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an enlightened policy binds to- conceive it to be my province to gether in the sacred tie of their take a part, until they had been common interest, will, happily for carried so far that the count de this country, find himself placed Villa Real waited upon me, by in the most advantageous position Don Miguel's order, with a request for evincing the wisdom of his in- that I would send a packet to Engtentions, the firmness of his cha- land, to notify to his majesty's goracter, and the moderation of his vernment that it was his intention principles.
not only to take the oath I have Let us therefore hope that this mentioned, but afterw ardsto admiEuropean event, which must ever nister the government in the name be a most distinguished epoch in of Donna Maria da Gloria. This the annals of Portuguese history, was so total a departure from all may as completely meet the wants that had been settled in Englandof the people as it has satisfied their it was so incompatible with the neaffection and wishes for his pre- gotiation now pending in Brazil,
and would have put us upon so In respect to myself, relieved false a footing with Don Pedrothis day from a charge to which I that I replied, without hesitation, felt myself so unequal, but which that in case such a purpose were I submitted to with patience,'from persisted in, I should defer presentthose motives of obedience which ing my credentials until the receipt now make me resign it with plea- of further orders from my Court. sure, I shall, with fervent wishes Count de Bombelles, who had for its happiness, watch over the already felt some doubt whether he destinies of a nation whose real in- could, under such circumstances, terests must ever be dear to me, and present his, was decided by my deI must always consider my having termination, and acquainted the been called to govern it as the most Infant with his resolution, in a valued title of my glory.
private audience; using, at the
same time, every argument which No. XVII.
might deter his royal highness from Sir FREDERICK LAMB to TIJE
a course so calculated to embroil
the affairs of this country, and to EARL OF DUDLEY.
deprive him of the support of the (Received March 14.) European Courts. After much (Extract.)
consultation with many advisers,
the duke of Cadaval gave way, and Lisbon, March 1, 1828. the Infant took the oath, nearly, if A delay of some days arose in not quite, in the same words in the taking of the oath, from discus- which it had been taken by his sions as to the form to be adopted. sister, concluding it by the engageSeveral of the Infant's advisers, at
ment to resign the regency in conthe head of whom was the duke of formity with the Charter. Cadaval, recommend that it should (Signed) conclude with the engagement to
F. LAMB. resign the regency into the hands of the young queen.
The right honourable the In these discussions I did not Earl of Dudley, fc. Vol. LXXI.
conduct of the Infant as called for
by the wish of the nation. SIR FREDERICK LAMB to THE
Your lordship may recollect that EARL OF DUDLEY.
the Infant had engaged at Vienna (Received March 14.) to issue a proclamation declaratory
Lisbon, March 1, 1828. of his sentiments upon arriving in My Lord, there is an active Portugal. This engagement has struggle going on in the interior of been recalled by M. de Villa Real, the palace. The queen has taken but its fulfilment negatived in up her residence at the Ajuda, un- Council. M. de Bombelles and I der the same roof with the Infant, have judged it inexpedient to put and his royal highness is incessantly ourselves forward in order to obtain assailed with recommendations to it, as, even in case of our prevailing, declare himself king and reign the redaction would always remain without the Chambers.
in the hands of the Portuguese It depends entirely upon his will ministers, and the Infant might so;
the Chambers would easily be made to hold a language at offer no opposition, and the mea- least as bad as his present silence. sure would be popular with the (Signed)
F. LAMB. great majority of the country; but The right honourable the as yet he remains firm, and says it
Earl of Dudley &c. would be a breach of faith of which
No. XX. he will not be guilty.
The battle is not yet over, and Sir FredeRICK LAMB 10 THE fortunately, among his royal high
EARL OF DUDLEY, ness's ministers are persons, who,
(Received March 18.) for the present, will firmly resist
Lisbon, March 12, 1828. such measures.
My Lord,-By the decree pubI have the honour to be, &c. lished in the Gazeta de Lisboa of (Signed)
F. LAMB. yesterday, your lordship will perThe right honourable the
ceive that the colonels of seven of Earl of Dudley, 8c.
the regiments composing the garri
son of Lisbon have been removed. No. XIX.
Ofthese, the two colonels of cavalry Sir Frederick LAMB to THE are obnoxious, as having served EARL OF DUDLEY. with the greatest distinction under
the count Villa Flor. Among the (Received March 17.)
others are some, the reason of (Extract)
whose dismission is not so evident, Lisbon, March 2, 1828. but in all instances they have been Fresh proclamations have been replaced by persons upon whom received from the refugeesin Spain, the Infant thinks he can implicitly ending with Vivas to Don Miguel count. Two of the regiments I., if he is worthy, and calling upon composing the garrison still retain all true Portuguese to assert bis their former colonels, and the rearights. It is to be apprehended son generally assigned is, that these that addresses will be procured from two regiments were resolved to the municipalities, or movements turn out, if their commanders were excited in the provinces, which will taken from them. It is understood give a colour to represent the future that the purification of the army
will be carried to a great extent, perfectly unnecessary, except as and that the adherents of the mar- the precursors of more violent meaquis de Chaves will be substituted sures, the army being perfectly for the officers and non-commis- obedient, and having showni no sioned officers at present in active sign of want of attachment either employment. Though this is cal- to the Infant or to its duties. culated to give ultimately to the I have the honour to be, &c. Infant the complete possession of (Signed)
F. LAMB. the army, yet for the moment it The right honourable the has a directly opposite effect; and Earl of Dudley, 8c. I have ascertained beyond a doubt, P.S.I this moment learn that that the real reason of his wish to an order will appear to-day changing delay the embarkation of our troops, all the governors of the provinces ; was in order to retain them as gua- among them the count d'Alva, rantees of his safety, until the governor of the Algarves; and it operation should be completed. is generally understood that their These changes amount, in fact, to only crime is the having resisted a new revolution, and are directly the entrance of the rebels. The opposed to all the engagements count d’Alva is brother-in-law to taken by the Infant. They are the count Villa Real.
CORRESPONDENCE between the Earl of ABERDEEN and the
MARQUIS DE BARBACENA, relating to the Interposition of GREAT Britain, on Don Miguel proclaiming himself King.
The MARQUIS DE BARBACENA to in the mind of his majesty, the THE EARL OP ABERDEEN. emperor Don Pedro, a just indig
London, Nov. 25, 1828. nation and the most lively pain, it The undersigned, Plenipotentis may be easily conceived that these ary of his Majesty the Emperor of feelings of his imperial majesty Brazil, discharges the sacred duty" are heightened by the paternal unimposed upon him by his august easiness necessarily occasioned by master, by addressing to his Ex- the lot of a beloved daughter, from cellency, the Earl of Aberdeen, whom he could not separate but his Britannic Majesty's principal with regret, to comply with the Secretary of State for Foreign repeated intances of the sovereigns, Affairs, the official demand of his his allies; and in the full convicBritannic Majesty's support in fa- tion that she would keep possession vour of her Majesty the Queen of of the Crown guaranteed to her, Portugal, and the claim of effectual no less by her legitimate rights than assistance in placing her most faith by the solemn arrangements to ful Majesty upon the throne be- which the courts of England and longing to her, as well as in se- Austria were parties, and by the curing to her the possession of her oaths of the prince upon whom he kingdom.
had conferred the regency of PorThe intelligence of the usurpa- tugal, and for whom he had destion effected at Lisbon on the 1st tined the hand of his daughter. of July of this year, having excited His imperial majesty, though cruelly disappointed in this hope, ceeded each other, and which, most can entertain no doubt of the same of them, set out with confirming powers sharing his just indigna- all the former treaties. tion; and he has gratefully re- This series ends with the treaty ceived the first proof which they of the 21st January, 1815, the afforded of it by withdrawing third article of which runs thus:their ministers from Lisbon. He “ The ancient treaties of alliance, has looked upon it as a sure pledge, amity, and guarantee, which have that the antient and intimate ally so long and so happily subsisted of Portugal would not be satisfied between the two Crowns, are by with testifying by that act, in com- this present article renewed by mon with all the other courts of the two high contracting parties, Europe, his disapprobation of the and acknowledged to be in full perfidious insurrection excited in force and vigour.' Portugal, but that his powerful No war has, during this long co-operation would be still more period, interrupted between the effectually displayed in favour of two governments a connexion of the queen, when formally called which diplomatic history exhibits upon for that purpose by the head no similar instance; and the only of the house of Braganza; and rupture which has occurred took this hope happily accords with the place during Cromwell's Protectorwords spoken from the throne at ate, occasioned, it is worthy of the closing of the last session of remark, by the assistance given by the British parliament. Deter- the king of Portugal to the partimined never to come to any terms zans of king Charles 1st, to whom with the usurper of the Portugese he had granted an asylum at crown, and to assert the rights of Lisbon. her majesty, the queen
Donna The undersigned, after proving Maria 2nd, the first thought of his the existence and the validity of majesty, the emperor of Brazil, the whole of this series of treaties, could be no other than that of would exceed the limits which he claiming for this purpose the aid of must prescribe to himself in this his Britannic majesty, in virtue of note, if he were to enter into a the treaties subsisting between minute examination of each of Portugal and Great Britain. them. He will therefore only
These treaties, as his excellency extract some of the stipulations, lord Aberdeen is aware, commence by which their spirit and tendency with the earliest periods of the may be demonstrated, as the true Portugese monarchy. In the reign import of them is not to be sought of Edward 1st of England, stipu- only in the letter of the treaties, lations of friendship and commerce
but in their aggregate, and in the were entered into between the two intimate relations which they have Crowns; and in 1375 a formal created and kept up between the treaty of alliance was concluded two countries and the two crowns. between Ferdinand 1st of Portugal, By article I of the treaty of and Edward 3rd of England. Such 1373, of which the undersigned is the antient alliance still sub- encloses a copy, No. 1, it seems to sisting, it may be affirmed, in full have been intended to apply the vigour and intact, by means of the stipulations of the alliance to the series of treaties which have suc- case of rebellion, and this supposi
tion is confirmed by the subsequent of Alliance of 1703, No. 7, exact, No. 2, by which the king of plicitly confirms all the preceding England permits the raising in his treaties. dominions of a body of volunteers, In Article 6 of the Convention, to serve in the war which the king signed at London, the 22nd Ocof Portugal was at that period tober,*1807, No. 8, occur the folcarrying on against his rebellious lowing expressions :-“His Bribrother, the conveyance of that tannic majesty engages in his name, body having been effected by means and in that of his successors, never of two ships of the line which the to acknowledge, as king of PortuBritish government provided for gal, any prince other than the heir
and the legitimate representative The treaty of alliance of 1571, of the royal family of Braganza.” between queen Elizabeth and king This stipulation evidently apSebastian, No. 3, makes express plies to the present case ; for the mention of rebellion ; at least it heir and legitimate representative, states that the two sovereigns take whom his Britannic majesty has a mutual interest in maintaining recognized as such, is at the present their respective governments. moment dispossessed of her crown,
In the act of ratification of the by a prince of the same family, treaty of 1642, No. 4, the express indeed, but who is not the less an intention of renewing the preced- usurper. ing treaties is observable.
Neither can it be alleged that The first article of the treaty of the convention, just mentioned, 1654, No. 5, contains the stipula- was only temporary; for not only tion of neither receiving nor hare is this condition nowhere stated, bouring, reciprocally, the rebellious but it is formally contradicted by subjects of either of the two coun- the general confirmation of all the tries; and in virtue of this article, preceding treaties of alliance and her majesty, queen Donna Maria guarantee,contained in Article 3 of 2nd, has, undoubtedly, the right the treaty concluded at Vienna, to demand, that her august ally the 21st January, 1815. should not suffer an avowed agent The undersigued deems it his of the usurper's government of duty to dwell upon the quotations Portugal to reside in England. just made, and to which he might
The seventeenth article of the add many more ; but he flatters treaty of 1661, No. 6, deserves to himself to have sufficiently demonbe read with attention, since in it strated:-1st. That all the treaties is recognized, under preceding of alliance and guarantee, contreaties, the power of levying cluded between Portugal and Great troops in England. That treaty Britain, are still subsisting in full contains the strongest and the most vigour ;-2dly. That the nature positive expressions to be found in of these treaties, their number, and any act of this kind, as the king of the connexion which they have England goes the length of de established between the two crowns claring, that he will watch over for so many ages, give them a per the interests of Portugal with as culiar character, which distinmuch care as over those of his own guishes them from ordinary treadominions.
ties, and that it is necessary to The first article of the Treaty interpret them as a whole, rather