Remerks on some cautions in oar laft situation must the parties to such

volume to perfons going to Scotland marriages be in, or their issues, if to be married.

when the validity of these mar

riages comes to be litigated in Eng(Ie cannot insert these remarks with land they should be deemed invalid,

out thanking the author of them for as not being had in pursuance of his favourable opinion of our la. the laws of that country in which bours, and his public-spirited en- they were celebrated ! 'It is to be

deavours to prevent our alarming hoped indeed that these marriages - and misleading, when it was only will be allowed good, as were the

our intention to warn and inftruét. fleet marriages, though very irreguWe never thought otherwise of the lar ones: but what persons of commarriage ae than the public, and, mon prudence would run any hazat present, many of the legislature zard at all on such an occasion ?" seem to think. Nor Mould we have You see, fir, the author says not ventured to insert these cautions, that the marriages are invalid, he had they not flood unimpeached for could not confiitently with truth, a long time in one of the belt monthly and I suppose him incapable of deproductions.]

viating from that ; bui ) think he means to confound irregular or clan

destine marriages with such as are To tbe AUTHOR, &c.

void and null; and to create doubts

in the minds of ignorant people con1 Yearly parchase Mr. Dudley's cerning the validity of irregular

Annual Regilter, and read it marriages : to this end seem to me with much pleasure: the relation of to tend the cautions, which profacts which one finds there, is ge- bably come from a friend to the marnerally, if not always, authentic ; 'riage bill. I never yet bave seen and ihe observations upon these the utility of this law, unless to innfacis usually candid and juft. I keepers on the road, post boys, have not yet gone through the last oftlers, and an episcopal clergyman volume, but I have already found at Edinburgh, who makes a good what appears to me to be an a:- living by rying the hands of cur tempt to deceive : if it is so meart, amorous adventurers; and I believe I am persuaded the compiler has the English are the first nation who done it with a good intention, and ever had fagacity enough to discover from an extreme regard to the late that it was for the advantage of the marriage-bill. The article I refer ftate to lay any restraint on märrito is in the chronicle for January, age, to put any stop to this fource of 1762, and intituled, “ Cautions to national strength. For my own part, persons going to Scotland to be I think this law more untriendly to married." The authors of thein natural liberty, and infinitely more mentions the formalities required by pernicious to the Itate, than any exthe law of Scotland to constitute a cire law that was ever yet pafied. marriage regular; observes that in When I see such a bustle now made most of the marriages made by about liberty, and reflect how quietpeople from this country thefe forms ly the marriage bilt was received, are omitted ; and concludes with one would imagine we were not saying, And what an unhappy the same people we were some few

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years ago ; and we certainly very magiitrate, or simply before wity much resemble the Romans in the nesses. The father's consent was, decline of the republic, when, they by the Roman law, essential to the withed for nothing preter panem et marriage of children in family; circences. But happily this act is of but by our law children may ealy evasion ; and I mean, by your validly enter into marriage, without favour, to inform my fair country. the knowledge, or even against women, whom I wish to see all well the remonftrances of a father.” So married, that whenever they are that parties have now nothing to inclined to make the dear youths fear on that bead. happy, they have nothing to fear Indulge me but a minute longer either to themselves or their issue to add, that though, by the English from the invalidity of marriages law, children born before marriage made in Scoiland. There were in, are not legitimated by the suble deed in Scatland certain laws, which quent marriage, the case is otherrequired certain forms to be obsery. wise in Scotland; fo that people ed in marriage, but these laws are who have children begot in forninow obsolete ; and none of them cation, and who would gladly marry ever affected the validity of the if the legitimation of these children marriage, and only one of them might be the consequence, have onthe legal settlements, and that was ly to go to Scotland, where their rescinded anno 1699. By the law marriage will certainly have that efof Scotland now, nothing more is, effect. The above author fays, required to make a marriage than a Battards may be legitimated, or the consent of the parties, declared made lawfal, by the subsequent in such a manner as that it can be mariage of the wather of the child proved. No joining of hands, do with the tethers; and this entitles clergyman, no confummation is ne: the child by our present practice, ceffary. If the parties agrec before to all the rights of lawful children." two witnesses to live tocether as n I hope this information may be man and wife, that of itself is süf- of wser next month ;, and, in the ficient. I could prove this by every miutt, of- tational jealousies, we Scoich law author who has wrote fouid remember that the above are on the subject. But I it all only fome of the little advantages we troable you with a quotation from derive from our vicinity to Scota late institute, by John Erkine, land. Esq; Scotch law profeitur in the uni

W. ALFRED. versity of Edinburgh; a book de. servedly of the greatelt authority in all their law courts. He fays, Translation of an address to the Enga “ Marriage is fully perfected by lijb ration, by the celebrated Monconfent, which, without confum fieur De La Condamine, during his mation, founds all the conjugal lata refidence in London. rices and duties. It is pot necefiary that marriage should be celebrated MR De La Condamine, kuight by a clergyman. 'The consent of

of St. Lazare, one of che forty parties may be declared before any of the French academy of sciences,

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at Paris, and of almost all the aca- acting this farce. M. De La Condemies in Europe, particularly for damine declared that he would above fifteen years fellow of the not quit it, and that he would write royal society of London, lately ár- immediately to the minister charge rived in London, took a lodging in ed with the affairs of France, fince. Suffolk-street, at a milliner's, at the the departure of the ambassador: sign of the Golden Angel. He had but they would not permit him to lived in this house for about eight transcribe in his letter the frange days, when, on Friday the 26th past, warrant by virtue of which they returning home at nine o'clock pretended to take him up. At in tlie evening, he perceived he length, the worthy bearer of this was followed by two men very hab. warrant making a figo with his bily dreffed, one of whom was arm fingers which seemed to be very faed with a stick. They both entered miliar to him, gave him to unders into bis chamber, and feised him, ftand that if he was paid, he would at the same time presenting him carry the letter himself; and the mowith a paper, and threatening him ment he got two shillings bę and by word and gesture, making a his comrades, who, perhaps had no fign for him to follow them. other de'ign, disappeared with the

Let any one put himself in the letter, which was never delivered place of a stranger, who has the ho according to the direction. neur to be personally known to The person to whom this advenmany of the first nobility, and per ture has happened, has travelled to fons of distinction in London, and Algiers, to Tunis, to Tripoli, in who was that very day to have in Barbary, in Egypt, in Palestine, been presented to his Britannic ma in Syria, in Carmenia; to Conjefly, let him judge at the surprise ftantinople, upon the banks of the a man must feel who thought him. Black lea: he traversed above a felf safe under the seal of public thousand leagues in America through faith, and yet found himself feised courtries uninhabited but byfavages, in his own lodgings at nine o'clock without having ever experienced at night by brutal officers, whose such ill treatment as he has met language he did not understand, with a london. and threatend by them to be drag

He has taken the advice of coun

fel in what manner he must act, Happily indeed reflection came who are all agreed that he can hope to his affiftance. He judged that for no justice or satisfaclion, and

as in France, judiciary that the best thing he can do, is to decrees are not executed in the be filent; nevertheless he is teinpt. night, and that all these prepara: ed to address him felf immediately to tions were designed only to intimi. the Englith, who pique themícives date him, and force him to give up upon knowing and prading the his lodgings. He discovered be rights of humanity. He contilts fides that the landlady only wanted them by the means of the public pretence to put another person, to papers, to know if it is agreeable to whom she had let it, into poffeffion the laws, in which they glory, that of his apartment, and that she was a llranger who believes himself to

[11] 4


ed to prison.

in England,

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be under their protection, should Ringe, then about 19, and from be exposed in the capital itself

, to that time the behaved with less an insult," which he 'never foffered kindness to her husband, and they among barbarians, who have al. were frequently displeased with each ways refpeted hospitality in regard other, though they do not appear to to him

have lived together upon what the · [The puerility of the foregoing world calls « ill terms." address is so glaring, that we do not Bur at whatever time Mrs. Bedthink there can be any neceflity for ' dingfield firft conceived an inclinainserting the answers to it. But we tion for Ringe, fhe did not discover cannot help remarking with one of it till he had lived in the family fix these answers, that thirty thousand months, and from this time they of M. De ka Condamine's country- seem to have taken liale pains 10 men are gone home to 'refute the conceal it from others; both the charge of barbarism againlt us. We maid servants bad seen him kiss are more in pain for what the cha- her, and found her fitting in his racter of M. De La Condamine him. lap, knew that they were often felf may suffer from fo filly a per- alone rogether, and sometimes in formance, as we think that no other her chamber ; such, indeed, was apology can be made for it, than Mrs. Beddingfield's unaccountabie that old adage of, Nemo mortalium indiscretion, that the frequently fet omnibus boris fapit.]

one of the maids to give notice of her master's coming when the and

Richard were alone in his absence : Some account of the murder of John She also wrote letters to him, though Bedding field.

in the same house, and sent them

by the maids. Their criminal inJOHN Bedding Sied was a farmer timacy, however, had not been car

of Sternfield in the county of ried to the Jait excess, if Ringe's Suffolk. He was a young inan, dying declaration is to be believed, scarce 24 years old. When he was bar Mrs. Beddingfield's mind being about 20, he married a young wo mote and more alienated from her mnan scarce 17: Abont Michaelmas husband, she became inpatient so 1761, somewhat more than a year' get him out of the way, that the and a half ago, they hiied iwo great obftacle to her connection fervants, Richard Ringe,' and Elj. with Ringe might be removed. She zabeth Cleobold, a nurse-maid, they at length went fo far as to tell having then two children living, Ringe, that she could not be easy one of which was not more than will her husband was dead, thar me three months old. There also lived might marry him. To this he said with them at ihai time Elizabeth he paid little regard for some time, Riches, William Malerson å lad' but it being often repeated to him, about 14. and John Nunn a boy he at laft listened with 100 much of ten years old.

attention, and it was agreed beTill this time the young couple tween them that Bedding field should had lived very happily toge her,' be mordered. but it happened, unfortunately, that After this resolution had been Mrs. Biddingfied cook a liking to taken, Mrs. Beddingfield

, was weak


enough to throw out intimations that being slightly out of order took a somebody in the house would die ; vomit, and the water with which that it would happen foon, and that he was to work it off being made the thought it would be her buf, too hot, Ringe was sent to the pond band; and one day being putting to get some cold water to mix with on her cap in her chamber, and it; into this water, as he was Cleobold the nurse-maid coming in, bringing it from the pond, he'put The desired her to purin her ear-rings, some arsenic, which he had bought saying, It would not be long before she of an apothecary : at Aldeburgh, fiould want black one. In the mean and being mixed with the hot water time Ringe was taking measures to some of it was given to his mafter, accomplish these predictions, but but his master observing fomewhat was under the same infatuation with, at the bottom of the cup, refused his mistress: As he was one night to drink it, though without the átting up for his master with Eli. least suspicion that it was poison, zabeth Riches, his mistress being and so for that time escaped the gone to bed, he took the strange danger. resolution of telling her, that he From this time the murderers had procured some poison to poi, seem to have given over all thoughts for his maiter, and urged her to of effeâing their defign, by poiadminister it, by putting it into the fun, and to have formed the

proIam and milk that he drank for ject of firangling Beddingfield in breakfast... The girl refused; but his bed, he continued his follicitations, say, "The house seems to have had two ing, He would be a friend to her rooms on the ground floor, besides as long as he lived, and that no.. what was called a back-house ; one

body would know it. The girl of these rooms was a kitchen, the honeftly and fenfibly replied, That other a parlour, over there there if it was hidden in this world, it were two chambers, the would not be hidden in the world the landing place was called the to come; and refused to concur in kitchen chamber, being over the his horrid proposal fo firmly and kitchen, and out of this warmly, that he urged it no more, that went into the other chamThe girl, however, not sensible ber, which being over the parlour of the guilt the would incur by was called the parlour chamber, concealing a design to commit a and could only be entered through murder from the person against this doori on the other side of whom it was formed, nor struck with the landing place was a chamber, a sense of the expediency of fo do- called the back-house chamber, being, to prevent the murder from be" cause it was over the back-house ing actually committed, took no nig- and joining to that, but divided

ud from it by particion of lach and Ringe, finding that he could not plaifter, was another chamber, which get Riches to administer the poison, was also over the back-house, and resolvd to take some opportunity to which fome back;fairs led from of administering it himself; while below, it having no communication he was watching for such oppor- above stairs with the rest of the tunity it happened that his matter house. Bedlingfield and his wife



he frit from

is was a door

tice of what had paffed.

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