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sight was seen, and these dreadful noises were heard, by him for several miles together : and coming to a place where he thought he heard a company of fiends coming forward to meet him, he stopt, and began to muse what he had best to do: sometimes he had half a thought to go back; then again he thought he might be half way through the valley : he remembered also how he had already vanquished many a danger; and that the danger of going back might be much more than for to go forward. So he resolved to go on : yet the fiends seemed to come nearer and nearer : but when they were come even almost at him, he cried out with a most vehement voice, “I will walk in the

strength of the LORD God;" so they gave back, and came no further.

One thing I would not let slip: I took notice that now poor CHRISTIAN was so confounded that he did not know his own voice ; and thus I perceived it : just when he was come over against the mouth of the burning pit, one of the wicked-ones got behind him, and stept up softly to him, and whisperingly suggested many grievous blasphemies to him, which he verily thought had proceeded from his own mind. This put CHRISTIAN more to it than any thing that he met with before, even to think that he should now blaspheme him that he loved so much before; yet if he could have helped it he would not have done it: but he had not the discretion either to stop his ears or to know from whence those blasphemies came.

When CHRISTIAN had travelled in this disconsolate condition some considerable time, he thought he heard



the voice of a man, as going before him, saying, “ Though I walk through the valley of the shadow “ of death I will fear no ill, for thou art with me?.”

Then was he glad, and that for these reasons :first, because he gathered from thence, that some who feared God were in this valley as well as himself :secondly, for that he perceived God was with them, though in that dark and dismal state : and why not, thought he, with me? though by reason of the impediment that attends this place I cannot perceive it?: -thirdly, for that he hoped (could he overtake them) to have company by and by.-So he went on, and called to him that was before; but he knew not what to answer; for that he also thought himself to be alone. And by and by the day broke: then said CHRISTIAN, He hath “ turned the shadow of death into the “ morning?.”

Now morning being come he looked back, not out of desire to return, but to see by the light of the day what hazards he had gone through in the dark: so, he saw more perfectly the ditch that was on the one hand, and the quag that was on the other; also how narrow the way was which led betwixt them both : also now he saw the hobgoblins, and satyrs, and dragons of the pit, but all afar off, for after break of the day they came not nigh; yet they were discovered to him, according to that which is written, “ He discovereth “ deep things out of darkness, and bringeth out to “ light the shadow of death."

Now was CHRISTIAN much affected with his deli

& Pf. xxiii. 4.

Job, ix. 11.

3 Amos, v. 8. • Job, xii. 22.



verance from all the dangers of his solitary way; which dangers though he feared them more before, yet he saw them more clearly now, because the light of the day made them conspicuous to him. And about this time the sun was rising; and this was another mercy to CHRISTIAN: for you must note, that though the first part of the valley of the SHADOW of Death was dangerous; yet this second part, which he was yet to go, was, if possible, far more dangerous : for, from the place where he now stood even to the end of the valley, the way was all along set so full of snares, traps, gins, and nets, here, and so full of pits, pitfalls, deep holes, and shelvings down, there ; that had it been dark, as it was when he came the first part of the way, had he had a thousand souls they had in reason been cast away: but, as I said, just now the sun was rising. Then said he, “ His candle shineth on my head, and by his light I go through darkness?."

In this light therefore he came to the end of the valley. Now I saw in my dream, that at the end of this valley lay blood, bones, ashes, and mangled bodies of men, even of pilgrims that had gone this way formerly: and while I was musing what should be the reason, I spied a little before me a cave, where two giants, Pope and PAGAN, dwelt in old time ; by whose power and tyranny the men, whose bones, blood, ashes, &c, lay there, were cruelly put to death. But by this place CHRISTIAN went without much danger, whereat I somewhat wondered : but I have learnt since, that Pagan has been dead many a day; and, as for the

Jub, xxix. 3.




other, though he be yet alive, he is, by reason of age, and also of the many shrewd brushes that he met with in his younger days, grown so crazy and stiff in his joints, that he now can do little more than sit in his cave's mouth, grinning at pilgrims as they go by, and biting his nails because he cannot come at them.

So I saw that CHRISTIAN went on his way; yet, at the sight of the old man, that sat in the mouth of the cave, he could not tell what to think; especially because he spake to him, though he could not go after him, saying, “You will never mend till more you

be • burned. But he held his peace, and set a good face on it, and so went by and catched no hurt. Then sang CHRISTIAN,

O world of wonders! (I can say no less)
That I should be preserv'd in that distress
That I have met with here! O blessed be
That hand that from it hath delivered me!
Dangers in darkness, devils, hell, and fin,
Did compass me while I this vale was in:
Yea, snares, and pits, and traps, and nets, did lic
My path about, that worthless silly I
Might have been catch'd, entangled, and cast down:
But since I live let Jesus wear the crown.'

Now as CHRISTIAN went on his way he came to a little ascent, which was up cast on purpose that pilgrims might see before them. Up there, therefore, ChrisTIAN went; and looking forward he saw FAITHFUL before him upon his journey. Then said ChrisTIAN aloud, “Ho ho, so ho; stay, and I will be your • companion. At that FAITHFUL looked behind him;

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to whom CHRISTIAN cried · Stay, stay, till I come * to you,' but FAITHFUL answered, “No, I am ' upon my life, and the avenger of blood is behind 'me.'

At this CHRISTIAN was somewhat moved, and putting to all his strength he quickly got up with FAITHFUL, and did also overrun him ; so the last was first. Then did CHRISTIAN vain-gloriously smile, because he had gotten the start of his brother: but not taking good heed to his feet he suddenly stumbled and fell, and could not rise again until FAITHFUL came up to help him.

Then I saw in my dream they went very lovingly on together, and had sweet discourse of all things that had happened to them in their pilgrimage: and thus CHRISTIAN began.

My honoured and well-beloved brother FAITHFUL, I am glad that I have overtaken you; and that God has so tempered our spirits that we can walk as companions in this so pleasant a path.

Faith. I had thought, dear friend, to have had your company quite from our town, but you did get the start of me: wherefore I was forced to come thus much of the


alone. Chr. How long did you stay in the city of DeSTRUCTION, before you set out after me on your pilgrimage?

Faith. Till I could stay no longer; for there was great talk presently after you were gone out, that our city would in a short time with fire from heaven be burned down to the ground.

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