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management of the artillery dur- it, they remaided firmly in their ing the whole fiege. A thousand poft until day-break, when z Indians were to be employed in picquet of the 75th regiment came the operation.

to their relief, and falling upon the The second body, consisting of right Aank of the Indians, these Indians, and of a frong detach barbarians Aed, were pursued, ment from the Spanish garrison, and routed, with the loss of three were to attack a church, which lay hundred men. near the sea, covered a flank of the It is somewhat remarkable, that army, and had been of great con- the Asiatic Indians of the peninsequence for protecting the be- fula of Malacca, and, în general, fegers in their approaches, both of all their islands, should differ against the enemy's fire and the in- fo extremely from the Chinefe, undation. An attack had been and every other nation of the made, as we have before related, castern continent. The former are upon this post, and they thought it as distinguished for their fierce vaa of importance enough to justify a lour, and for a fingular contempt fecond. These designs were not of death, as the latter have always ill conceived, and they were exe been for their cowardice, and the cuted with fufficient resolution. softness and effeminacy of their

About three hours before day on manners. In our 'wars on the Inthe fourth of October, the Indians dian continent, the European troops marched Oct upon the first attack, were almost the only object of atThey were much encouraged by téncion. In our attack upon

the the incessant fall of rain, which Philippines, the natives were, at they fiartered themselves would leaft, to be equally dreaded. In have rendered our fire arms useless. this fally, had their discipline or As themselves, they had nothing arms been at all equal to their to aprehend, habituated as they strength and ferocity, the iffue of Wee to the accidents of that cli: the event had been very doubtful. mate, and armed only with bows Evén armed as they were, they and lances. Their approach was boldly rushed on the very muzzles favoured by a great number of of our pieces ; on every repulse thick bushes, that grew upon the they repeated theit affaults with reside of a rivulet, which they pailed doubled fury; and died at length, in the night. By keeping close to like wild beasts,, gnawing tho them, they eluded the vigilance of bayonets of their enemies. the patroles, and fell unexpectedly,

The second attack, which began and with infinite violence, upon just as they had been defeated in though surprised and amaulted in mannet, more favourable to the the night, when they could discérn hopes of the Spaniards. The body nothing of the enemy, but the fury of feapoys, which defended the of his attack, they maintained their church, which was the object of ground with steadiness, and repel- this attack, "not being endowed led the enemy. Prudently satisfied with the resolation, which diftin. with this advantage, and not risque- guithes our English feamen, were ing it by an attempt to improve cihly dislodged, and driven from

0

their post. The enemy, as soon {pirit, as it was wholly uninformed as they had seized the church, im- by any true military skill. mediately climbed to the top, and Our commander, not finding from thence poured down a form any desire' of capitulating in the of fire on our people who were enemy, prepared, without

6th of posted behind it, and who now lay delay, and with the most

Oet. entirely exposed to their shot. In judicious arrangements, for this disadvantageous position, the the form. All our troops were European soldiers maintained them- gradually and privately assembled felves with resolution and patience, in proper posts, so as to give the until a detachment with ten field enemy no alarm or notice of the pieces came to their relief. The design ; whilst the batteries kept a Spaniards were at length driven off continual fire, in order to clear with the loss of 70 men : nor were

every part of the works, from we freed from this resolute attack whence we might apprehend any without loss on our fide, a brave molestation. This fire had so good officer having fallen, and forty men an effect, that a body of Spaniards being killed or wounded in the who had begun to assemble on the encounter.

bastion, which was the object of This was the enemy's laft effort, the attack, were dispersed by the They were now confined to the explosion of some Thells. walls. Discouraged by their fre The English took immediate quent and bloody repulses, the advantage of this event, By the greatest part of the Indians re. signal of a general discharge of turned home, The fire of the their artillery and mortars, and batteries, which had been a little under the cover of a thick smoke, interrupted by these attacks, re- which blew directly upon the town, commenced with greater spirit, and they rushed on to the affault. Sixty with a more decifive effect than volunteers of different corps led ever ; so that the next day the ene the way, supported by the grenamy's cannon were all filenced, and diers of the 79th regiment. the breach appeared practicable. body of pioneers to clear the

Any other people but the Spa- breach, and, if necessary, to make piards of this, garrison, in these lodgments, followed ; a battalion circumstances, would have imme- of seamen advanced next, supportdiately prepared a capitulation, ed by two grand divisions of the when no law of honour, because 79th regiment; the troops of the no prospect of fuccess, required a East India company closed the further defence is at least, if they rear. Ev. had desperately resolved on the last Disposed in this excellent order; extremity, they would have made led by officers in whom they had such works, and poked their menthe utmolt confidence and aniin such a manner, as to have made mated by the prospect of a speedy the firft, attempt to form as def- conclusion of their labours, they perate on aur lide, as this too late mounted the breach with amazing defence was on theirs. But their spirit and rapidity. The Spaniards resolution was only a sullen obsti-, dispersed in a moment; the Britisa nacy, uninspired by a true military troops advanced with little refiit

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ince into the city, and compleated properties, and the adminiftration the conqueft. An hundred Spa- of their domestic government. A niards and Indians pofted in a guard tanfom of a million fterling párhouse refused quarter, and were chased thefe terms. And thus cut to pieces. - Three hundred Great Britain, after a flege, Thort more, who endeavoured ro efeape indeed in the duration, but conover a deep and rapid river, were fiderable for its difficulties and drowned in the attempt. The go- hardfhips, became poffefferd of this vernor retired into the citadel ; but important place. They found as that place was not tonable, he here every reffeinment 'fit to refoon furrendered at discretion. In- crait che troops after theit fatigues, fuenced by a generosity familiar and abundance of all stores necesto our commanders, and willing to fary to refit the squadron. The preserve fo "noble a city from de- furrender of Manila comprchended ftru&ion, general Draper and the that not only of the whole counadmiral, though able to command try, of which it is the capital; but every thing, admitted the inhabi- of all those numerous and valu. tants to a capitulation, by which able islands which are its depenthey enjoyed their liberties, lives, dencies.

7 CHAP. III.

Tito frigates fest afle the Acapulco galleon. "Disappointed. Fall in

with that from Manila. She is taken. Advantages from the conquej of the Philippines: General Draper returnsi

ins During the fiege, admirar Cor- ' rapidity of a counter current, he

nish received intelligence by the - was drove among allows, and capture of an advice-ship, that'her chace not only became uncerthe galleon from Acapulco was ar- tain, but the frigate herfelf was in rived at the streights which form the utmost danger of being loft. the entrance into the 'Archipelago In this condition the was obliged of the Philippines. This intel- - to cast anchor." But by ftrenuous ligence was not to be neglected. exertion and dexterous manageThe acquisition of fo rich a prize ment The foon" efe aped the 'danger, must greatly enhance the value of got under fail, ofertook the galleon, à conquest, and not a Jittle com- ?' and began a hot 'engagement with pensate the disadvantage of a re- her, which continued's for two pulse. Two ships of the squadron," "hour's. "Fortine feemed again unthe Panther man of war and the certain. The Argo' was to imeath of Argo frigates were thereforer qually marehod aña fo toughly re

immediately dispatched af received bly iKe Syniard, that the Oa.

ter her. SRET . Was obliged to defift from the enIn twenty-fix days, the Argo-spagement, and to BHhg to, in ordiscovered in the evening a' fail, der to repair the darnage the hai which they did not doubt to be ther: Tusfeted.-11957 10 9 'fame they looked for But juft as-rithis paure of Waibh the corsng approached hof object, by the retrackenedytha Panther dime

under

under fail, with the galleon in was not compleated until the 3d fight, and about nine the next of October, and on the 6th they morning got up to her. It was were masters of the city. In this not until he had battered her for enterprize the number of troops two hours, within half muket employed was small, the season of thot, that she struck.

operation rainy and tempeftuous, The English were surprised to the communication between the find so obtinate a resistance, with land and sea 'forces always difso little activity of opposition. In ficult, frequently hazardous, and her first engagement with the Argo, fometimes impracticable; and our this galleon mounted only fix guns, little army surrounded and harthough she was pierced for fixty. raffed, and as it were besieged itShe had but thirteen in her engage- felf, by numerous bodies of Indiment with the Panther, but the ans, who, though undisciplined and was a huge vessel, she lay like ill armed, yet, by a daring refoa mountain in the water, and lution and contempt of death, bethe Spaniards trusted entirely to came not only troublesome, but the excessive thickness of her lides, formidable. not altogether without reason; for With regard to the value of the the shot made 'no impression up- acquisition, a territory fell into our on any part, except her upper hands, consisting of fourteen conworks.

fiderable islands, which from their Another, and more disagreeable extent, fertility, and convenience subject of surprise, occurred upon of commerce, furnished the matethe striking of the enemy. They rials of a great kingdom. By then discovered that this vessel was this acquisition, joined to our not the American galleon, but former fuccesses, we secured all that from Manila bound to Aca- the avenues of the Spanish trade, pulco. She had proceeded a con- and interrupted all the commusiderable way on her voyage, but nications between the parts of their meeting with a hard gale of wind vast but unconnected empire. The in the great South Sea, she was conquest of the Havannah had cut dismalted, and obliged to put back off, in a great measure, the interto refit. Though the captors were course of their wealthy contidifappointed in the treasure they nental colonies with Europe. The expected, their capture, however, reduction of the Philippines exproved a prize of immense value. cluded them from Afia, and from Her cargo was computed to be, both they were liable to be further in rich merchandize, worth more and most essentially offended, if than half a million.

it had been our true interest to Through the whole of this vic- have continued longer a war, torious war, there was fearcely any which the calamities of mankind conquest more advantageous in it. loudly called upon us to pat an felf, not more honourablyatchieved, end to. The plunder taken was than that of the Philippines. The far more than sufficient to indemBritish forces effected their landing nify the charges of the expedie before Manila on the 24th of Sep. tion ; circumstance not very tember, their battery of cannon usual in our modern wars. It

amounted

a

of less moment, failed of sug- war. This failure was attended

a third part:

ponib:giv piato sony 903 synoni Private "expedition again Buenos Ayres Squadron arrives in the

Rio de la Plata, Change their plan. They attack Nava Colonia. . The faip Clive takes fire. The greatest part of the CHCEU perife The NE expedition alone, and that cess during thendar year of the

amounted to opwards of a million bined ; and that there is no departand a half ; of which the Eaft In- ment of life to which ghecultivation dia company, on whom the charge of the mind by, Itudy is foreign ; of the enterprize in a great inca- that, in most cases, it contributes fure lay, were, by contract, as we to the effect, and in all, to, che have already mentioned, to have Juftre of the Services which we

render our country, : That nothing might be wanting This was the laft of our conto the brilliancy of this conqueft, quefte and the nation, already the voyagehome was attended with in full enjoyment of the sweets of as' fayourable a fortune as: the peace, had ftill the fatisfaction to operations of the fiege. The ex- receive from the remotel parts of press left Manila on the sath of the globe, the news of vi&ories, November, and arrived in London which, augmene her honour and the 4th of April following. One her riches. There never had been could not have allowed in ordi- a period more fortunate to Great naty-reckoning, fo: little time for Britain., She had conquered in

the mere voyage, . as this long the course of this was a track of - voyage and this great conquest continent of immense extent. Her

were both accomplished in. Ge- American territory approached to jneral Draper arrived as foon as his the borders of Ada; it came very liexpress, and jointly with the admi- near the frontiers of the. Ruflian - Yal, was honoured with the thanks - and Chinese dominions i and it of his country and may one day become, as powerfal

The college in which this meri- as either of these empires. She torious officers was bred, and of had conquered twenty-fiveillands, which at the time of this acqui- all of them diftinguishable for fition he was a member, had the : their magnitude, their siches, or fatisfa&ion of being graced with the importance of their situation. the trophies of his victory. The She had won by sea and, land, in general desired, and the king con- the course of this war, twelve kenred, that the colours taken at - pbattles ; he had reduced nine forManila, should be hung up in their : tified cities and towns, and near chapel. There could not be a fortyforts, and castles ; She had fener obje& in fuch a place, before destroyed or taken above an hunthe eyes of the rising generation. dred thips of was fpem,

her They might learn from thence mies; and acquired at least ten how letters and arms may be com- millions in plunder,

23:0,55 terbaru pasibasd1901. 1! Pri' sont d CH A P. IV.

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