« ForrigeFortsett »
Prepared by Berlin H. Wright, Penn Yan, N, Y.t and Lake Helen. Fla.
TIDE TABLES. (From U. S. Coast Survey.) To find the time of high water for any place given in the table below, apply the correction opposite the place to the times of high wat-ir for Its respective port given for every day on the twelve calendar pages of this Almanac. Add the correction to time of high water when It la plus, and subtract it when it Is minus. Example: To find time of high water at Rockland, Me., on January 8, 1905:
Time of high water at Boston, January 8 9 33 a. m.
Correction for RockLand, Me. (see below).,..., , 0 20
Time of high water at Rockland, Me,, January 8 0 07 a. m.
West Quoddy H'd.Me
Indian Harbor, Me..
Oceanvllle, D. I., Me.
Portsmouth N. H...
Boston Light. Mass..
Plymouth, Mass .
Wellfleet, C. C, Mass
No Mans L.'d I..Mass
Tarpaulin Cove, Mass
Newport, B. I
Bristol. R. I
Pawtuxet. R. I
Providence, R. I.....
Sea Breeze, N. J....
Gray's P., S. R., Pa
Trenton, N. J..
Ocean City, Md
Cape Chas. L., Va...
Pt. U. P. R., Md....
Alexandria, P. R.,Va
Oxford, Md .<
Bait., Fells Pt., Md.
Pt. Dep., S, R., Md..
Beaufort. N. C
Carolina Beach, N.C.
Port Royal, S. C
Beaufort. S. C .
Warsaw Sound, Gteu.
JKW1SH CALENDAR. Yr. 5666-7,
Fast of Tebet. Sunday, Jan, 7
Rosh-Chodesh Saturday, Jan. 27
Rosh-Chodesh. .Sunday. Monday, Feb. 25-26
Fast of Esther Saturday, March 10*
Purlm Sunday, Monday, March 11-12
Rosh-Chodesh Tuesday. March 27
First Day of Passover.. .Tuesday, April 10
Lag-B'Omer Sunday, May 13
33d day of Omer.
Roah-Chodesh Friday, May 25
First Day of Pentecost. .Wednesday, May 30
Rosh-Chodesh Sat., Sun., June 23-24
Fast of Tammus...,«., ..Tuesday, July 10
Rosh-Chodesh, Wednesday, Jan, 16*/1907.
TIM33 CALCXJX^ATION.S AND EXPLANATIONS OF SIGNS AND ABBREVIATIONS.
All the calculations except the Moon's Phases, Tides and seasons are in meai: local time, <See table for its conversion Into Standard Time.) The Sun's rising and setting is for the upper limb and corrected for refraction. Tiro signs used are as follows: d conjunction or near " approach, at which time a line from the North Star through one will also pass through the other; #, opposition or 180° "from the Sun, at which time the Superior Planets are the brightest; O. quadrature or 90° from the Sun; 0, Sun; ©, Earth; $, Mercury; $, "Ve*us; d, Mars; 14-, Jupiter- ?£ Saturn; £, Uranus; q$, Moon lowest; *S&, Moon highest; J, Moon generally; fi Ascending Node; 0. Descending Node.
Per.—Perhelion, or nearest to Sun; opposed to Planets,
Aph,—Aphelion, or furthest from Sun; applied to Planets.
Per.—Perigee, or nearest to Earth; applied to the Mood.
So.—Southing, or Meridian Passage,
STANDARD TIME TABLE."
To obtain standard time, add or subtract the figures given to local tirno. A
Albany, N. Y
Baton Rouge, La
Bismarck, N. Dak...
Buffalo, N. Y....*...
Charleston, a C
Columbia, S. C
Denver, Col .1
Des Moines, Iowa
Ft. Gibson, Cher. N..
Fort Smith, Ark,,,^-,
Fort Wayne, Ind....
Gran/1 Haven, Mich..
Indianapolis, Ind.. ..
Jacksonville, Fla.. ..
Jefferson City, Mo...
Kansas City, Mo. , ...
I-a Crosse, Wis...
Little Rock. Ark
New Haven, Conn.,,
Nev/ Orleans, La
New York, N. Y
Ogdensburg, N. Y. ..
Pensa-cola, Fla.. .....J Central
Providence, R. I-<
Raleigh, N. C... .
Santa Fe, N. M...... 1 Mountain
St. Joseph, Mo.......
St. Louis, Mo
St. Paul, Minn ,
Superior City, Wis..,
Trenton, N. J.......
Ut!ca, N. Y
Washington, D. C
Wheeling, W. Ya...
Wilmington, N. C....
TIME STANDARDS. Tne following Is the taMe of times, based upon t&e meridian used by the United States and -Canada:
It Is obvious that to express the time of rising and tsettiiig of the Sun and Moon in standard time would limit the usefulness of such data to the single point or place Cor which it was computed, white in the meantime it is pi-actically correct for places as widely separated as the Wirt*** <v 1 >'- '»» •■■v' o« already explained, and- i>eryons for which it was computed, while in the mean time it io practically correct for places making use- of the table on page 4.
EXPLANATION OF TUB CALENDAR PAGES,
All the calculations in The Tribune Almanac are based upon mean or clock urn* unless otherwise stated. The Sun's rising and setting are for the- upper limb, corrected for parallax and refraction. In the ease of the Moon no correction is needed, as in the Sun. for "parallax and refraction"; with her they are of an opposite nature and just balance each other. The figures given, therefore, are for the Moon's centre on a true horizon,, such as the ocean or a large plain affords.
The calculations in each of the geographical divisions of each calendar page wtll apply with sufficient accuracy to all places in the contiguous North American zones indicated bv the headings of tho divisions. This statement Is based on tbe fact that In the same latitude, or in the same line running due east and west, the Sun and Moon rise and set at almost tho same moment of local or mean time, the mn>i*mre
Map of the Standard Time Belts,
in, extromes being so slight as to be of no importance for ordinary purposes, except In the case of the Moon's rising, southing and setting, when Cm. for Pacific Coast points and 3m. for Mississippi River Valley region, including Chicago, etc., must be added, or 2m. for each hour of longitude.'
The heavy dotted lines show the arbitrary divisions of time In the United States. The plus and minus marks on either side of the meridian lines show whether it is necessary to add to or subtract from the standard time of points east or west of these lines to arrive at actual, or mean h>cal, time. See table on page 4.
F*or the convenience of the railroads and business in general a standard of time 4 was established by mutual agreement in 1PS3, and it ts by this method of calculation that trains are now run and local fme is regulated. In accordance with this system the United States, extending from 65* to 125° west longitude, is divided into four time sections, as shown on the map. Inside of each of these sections standard time is unilcrm, and the time of each section differs from that next to It by exactly one hour.
U the standard time correction for any place not enumerated in the table be desired proceed as follows: lx/cate the place, as any one can approximately on this map, and then'subdivide the hour space in which the place is until the distance in time (60m. = one space) from that meridian within whose bounds tbe place is located is apparent. Then add or subtract the resu'.t to mean time as the sign at the top of the map Indicates, ©xample: What will be the standard time of sun rise July f at Penn Tann. K. T.T The map doe* not give tbe lines of latitude and longitude, hut most people can locate th<slr own place In its respective State on the map with sufficient correctness. By this moans \ *ocate Penn Yann at about oue-eighth of the rpstance between the 75th and ©Oth meridians and within the Eastern time zone. This will give Km. to be added, or 4;34, .
Tfce year 1906 corresponds nearly to the year 4603 of tlie Chinese 433 year of the 76th cycle of 60 years.
First month begins...♦— January 25
Second month begins .February 23
Third month begins March 25
Fourth month begins April 24
Fourth month begins May 23
I Fifth month begins June 22
Sixth month begins July 21
Seventh month begins..,* Eighth month begins.,,,. Ninth month begins.....
Tenth month begins......
Eleventh month begins..
Twelfth month begins..«
era, and Is the
1906 „„,..August 20 ,,. Sept ember 18 „.... October 18 .♦.November 16 .♦..December 16
1907 ,.„.. January 14
THE SUN'S COURSE THROUGH THE ZODIAC AND THE SEASONS.
D. H. M.
Winter begins, and lasts 89 .0 8 S.- of Equator.
Spring begins, and lasts 92 19 59 N. of Equator
Time north of the Equator, 186d. llh. 3m. Time south $pf the Equator, 178d. 18h. 46m.
7d. IGh. 17m. longer north of the Equator than south of it.
This Is due to the slower motion of the Earth (Sun's apparent motion) -while in thai
^portion of its orbit most distant from the Sun (aphelion). Hence in the summer
? months we are further from the Sun than ia^ the winter time.
MORNING STARS—WEST OF SUN. INFERIOR PLANETS.
Mercury (§), until February 20, April 4 to June 4, August 12 to September 24 and after November 30.
Venus (§), until February 14 and after November 29. &
The planet Venus will present the various phases, as shown on page 7, as follows:
A—Fifteen after superior conjunction, or March 1.
B—At greatest elongation -west, Feb. 8, 1907.
C—When brightest as a morning etar, Jan. 4, 1907.
D—just after Inferior 'conjunction, «u Feb. 15,
B—Fifteen days before superior conjunction, Jan. 80.
F—At greatest elongation easV Sept. 20,
O—When brightest as an evening star, lOcU 26.
Mars (cf), after July 15.
Jupiter Oi), from June 10 to October 8.
Saturn (T^), from February 24 to June 6.
Uranus (£), until March 29.
Neptune C$), from July 2 to October 6.
EVENING STARS—EAST OF SUN, INFERIOR PLANETS.
Mercury, from February 20 to April 4, June 4 to August 12 and September 24 to November 30.
Venus, from February 14 to Novemv ber 2a
Mars, until July lft\
Jupiter, until June 10 a»« after October 3.
Saturn, until February SA and after June 6.
Uranus, after March 20l
Neptune, until July 2 and after Oct *,
• . TME P1LANETS (Continued),
Mercury will bo brightest— .
(X)'. As an evening star, east of the Sun, setting shortly after the Sun, March 5 to 15. Ho will be at greatest eastern elongation March 18.
(2) A3 a morning star, west of the- sun. rising shortly before sunrise September • 3 to 10 and December 10 to 20. '' His times of greatest western elongation ,' nearest these dates arc: August 29 and December IS.
; Tills planet is not at nis brightest, or, at least, best seen,, when at his elongations, as some almanacs state.
Venus will be brightest as an evening star October 25, being at her greatest eastern eiongation September 20, when her angular distance from the Sun will be 46° 20'.
An opera glass or small telescope will bring out her phases, as shown in the annexed cut. Her difference In apparent size "or diameter is due. to her varying distance from the Earth, according its she. i.°. between «s and the Sun or In the opposito portion of her orbit. See the table following this division foT* her motion in her orbit; also that As seen in the As seen in the Of the other principal planets. Morning. Evening.
Mars will not Lie n< Uib bii^)i(e:-t this year, but next year will be brighter than At any time since 1;V02, and will then be an object of .unusuaji interest. Jupiter will be- brightest December 28. rising at sunset. Saturn wilf be brightest September A, rising at sunset, Uranua will bo • brightest .June 2S, rising at sunset. Neptune will be brightest in 1907.
MEKIDIAN PASSAGE, RISK NO AND SETTING OF THE PLANETS,