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cena, that from what he has now Great Britain, when offered, should had the honour to state, it clearly have been received with so little appears

that the abdication of the confidence and alacrity. These Crown-the composition and grant counsels have never been adopted of the constitutional charter—the by his imperial majesty until the promise to send the queen Donna course of events had rendered the Maria to Portugal--the unfortu- choice of any alternative impracticnate delay in the execution of that able ; nor until, from this reluctpromise, as well as the little re- ance and delay, they had, in a great spect paid to the pledge virtually measure, been deprived of their given by the abdication not to in- beneficial influence. In truth it terfere from Brazil in the internal may be affirmed, that so far from government of Portugal - and Great Britain having been instrufinally that the nomination of the mental in the production of the Infant Don Miguel as regent, evils which have recently afflicted were all acts spontaneously ema- Portugal, they are mainly to be nating from the emperor Don attributed to the want of a frank, Pedro himself, which did not oris consistent, and direct course of ginate with the king his master; policy on the part of the Brazilian and for the effects of which his government itself. majesty cannot be held responsible. The undersigned, &c.

The undersigned will not con- (Signed) ABERDEEN. clude without further expressing The Marquis de Barbacena, &c. his regret that the counsels of

CORRESPONDENCE regarding the PortuguESE MILITARY RE

FUGEES in GREAT BRITAIN.

The MARQUIS DE BARBACENA

The secretary to the governto the DUKE OF WELLINGTON.

ment of the Islands of the Azores

has just arrived in London, author(Confidential) London, ised to demand, with the greatest

Oct. 15, 1828. urgency, the immediate despatch M. le Duc,-A matter of urgent of a part of the faithful Portuguese importance had made me resolve troops, which are now in England, to repair this day to Strathfieldsay, and whose presence in the abovein order to speak to your grace mentioned islands would ensure respecting it, instead of making it their defence as well as their tranthe subject of a written communi- quillity, under the government of cation; but having learned, in the legitimate sovereign, against Downing-street, that you were not the attack with which they are at your house in the country, and menaced by the illegitimate gofearing lest

absence

may

be vernment established in Portugal. prolonged for some days, I take

Your

grace will no doubt feel the only method which is left to that it is impossible for the servants me, seeing that the affair in ques- of the queen to refuse so just and tion cannot admit of the least de- pressing a demand, particularly as lay.

the prolonged residence of a con

your

tinually increasing number of Por- which I offer you beforehand, in guese refugees in England entails the name of the queen, and the an enormous expense, and appears most formal assurances of the

very to be attended with some incon- high consideration with which i venience.

have the honour to be, &c., Determined, as I am, to grant (Signed) the succours which faithful subjects Le Marquis de BARBACENA, of the queen demand from her, His Grace Field Marshal the and persuaded that these succours, Duke of Wellington, &c. when once landed at Terceira, will be sufficient to put that island out

(Second Enclosure in No. 37.

Translation.) of danger, I cannot conceal from

THE DUKE OF WELLINGTON to myself the risks which the transports may run during their voyage

THE MARQUIS DE BARBACENA. if they be not protected by some London, October 18, 1828. ships of war.

Monsieur le Marquis - I have Such, M. le Duc, is the strong had the honour to receive your motive which makes me have re- excellency's letter of the 15th. course to your grace, for the pur- The Portuguese, who are in pose of demanding from his Bri- England, are here in the quality of tannic majesty, in the name of the individuals. We know of no Porqueen, the convoy of a ship of tuguese troops in this country. war, to escort from England to a If there be any, they must quit possession which remains subject the country without loss of time. to the legitimate authority of her The government has, indeed, most faithful majesty, a part of much reason to complain of the the loyal troops which are at Ply- Portuguese individuals now at mouth; the succours in question Plymouth, who, notwithstanding not to be landed at Terceira in that they have been received in the unfortunate event of that island this country with all the hospitahaving fallen under the aggression lity which was possible, have so with which it is threatened. much forgotten themselves within

From what is above stated you the last few days, as to make an will see, M. le Duc, that there is attack upon a house where a Porno question of a hostile undertak- tuguese traveller had taken tefuge. ing, but simply of a measure of I also announce to your exceldefence, dictated by the feeling of lency, that his majesty's governthat strict obligation which is im- ment cannot permit that England posed upon every sovereign to should be made an arsenal or a protect his subjects.

fortress, from whence any one may I therefore venture to hope that make war as he thinks proper.

If the government of his Britannic those Portuguese subjects desire majesty will not refuse to give the to make war at the Azores, instead queen this first mark of friendship of doing so in Portugal, of which which she requires from the most they had the choice, let them go faithful friend and ally of her there as individuals if they please. august' family; and in this just But I must candidly tell you, expectation, I request, M. le Duc, Monsieur le Marquis, that it canthat you will accept the thanks not be permitted that individuals, Vol. LXXI.

2 G

upon others.

of whatever character they may be, have served in the army, for exshould prepare warlike expeditions ample, as students of Coimbra, or in the ports and arsenals of this volunteers of Oporto, should be decountry, in order to make attacks sired to quit Plymouth.

I also announce to you the wish Still less can it be permitted that the officers may be separated that they should be convoyed by from the soldiers, and that they the navy of his Britannic majesty, may repair to Exeter, or to wherto enable them to make these ex. ever they may desire to go as inpeditions in safety. I have the dividuals; and that the men may honour to be, &c.

be placed in one of the towns or (Signed) WELLINGTON, villages named in the enclosed

Duke of Victoria. paper, the number in each towi. The Marquis de Barbacena, &c. or village not exceeding that which

is therein indicated. I have the (Third Enclosure A. in No. 37.-

honour to be, &c. Translation.)

(Signed) WELLINGTON, THE DUKE OF WELLINGTON to

Duke of Victoria, THE MARQUIS or PALMELLA. The Marquis de Palmella, fc.

London, Nov. 20, 1828. (Third Enclosure B. in No. 37.)
Monsieur le Marquis,-As his

Houses. Population
Truro

410

2,712 300 majesty's government do not think

Bodmin

523

3,278 400 it proper that a considerable num- Launceston 245 2,183 200

308 ber of persons who have been Oakhampton

1,907 100

Exeter officers and soldiers in the service

3,256 23,479 Officers Brent

116 764 50 of Portugal should remain at Ply- Ashburton 396 3,403 250 mouth, lord Aberdeen requested Chudleigh 394 2,059 250 yesterday of his excellency the

Tiverton 1,313 8,651 300
Honiton

681

3,296 400 Vicomte d'Itabayana, that a dis

Taunton

1,503 8,534 500 tribution should be made of Bridgewater 1,059

6,155 500 them at a distance from Plymouth, having reason to believe that these (Fourth Enclosure in No. 37.) persons are paid by his excellency The Duke of WELLINGTON to the minister plenipotentiary of the

THE MARQUIS DE PALMELLA. emperor Don Pedro at the court

London, Nov. 27, 1828. of his majesty

Mons. le Marquis,---In conseHis excellency replied to lord quence of your informing me that. Aberdeen that these men were not the Portuguese officers and troops paid by him ; but that his excel- now at Plymouth preferred to quit lency made advances to the mar- this country, and proceed to quis de Palmella, who gave them Rio Janeiro, rather than remove their pay in the shape of assist- from Plymouth to the neighbourance,

ing towns and villages, as I had I consider it, therefore, to be desired in the conversation which my duty, Monsieur le Marquis, to I had with you on the 20th instant; demand that all the Portuguese and as you have expressed a wish who have been officers and soldiers that this government should give of the Portuguese army, or who these Portuguese a guarantee for

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their safety from attack on their in case they should have the mispassage, or send a vessel of war to fortune to meet, during the voyage convoy them, I have to inform you which they are under the necessity that his majesty's servants will of undertaking, any vessel of war give orders that a convoy shall be belonging to the usurping governprepared to escort the vessels ment of Portugal. A simple verbal which will carry these Portuguese assurance on the part of the Britroops according to the wish ex- tish government seems to me suffipressed by you.

cient to secure them from all (Signed)

WELLINGTON. danger in the case in question. The Marquis de Palmella, &c. And I think, M. le Duc, that his

Britannic majesty could grant the (Fifth Enclosure in No. 37.Translation.)

sort of guarantee which I have

solicited, on the same principle The MARQUIS DE PALMELLA to

which gives him the undeniable THE DUKE OF WELLINGTON.

right to require, that these PortuLondon, Dec. 3, 1828. guese refugees do not set out from Monsieur le Duc,-I have re- England in armed vessels, nor with ceived the letter which your excel- any plans of aggression against lency did me the honour to write any country not at war with Engto me, dated the 27th ult., to an- land. nounce to me that the government This assurance, which may be of his Britannic majesty would justly required from the Portuguese take the necessary measures to refugees, fully requires, as it apgrant, in consequence of the desire pears to me, that a similar assurwhich I had expressed, a convoy, ance should be demanded in their in order to escort the vessels which favour, from those who may will transport the Portuguese re. threaten them with danger, against fugees from Plymouth to Rio de which these individuals are deprivJaneiro, and to guarantee them ed of the means of defending from the danger of being attacked themselves. during the passage.

Your excellency will recollect After having maturely reflected that such was the meaning of my upon the contents of your excel- demand, and that the idea of furlency's letter, I think it my duty, nishing an escort of the British M. le Duc, to beg of you not navy was never suggested by me. to give effect to the intention At the first moment the objections which you have announced to me, to which this measure is liable did and which appears to me, under not present themselves with suffithe existing circumstances, to pre- cientclearness to my mind to induce sent more inconvenience than ad me to point them out to your exvantage.

cellency; but I own, that the more The demand which I addressed I think of it, the more it seems to to your excellency had only for its me that it would be interpreted, object to secure to the Portuguese either as a mark of distrust on the emigrants, who are come freely, part of the British government, or and of their own accord, to claim as a proof of the forced expulsion hospitality in this country, the of the Portuguese who had sought protection of his Britannic majesty, an asylum in this country.

For the interest of her majesty in the event of my refusing to take the queen of Portugal, it is my duty part in it. This resolution, which to endeavour to avoid, as much as consists in distributing among a depends on me, allowing the de- certain number of towns and places parture of the Portuguese, faithful pointed out by the British governto their legitimate sovereign, to be ment, the Portuguese refugees, made a triumph for their enemies, till now were assembled at Plywhom I regard, in virtue of the mouth, and to separate the officers treaties subsisting between the from the soldiers, is too repugnant two crowns, as impossible to be to the feelings of all those indiviconsidered as friends of the British duals for it to have been possible government; and it is not less my to induce them to submit to it duty to spare those who have sa- willingly, and they would all have crificed every thing for the most preferred a total dispersion, and just of causes, whatever might, in an absolute deprivation, to assisttheir present situation, wound their ance afforded in such a manner. feelings.

Under these circumstances, no After having candidly avowed to choice remained to them but that your excellency the motives which of quitting the country, towards induced me not to accept the which they had been drawn by escort which the government of the hope of a reception conformhis Britannic majesty is willing to able to the interest which their offer to my emigrant countrymen, cause inspires here; and in quitand requesting you to accept on ting England, Brazil is the only asythis subject their thanks and mine, lum where that same cause gives I take this opportunity, M. le Duc, them the right to be received. to add a few words

upon

the com- I do not conceal from myself, munication which your excellency M. le Duc, that in quitting Europe addressed to me, at first verbally, at this moment, the Portuguese and afterwards in writing, in the emigrants deliver the usurping letter of the 20th November, and party from a fear which was always which occasions the departure for present to it, and carry despair Brazil of all the Portuguese sol- into the minds of all that are ho. diers who are assembled at Ply- nourable and faithful in Portugal. mouth.

But, on the other hand, their disI should have already taken the persion in England, in the manner liberty to represent to your excel- required by the British governlency, in writing, the fatal conse- ment, would produce an effect quences which the resolution quite as unfavourable; and those adopted by the government of his persons themselves, when I proBritannic majesty will produce to posed the alternative to them, did the cause of his most faithful ma- not hesitate as to their choice. jesty, and I should have done so Pray excuse, M. le Duc, the with the intention of endeavouring length of this letter. Your excelto show the inconveniences of it, lency will, no doubt, feel that in if your excellency had not from an affair so important, it became the first moment declared to me indispensable for me to record, in that it was unchangeable, and that a permanent form, the observait would be carried into effect, even tions which I think it my duty to

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