Take, of the aforesaid glass of tion :: whence I imagine, that the antimony, as much as you please; glass of antimony imported, is not pound it in a clean iron mortar, prepared from pure antimony, or and Gift it through a fine lawnsieve; not genuinely prepared. then grind, or levigate it, on a Secondly, i apprehend that, smooth marble stone, to an impal- where it has been prescribed, and pable powder. Take also dragon's given inwardly, it has only been blood, dried and powdered. To powdered and fifted; whereby it four ounces of your levigated glafs, is not reduced to the hundredth put one ounce of this dragon's part of the fiveness to which it is blood's grind them very well to- brought by the aforefaid levigation, gether; and with good fack, or if duly performed. It is welB rich mountain wine, make into a known to the learned in chemiftry, mals for pills, of about one grain that, by trituration, several rough and a half each, which is a full bodies may be rendered soft and dose for a man or woman.

smooth: corrofive mercury, by The drop, fo called, is made repeated operations, is changed by putting about half an ounce of from a violent poison to a fafe meyour levigated glass of antimony, dicine, frequently prescribed, even into a quart of the richest malaga for children. I have found, by mountain, or fack. Shake them experience, that the pill and drop well together, and let them stand is a safe and very efficacious meditwo or three days to fettle, and cine, when prepared, as before di

Then pour it off rected. gently, to be quite fine.

I must farther observe, that, by The full dose (half an ounce) grinding and incorporating the viis for a man or woman : but beit trified antimony with the dragon's to begin with the half or two blood, which is a balsamic gam,. thirds, according to age or strength the medicine is rendered ftill more of conftitution.

soft and smooth. OBSERVATIONS, Attested December 1, 1762, Common glass of antimony, as

by me, fold at the shops, though reckon

JOHN WHITE. ed a very rough medicine, is, f find,, prescribed in dispensatories The editor then proceeds to from two to eight grains : there- give us a few obfervations on the fore I fall make the following ob- good effects of these meclicines, fervations upon it.

and the opposition they at first met First, as I have made large quan. with; after which he favours us cities of glass of antimony for Mr. with the following ufeful remarks Ward; lo I find a very effential on their virtues, and the cautions difference between what I made necessary to be observed under by the foregoing process, and what them. 7 I have bought in the thops; mine The drop, so called, (though Being of a brighter red, much 'not with ttrict propriety, as apfofter, and not to harsh and gritty pears from the manner of preparin the pulverisationand leviga ing it) has been usually given in


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Sce Quincy's Dispensatory, on Trituration, page 10, 11, Ed. 1736.


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disorders occasioned by foul sto. Even full - grown people, if of machs, and indigestion. It gene- weakly conftitutions, inay zbato e rally operates as an emetic, as it of the full quantity, for the first did with me; yet, sometimes it time, at leaft.

ways; as does the

The editor then adds, that he pill. They both make the patient thinks himself obliged to inform fick, very much like fea-fickness, the public, that the book, lela for a short time before the dif- him by the late Mr. Ward (suppos charge, if upwards, and the fto- posed to contain full and clear re mach be loaded with a great quan- ceipts for preparing all the medianp

. tity of very foul matter ; but not cines he made use of) does not *** otherwise. If the stomach be thus upon examination, fully answet in foul, the putting the matter into that end. motion muit occafion fickness, in What the omissions and inaccur of proportion to its quantity, and racies are to be imputed to, liga quality; but it came from me, and says, he is not able to determine I have seen it do the same in others, All he knows is, that some few ret til with more ease, and less straining, ceipts are not yet found in this point than is occasioned by the emetics book; and some alterations, .me

, usually given.

not mistakes, appear in the enter and With this medicine it is not ne of others. However, by the hell the cessary to drink large quantities, of the chemists employed by M m to gorge the stomach. Half a Ward, and other information, il a pint of warm water, or thin gruel, he has been enabled to get the opp when the fickness comes on, may defects supplied and rectified, al fut generally saffice. When that is his fatisfaction. come away, and the retching over, It must be confessed (he fayyan for that time, half a pint more that the receipts for preparing the ab may be taken; going on thus, two original medicines, viz.thepan till the fickness returns no more. and drop, are as yet no who good. I have taken about three of discovered in the book: but there

, these emetic drops, treating them Mr. Ward has owned to him, the ty. in the manner above described ; the principal ingredient in and do not remember that any of antimony, prepared in a partic a thre them worked more than fix times; lar manner : every circumftan heve not always so often ; yet they attending their operation, he preg may work oftener, where the pec- also told, confirms it; and Maum, cant matter, to be brought away, White t, (persuaded that glass let is more abundant.

antimony, prepared by him, fra inc The full dose, in which it will Mr. Ward, was the essential i be made up and sold, is for a gredient made use of in these met very

qicines) affures him, that he will but For young persons, it must be long made and administered the the proportioned to the respective age in his family, &c. and upon and strength of each individual. comparison as well of their operde wind

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great vitriol work!

+ Mr. White is the ingenious chemist, who carried on the at Twickenham, for Mr. Ward ; and was employed by him in other chemica preparations.

tion, as analisation, he found them, or receiver's bursting. Make a at that time, to answer exactly to gentle fire for the first three hours; those made by Mr. Ward. then increase it gradually for three

For these reasons,' and others or four hours longer, till your which he forbears to mention, he iron pan be red at bottom ; conhas no doubt that the above re- tinue your fire for about thirty ceipts point out the genuine and hours; then let it out, and when best manner of preparing the pill all is cool, you will have a most and drop.

powerful aqua fortis. Pat it into a The true and genuine method of bottle, and ftop it clofe; let it

preparing the WHITE DROP. stand fix or eight days (the longer

Pound and bruise fourteen the better) to digest itself. pounds of the cleanest copperas Put this aqua fortis into a glass into a rough powder; then dry it retort, let it be about half, or two with a very gentle heat, spreading thirds full, set it in your fandit thin till it becomes a dry and heat, and fix on a receiver, which fubtile powder, to appearance like need not be very large: make an quick-lime, only much whiter. indifferent fire, till all your aqua Care must be taken at the begin- fortis is come over into your rening of the drying, that the heat ceiver, leaving behind only a be very moderate, otherwise it brown reddish earth, which was will melt, and shut up the pores forced over by the violence of the of the copperas, and greatly in- fire in the first distillation. Thus jure your future operation.] you have a most strong and pure

When your copperas is thus be- aqua fortis. come dry and subtile, which may [As I have never been able to be done in about fix or seven days, procure any aqua fortis, proper weigh it, and take an equal quan- for making the said drops, but lity of good and clean rough nitre, what I made myself, I have here or saltpetre, which let allo be to- set down a true and full process for Jerably dry. Pound your nitre making it.) and dried copperas together, and Take of



forhift them through an indifferently tis as much as you pleale; put it line hair sieve, and then put them into a large bolt-head, with a long into a large glass retort, coated at neck, but not above a quarter full

. the bottom, and set it in a fand Then take of the pareit and finet furnace : let not your retort be volatile fal ammoniac, in which above an inch from the bottom there is not the lealt acid fult, or ind fides of

pan :

lime. ex on a very large receiver, and [As I have usually bought this lute it; but leave a small vent volatile falt ready made, and doubt hole in the joint, by sticking in not but it may be hal the point of a small skewer, to let nuine at Apothecaries-hall, I have Jat the wind (which will issue omitted here setting down the prorom the matter at the first making cess for making it, having bought

of your fire) by drawing it out, it of Mr. Godfrey, chemist.] pnd putting it in, as you shall sce To fixteen gunces of the afore. ccasion, to prevent your retort said aqua fortis in your bolt-head, VOL. VI,



take seven ounces of the said vola- ment) with the fine pure falt, and "tile sal ammoniac, and, by half an quite spoil the medicine. ] ounce at a time, put it into your There will remain uncongealed, bolt-head, to your aqua fottis, im a heavy liquor, or oil, which pour mediately fopping the mouth of off, and let it drain until no more your bolt-head, till the fermenta- will run or drop from it. Take the tion is over ; yet not so close but remaining falt, put it into a glass to leave fome fmall vent, for fear body, and to each pound (fixteen the wind, caused by the violent fer- ounces) put three pounds of the mentation, fould burst your glass. finest rose-water, stopping the When all your sal ammoniac is in, mouth of your body by tying over let it stand two or three hours, till it a piece of doubled brown paper

. the fumes are settled.

Set it again in your fand-heat, [N. B. This is the right and make an indifferently hot fire, till exact proportion ; if your opera- all your falt is diffolved, which is tions in making your aqua fortis usually done in twenty-four hours. are rightly performed, and your Thus the White Drop is prevolatile fal ammoniac be good and pared. pure.]

OBSERVATION. Now put it into a smaller bolt: This medicine, thus rendered head, half ful, and set it in a mo- extremely mild, cannot possibly be derate sand-heat; when it is warm, accounted dangerous, seeing that, put in four ounces of the finest in the case of two drops, usually quicksilver to each pound (of fix- taken in twenty-four hours, the teen ounces) of your solution, and quantity of mercury does not alet it stand in the heat till all the mount to half a grain. quicksilver is diffolved. Increase Attested Dec. 1, 1762, by me, your fire a little, and put in a small

JOHN WHITE. quantity more of quicksilver, thus To this Mr. Page addš, that this letting it diffolve, by gentle addi White Drop was wholly and contions, as much as wilt. When it stantly prepared by Mr. White for will dissolve no more, take it out Mr. Ward. That, as to himself, of the bolt-head, put it into an being neither chemist nor physiopen glafs vessel, or a white large cian, he does not pretend to say ftone bowl. [I generally cut off a any thing as to the nature of large glass body in the middle.) this excellent antiscorbaric media Set it in a moderate fand-heat, and cine, and therefore shall confine let it evaporate till à pellicle or himself merely to its effects; which, fin comes over the top of it. under his eye, have been very exThen take it from the fire, and let traordinary in the several stages of it stand in a cool place to congeal. that distemper, and even where the [Great care mult be taken that patients have been supposed to deyour hear be not too great in your rive their disorders from their paevaporation, nor continued too long, or it would coagulate, and That this being the cafe, and as mix the corrosive oil (which is to he is thoroughly convinced that be poured off after its congeals these drops are a moft excellent,




perhaps the greatest known anti- arise. Then pour it into an iror fcorbutic, and best purifier of the mortar; and, when cool, put to if blood; so he cannot help flattering opium, ipecacuanha, and liquorice himself with a hope that they powder, of each one ounce ; pound would be a great preservative a and fift them through a lawn fieve, gaint that fatal distemper, which then mix them all together. destroys in a year so many of our N.B. The ipecacuanha must be brave seamen, and often occasions picked of such a sort as will break national losses and disappointments easily, and not of the tough woody in the most important undertak- fort. ings.

After these po vders are thus preLate Mr. WARD'S SWEATING pared, they should be spread thin

POWDER, No, I., according upon white ftone dishes, and set in to his Book.

a cool place for about two days; Take ipecacuanha, liquorice, mixing them well together, and and opium, each one ounce. Nitre spreading them again twice a day. and vitriolated tartar, each four Then dry them before the fire, or Fulminate.

some gentle heat. Beat them in a mortar with the

JOHN WHITE. opium ; fift through a fine fieve to the ipecacuanha and liquorice : SWEATING POWDERS, No. II. mix well by fifting.

Take common tartar, and reThe dose from twenty to forty fined nitre, each one pound; fulgrains.

minate them together in a crucible, It appears at first view, that or iron pot, which will reduce them Mr. Ward must have made a mif- to about fifteen ounces after the take in ordering nitre and vitriol- fulmination. To these add of ated tartar to be fulminated toge- white hellebore, and liquorice ther: for vitriolated tartar will powder, each fix ounces; powder not fulminate with nitre : where all these together, and fift them fore I apprehend that the manner through a fine lawn sieve. in which those ingredients are to

Dofe, from twenty-five to fifty be prepared, muft necessarily be as grains. follows, viz.

For, it is to be observed, that Take four ounces of refined ni- Mr. Ward advised such of his patre, and the fame quantity of vi- tients as had never taken any of triolated tartar. Rub them toge- his sweats, to begin with half a ther in a mortar into a powder. paper only, (containing the full Take a crucible, (not of the blue dose) and to increase the quantity, fort) fet it in the fire; and when it or not, according to its operation, begins to be red, put in about half or the age and strength of the paof your nitre and tartar, stirring it tient. about with an iron rod. There Mr. Ward's sweating powders, will arise red fumes ; which take from what I have seen and felt, are, care to avoid, for they are noxious. in my opinion, the the most excel. When the red fumes cease, put in lent of all sweats, for removing the remainder of your matter, stir- rheumatic and other pains, occaring it as before, till no more sumes fioned by obstructions:

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