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they all pretend to, and what is posible for you to imagine. very hard, will give it to nobody.
build certain fabrics of ga uze on For my part I could not forbear their heads, about a yard high, advising them (for the public good) consisting of three or four ftories to give the title of Excellency to fortified with numberless yards of every body, which would include heavy ribbon. The foundation of the receiving it from every body; this itructure is a thing they call a but the very mention of such a Bourlé, which is exactly of the dishonourable peace, was received fame shape and kind, båt - about with as much indignation, as Mrs. four times as big as those rolls Our Blackaire did the motion of a re- prudent milk maids make use of ference.. And indeed, I began to to fix their pails upon. This mathink myself ill-natured, to offer chine they cover with their own to take from them, in a town hair, which they mix with a great where there are so few diversions, deal of false, it being a particular fo entertaining an amasement. I beauty to have their heads too large know that my peaceable dispofi- to go into a moderate tub. Their tion already gives me a very ill hair is prodigiously powdered figure, and that'tis publicly whis- conceal the mixture, and set out pered as a piece of impertinent . with three or four rows of bodkins, pride in me, that I have hitherto (wonderfully large, that stick out been faucily civil to every body, two or three inches from their hair) as if I thought no body good made of diamonds, pearls, red, enough to quarrel with. I hould green, and yellow stones, that it be obliged to change my behaviour, certainly requires as much art and if I did not intend to pursue my experience to carry the load upjourney in a few days.” Letter vi. right, as to dance upon May-day Her
next ftop was at Vienna ; their with the garland. Their whale manner of visiting there, and their bone petticoats outdo ours by fevedress at that time, which we sup- ral yards circumference, and cover pofe to be authentic, may be mat- some acres of ground. You may ter of curiosity.
easily suppofe how this extraordiThough I have so lately trou- dary dress fets off and improves bled you, my dear fifter, with a the natural ugliness, with which long letter, yet I will keep my God Almighty has been pleased to promise in giving you an account endow them, generally speaking: of my first going to court. In Even the lovely empress herself order to that ceremony, I was is obliged to comply, in some desqueezed up in a gown, and adorn- gree, with these absurd fashions, ed with a gorget and the other im- which they would not quit for all plements thereunto belonging, a the world. I had a private audress very inconvenient, but which dience (according to ceremony) certainly Mhows the neck and Mape of half anyar, and then all the to great advantage. I cannot for other ladies were permitted to come bear giving you some description and make their court. I was perof the fashions here, which are fectly charmed with the emprefs; more monstrous and contrary to all I cannot however tell you that her common sense and reason, than 'tis features are regular; her eyes are
not large, but have a lively lock has something very formal in it. full of sweetness; her complexion. The empress Amelia, dowager of the finest I ever saw; her nose and the late emperor Joseph, came forehead well made, but her mouth this evening to wait on the reignhas ten thousand charms, that ing empress, followed by the two touch the soul. When the smiles,, arch-duchesses her daughters, who 'tis with a beauty and sweetness are very agreeable young printhat forces adoration. She has a cefiles. Their Imperial majesties vait quantity of fine fair hair ; but rose and went to meet her at the then her person !- one must speak door of the room, after which she of it poetically to do it rigid juf- was seated in an armed chair next tice; all that the poets have said the empress, and in the same manof the mien of Juno, the air of ner at supper, and there the men Venus, come not up to the truth. had the permission of paying their The Graces move with her; the court. The arch-duchesses fat on famous statue of Medicis was not chairs with backs without arms. formed with more delicate propor- The table was entirely served, and tions ; nothing can be added to all the dishes set on by the empress's the beauty of her neck and hands, maids of honour, which are twelve Till I saw them, I did not believe young ladies of the first quality. there were any in nature so perfect, They have no falary, but their and I was almost sorry that my chamber at court, where they live rank here did not permit me to
in a sort of confinement, not being kiss them ; but they are kissed suf- suffered to go to the assemblies or ficiently, for everybody, that public places in town, except in waits on her, pays that homage at compliment to the wedding of a their entrance, and when they take fifter maid, whom the em press alleave. When the ladies were come ways presents with her picture set in, she sat down at Quinze. I in diamonds. The three first of could not play at a game I had them are called Ladies of the Key, never seen before, and the ordered and wear gold keys by their fides; me a seat at her right hand, and but what I find most pleasant, is had the gooţiness to talk to me the custom, which obliges them as very much, with that grace, so long as they live, after they have natural to her. I expected every left the empress's service, to make moment, when the men were to her some present every year on the come in to pay their court; but day of her fealt. Her majesty is this drawing room is very different served by no' married women but from that of England; no
the Grand Maitrese, who is geneenters it but the grand maiter, rally a widow of the first quality, who comes in to advertise the em- always very old, and is at the fame press of the approach of the em time groom of the flole and mother peror. His Imperial majesty did of the maids.
The dressers are me the honour of speaking to me not, at all, in the figure they prein a very obliging manner, but tend to in England, being looked he never speaks to any of the other upon no otherwise than as downladies, and the whole palles with right chamber-maids.
I had an a gravity and air of ceremony that audience next day of the empress
mother, a princess of great virtue towns in the Turkish empire, and and goodness, but who piques famous for its hot baths, that are herself too much on a violent de- reforted to both for diverfion and votion. She is perpetually per- health. I ftop'd here one day, on forming extraordinary acts of pen. purpose to see them ; and defignnance, without having ever done ing to go incognito, I hired a any thing to deserve them. She Turkish coach. These voitures has the same number of maids of are not at all like ours, but much honour, whom the suffers to go more convenient for the country, in colours ; but she herself never the heat being fo great that glafles quits her mourning; and sure no. would be very troublefome. They thing can be more dismal than the are made a good deal in the manner mourning here, even for a bro- of the Dutch stage coaches, hav. ther. There is not the leaft biting wooden lattices painted and of linen to be seen; all black gilded ; the inside being also paintcrape instead of it.
The neck, ed with baskets and nofegays of ears, and fide of the face are co- flowers, intermixed commonly with vered with a plaited piece of the little poetical motto's. They are fane stuff, and the face that peeps covered all over with scarlet cloth, out in the midst of it, looks as if lined with filk, and very often it were pilloried. The widows richly embroidered and fringed. wear over and above, a crape fore- This covering entirely hides the head cloth, and in this folemn persons in them, but may be thrown weed, go to all the public places of back at pleasure, and thus permit diversion without scruple.'
Letterix. the ladies to peep through the latVienna is the place of Etiquette, tices. They hold four people very and the letters which follow our conveniently, seated on cushions, extract give a lively and an agree. but not raised. able account of it.
In one of these covered waggons, The last letter of the first vo I went to the Bagnio about ten a lume (dated from Adrianople,) is, clock. It was already full of perhaps, the most extraordinary women. It is built of stone, in the in the whole collection. We can- shape of a dome, with no windows not therefore refrain presenting the but in the roof, which gives light reader with it.
enough. There were five of these “ I am now got into a new domes joined together, the outmost world, where every thing I fee, being less than the rest, and servappears to me a change of scenc; ing only as a hall, where the Pori and I write to your ladyship with tress stood at the door. Ladies of fome content of mind, hoping, at quality generally give this woman least, that you will find the charm a crown or ten thillings, and I did of novelty in my letters, and no' not forget that ceremony. The longer reproach me, that I tell you next room is a very large one, nothing extraordinary. I won't paved with marble, and all round trouble you with a relation of our it are two raised fofas of marble, tedious journey, but I must not one above another. There were omit what I faw remarkable at four fountains of cold water in Sophia, one of the most beautiful this room, falling firft into marble
basons, and then running on the with the same majestic grace which foor in little channels made for Milton describes our general mothat purpose, which carried the ther with.
There were many ftreams into the next room, fome- amongst them, as exactly pro. thing less than this, with the fame portioned as ever any goddess fort of marble fofas, but fo hot was drawn, by the pencil of a with steams of sulphur proceeding Guido or Titian. ---- And most of from the baths joining to it, 'twas their skins shiningly white, only impossible to stay there with one's adorned by their beautiful hair, cloaths on: The two other domes divided into many tresses, hanging were the hot baths, one of which on their shoulders, braided either had cocks of cold water turning with pearl or ribbon, perfectly reinto it, to temper it to what de- presenting the figures of the Graces. gree of warmth the bathers pleased I was here convinced of the to have.
truth of a reflection I have often I was in my travelling habit, made, that if it were the fashion which is a riding dress, and cer to go naked, the face would be tainly appeared very extraordinary hardly obferved.? I perceived to them. Yet there was not one that the ladies of the most delicate of them that thewed the least fur- skins and fineft shapes, had the prise or impertinent curiosity, but greateft share of my admiration, received me with all the obliging though their faces were sometimes civility possible. I know no Eu- less beautiful than those of their ropean court, where the ladies companions. To tell you the would have behaved themselves in truth, I had wickedness enough, fo polite a manner to such a to wish secretly, that Mr. Gervais Stranger. I believe, upon the could have been there invisible. I whole, there where two hundred I fancy, it would have very much women, and yet none of those dif- improved his art, to fee fa many dainful smiles, and fatirical whif- fine women naked, in different pers, that never fail in our affem- postures, fome in conversation, blies, when any body appears that some working, others drinking xis not dresfed exactly in the fashion, coffee or sherbet, and many negThey repeated over and over to me: ligently lying on their cuthions, * Uzelle, pek Uzelle, which is while their Naves (generally pretty nothing but, Charming, very girls of seventeen, or eighteen) charming.' The first fofas were were employed in braiding their covered with cushions and rich car hair in several pretty fancies. In pets, on which fat the ladies; and fort, 'tis the women's coffee, on the fecond, their flaves behind house, where the news of the them, but without any distinction town is told, fcandal invented, of rank by their dress, all being &c.---They generally take this
in the state of nature, that is, in diversion once a week, and stay -plain English, stark naked, with there at least four or five hours, out any beauty or defect concealed. without getting cold, by imme. Yet there was not the least wanton diate coming out of the hot bath i'smile or immodeft gefture amongst into the cool room, which was them. They walked and moved - very surprising to me. The lady
that ieemed the most confiderable forbid, but that of women with amongit them, entreated me to fit women is very restrained. And by nur, an i would fain have un- this makes us suspect a little, that dreiled me for the bath. I ex- the writer of these letters has here culed myself with fome difficulty. 'given some fcope to imagination, They being however all so earnest and is not the lady, who is genein persuading me, I was at last rally fupposed to be the author of forced to open my fhirt, and thew them. The observation that, if them my ttays, which fatished women were to go 'naked, the face them very well; for, I saw, they would be hardly observed, and the believed I was locked up in that idea of the stays, seem to discover machine, and that it was not in my something of the wag ; and the own power to open it, which con- ftile of the preface, as well as the trivance they attributed to my editor's advertisement, has so great husband. -- was charmed with a relemblance to the letters themtheir civility and beauty, and selves, that we almoit imagine the thould have been very glad to pass whole written by the same hand. more time with them; but Mr. A very indifferent pun, indeed, W- refolving to pursue his in a note to the preface, may be by journey next morning carly, I was another hand, but if there should in haite to fee the ruins of Justi- be a foundation for our furmise, nian's church, which did not afford we must allow that our psuedo lady me fo agreeable a prospect as I traveller has executed the project had left, being little more than a with great art and ingenuity. On heap of ftones.” Lester xxvi. the other hand, the mention of in
We doubt a little if this sort of oculation *, a blessing we certainly meeting is fo exactly conformable owe to the wisdom and good fenfe to the Turkish manners, for not of lady M. W. M.
and again only is the intercourfe of the sexes
the The original manner of inoculation is worth attention.“ A propos of distempers, I am going to tell you a thing, that will make you wish yourself here. The small-pox, lo fatal, and so general amongst us, is here entirely harmless, by the invention of engrafting, which is the termn they give it. There is a set of old women, who make it their business to perform the operation, every autumn, in the month of September, when the great heat is abated. People fend to one another to know if any of their family has a mind to have the small. pox ; they make parties for this purpose, and when they are met, (commonly fifteen or fixteen together) the old woman comes with a nut-shell full of the matter of the best sort of small-pox, and asks what veins you please to have opened. · She immediately rips-open that, you offer to her, with a large needle (which gives you no more pain than a common scratch) and puts into the vein, as much matter as can lie upon the head of her needle, and after that, binds up the little wound with a hollow bit of thell, and in this manner opens four cr five veins.
The Grecians have commonly the superstition of opening one in the middle of the forehcad, one in each arm, and one on the breast, to mark the sign of the cross; but this has a very ill effect, all these wounds leaving little scars, and is 'not done by those that are not fuperfitious, who'chufe to have them in the legs, or that part of the arin that is concealed. The children or young patients play together all the rest of the day, and are in perfect health to the eighth. Then