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their falling, by frequent shaking, met with in the bark of the fame into duft.
tree; and, if so, why may not It is only necessary to tread them their effects on limed hides be the very close in the bed, and give fame? them a proper degree of moisture : O&t. 6, 1763 they heat gradually; and their heat
A Country Gentleman. is, I think, more equable and permanent than that of horse-litter, there not being so much danger of Further hints for tanning leather burning and fuffocating the plants without bark. in the frame, The effect of them nearly resembles that of tanners In our laft year's Register, vol.
V. page gi, we published Mr. I have also applied these leaves Gesner's proposal for substituting to another very different use; that the dust of heath dried in an oven, is, as a fubstitute for faw-dust, to to oak bark in tanning of leather. put among my bottles in my wine- The publication of one ingenious bins in my cellar: they serve very proposal, is frequently the cause well for this purpose, as my cellar is of new ones for attaining the dedıy; and I rather chufe to make fired end. Accordingly it has been use of them, as they are easily fince proposed, that the leaves of procured, which is not the cafe oak, now of little or no valuc, at with faw-duft; for I have been least in England (see the precede often very much puzzled to get a ing article) and the small branches few facks, 'as I live at a confi- of heath, consisting of little else derable distance from any great but bark, Thould be tried for the town.
fame purpose; and we hope the I have but one thing more to experiment will be made, as the mention relative to the uses of the success of either of these methods leaves of trees, which is, that I would be of great public utility, have great reason to think that oak as well as private advantage; for, leaves may serve, instead of oak in the firit place, it would be a bark, for tanning leather : I car very great faving to the tanner, not say I ever tried them in this and consequently would enable him intention, because I am not ac to afford that useful commodity at quainted with the process used in a much cheaper rate. Secondly, tanning; but I have frequently it would be a great saving of soaked them for a considerable our oak timber, which, it is much time in water, and found the water feared, we shall, before it is very Itrongly impregnated with their long, feel the want of. Thirdly, qualities: it had a dark colour, the method of tanning with the and a taste remarkably aftrin- small branches of heath, would gent.
furnish fubfiftence to many poor I cannot, therefore, but think children upon our heaths, who are that the juices of the leaves of now a dead weight upon the little the oak have nearly the fame qua- indutry of their parents. lities as the juices that are to be
Some account of the Harleian collec- By these means, the MS Ibrary
tion of manuscripts, now in the Bri was in the year 1721 increased to tish Museum; from the preface to near 6,000 books; 14,000 original the new index to that collection, charters, and 500 rolls. moll judiciously compiled by Mr. On the zift of May 1724, lord Aftle.
Oxford died; but his fon Edward,
who succeeded to his honours and HIS collection was begun estate, fill farther enlarged the
near the end of the last cen collection ; fo that when he died, tury, by Robert Harley, of Bramp- June 16, 1741, it confifted of ton Bryan, in Herefordshire, Elg; 8,coo volumes, feveral of them afterwards earl of Oxford, and containing diftin& and independent lord high treasurer; and was con- treatises, besides many loose padaĉed upon the plan of the great pers, which have been lince forted Sir Robert Cotton.
and boond op in volumes ; and : He purchased his first consider- above 40,000 original colls, charable collection in August 1705, and ters, letters patents, grants, and in less than ten years he got toge- other deeds and instruments of ther near 2,500 curious and rare great antiquity. MSS, among which were those of The principal defign of making Sir Simon d’Ewes, the Suffolk an- this collection was the establfhment tiquary; Mr. John Stow, author of a MS English historical library, of the Survey of London; Mr. and the rescuing from deftru&tion Charles Lancaster, herald ; and fuch records of our national, antiJohn Fox, the martyrologist. quities, as had eluded the diligence
Soon after, the celebrated Dr. of preceding collectors : but lord George Hicks, Mr. Anítis gar- Oxford's plan was more extenfive; ter king at arms, bishop Nichol- for his collection abounds with cufon, and many other eminent anti- rious MSS in every science. qnaries, not only offered him their
A general idea of the contents of aitance in procuring MSS, but this collection may be conceived prefented him with several that from the following articles. were very valuable.
Of Bibles and biblical books, Being thus encouraged to perfe- 300 copies in the Hebrew, Chalverance by his success, he kept dee, Greek, Arabic, and Latin many persons employed in pur- languages, many of great antiquichasing MSS for him abroad, giv- ty, particularly, ing them written instructions for A Hebrew bible several hundred thcir conduct,
years old, to which are prehxed the
rol, containing the
aqua, et fanguis, et tres unum /unt.
, a For the YEAR 1963. 140 various readings of the eastern and The most compleat copy now exweitern copies, a fyllabus of the tant of Peter de Riga's versification paralhoths and haphtaroths for the of the Latin bible, written in the whole year, and two remarkable., 14th century. drawings in gold embossed, A double roll of the facred vessels and utensils of Hebrew Pentateuch, written with the ancient Jews.
great care in a very large characA Hebrew bible, with small Ma- ter, and without points, or any foretic notes, adorned with minia- horns or flourishes on the tops ture paintings, written in the 14th the letters, on 40 brown African century is
fins of different sizes, fome conIsrA Latin bible, with St. Paul's taining more columns than others, epifle to the Laodiceans finely il- and having a space of about four luminated, written in the lith lines left between every two books. century, and formerly belonging The Hebrew Pentateuch, with to the cathedral of Anjou.
a Chaldee paraphrase; and the The Old and New Testament of books of Canticles, Ruth, Lamenthe Valgate edition, elegantly writ- tations, Ecclesiastes, and Ether ten in the 13th century, with the with the commentaries of R. S. Jarpfalter of the Gallican versión; chi, and part of the Chaldee interRabanas Maurus's prefaces to his pretation of the Canticles, written commentaries on thie books of the in the 14th century, Maccabees, and an interpretation A small roll, containing the book of the Hebrew names, adorned of Efther in Hebrew, finely written with more beautiful miniatures. in a very small character, and by The reading of the 8th verfe of the Spanish hand, gth chapter of St. John's first epifle Part of the book of Psalms, and in this MS is, Et tres funt qui te te the entire books of Proverbs, Job, montua dant in terra, fpiritus, aqua, Daniel, Efdras, Nehemiah, Chroet fastgats et bi tres unum funt! nicles, Ruth, Ecclefiaftes, Efther,
A tranfeript of the books of the and Lamentations, in Hebrew, Old and New Testament, written written in the 12th century. in the fame century,
and illumi. Part of Exodus, and the whole nated, formerly belonging to the books of Leviticus, Numbers, DeuCapuchin convent at Montpelier. teronomy, Ether, Canticles, Ruth, In this MS the 7th verfe of the fifth Lamentations, and Ecclefiaftes, in chapter of St. John's firf epiftle Hebrew, with the haphtaroths ; is wanting ; and the reading of the of the 14th century: 8th verse is, quoniam tres funt qui Two copies of the book of Job teftimonium dant-'in terra, lpiritus, in Latin, one written in the Lith
century, the other, with a glors, in A copy of the Old and New the izth. Testament, with St. Jerome's Pro A fine
of the books of Tologue to the book of Job 'written bit, Judith, Ruth, and Wisdom, in in cäpitäts, and of the 13th cen Latin, with a glofs, written in the tury.
13th century. 131 Another copy, finely illuminat-Two biblical books, upwards of ed, written in the the century. 500 years old, being part of a most
richly illuminated MS, the first vol. illuminated blue and gold letters; of which, beginning at Genesis, his epistle to Carpian, the preface and ending with Job, is preserved of Irenæus, and another from Cofin the Bodleian library, [Arch, A. ma, the Egyptian's Chriftianoras 154.) They consist of texts accord- opinio de Mundo, five Topographie ing to the vulgar Latin, selected Christiana; allowed to be at leak from the books of Maccabees and as old as the 12th century. It is New Testament, with the subject said in a note written, on a spare of each text, represented in a pic- leaf at the end of this MS, that it ture, included in a pretty large formerly belonged to a monaftery, circle. Underneath each text is an that took its appellation from the interpretation in Latin, according prophet Elias. to the opinion of the author, who A fair copy of the Greek Go. generally applies such text to de pels, written in the nth century, monstrate the happiness of virtue with the pi&tures of the Evangeliis and the misery of vice. These ex- painted on gold crowns, and their plications are also represented in names written on the margins in historical paintings, and the whole Arabic characters, is adorned with illuminated orna Two other copies of the Greek ments.
Gospels written in the 12th cenThree very fair copies of the tury, and another of the same age, New Testament, of Wickliff's tranf- adorned with the picture of the lation, all written in his time, and Holy Virgin and Evangelifts. one of them, as is supposed, by his An elegant transcript of the Four own hand. To one of these copies Gospels in Greek, written in the is prefixed a calendar of the lellons 13th century, illuminated and and gospels of all the Zeere. At adorned with paintings, and two the end are the epistles of St. Paul others of the same century. to the Laodiceans, and the lessons A moft venerable Exemplar of and epiftles of the old “ Lawe, that the four Gospels of St. Jerome's ben red in the chirche all the Zeere version, with the prefaces and caafter the use of Salisbury.” nons of Eufebius; the whole writ
The four Gospels in Greek, with ten in capitals, and allowed to be the Canons of Eufebius, said in a 1200 years old. In this .MS, it is note at the end of the MS, and in observable, that the genealogy of a hand nearly coeval with it, to be our blessed Saviour appears to be the proper hand-writing of king distinct, and separated from St. Theodofius the Great.
Matthew's Gospel. The following A most august copy of the Greek words, in two independent lines, Gospels, in capitals, written in the occurring after the 17th verse of uth century.
that chapter : An ancient transcript of the Greek Gofpels, adorned with a
Genealogia Hucusque; great variety of historical paintings,
Inicip. evangl. fecā. MATTH: and accompanied with an explana- So that the Gospel begins at the tory treatise on the Evangelists and 18th verse of the first chapter, ia evangelical lessons, a menology, the same manner as in the famous the Canons of Eusebius written in copy of the Evangelists written in
Ireland, and in another MS. of the to the church of St. Ciricius at fame kind, and of the i 2th centu- Soissons.
Soiffons. To this manuscript are i ty; which MSS. are both pre- prefixed the epistle to Damasus, and
férved in this library. It is also the usual arguments, prologues,&c. observable, that the like diftinc- with an interpretation of Hebrew tion or separation of the genealogy names, a catalogue of the books of our blefied Saviour, from the and vestments belonging to that other part of St. Matthew's Gof- church, and a list of its faints. pel, is made in the famous copy of Two other copies of the four Lathe four Gofpels, formerly belong- tin Gospels, also written in the 8th ing to king Æthelftan, and now century. In the latter of these, the preserved in the Cottonian library reading of the 23d verse of the last (Tiberius, A. II.) which book was chapter of St. John's Gospel is, si appointed to be used by the fuc- fic eum volo manere - donec veniam ; ceeding kings of England, at the and that of the 24th verse is, Si eun time of their taking their corona- volo manere. tion oath.
The four Gospels of St. Jerome's A noble Exemplar of the four version, with his prologues, arguGospels, in capital letters of gold, ments, &c. the canons of Eusebius, written in the eighth century. Eve- and the parallel passages, written ry page of the facred text, confift- in letters of gold in the tenth cening of two columns, is enclosed tury. This MS is adorned with within a broad and beautifully illu- pictures of the following subjects, minated border. The pictures of painted on purple grounds, viz. the Evangelifts, with their fymbo- before the Gospel of St. Matthew, lic animals, are curiously painted in a circle, are, the representation in the front of their respective Gof- of our Saviour, fitting as enthronu pels ; the initial letter of each Gof- ed; holding in his right hand the pel is richly illuminated, and so book of the new law, that of the large as to fill an entire page. To old law lying in his lap; with the the whole are prefixed the pro- four evangelists in the angles, logues, arguments, and breviaries; kneeling. zdly, Our Saviour itandtwo letters of St. Jeromě to Da- ing with St. John, resting his headon masus, the canons of Eufebius, his his bofom. 3dly, The portrait of letters to Carpian, and a Capitular St. Matthew. And 4thly, the faof the Gospels for the courfe of the lutation of the Virgin. Before St. year, all of them written in small Mark's Gospel are the portrait of golden characters."
that evangelist, and the dormition A transcript of the Latin Gof- of the Virgin Mary. At the bepels, with their usual accompany- ginning of St. Luke's Gospel are ments; of the same age with the his portrait, and the crucifixion of laft MS, written in letters of gold, our Saviour. Before the Gospel of but of a small alphabet; and re- St. John, are, the pi&ture of that inarkable for the fingular manner evangelift, and the afcenfion of our in which the genealogy of our Sa- Lord.
Two other copies, written in the An Exemplar of the Holy Gof- fame century ; one of them finely pels, likewife written in the 8th decorated with the pictures of the century, and formerly belonging evangelists and St. Jerome; and hav
viour is placed.