lief; this imports a fort of impropriation ; for the heart, pleasing that device, in so far inclining towards it. This is a thing clearly supposed in all the actings of faith spo. ken of before. He that greedily hungereth, hath this ; and he that leaneth, hath this; and he that puts on Christ, hath this, &c. This is to esteem “ Christ the wisdom and power of God" to falvation ; so is he said to be to all that believe. They esteem that device wise and fure, beseeming God; and that is to believe. On this account, “ Chrift, who is the rejected stone to many, is precious to them who believe ;" a fit ftone to recover, fortify, and beautify, the tottering building and fabrick of lost man.

" To whom coming, as unto a living ftone, difallowed indeed of men, but chosen of God, and precious. Ye alfo, as lively stones, are built up a {piriiual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual fa-. crifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ. Wherefore also it is contained in the Scripture, Behold I lay in Sion a chief Corner-stone, elect, precious; and he that believeth on him shall not be confounded. Unto you therefore which believe he is precious; but unto them which be disobedient, the stone which the builders disallowed, the fame is made the head of the corner ; And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of wffence, even to them which stumble at the word, being disobedient, whereunto also they were appointed." "The kingdom of God is like a man finding a treasure, for which with joy he felleth all." These words hold out the very way of believing, viz. salvation is discovered in the gospel to be by Chrift; the heart valueth that invention as satisfying. This is to believe on the Son of God lifted up; which is compared with the looking to the brazen serpent. It was man's approbation of that device which made it effectual for his healing ; fo is it here, “ He that so believeth, fetteth to his seal that God is true.” True? Wherein ? In that record he hath borne, that God hath proved life for men, and placed it all in Chrift;" He that believeth not, maketh God a liar.” Wherein ? In his saying that Christ is a safe and sure way to heaven. This is the


pleasing and acquiefcing in that device; and it is consonant to all I know spoken of juftifying faith in Scripture. This is the believing on Christ and on his name, the receiving of him, and resting on him, for falvation, in our Catechism ; the believing that Jefus is the Chrift, that is, the anointed One, whom the Father hath fealed, and set apart, and qualified for the work of reconciling man unto God; and “ he that believeth that Jesus is the Christ is born of God." This is to 66 believe with the heart that God hath raised Christ from the dead.” The man believeth Christ died, and is raised on the account of fatisfaction for man's transgression. Devils may believe that: nay, but the man I speak of “ believeth it with “ his heart," (which no natural man doth, until a new heart be given unto him); that is, he cordially pleaseth, is satisfied with, and acquiefceth in, this noble invention. And thus faith layeth out itfelf now and then in its actings, outgoings, and exercise, according to all the covenant-relations under which Chrift is held forth in the Scripture.

Now, I say, this faith is discernible, not only in thefe actings many times į a man may know if his heart doth hunger afyer Christ, and flee for refuge to him, when pursued; and if he doth commit himself unto God, but alfo in its very nature : as it is juftifying, it is difcernible, and may be known. A man may clearly know, if from known distrefs in himself, upon the report and fame of Christ's fulness, his heart doth please God's device in the new covenant ; if it goeth out after Christ in that invention, and pleaseth him as Lord of the life of men, terminating and resting there, and no where elfe; acquie!cing in that contrivement with defire and complacency. This is a descernible thing: therefore I entreat men impartially to examine themselves ; and if they find that their heart has closed so with that device of salvation, and is gone out after him as precious, that thereupon they conclude a fure and true interest in Christ Jesus, and a good claim and title to the crown, fince “ he that believeth shall never perish, but have everlasting life."


The difference between the Faith of Hypocrites and true

faving justifying Faith. Obje&t. HYPOCRITES and reprobates have a sort of faith and are said to believe : “ Many believed in his name, when they saw the miracles which he did. But Jesus did not commit himfelf unto them, because he knew all men.”. “ Then Simon the forcerer himself believed also," and cannot chufe but go out after Christ, and that device of salvation, when they hear of it ; and they profess they do so, yet are deluded, and fo


I be. Answ. To say nothing of that thought of your heart, whereby you wonder that any man should not please the device of falvation by Christ, and lead out towards him as a very promising thing, and speaking out juftifying faith to be in your bosom; and, to say nothing in contradiation to that which you think that a natural man, whilft such, and before he gets a new heart, can please that device, and believe with his heart, and affectionately, that which perfectly overthroweth the covenant of works, and abafeth man in the point of self-righteousness, already attained, or that can be attained to by him, which is inconsistent with many fcriptural truths ; I offer these differences between the faith of all hypocrites or reprobates and that true saving justifying faith whereof we have spoken.

1ft. They never close with Christ Jesus in that device and him alone, as a sufficient covering of the eyes, as is said of Abraham to Sarah, they still hold fast somewhat of their own, at least to help to procure God's favor and salvation : their heart doth still speak, as that young man's speech, doth insinuate, “ What shall I do to inherit eternal life ?" Beside that, they do still retain their former lovers, and will not break their covenants with hell and death, imagining they may have Christ with these things equally fharing in their heart ; contrary to that, “ A man cannot serve two masters." Either Chrift

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must be judged absolute Lord, and worthy to be so, or nothing at all ; and so it is clear their heart is not shapen out for that device of salvation by Christ, whom God hath alone made Lord here, in whom all fulness shall dwell. But where justifying faith is, the foul of a man and his heart doth close with Christ, and him alone, Whaving no confidence in the flesh," he trufteth only in God. Also the man here giveth up with other lovers; as they become rivals of Christ, he resolves « not to be for another." He calls him Lord," which a man can only do by the spirit of Christ.”

adly. As hypocrites and reprobates do never close with Christ alone, so they do never close with full Christ as he is anointed to be a king, to rule over a man in all things ; a Priest, to procure pardon and to make peace for man upon all occasions ; a prophet, to be wisdom, and a teacher and counsellor in all cases to man; so they do not receive Christ, especially in the first and third office. But where true justifying faith is, a man closeth with whole Christ in all his offices, judging all his “ will good, holy, just and spiritual," and " right concerning all things,

making mention of his righteousness only. The man also giveth up himself to be taught of him; “Learn of me.” So that “ Christ is made to the true believer, with his own consent, “ wisdom, righteousness, fan&ification, and complete redemption.” And although he hath not all these things formally in exercife when his heart goeth out after Christ, yet, upon search and trial, it will be found with him, as I have faid.

3dly. Hypocrites and reprobates do never close with Christ, and all the inconveniencies that may follow him ; they stick at that with the scribe ; but where true justifying faith is, a man doth close with him on all hazards; he resolveth to forego all rather than to fore

6 We have left all, and to have followed thee," " he reckoneth all to be loss and dung for the excellency of Christ Jesus, as his Lord, and to be found in him,"

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go Christ.

We might give other differences also; as that true faith is operative, “ purifying the heart," " working by love,” Gal. v. 6. whilft “ hypocrites do only cleanse the outside of the platter," and “ do all to be feen of men,” “not seeking the honour that is of God only and fo cannot believe :" we might alfo shew that true faith is never alone in a man, but attended with other saving graces. But because these things will coincide with what followeth, and here we are fhewing that a man may take up his gracious ftate by his faith, and the acting thereof on Christ, we pass these things.

Chapter v.


THE Second great mark of a gracious state and true saving interest in Jesus Christ, is the new creature; “ If any man be in Chrift he is a new creature.” This new creation, or renovation of that man, is a very sensible change; although not in those who are effectually called from the womb, or in their younger years, (because those have had this new creature from that time in them, so as this change in after-periods of time is not discernible) yet in those who have been regenerated and brought in to Christ after they were come to greater age, and fo have more palpably been under the “ power of darkness," before they were “ translated into the kingdom of Christ." But all who do warrantably pretend to Christ, this new creature must be ; although some do not know experimentally the contraries of every part of it so as others do; because they have not been equally in regard of practice under the power of darkness. This new creature is called the new man, which doth hold out the extent of it. It is not fimply a new tongue or new hand, but a new man, There is a principle of new life and motion put in the man, which is the new

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