BOOKS published in the Year 1763.

The antiquities of Athens measured pleasures of the imagination. IA

and delineated, by James Stuart, such a case, monuments of antiquity F. R. S. and F.S. A. and Nicholas not only illustrate history, but reRevett, Architects and Painters. gulate taste; and are capable of V. i.

affording the most essential helps in

the improvement of architecture, THERE is scarcely any ohject, painting, sculpture, and all the

which operates more powerfully arts which embellish life. on that curiosity, which is the Advantages of this kind were great incitement to knowledge, naturally expected from a work on than antiquities of every species. the antiquities of Athens; and, If some persons have followed this perhaps, no book, which had exItudy with too much minuteness, cited so much of the public exor, by an enthusiasm naturally, and pectation, has disappointed it fo fomewhat excuseably, growing out little. Monsieur le Roy's performof a favourite pursuit, have rated ance, though it preceded this work, antiquities above their juít value, did not at all pre-occupy its place. their weakness cannot attaint the The work of messieurs Stuart and good sense of others, nor derogate Revett is, in every respect, as orifrom the advantage of rational and ginal and informing, as if no other liberal enquiries. By the study of on the subject had gone before it. antiquities, history is frequently Indeed, that which has preceded explained and confirmed, and some it rather afforded new and powertimes corrected. Facts and man ful reasons for the publication of ners are rendered more distinct, this. The numerous and importand their impression becomes inf ant mistakes, with which that book nitely stronger, and more lasting. is filled, both in the disquisitions This study becomes ftill more im- and designs, had rendered more portant, if the antiquities, which exact enquiries, and more accurate are the object of it, relate to a drawings, absolutely necessary.Benation not only distinguished for cause the name of Athens would its power and policy, but eminent have been imposing ; and its mofor its cultivation of the rational numents, thus represented, would powers, and its refinement on the have yitiated, instead of correct

ing our taste; and instead of en view of the merit of the Grecian larging our ideas, would have only and Roman architecture. millcd them.

The work itself is divided into The work before us carries the five chapters. The firft relates to most evident marks of truth and a Doric Portico, which had hitherto exactness. The labour employed been supposed part of a temple de in it must have been immenfe. We dicated to Auguftus. The authors do not remember ever to have seen refute this opinion ; they thew that any work, which manifests fo much this building was dedicated to Miingenuity in the researches, and nerva, and was not a temple, but which discovers, at the same time, the entrance into one of the Agoras so guarded and punctilious an ac-or Markets of Athens. This they curacy with regard to facts, on prove from the form and disposievery thing, which relates to the tion of the building, from the promeasurement and design. As no portions of the columns, and from antiquities extant deserve the pub- the inscriptions on some of the relic attention more than those of maining walls. This portico furAthens, so none have ever been nishes a most elegant example of treated with a more extensive eru

the Doric order. dition, or explained with a greater The second chapter relates to an variéty and choice of illustration. Ionic Temple on the Ilissus. The This volume is, however, far from authors make it probable that this exhausting the subje&. Several of building was not a temple of Ceres, the noblest monuments of Athens according to the common notion, still remain to be described. When but one dedicated to the hero Pa. the whole shall be completed, from nops. This building is an example the specimen of this volume we

of the Ionic of a very singular may conclude that nothing will kind. be wanting to form a complete The third chapter is on the ocidea of the Athenian architecture tagon Tower of Andronicus Cyrr: and sculpture ; and that the world hestes, commonly called, the Temple will be indebted to our ingenious of the Winds. Upon this piece of countrymen for a true idea of those antiquity the authors have taken noble arts, as they were cultivated great pains, and exper:led much in the place, and in the period, in erudition. When at Athens, they which, probably, they approached caused a great quantity of earth ta the neareit to their perfection. be removed, both within and from

The work is dedicated to the about the building, in order to king, in a short, manly, and simple find its true form and proportion, address, which does justice to his and ascertain its original use. They majesty's protection of the arts, have made accordingly some curiand to his other princely virtues, ous discoveries, though from a without offending his delicacy with view of their pfate of the påveany thing like the stile of adulation. ' ment (which they have firft laid

The preface contains the mo- open) it appears that a good deal lives of the authors to this under- ftill remains to be explained. This taking, a sort of history of the building affords an example of an asts of design, and a comparative order hitherto entirely unknown;


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but which is far from being defti- the celebrated portico, called the tute of taste and elegance.

Poikile. The fourth chapter is a differta The plan of each chapter in this tion on a monument, called by the work is as follows: First, A dif. vulgar of Athens 'the Lanthorn of fertàtion on the antiquity, which Demofthenes, but which the learn- is the object of it. Secondly, An éd of Europe have confidered as a illustration of their plates. Thirdtemple of Hercules. The authors ly, A criticism on the accounts of fhew the mistake of both these other travellers and antiquaries. opinions; and prove it to be a In perusing this work, the choragic monument, erected to fuf- reader will observe with pieafure, tain a prize tripod won at the that there is not a single monument exhibition of a public entertain- treated of, which is not set in a ment of mofic. They demonstrate light abfolutely new, and the opithat it has no relation to Hercules. nion of the authors supported by but that it was built in honour of reasons, which cannot fail of givBacchus, to whose history all the ing entire fatisfaction to every inornaments of the building belong. genious reader. This chapter will afford extraordi This book contains seventy copnary entertainment to all lovers of per plates, engraved in fuch a manpolite antiquity. The monument ner as to do honour to our English itself is one of the most exquisite artists. Nothing can be executed in pieces, both for the architecture a more perfect manner than the baffo and fculpture, any where extant; relievos on the little temple called it feems to be most highly finished, the Lantborn. They are a confiderand was certainly the work of a able acquisition to those young arvery enlightened period. The tists, who would acquire the taste order is the Corinthian, though of the antique. These figures are differing a good deal, both in the drawn with a truth and exactness proportions and the ornaments, in the anatomy and proportions, from the ordinary examples of that far exceeding any'thing of the kind order.

hitherto published. The prints The fifth and last chapter is on from the most celebrated ftatues the partico, supposed to be the re- and reliefs, even those by great mains of a temple of Jupiter names, though otherwise merito. Olympius. The authors thew the rious, are most of them incorre&. common notion concerning this and faulty in the drawing; and antiquity to be also erroneous, and, serve for little more than to give a indeed, make out their point be- loose general idea of the originals, yond controversy, from the di- This will appear obvioufly to those mensions, situation, and every cir- “who have had opportanity, and cumstance relative to that build- would take the trouble to compare ing. They have proved it to be them.

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Torbe Lord Treasurer. Ike State Papers of Henry earl of Dublin Castle, Jan. 12. 168. Clarendon, lord lieutenant of Ire

“ My last gave you an account land, during the reign of king of my being landed. I am now James the second : and his lord- falling to my work, and in order. jhip's diary for the years 1687; to that yesterday in the afternoon 1688, 1689, and 1690. From the cominiffioners of the revenue the originals in the folellion of Richard Powney, E/9; with an pointed Mondays in the afternoon

were with me; and I have apappendix from archbiskop San

for that business, that being the crifi's manuscripts in the Bodleian moit convenient day for them in library. In 2 vols. ed ai ibe Clarendon prejs, Oxford, regard

of their attendance at the

I have directed

them to make all pollible haste in Í T is well observed in the preface perfecting the last year's account,

to this work, that state letters which ended the 24th of Decemderive their consequence as much ber last. They have promised it from the situation as from the ca- mall be done within fix weeks, pacity of the writer. The fitua- and they say it cannot be sooner, tion and capacity of the writer in regard, that it will be near a join to make these papers interest. month before they can have the ing. He was employed by James accounts from the several collectors the second, upon that stage where in the country. You may be sure that ill-fated prince sooner and they shall not want being called more avowedly displayed his de- upon : the commiffioners tell me fign of subverting the religion they send you every month an abeitablished by law.

Atract of all the receipts and pays We think it very clear that ments, by which you see the state Henry earl of Clarendon had all of the cash. I have directed them the requisites for what is called the to bring me the like every week, man of business. He was diligent, which I will transmit to you. You pains-taking, and well-meaning. had long since an account of the If we do not infift that he possessed last Midsummer quarter, compared that extent of thought and enlarg- with the fame quarter 1684. Of ed comprehension which constitute these branches, viz.

customs, a great minister, we must by no fines, inland-excise, ale-licenses, means admit of bishop Burnet's wine-licences. I have called to the rath cenfures, who would represent commiflioners for the like account him as a person of a contemptible of Michaelmas quarter, compared character and understanding. These with that of the former year; ; letters thew, that he took great which is less by 6,467 1. 13 S. 11d, pains to understand the affairs of than Michaelmas quarter 1684. It his government, and that he did Mall be sent to you as soon as it is not labour in vain." As a proof of transcribed: but notwithstanding both, we extract two letters re- the decrease of that quarter, yet I ating to the affairs of Ireland, one am affured, the produce of the wrote immediately on his going whole year will be more than that cver, the other fbine time after. of 1684, of which you shall quick

ly have a view. I will shortly fay


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something to you of the quitrents : 2d. per diem for their cloathing; the receiver general puts into his that by means of other deductions certificate of the state of the cash, to the hospital, &c. the poor

fola what he has received of those rents diers will not have above 2 d. a fince the preceding certificate; but day to live on : and that a penny a the commissioners do not mention day will cloath them twice in three those rents in the abftracts they years; which he thinks will be make up quarterly; neither do fufficient. He' has desired me to they take any notice in those quar- hear him, and some other of the terly abstracts of the hearth-money; officers upon this point; which I but I fay, { will enlarge more have promised him to do to-morupon this ere long. I only men. row; and do resolve to allot one son it now, that you may fee we day in a week certain for the afhave discoursed of every branch of fairs of the army: I only tell you the revenue at the first meeting this now, that you may take notice Though the revenue be in manage- of it or not as you think fit: by ment, yet the commissioners farm the next probably I may have some out the hearth-money all the king. thing ready to lay before the king, dom over, except only the city of if the officers think fit; for it hall Dublin, which they have put into be theirs." collection these last fix months. They say, that revenue would not

To the Lord Treasurer, come to so much by collection, as by farm, which seems very strange; Dublin Castle, Dec. 21. 1686. for certainly the farmers and sub Though I have not at prefarmers would not lose by their fent much to say to you, yet bargains, as they must do, if they think you will not be displeased, did not receive more than will pay when I repeat to you what I wric their rent; but with this particu in mine of the 16th, that I shall, lar I'will likewise in a very little at the same time I send you a itate time entertain you more largely. I of this year's accompt

, (which fend you here enclosed a copy of fall be at the beginning of Fewhat I have written to my lord bruary). let you see likewise, that Sunderland, and I do beg you to the army is completely paid to the concern yourself, that the com- last day of this month; which will mission for the vacant company be with the money of this year: may be sent to me, which the king and, if the doing that, and, which was pleased to declare thould be is more, the paying eighteen the rule; and if it be kept at first, months pay to the army in the men will not be so eager to run compass of twelve, will not be atinto England for preferment, but

preferment, but tributed to my pains and diligence, will expect with patience the king's I must for ever give over the hopes pleasure from his chief governor, of having my industry approved ; which will certainly be as much for and I will say no more of this mathis majesty's service.

My lord

ter, but that the army was never Granard, with whom I have had in fo good condition, let who will as much discourse already as the have the credit of it. If I shall time will permit, tel's mie the fol be thought too vain, I will venture diers cannot bear the deduction of to Yay, I do now begin to under,

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