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view of the merit of the Grecian and Roman archite&ture.

- e work itself is divided into five chapters. The first relates to a Doric Portico, which had hitherto been supposed part of a temple dedicated to Augustus. The authors refute this opinion; they shew that this building was dedicated to Minerva, and was not a temple, but the entrance into one of the Agoras or Markets of Athens. This they prove from the form and disposition of the building, from the proportions of the columns, and from the inscriptions on some of the remaining walls. This portico furnishes a most clegant example of the Doric order. The second chapter relates to an Ionic Temple on the Ilissus. The authors make it probable that this building was not a temple of Ceres, according to the common notion, but one dedicated to the hero Pá. nops. This building is an example of the Ionic of a very singular

kind. -
The third chapter is on the oc-
tagon Tower of Andronicus Cyrr-
hefter, commonly called, the Temple
of the Wind;. Upon this piece of
antiquity the authors have taken
great pains, and experied much
erudition. When at Athens, they
caused a great quantity of earth to
be removed, both within and from
about the building, in order to
find its true form and proportion,
and ascertain its original use. They
have made accordingly some cuff-
ous discoveries; though, from a
view of their plate of the pave-
ment (which they have first laid
open) it appears that a good deal
still remains to be explained. This
building affords an example of an
order hitherto entirely unko
- but

but which is far from being desti-
tute of taste and elegance.
The fourth chapter is a differta-
tion on a monument, called by the
vulgar of Athens the Lanthorn of
Demoffhenes, but which the learn-
ed of Europe have confidered as a
temple of Hercules. The authors
fhew “the mistake of both these
opinions; and prove it to be a
choragic monument, erected to sus.
tain a prize tripod won at the
exhibition of a public entertain-
ment of music. They demonstrate
that it has no relation to Hercules.
but that it was built in honour of
Bacchus, to whose history all the
ornaments of the building belong.
This chapter will afford extraordi-
nary entertainment to all lovers of
polite antiquity. The monument
itself is one of the most exquisite
pieces, both for the archite&ure
and sculpture, any where extant;
it seems to be most highly finished,
and was certainly the work of a
very enlightened period. The
order is the Corinthian, though
differing a good deal, both in the
proportions and the ornaments,
from the ordinary examples of that
order.
The fifth and last chapter is on
the portico, supposed to be the re-
'mains of a temple of Jupiter
Olympius. The authors shew the
common notion concerning this
antiquity to be also erroneous, and,
indeed, make out their point be-
yond controversy, from the di-
mensions, situation, and every cir-
cumstance relative to that build-

ing: They have proved it to be them.

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