then be filled, from the beak down proportionable glass beads, hxed to where the stomach layı : with in with strong gum water, zi the same mixture (but finer ground) Common falt one pound, alum which muit be forced down a little powdered four ounces, pepper at a time, by the help of a quill or ground two ounces, mixed toge wire., The head I open near the ther.

CESTRLE. spot of the tongue with the Icissars, .and after having turued them round three or four times to destroy the Method of prefertuing plerts in their itructure of the braing, I fill this,

original shape and colours. Deyi cavity likewise, with the mixt!uc.

Dr. Hill.. This is all the preparation I use;

7 ASH a fufficient quantity toych them, but leave them in their W

of fine fand, fo as perfect natural stateş for the falts, 65c. ly to separate it from all other subfeldom fail, in a few days, to pe- itances; dry it; pafs ir through netrate into these parts, and pre- a fieve to clear it from any, grofs serve them equally with the body particles which would not rise ir and neck of the fowl. The bird the washing : take an earthen velbeing chus filled with this antiseptic fel of a proper size, and form, for mixture, must now be hung up for every plant and flo ver which you about two days by the legs, in or intend to preserve ; gather your der that, by this position, the falts plants and lowers when they are may morç effectually penetrate in a state of perfection, and in de sound the muscles, and ligaments weather, and always with a conwhich connect the vertebræ of the venient portion of the stalk : heat acck, The fowl must now be a little of the dry fand prepared placed in a frame to dry, in the as-above," and lay it in the bottom same attitude we usually fee it when of the vessel, fo as equally to cover alive on the plain or on a tree, it; lay the plant or flower upon in this frame it must be held up by it; fo as that no part of it may stwo threads, the one pasling from touch the sides of the vessel : fift of the anus to the lower part of the lake in more of the fame fand by back, and the other through the little and little upon it, fo that the eyes; the ends of these threads are leaves may be extended by deto brace up the fowl to its natural grees, and without injury, till the attitude, and fastened to the beam plant or flower is covered about of the frame above: laitly, the two inches thick : put the vessel feet are to be fixed down with pins into a stovė, or hot house, heated or small nails. In this situation it by little and little to the soth-deanul remain for a month or more, gree ; let it ftand there a day of anțil the bird is perfectly dry. two or perhaps -more, according (which will readily be known by to the thicknels and succulence of ats ftiffnels) when it may be taken the power or plant; then gently out of the frame, and placed on a thake the fand opt upon a theet of chip pill-box: it will now require paper, and take out the plant, no other support but a pin through which you will find in all its beauty,

each foot, fastened into the box: the shape as elegant, and the coThe eyes fupplied with lour as vivid as when it grew...


Some flowers require certain to the bottom of it which touches ittle operations to preterve the ad- the floor of the oven. verence of their petals, particu 4. Two thoufand five hundred arly the tulip, with refpect to pounds of grain being put into vhich it is neceffary, before it is an oven in which the heat was 85 buried in the land, to cut the tri- degrees, the heat in the center of ingular fruit which rises in the the heap was, an hour afterwards, niddle of the flower; for the petal found to be no more than 19: it will then remain more firmly at- gradually increased for 48 hours, tached to the stalk.

and at the end of that time it was A borius ficcus prepared in this found to be 33 degrees and au half, manner would be one of the most equal to that of the oven. beautiful and useful curiofities that 5. The usual heat of an oven, can be.

two hours after the bread has been drawn, is about 100 degrees.

6. Grain that has' endured go Merbeds 29 defroy several kinds of degrees of heat, is not less fit for in eos and vermin.

making bread.

In order to prevent butterflies, The Corn Butterfly, (for the history produced in other heaps, from

of this inject Jee our article of depofiting their eggs among grain Natural History),

that has been dried in an oven, it

may be laid in such heaps as will Nothing more is necessary for have the smallest posible superfi

this purpose than to heat the cies, and then covered with ashes, grain in an oven after the bread has

or powdered chalk, or a cloth been drawn ;, this, at the fame either of linen or woollen ; or it time that it is perfectly efficacious, may be laid up in facks; or if the is simple and easy, and applies to quantity is great, it may be bara molt important purpole a heat relled in large casks, particular which would otherwise uselessly care being taken in fecuring the decay. It is, however, necessary head. to make the following obfervations,

1. Grain exposed during many The process, said to be effe&tual, for days to a heat which causes the rendering the grain that is to be thermometer to rise to 6o degrees Jowed, perfečtly pure, found, and lofes no degree of its fertility: free from injects, and for pre

2. This heat, continued eleven venting what is called the finut in hours, will totally destroy all the wbeat: infects contained in the grain, whe. ther caterpillar, chrysalis, or but, Make a very strong lye of woodyerfly; and heat, equal only to afhes; and when it is become yel33 degrees, if it is continued two low like beer, and flippery to the days, will answer the fame purpose. touch, put in as much quick lime

3. But a great quantity of grain as will make it of a dusky white put into an oven, considerably re when it is as hot as that the finger duces the heat of it ; and the full can but juft bear it, let the gross heat

; f the oven will be commonia part of the lime subside ; then cated only to the superficies, and pour of the lye into a proper vel,


fel, and, having the grain in a thorn they devour, and destroy the
basket, plunge the basket with the plant : apples and pears fuffer as
grain into the lye, stirring it about, much as any thing. Against these
and kimming off such as toat on enemies it becomes you to rise up;
the top. This done, in about two or your hedges, your plantations,
or three minutes the grain may be and your fruits will suffer exceed-
taken out of the lye, and the ingly. They did so last year,
baket which contains it muft be though very wet and cold, and if
placed upon two poles, that the the ensuing summer should be het
Iye may drain off. When it has and dry, your losses will be irre-
done dropping from the bottom of parable.
the baket, it must be spread on The method I propose to take in
the fioor of a granary to dry, while my own grounds, is to order all
a second basket is served in the the twigs or shoots to be cut off
fame manner.

from every tree or bush on which This process preserves the grain these nests of infects appear; to from rotting, and destroys all the be collected together and burnt; inseets that may have got into it. and this as soon as the weather will

The use of the oven is said to be permit. (It should be done, if polthe beit expedient for destroying fibly, before March is out ; at least, the the caterpillars in the corn that is nearer the end of that month the fowed ; but it is acknowledged to better.) be difficult to ascertain the degree It is an affair of much confeof heat that is sufficient to kill the sequence to you, and I hope will vermin, and yet not fufficient to not pass unregarded : to clear my kill the grain.

own premises of such a dreadful Infeas in the egg ; addressed to the enemy, is of little consequence,

unless likewise do the same in

you gentlemen, farmers, and gardeners

yours. The progeny is numerous, in the neighbourhood of London.

their ravages great, and their proYou will observe, if you look pagation infinite. at the fruit trees, apples, pears,

I address myself chiefly to you and medlers, fome forest trees, the gentlemen in the neighbourhood of oak and the dwarf- mapleespecially, London, because I am most conthe white and black thorn in the versant about the metropolis ; the hedges, a kind of little tufts, or mischief may have spread to other knots, or balls, resembling, at first places; it is easily known, and fight, withered leaves, twisted by may as easily be remedied. a cobweb, about tho uppermost One cannot, without concern, twigs and branches.

behold the young shoots of the These contain a vast number of thorn in every quickset hedge, and little black eggs, of an infect that the last year's Thoot of the oak will hatch in the spring, and especially, beset with the rudiswarms of caterpillars will eat up ments of these destroyers. Suffer every thing within their reach; no me to prevail on you to be earnest cold, no wet prevents their increase in your endeavours to extirpate fo and propagation. The oaks they dreadful an enemy; the expence injure prodigiously; the white will be little children, old peo




ple, the infirm may be set to col-- holes, and on the places where rats
lect these nests of robbers at fo and mice frequent; and it will ef-
much per hundred, and you'll fave fectually kill, or rid the place of
the expence in the growth of your those kind of vermin by cheir eat-
hedges, your fruit, and planta- ing thereof.

I am, &c.
N. L.

We by no means publish the folBaterpillars on trees. This method has lorving receipts as parties in the been successfully tried in France.

dispute concerning their virtues.

That they are efficacious medicines, TAKE a chafing difh with cannot, we think, bequeftioned;

lighted charcoal, and placing whether of good or bad effet, muff it under the branches that are load- depend on the proper or improper aded with caterpillars, throw some ministering of them.

:While dear pinches of brimstone in powder on and a secret, they were much fought the coals. The vapour of the ful- after. The public is now made aca phur, which is mortal to those in- quainted with the method of prefeets, will not only destroy all that paring them, through the uncommon are on the tree, but prevent it generosity of Mr. Page; to whom from being infested by them after Mr. Ward left his book of receipts ; wards. A pound of sulphur will and may besides have them at a cheap clear as many trees as grow on rate, his majesty having, for that

purpose, settled a handsome pension To this remedy we will add ano on Meffieurs White and Offerman, the ther from the Journal Oecono twò chemists employed by Mr. Ward mique, where it is said to be in- in preparing them, on condition that fallible against the caterpillars in the profits arising from the sale cabbage; and, perhaps, it may of them should be applied to the fupbe equally serviceable against those port of the Asylum and Magdalen that infett other vegetables. Sow charities. We thought, that indewith hemp all the borders of the pendent of any virtue these medicines ground where you mean to plant may be podeljed of, our readers would your cabbage, and you will see be curicus to be informed of that, with furprise, that, although the which, nubile a secret, fo lately raised neighbourhood is infected with ca.

one man's fortune and fame. terpillars, the space inclosed by the hemp will be perfectly free; Receipts for preparing and compoundnot one of the vermin will ap ing the principal medicines made proach it. )


, of by the late Mr. Ward. EeRats.

tracted from a pamphlet publishea TA AKE of the feeds of staves by J. Page, Elg.

acre, or, louse-wort, powdered, more or less, as the occafion Method of preparing Antimony, requires, one part; of oatmeal for the PILL and DROP. three parts; mix them well, and make them up into a paste, with PROVIDE yourself with an honey. Lay pieces of it in the earthen unglazed pan, that will


several acres.

it. " Rats.



hold three or four quarts ; fet it tirring it about with an iron on a naked fire, and have in readi- rod; çare must be taken that your ness, of the finest and pureft crude fire be not too violent, while

your antimony, as much as you please; matter is in fusion; or it will li. (that which appears in long thin- quefy to such a degree, and rening needles, and is the easiest pow. der it fo fubtile, that it will all dered, is the best; being mott free run through the pores of your crufrom metallic, or other heteroge- cible, into your alh-hole; neous bodies) powder it indiffe- leaving one fingle drop, or grain rently fine; put tenor twelve behind. ounces into your pan, stirring it When you find your matter, continually with an iron {patula, which adheres to your rod, trank and increasing your fire till it sends parent and bright (which it will forth white fumes, and a fame be, in about half an hour after it like burning brimstone : conti- is in fufion, if you have kept a nue that degreee of fire, conti- proper degree of fire) have, in nually stirring, till it burns or readinefs, a smooth marble stone, fumes no more; but is become a well dried, and heated as hot as grey or ash-coloured powder. If you can bear your


apon it should melt, and run into lumps, for fear your hot matter should in the beginning of your opera- break it. {It will be proper to tion, you muft take it out of your have an iron curb round your pan, and pound it again ; putting marble, to rise half or three quarit in again, and stirring as before, ters of an inch above its surface, till it be thoroughly calcined. to prevent your matter from runThen put in four ounces more of ning off.] Pour your vitrified your crude matter; proceeding as matter upon your tone; and if before, and continuing so to do, you have any more of your caltill

yoni have as much as you de- cined matter, put your crucible fire. By this method you will again into the fire; put in more, calcine your antimony with much and proceed as before. If your less labour and time, than in doing crucible is good, and your fi e it all together, as is usual : for, moderately governed, you may by putting your crude antimony use the same crucible five or fix to your calcined, its melting will times; as I, myself, have frequentbe prevented, and the fumes will ly done. Ay off much sooner.

í Thus have you a fair and pure [N. B. It must be done in a glass of antimony, of a light-red chimney ; otherwise the fumes colour, will be hurtful to the operator.] I have observed, that keeping

Take a clean crucible, which the crucible covered during the will hold about a quart; put into time of its fufion, both hinders it about two pounds of your cal- the vitrification, and makes the cined antimony; set it in a melt- glass lefs pare, by preventing the ing furnace, and make a gradual remaining combuitible parts of the fire undor it; put coals nearly to antimony from Aying off. the top of your crucible, keep it. The PILL and DROP are made in a moderate fusion, sometimes as follows :


« ForrigeFortsett »