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frontiers. They gave themselves up entirely to the French interest, and their masters, the Iroquois, rather encouraged than restrained them. By degrees they attained a praćtice and a reputation in arms, which made them formidable. And having observed that the savages never have become confiderable but by an incorporation of several of their nations into one, they confederated with the other tribes, that had been scattered along the Ohio, behind the Alleganey moun“tains ; and the whole, thus compačted, formed a powerful and well united body. Their ambition was raised by their success in their incursions, and by an advantageous treaty of peace, which they concluded with our colonies, so that towards the close of the war, they set up as an independent people. The league of the Iroquois, or Five Nations, was not, perhaps, able to prevent their progress; and more fearful of the growth of European than of Indian power, seem to have given no sort of opposition to their pretensions: Thus a filent revolution was ac

complished in the ballance of sāvage empire in America. This body of Indians appears to have conneéted themselves with the higher nations towards Detroit in their present designs, and to have armed against us a great part of that continent. The most temperate and confiderable part of the Iroquois have been, thought not without much difficulty, kept out of these hostilities by the indefatigable pains of Sir William Johnson, who has always exerted his influence on this people for the good of his country. One only of these nations, (the Senecas) it is said, have departed from their neutrality. Our colonies must have been in the most imminent danger of being destroyed, if the savages on this continent had been unanimous in their attack upon us. Fortunately, not only the Five Nations have continued inačtive, but the powerful nation of the Cherokees have still such an impression of their late chastisement, that they have attempted no motions, but keep the . peace concluded with the Carolinians with great fidelity.

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Plan of the Indian war. Frontier; of the middle settlements wafted.

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Pitt. March of colonel Bouquet.

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They attack Fort Indians ae

feated. Fort Pitt relieved. Engagement near Niagara.

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'some intelligence, upon which he

thought he had reason to depend,

concerning the fituation of the Indian army which lay near that fort, persuaded the commander that those s . . . . . . . . savages

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