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this year, which I have intrusted' that by a convocation of the Cortes, to you, equally authorizing you to or that by a constitutional charter, do whatever may
be necessary for it is not to be denied that there the execution of my royal orders. is much' weight in the remark of
Given in the palace of Rio de his imperial majesty, that the conJaneiro, this 2nd of May, 1826. vocation of an assembly which has
(Signed) THE KING. been so long disused, that its very The Marquis of Angra,
composition and modes of proceedSir Charles Stuart.
ing might be liable to doubt, would
be even more likely to lead to the No. V.--Mr. Secretary CANNING stirring of difficult questions, and
to Sir CHARLES STUART. to the excitement of excessive popu(Extract)
lar claims; more likely, in short,
in the emperor's own words, to Foreign-office, July 12, 1826. degenerate into a “constituent asColonel Freemantle arrived here sembly,” than a new code, defining on Friday evening, the 7th instant, at once the rights and duties of all with your excellency's despatches ranks and orders of the state, and to the 7th of May inclusive, which prescribing the forms of their dehave been laid before the king. liberations, and the limits of their
Every thing of what your ex- respective powers. cellency brings from Rio Janeiro It is not to be denied that the to Lisbon will be precisely what notables of France, in 1789, on the Portuguese government and the one hand, and the charter of nation are prepared to expect, ex- Louis 18th, in 1815, on the cept the charter of a constitution. other, come, in a remarkable de
The opinion, indeed, has long gree, in aid of his imperial maprevailed at Lisbon, that a convo- jesty's reasoning. cation of the Cortes (in some shape It may be hoped, therefore, that or other) would be necessary for when those Courts which are natuthe sanction of a new order of rally most adverse to any convocasuccession to the crown of Portugal. tion of national assemblies consider
Whether the substitution of a that the avoiding of all such conrepresentative constitution for the vocation was absolutely impossible, more antient form of national and that the option was merely assembly, will be received with between two forms of assembly, equal satisfaction in Portugal can- they will abstain from opposition not be confidently pronounced be- to that which has been selected; forehand. But there
appears no the rejection whereof in Portugal reason to doubt of the acquiescence could only lead to a state of things of the nation in the dispensation which would revive all the diffof a sovereign, for the manifesta- culties that have just been over tion of whose pleasure they have come, and place the Crown of Porprofessed to look with the utmost tugal, and not the Crown only but deference and submission.
the monarchy itself of Brazil, in Whatever may be, upon the danger. whole, the preferable choice be- In order that we may inculcate tween the respective merits of the with more effect on other governtwo modes of settlement, which ments the duty of abstaining from were at the emperor's option, any interference with the free
agency of Portugal, it is particu- regency of Portugal. I see nothing larly expedient to remove all in the
copy of those powers which grounds of jealousy as to the exer- I have received from sir Charles tion of British influence on so mo- Stuart that admits such a mentous an occasion.
struction. For this reason, while his ma- There is nothing in sir Charles jesty entirely approves of your ex- Stuart's despatches to countenance cellency's having consented (under the gloss which it has been attemptthe peculiar circumstances of your ed to put upon sir Charles Stuart's situation in Brazil) to be the consent to be the bearer of the embearer of the emperor's decrees peror's decrees to Lisbon ; the infrom Rio de Janeiro to Lisbon, struction to sir Charles Stuart to I am to signify to you his majesty's return “so soon as he shall have pleasure, that so soon as you shall delivered those instruments into have delivered those several instru- the proper hands, and have renderments into the proper hands, and ed to the Portuguese ministry an shall have rendered account to the account of his mission from his Portuguese ministry of the mission most faithful majesty to Brazil,” with which your excellency was cannot be mistaken. charged from his most faithful ma- I do not think it necessary to jesty's government to the emperor state to sir Charles Stuart a misof Brazil, your excellency should apprehension, in which I am contake leave of the Infanta Regent, fident he does not participate, and and return home.
which his speedy departure from (Signed) GEORGE CANNING. Lisbon will effectually put down. His Excellency Sir Charles
Lest, however, the regency or Stuart, G.C.B., 8c.
ministry of Portugal should be led No. VI.-Mr. Secretary CANNING which may possibly be the case,
into any error upon this subject, to Sir WILLIAM A'COURT.
and should consult your excellency (Extract)
upon the expediency of requesting Foreign-office, July 12, 1826. sir Charles Stuart to remain at I enclose to your excellency a Lisbon, to superintend, either as a copy of a despatch which I address, member of the government, or as by this occasion, to sir Charles a commissioner of the emperor of Stuart.
Brazil, or in any other character, If sir Charles Stuart sailed from the execution of his imperial maRio de Janeiro, as I understand jesty's decrees, or of any of them, (from other information) he was I am to instruct your excellency likely to do, on the 11th of May, to discourage at once any such prohis excellency may have reached position, and to decline transmitting Lisbon early in this month, and it to your court. may, perhaps, have embarked for
The general substance of the England even before this packet instruction to sir Charles Stuart arrives in the Tagus.
your excellency will consider as A foolish notion had got abroad addressed equally to yourself, and in France, that sir Charles Stuart's will make it the guide of your powers from the emperor of Brazil language in communicating with amounted to the constituting of the Portuguese government, and his excellency a member of the with your diplomatic colleagues.
(Signed) GEORGE CANNING. be found in an acceptance (as imHis Excellency Sir William mediate as may be suitable with A'Court, G.C.B., &c.
the importance of the measure) of
the charter of Don Pedro, coupled No.VII.-Mr. Secretary CANNING (as it is) with his abdication of the to Sir WILLIAM A'COURT, throne. Any other course must, as (Extract)
it appears to us, be full of danger;
but if, nevertheless, another course Foreign-office, July 17, 1826. shall be pursued, we shall not be I transmit to your excellency the less anxious for its peaceable copies of all the despatches on the and happy issue, than if it were affairs of Portugal, which have one which we had ourselves advised. been addressed to his majesty's (Signed) GEORGE CANNING. ambassadors and ministers abroad, His Excellency Sir William since the date of my last despatch A' Court, G.C.B., fc. to your excellency.
Your excellency is at liberty to No. VIII.-Mr. Secretary CANmake such communication of them NING to Sir WM. A'COURT. as you may think expedient to count de Porto Santo, who will Foreign-office, July 19, 1826. not fail to observe with what Sir,--In my despatch of the anxious perseverance his majesty's 17th instant, as well as in all the government are labouring, to create despatches upon the same subject, in other powersa disposition favour, which have been addressed to his able to the peace and security of majesty's ambassadors and minisPortugal
ters, copies of which I have en
closed to your excellency, your exIn submitting these considera- cellency will observe that I have tions to count de Porto Santo, your cautiously abstained from entering, excellency will take care not to in the smallest degree, into the offer them as the settled opinion or merits of the constitutional charter peremptory advice of your govern- which Don Pedro has devised for ment. We are too conscious of Portugal. It is not for his mathe imperfectness of our acquaint- jesty's government to analyze a ance with the prevailing senti- project, framed by a friendly sovements of the Portuguese nation, reign for the government of his and of the inability of any foreign dominions, nor to express any government to enter fully into other sentiment respecting it, than national feelings, prejudices, or the wish and the hope that if prepossessions, to presume to offer ried into effect in Portugal it may counsel to the Portuguese ministry, conduce to the stability of the moin any other sense, or with any narchy, to the prosperity of the other view, than that of laying state, and to the happiness and before them the elements of a de- rational liberty of the people. cision which it is for them, and There are, however, two points them only, to form.
in this constitutional charter (I It appears to us, upon the whole, am not, upon such examination as that the best chance of a safe tran- I have yet been able to give it, quil issue to the present extraordi- aware of more) to which I am nary crisis in Portugal, will be to compelled to call your excellency's
attention, and to direct you to inattempt to abolish it by inference vite that of the Portuguese mie from any change in the internal nistry, because they trench directly government of Portugal. upon the rights of this country
I am, &c. under treaty,
(Signed) GEORGE CANNING. With any internal changes in a His Excellency Sir William foreign state affecting only the A'Court, G.C.B., fc. municipal laws of that state and the interests of its subjects, no No. IX.-Mr. Secretary CANNING foreign government has any pre- to Sir WILLIAM A'COURT. tension to meddle. But treaty is (Extract) a law which binds state to state, Foreign-office, July 22, 1826. and of which no internal changes
It is the anxious wish of his in one state can justify the viola- majesty's government that nothing tion, to the detriment of another.
By one article of the proposed may have been done by sir Charles constitution, the liberty of religious Stuart
, whether under the commis
sion of the emperor Don Pedro or worship is restrained far within the limits to which the British at the solicitation of the Portuguese nation is entitled to enjoy it, and either in Portugal, or throughout
authorities, which can be liable, does enjoy it, in Portugal. It is ordained that no external appear, authoritative interference in the in
Europe, to be misconstrued as an ance of a church shall be allowed ternal concerns of Portugal. Should to any other than the established religion of the country.
any thing of that sort unluckily
have occurred, his majesty's governI need not inform your excel
ment relies confidently on your exlency that his majesty's subjects cellency for doing away the imresident at Lisbon have a church, which by no means corresponds pression which it would be calcu
lated to create by a discreet use of with this limitation ; and I am to
the explanations and declarations direct your excellency to lose no
contained in my despatches to your time in protesting, in the strongest excellency, and in those of which terms, against any deterioration of
I have transmitted copies for your this their rightful privilege.
information. The other point to which I par
(Signed) GEORGE CANNING. ticularly refer is the abolition of His Excellency Sir William private jurisdictions, which may be
A'Court, G.C.B., &c. construed to involve in Portugal, as it has been construed to involve No. X.-Mr. Secretary Canning in Brazil, the extinction of the juris
to Sir CHARLES STUART. diction of the judge conservator. In Brazil we could found our
(Extract) remonstrance against this extinc- Foreign-office, July 22, 1826. tion of our privilege only upon My reason for sending off this the treaty of 1810, which was on despatch by an extra packet is to the point of expiring. But in obviate any doubt which might Portugal, we hold that privilege possibly arise in your excellency's by treaties of ancient date and mind as to the execution of the inperpetual obligation, and your ex- structions contained in my despatch
, cellency must protest against any of the 12th inst.
I write to your excellency for copies, inasmuch as the note adthe
express purpose of repeating dressed to me expresses the happihis majesty's pleasure that you
ness which his imperial majesty return home forthwith, after delic will derive from the support, in vering into the hands of the re- addition to the approbation, of his gency the decrees of the emperor Britannic majesty, of the measures Don Pedro, and into the hands of lately adopted by the court of M. de Porto Santo, or, in case of Brazil for the welfare of the people M. de Porto Santo's resignation, of Portugal. into those of his successor, or, in
Mr. Chamberlain having acdefault of a new appointment, into knowledged the receipt of the note sir William A'Court's hands, to be transmitted to himself, I have not delivered by him to the proper mi- thought it expedient, upon this nister, at a proper time, the papers occasion, to return any answer to relative to the commercial negotia- the viscount de Inhambupe. I tion between Portugal and Brazil, have the honour to be, &c. in whatever state that negotiation (Signed) CHARLES STUART.
The Ri. Hori. Geo. Canning, dc. It is the desire and determination of his majesty's government (Enclosure in No. 11.- Translation.) to avoid, as far as possible, the The VISCONDE DE INHAMBUPE to appearance of any direct interfer
Sir CHARLES STUART. ence of British agency in the establishment of the new order of
Palace of Rio de Janeiro, things in Portugal.
May 8, 1826. It is therefore his majesty's posi- Sir,–His majesty the emperor, tive command that your excellency being called upon, definitively, to should not protract your stay at determine upon the course which Lisbon on any account whatever, it may be most advisable to pursue nor allow any suggestions or soli- with respect to the question of the citations from any quarter to in- succession to theCrown of Portugal, duce'you to delay your return home. which has devolved upon him by
(Signed) GEORGE CANNING. the death of his august father, the His Excellency Sir Charles king of Portugal and of the AlStuart, G.C.B., fc.
garves, and deeming his own re
tention of the sovereignty of PorNo. XI.—Sir CHARLES STUART tugal, the Algarves, and their doto Mr. Secretary CANNING. minions, to be incompatible with (Received July 22.)
the interests of the empire of
Brazil, as well as of those kingRio de Janeiro, May 9, 1826. doms, has been pleased, with a Sir,- I have this moment re- view to promote the welfare thereof, ceived from the minister of foreign to abdicate and cede the indisputaaffairs the accompanying note, to ble and inalienable rights which he which I should have thought it has to the Crown of the Portuguese unnecessary to call your attention, monarchy, and to the sovereignty if, upon comparing it with the one of the said kingdoms, to the person sent home by his majesty's chargé of his most cherished, esteemed, d'affaires, I had not observed a ma. and well-beloved daughter, the terial difference between the two lady princess of the Great Parà,