the free administration &t justice; for popular government, incladitig initiative, referendum, proportional representation and the rocalt of officers by their constituents; and for every gain or advantage for the workers