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her at Weedon, and liked her, all but of finding my May-Queen at last in a her age : however, he was wrong barrack-stable ! about that ; she's not more than nine, We soon adjourned to the messI know.”

room, and thence to Cropper's quar“Isn't she really ?” said I, getting ters, and spent such an evening as interested.

only old friends can spend together, “I'll show you her mouth in a who meet after long parting. If Í minute." Cropper opened a stable- may be allowed a last quotation from door. “There she is, the beauty! Tennyson--slightly altered

“ cheap, now, I call her, at a hun.

“Our joyous memories did not shun dred; only bought her this morning,

The foaming grape of Eastern France." so Charley and I christened her May-Queen. Now, doesn't she put Even Cropper admitted that, when you in mind of Rosalie ?-look at explained to him, to be real poetry. her foreband.”

We found the true Arcadia in CoyI was so fairly taken aback that I entry barracks. had not even presence of mind enough And I have laid down a few rules to keep my own counsel. “Bless for my private guidance in keeping me !" I exclaimed, “it's a mare !" festival on May 1, 1859, which I re

They both burst into a roar of commend to the consideration of my laughter. “Of course it is,” said friends and the public generally Charley. “Well done, old Damon ! 1. Don't be called early. he expected “May-queen’ to be a 2. Put on your warmest clothes. horse !"

3. If you take a walk, choose a I expected nothing of the kind; turnpike road, or a well-beaten footbut I didn't tell them so. I might path. have guessed there was but one sub- 4. Keep up a blazing fire. ject upon which Cropper was likely 5. Ask two or three old friends to to be enthusiastic. No wonder I dinner. didn't remember Rosalie ; who ever And then you will be sure to spend is to remember four-legged brutes by -as I did eventually-a very pleatheir Christian names ? but to think sant English May-day.

6

THE DEFEAT OF THE FACTIONS.

THE WHIGS versus OUR INDIAN EMPIRE.

"The Factions have made their imputed as a heinous fault to the Mingrand attack, and have failed nota- istry. Lord Derby had not sought bly. They held their field-day at office : he took it simply because the the expense of our Indian Empire working of our parliamentary sysand the British Constitution ; and tem had left no other party but his now, thoroughly beaten and humi

own in a position to carry on the Jiated, they stand self-condemned at government. He did not deceive the bar of the country.

himself-he did not seek to deceive It is a strange retrospect, that of the country. He knew that his was the last few weeks. We know not not what is called a powerful Gov. whether to be most amazed at the ernment, but it was more powerful unblushing audacity of the Factions than any other that could be formed. -at the judicial blindness which That should have sufficed with all tempted them to base their grand parties, and that certainly sufficed in attack upon a quicksand—or at the the estimation of the country. For tremendous overthrow and unre- the rest, Lord Derby relied upon deemable disaster which have over- integrity of principle and ability of taken them. It has been a month administration to secure for his Govwithout a parallel in our parliamen- ernment that constitutional support tary annals. The men who betrayed which even the most daring faction the honour of their country before might hesitate to withhold. they were ejected from office three But the ousted factions were not months ago, have now, in their efforts to be appeased. Ravening for office, to get back, madly sought to de- and seeing that if they did not regain grade the British Parliament in the their places immediately, they would eyes of Europe, as well as to rock to have to share them with others, the its basis the whole fabric of British Whigs did not scruple to make the power in the East. Alas, that while country's extremity their special oprevolting every honest mind, and portunity. It is a just boast of the disgusting the feelings of the gene- Conservatives that they have never ral public at home, the Cambridge- withheld a constitutional support House Faction should have also from any Liberal Ministry,—that furnished the Absolutist Govern- they have never when in opposition ments of the Continent with fresh refused their votes to a measure arguments against free institutions, which they supported when in office, and done their best to render govern- for the sake of embarrassing their ment of any kind amongst us im- rivals. Again and again did they possible. The attack which has so support Lord Palmerston's Ministry fatally recoiled upon themselves was when placed in jeopardy by the only a culmination of the factious factions of the Liberal party. It policy which they have acted upon was their votes that gave him his ever since the accession of Lord majorities on the County Franchise, Derby's Government. It was nothing the Ballot, Church-Rates, and also in the eyes of that faction that Lord on many most important questions Derby's was the strongest and only of foreign politics ; and without their united party in the House. They and support on such occasions his Cabitheir journals ceaselessly taunted the net never could have gone on. But Government with weakness, because all this was forgotten by the thankit could not command an absolute less Whigs as soon as they found party-majority in the Commons- themselves once more in the "cold although it was notorious that the shade” of the Opposition benches. Whigs themselves could still less A Whig out of office is a miserable muster any such majority. What was being, -and not least so in his own simply a necessity of the times, they eyes! Bred in the notion that office

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pertains to them as if by sight inde- ex-Ministerialists have not scrupled feasible, the various branches of the to imperil the very existence of our great Whig Tree could not bear to Eastern empire, and cover with eversee the goodly offices of the Trea- lasting shame the principles of British sury filled by Conservatives, while rule. Mr Cardwell's motion will have so many “promising young men assigned to it a most miserable noof their own party were thrown toriety. Political history fails to supidle on the town, and their veteran ply a parallel to it. Faction, indeed, chiefs sat growling at each other in has never at any time been quite dead; Brookes's or the Reform. So, from but in the present instance, the spirit the first hour of the new Ministry's of faction has been as strong as at any entering upon office, the “ official time during the last century,

while Whigs, who clung to Palmerston as the interests imperilled by it are of the most likely chief to lead them greater magnitude than ever before. back to office, have rested neither Fox's India Bill is still remembered day nor night in inventing maneu- as a synonym for Whig jobbery and vres to bring the Ministry into discre- self-seeking of old. But the India of dit, or in hatching plots to overthrow that day was but an atom of the it. They resolved to stick at nothing gigantic empire which now owns our --and they have kept their resolve. sway; and if the British nation swept Witness their conduct on Mr Mon- from their places the men who then sell's motion with respect to the admis- wished to make the Indian Governsion of cadets to Woolwich, when ment a mere appanage of party, how the members of the late Ministry much heavier judgment will not the either stayed away or voted against country now pronounce upon those certain regulations which they them- who have trifled with our Indian selves had enacted only a few weeks Empire when it is twenty times before they left office! On the Church- larger, and who have been ready to Rates question they acted in similar imperil its very existence for the fashion; and, still more shamelessly, meanest purposes of party? they repeated the same tactics on Mr Never before, indeed, has faction Locke King's motion for lowering wrested to its purposes a more mothe County franchise ! - which conse- mentous subject, or a more critical quently, instead of being rejected as time. For a year past, our stately usual, has this year been allowed for empire in the East has been rocking the first time to obtain a success. to its base under the pressure of

Such are the Whigs when in op- a gigantic military revolt, backed by a position. Hitherto the country has most widespread disaffection in cerbeen too blind to their reckless fac- tain provinces. England, though not tiousness when out of office, or too exempt from the possibility of being forgetful of it; but this time the attacked at her own gates, drained limits of endurance have been over- herself of every spare regiment, and passed, and by a large section even has almost exhausted her powers of the Liberal party the recent of recruitment, in order to rescue place - hunting of the Whigs will her cherished empire. Nevertheneither be forgotten nor forgiven. less, when the Conservative MinisThe country, too, will remember it. ters took their post at the helm of Whig faction has gone its full length, affairs, it was hard to say whether and is producing a reaction against the crisis of the storm were not still itself. For the last three months, so to come. Delhi had fallen, but the unscrupulous have been the tactics of army which defended it had escaped. the Opposition, the British House of Oude, studded with its two hundred Commons has well-nigh been brought and fifty mud-forts, and with every down to the level of the defunct large building of its palatial capital Chambers of France, or the cabal- converted into a fortress, was one vast loving Cortes of Spain. Everything camp of the foe. Gwalior,Bundelcund, ---from the government of India to and Rajpootana, with all the places the Woolwich regulations has been of strength from Kotah to Calpee, degraded to the purposes of faction ; were held by the enemy's forces. "Alí and in their last desperate rally, the Rohilcund was in arms, and from

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Bareilly, as his headquarters, a leader the Russians at Herat, and the Perof the rebels had organised a govern- sians, Affghans, and mountain-tribes, ment, and was exercising the powers swarming down the passes to the of royalty. Nearly all our available Indus. In the face of such a controops were already in India ; and, tingency, who could answer for the whatever popular opinion might com- continued fidelity of the Sikhs, or placently imagine, good judges of mi- guarantee that our Indian empire litary affairs knew that our Indian would not crumble to pieces under army was numerically inadequate for the disintegrating forces of internal the work before it. The hot season revolt and external attack ? was at hand,-deaths in the hospital, The supreme object to be aimed at and on the march, would be double in our Indian policy, therefore, plain, those in actual battle,- before au- ly was, to get the rebellion suppressed tumn, despite Sir Colin's care of his as fast as possible, lest by delay the men, our army would be reduced to danger might outgrow our means of a few skeleton battalions; and how meeting it. Moreover, policy as well were we to replace it by a new one ? as justice required that the means of Political, not less than military, con- suppression to be employed should siderations showed the gravity of the not, by their over-severity, be such crisis. Every month the revolt con- as to perpetuate rancour towards us tinued, the natives were learning their on the part of the natives, and sow own strength ; every month, from all the seeds of future revolts. Lord quarters of India, their eyes turned Ellenborough, the new Indian Minmore and more to the standards of ister, was prepared to act upon these revolt kept flying in central Hindo- principles. No statesman was so stan; the war for religion and in- fitted to cope with the crisis. Unques

“ dependence” was becoming common tioned genius and grasp of thoughtare talk from Cashmere to Ceylon,--and in him combined with an unsurpassed what but disaffection could spread knowledge of Indian affairs, and an with it? Moreover, isolated as is eye for military strategy which any the position of our Indian empire, ordinary general might envy. Chivthe perils to which it is exposed are alrous and generous in spirit, it was not all internal. If the revolt be not known that he would heartily cocrushed in the second campaign, said operate with and support to the utterMr Disraeli ten months ago, we shall most every officer in the rightful disfind another enemy than the rebels charge of duty ; bold, self-reliant, and in the field against us. That second of the highest moral courage, he would campaign had begun when the new not tolerate that the policy of the Ministry entered upon their duties, Government should be thwarted by and what did the archives of office subordinates, nor permit any one, tell them ? Like all the world, they however high in station, to do the knew of the circumstances which wrong thing unchallenged. At the connected Persia with the first plans beginning of March, when the Earl of the revolt ; probably they knew anew became President of the Board much more. They knew also what of Control, Sir Colin Campbell was their predecessors dared not acknow- advancing upon Lucknow, — which ledge, that, turning to account our city it could hardly be doubted present helplessness, Persia refuses would soon be in possession of our to implement the treaty which she troops. But Oude would thereafter concluded with us, and still main- remain to be subdued ; its whole potains her suzerainté over Herat; and pulation was in arms against us, and that our ambassador at Teheran everything depended upon our manwould have again struck his flag and ner of dealing with them, whether withdrawn, but for instructions from these formidable levies would lay home, desiring him to temporise, down their arms peaceably, or engage as we were not strong enough to despairingly in a contest that would assert our rights! What did all this convert Oude into“ a sea of fire," and suggest ? Plainly, that if the Sepoy perilously protract the war. In these revolt were not crushed in this cam- circumstances, on the 24th March, paign, the end of the year might see Lord Ellenborough sent off to the

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Governor-General a despatch coun-cently setting forth the causes of the selling that the people of Oude be existing widespread disaffection to dealt with on the principles of cle- our rule, he gives special prominence mency and generosity. Wherever to our violation of hereditary inopen resistance shall have ceased,” he terests invested in the land or the said, “it will be prudent, in award- land-revenue," and also to the aning punishment, rather to follow the nexation of Oude. This latter propractice which prevails after the con- ceeding is pointedly levelled at in quest of a country which has defend- his statement of the grievances comed itself to the last extremity, than plained of by the natives, as folthat which may perhaps be lawfully fows :—"3. The annexation and supadopted after the suppression of mu- pression of native states, not as the tiny and rebellion.” Crimes,” ob- result of war and conquest, which served the despatch, “have been would be intelligible to all, but in committed against us, which it would times of peace, and under the operabe a crime to forgive,” and “such tion of principles which to natives acts are always to be exempted from appear either incomprehensible or forgiveness or mitigation of punish- unjust ; such as the concealment, ment as have exceeded the license of in one case, [that of Oude), of the fact legitimate hostilities ;" but with these that a treaty, signed by the native exceptions Lord Canning, was ex- prince and our Governor-General, horted “ to act towards the people had not been ratified in England; with generosity as well as justice. and the deposition of a sovereign who Acting in this spirit,” concluded the is alleged to have done us no wrong, despatch,“ you may rely upon our and who, if confessedly cruel, vicious, unqualified support.” Though for- and unjust, was so not towards our warded through the Secret Commit- subjects, but his own--a proceeding tee, this despatch was made public which, however warranted on grounds in this country, in compliance with of general philanthropy, does violence an order of Parliament, and both its to native ideas, and fills the minds publication and its contents met of remaining chiefs with feelings of the approbation of all parties. Be- painful uncertainty, suspicion, and sides the general feeling of the ex- distrust." It is important to note pediency as well as justice of exer- this; for some of our M.P.'s, in their cising moderation towards the van- ignorance of India, seem to think, quished, it was felt that the popula- with Lord John Russell

, that the tion of Oude were entitled in a pecu- legality of our right to annex Oude liar degree to forbearance. The was undreamt of in India, and policy of our annexation of Oude would be heard of for the first time

a moot point, upon which on the publication in extenso of Lord some of our ablest statesmen dis- Ellenborough's despatch of 26th agreed; and it was also known to April! On the contrary, as Dr Duff those conversant with Indian affairs and all men conversant with India that, since the annexation, the land- know, our whole proceedings towards settlement in that province had been Oude are familiar to the better class carried out in so arbitrary and rigor- of natives everywhere, and, even by ous a manner as to have occasioned those friendly to us, are bitterly great exasperation on the part of the criticised. landowners. They knew also that Since the revolt commenced, Lord the annexation of that kingdom, whe- Canning had always evinced a leanther justifiable or not, had, by the ing to the side of clemency; and it distrust it begat in the mind of the was with a desire to strengthen his natives, contributed to produce the hands in this course, and enable him present revolt. The Rev. Dr Duff, to overcome “obstructions from those of Calcutta, who has collated the who, maddened by the scenes they opinions of “natives of rank and have witnessed, desire to substitute influence, who are not ill - affected their own policy for that of the Gotowards us, but have ever assisted vernment,” that Lord Ellenborough's us materially in our recent difficul- despatch was written. When made ties,” states this decidedly. In re- public in this country, no one doubted

was

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