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house, that a bill is now depending ing to the king the very instant for granting to his majesty an ad- it was known the bill had passed the ditional duty on wine, cyder and house of lords. perry; which bill, your petitioners have been informed, fubjects the To the king's moft excellent majesty. makers of cyder and perry to the laus of excife.
That your petitioners are fully That your petitioners, with the 'convinced, that the collecting the deepest concern, cannot help con- duties intended to be laid
upon the fidering this unexpected proceeding makers of cyder and perry, by way as preparatory to a general exten-, of excise, is not, nor can, in many fion of those grievous le's; for when initances, be so regulated, but that new orders of men, hy situation and it will occasion numberless difficulprof.llion difti. & from traders, are tics and questions. rendered objects of the excise laws, That the method of trial and dethe precedent is formidable, not to cision of excise disputes are founded Cerce only, but ath a fatal ten- only in neceffity, being in their nayour peitioners trem ture arbitrary, and inconsistent with
the principles of liberty, and the *77* in
*monlarge happy conftitution of your majesty's pre noin of the excl. diutla government. Wide poolpitindere fear's, it will That the expofing private houses alit jutty theis dutiful representa- to be entered into, and searched at tions to this honourable house, the pleafure, by persons unknown, will guardians of liberty.
be a badge of slavery upon your That after all the burden's so people. chearfully borne, all the hardships That your petitioners, firmly conso patiently endured, and all the fiding in your majesty's gracious fablood so freely spilt in support of vour, and filled with a most frumble the late juft, glorious, and successful and grateful sense of your paterwar, your petitioners most humbly nal affection for your people, most hope, that the meritorious subjects 'humbly beseech your majesty to proof this country may not feel the tect their liberty, and to keep them extension of excise laws amongst the happy and at ease, free from the first fruits of peace.
apprehenfion of being disturbed in Your petitioners, therefore, most their property, by which your mahumbly pray, that so much of the jesty will erect a lasting monument said bill, as subjects the makers of of your goodness in every house in cyder and perry to the powers of ex- the kingdom. cile, may not pass into a law. Your petitioners, therefore, most And your petitioners shall ever humbly implore your majesty, thac
you will not give your royal affent
to so much of the bill, as fubjects This petition not having the de- the makers of cyder and perry to fired effect, another petition, in the excise laws. same words, was presented, at their And your petitioners shall ever pray, request, to the house of lords by the earl Temple; and likewise the fol
The question was put, Whether Proceedings relating to the fame bill this bill thall be committed ? in the house of lords.
It was resolved in the affirma
THIS bill was likewise fharply Contents,
72 and vigorously contested in the
Proxies, house of lords, where it was op
Not Contents, 48
Diffentient. vonshire, Newcastle, Portland. ift. Because we conceive there
Marquis of Rockingham. would have accrued leis detriment
Earls of Suffolk, Plymouth, Ox. to the public by rejecting this bill, ford, Ferrers, Dartmouth, Bristol, than by agreeing to it; fince it Ashburnham, Temple, Cornwallis, would have been easy, had the bill Hardwicke.
been rejected, to have provided the Viscounts Fauconberg, Torring- necessary supplies by some other ton, Folkestone, Spencer.
ways and means, less dangerous to Lords. Abergaveny, Willoughby the public liberty than the extende Broke, Ward, Foley, Ducie, fion of the laws of excise, over new Monson, Fortescue, Archer, Pon- orders of men, whí, by mere ignofonby, Walpole, Lyttelton, Sonds, rance and inadvertency, may be Grancham, Grosvenor.
subjected to the severelt penalties Bishops of Ely, Hereford, Wor- for things done in the common, cester, Litchfield, Norwich, Lin- ordinary, and necessary management coln, Chichester, St. Asaph, Ox- of their farms. ford.
2dly. Because blending diftinct And occasioned the following matters in the same money-bill, lays protefts.
this house under the utmost diffi
culties ; since the alteracion made Die Lune 28 Martii, 1763. by this house, to any parts of such The order of the day being read bill, may be an unavoidable obfor the second reading of the bill, ftruction to other parts of it, less intituled, An act for granting to liable to objection, and requiring his majesty several additional duties greater expédition and dispatch : upon wines imported into this king, and we conceive, that to tack unto dom, and certain duties on all cy- such a bill, matters, which for mader and perry'; and for raising the ny reasons ought to be kept sepasum of three millions five hundred rate and distinct, is destructive of thousand pounds, by way of an- all freedom of debate and all due nuities and lotteries, to be charged deliberation, unparliamentary, highon the said duties ;
ly derogatory to the privilege of The said bill, was accordingly the peers, and may be of dangeread a second time.
rous consequence to the prerogaAnd it being proposed to com- tive of the crown. mit the bill :
3dly. Because we apprehend, The same was objected to.
that fuch parts of the said bill as exAfter long debate shereupon,
tend the laws of excise over the
makers of cyder and perry, are not on wines imported into this kingonly injurious to the liberties of the dom, and certain duries upon all fubject, but particularly offensive to cyder and perry; and for raising the dignity of privilege of the peers; the sum of three millions five hunfince their houses may be visited dred thousand pounds, by way of and searched, and they themselves annuities and lotteries, to be charge may incur the penalties of this bill, ed on the said duties: to be levied upon them by justices The said bill was accordingly of the peace and commissioners of read the third time. the excise : we are therefore doubly After debate, called upon to diffent from the par The question was put, Whether fing of this bill, by a due and just this bill shall pass ? fense of the dignity and privilege It was resolved in the affirmative. of the peerage, and by a tender re Disfentient. gard to the liberties and properties ilt. Because by this bill our fellow of the people, of which this house subjects, who from the growth of hash been always esteemed the he- their own orchards, make cyder reditary and perpetual guardians. and, perry, are subjected to the
4thly. Because when we confider moli grievous mode of excise ; the number of families, over whereby private houses of peers, whom and their pofterities the laws gentlemen, freeholders, and farof excise are extended by this bill, mers, are made liable to be entered the incapacity of farmers to comply and searched at pleasure. We with it, not only in respect to their deem this to be not only an inignorance, but to the nature of tolerable oppression, affecting pritheir business ; the heavy penalties vate property, and destructive of imposed for involuntary offences; the peace and quiet of private famithe summary and arbitrary method lies ; but, to use the words of one of trying and determining those of- of the firit gracious acts of liberty, fences, and of levying those penal- passed by our gracious deliverer, ties; the great and expensive in- king William the third, repealing crease of officers to be employed in
a badge of collecting an inconsiderable and ve
slavery.” ry uncertain revenue ; and the in zdly. Because we think we owe fluence of those officers, which, in it to our countrymen, who have critical times, may be employed to fo chearfully fabmitted to the great the worst of purposes ; we cannot load of taxes, 'which have been but be most seriously alarmed at a found necessary, in fupport of a ftretch of power, so wide, so unne- jult, prosperous, and glorious war ; ceffary, and so unconftitutional.
by every means in our power to Foley,
mark our high disapprobation of Oxford and Mortimer, the terms upon which three milli
Willoughby de Broke... ons five hundred thousand pounds Die Mercurii 30 Martii, 1763. have been borrowed on this loan,
The order of the day being read without any material alteration for the third reading of the bill, in-: firice in the state of the public cretituled, An act for granting to his dit ; an enormous profit of above majesty several additional duties up- three hundred and fifty thousand
the hearth money,
pounds is already made by such three per cent. and four per cent. persons as have been favoured with, annuity funds fince that time. The Thares in this private subscription. redeemable annuity, exclusive of We apprehend that, in time of the profit fo certainly to be made peace, an open subscription had upon the lottery tickets, fells at a not only been the faireit
, but the premium of two and a half per cent. cheapest method of borrowing any and the advantage made opon the sums, which the necessities of the wbole loan, including that on the public might call for. It appears lottery tickets, is from ten to eleven to us, by the votes of the house of per cent. clear profit; whereby an commons, that on the 8th of this exorbitant gaia arises to individuals instant, March, this bargain was at the expence of the public. first consented to by them ; where For these cogent and unrefuted by a redeemable annuity of four reasons we have thought it incumper
cent. is given to certain persons, bent upon us to withstard, at the who offered to advance this loan. outlet, such alarming proceedings ; No less than two lotteries in one so repugnant to the principles of year, are now, for the first time, economy, and to the spirit of li. without any urgent necessity, efta- berty ; and by this folemn teftimoblished, in the days of peace ; to ny to declare, that we are deterthe no small excitement of the per- mined upon all occasions to endeanicious spirit of gaming, which vour to protect, as far as in us lies, cannot be too much discountenanced the meanest of our fellow fubjects by every state, governed by wisdom, from oppreffion of every kind. and a sober regard to the morals
Temple, of the people. Two lottery tic
Bolton, kets, bearing four per cent. interest,
Fortescue. from the 5th day April, 1763, are allowed at ten pounds each, to eveTy subscriber of eighty pounds : Abpract of the Aa for the due makwhereas, intereft at three per cent.
ing of Bread, which took place and that to commence only in a fu
May 1, 1763. hath been given upon Th
HE statute 31 Geo. II. for reformer lotteries, during the highest gulating the price of bread, exigencies of the public; al a time, &c. being deficient in several of ene 100, when there was in contempla provisions thereby made, when an tion, a loss of no less than thirty affize of bread is not fet pursuant to per cent upon every blank, and the said act : For remedy thereof. every prize ; and when no less a After May, 1963, although no fum than twelve millions was bor- affize of bread mhall be set in purrowed, for the fervice of the go. , suance of the said act, no bread
On the 8th of this in- called in that act aslize loaves, and Itant, aforesaid, and for several the weight of which varies according days preceding, the general price of to the variation of the price of grain ; hock was very much upon an equa- and bread called in the said act lity, with that which they bear at prized loaves, the price of which present ; nor hath any considerable varies according to the variation of variation happened in the great the price of grain (that is to say,
no assize loaves of the price of 3d. weigh one third part more than and prized loaves called half quar- every wheaten aflize loaf of the tern loaves ; nor aflize loaves at like price : Every person who shall 6d. and prized quartern loaves; make fór sale, sell, or offer for sale, por aslize loaves at izd. and prized or have in cutlody for sale, any loaf half peck loaves ; nor afiize loaves in which the said proportions or at 18d. and prized peck loaves) regulations shall not be observed, fhall at the same time, in any place as near as may be, fall, on conbe made for sale, or be offered or viction, for every such offence, forexposed for or to fale, or allowed to feit a fum not exceeding 40s. be fold; that unwary persons may A proportion in the price fhall not be prejudiced by buying aslize be kept in the peck loaf and half loaves for prized loaves, or prizid peck, and its other subdivisions, loaves for aslize loaves, on pain of both in the wheaten and in houshold forfeiting not exceeding 40s. nor less bread; and the houshold shall be than 1os.
one fourth cheaper than the wheaten; Justices, at any general, quarter, on penalty of forfeiting, not exceed . or petty session, may appoint which ing 40s, nor less than 1os. of the forts of aflize or loaves, Every peck loaf fhall weigh, and what other sorts of bread, and in Averdupois-weight, 17 lb. 6 oz. of what grain, shall be made for every half peck loaf, 8 lb. 11 oz. fale; causing an entry to be made every quarter of a peck loaf, 41
Ib. of such orders; which shall be free 51 oz. and every
of a for inspection; and a copy thereof peck loaf, 2 lb. 2oz. on pain of shall be set up in some market or forfeiting not exceeding 55. nor less other public place; or published in than 1s. for every ounce wanting in the country news-papers.
the weight; nor exceeding 2s.6d. Juliices shall not allow the mak nor less than 6d. for all under i oz. ing for sale, or felling, any aflize the same to be weighed before a bread made of the four or meal of justice, within 24 hours after being wheat, other than wheaten and baked, fold, or exposed to fale, &c houfhold bread, and loaves of white if within any city, town-corporate, bread of the price of 2d, or under. &c. or within the bills of morta
A like proportion, as to weight, lity; and in other places, withfhall be kept between the white and in three days; unless such dewheaten bread, and the wheaten and ficiency Mall be satisfactorily achoushold aflize, bread; that is to counted for. say, every white loaf of the price Bread of an inferior quality to of zd. or under, shall always weigh wheaten, shall not be sold three parts in four of the weight higher price than the houshold; of the wheaten, loaf of the like on pain of forfeiting not exceedprice, as near as may be; and every ing 20$, i weaten allize loaf of whatfoever A large Roman (W) ihall be imprice, shall weigh three parts in printed on all wheaten bread made tour of the weight of every houshold for sale ; and a large Roman (H) aflize loaf of the like price; and on all houshold bread; on pain of every houshold assize loaf fall forfeiting not exceeding 405. nor