lamben's; on the occasion that the After all this, I aw, that acountess Caffandra Buri, of Verona, feverish fermentation, or a very when she rubbed her arms with a strong motion of combustible marcambrick handkerchief, all the skin ter, may rise in the womb of a wofhined with a very bright light. man, with such an igneous strength Eufebios relates the fame of Max-' that can reduce to alhes the bones, imus Aquilanus. Licetus of Fran- and burn the flesh. Two such cases cis Guido, a civilian ; and that he are known, one in the Acta Medica knew Antoni Cianfio, a bookseller Hafnienf. An. 1673, and the other in Pifa, who, when he shifted, in M. Marcell. Donat. de Medic. fined all over with great bright" Hift. Mirab. lib. iv. ness. Libavius relates the same of a The bile, which is a necessary youth ;'and Cardanus of a friend of juice for our digestion, was observa his; faying, that when he shifted, ed by P. Borelli, when vomited up clear sparkles of fire shot forth of by a man, to boil like aqua fortis. his body. Father Kircher, a Jen' (Centur. ii. Obs. 1. p. 109. suit, relates, how he, going in Befides, very strong fires may company into a fubterranean grot- be kindled in our bodies, as well" to at Rome, faw sparkles of fire as in other animals of an hot tem-? evaporate from the heads of his perament, not only by nature, but companions, grown warm hy walke' also by art ; which, being able to mg. Father Alphonfo d'Ovale was kill, will serve for a better proof of cve-witnefs on the higheft moun.. my argument. Obser. 77. in the tains of Perů and Chili, how both German Ephemerides, 1670. men'and beasts there seem Mining Tie the apper orifice of the with the brightest light from top stomach of an animal with a string; to toe.)

tie alfo its lower orifice; then cut' These Aames seem harmless, it out above and below the liga-t but it is only for want of proper tures, and press it with both fuel. · Peter Bovifeau asserts, thar hands, fo that it swell up in one such sparkles reduced to ashes the fide; which done, let the lefthair of a young man. John de hand keep it so that the swelled Viano, in his treatise intitled, De part may not fubfide; and, with peste Malagenft, p. 46. relates how the right, having first, at an inch the wife of Dr. Freilas, physician distance, placed a candle, open it to cardinal de Royas, archbishop quick with an anatomical knife; of Toledo, fent forth naturally, by and you will see a flame there conperspiration, a fiery matter, of such ceived, coming out in a few fe. a nature, that if the roller that the conds of time and fuch a flames wore over her shift was taken from may, by the curious, be perceived ker, and exposed to the cold air, not only in the stomach, but also it inmediately was kindled, and in the inteftines. The firft disco. mot forth like grains of gunpow-2 verer of this was Andrew Valpa-v der

rius, anatomy profeffor at Bologna Pet. Borelli, obr Cent ii. Obf. 75. rays, there was a certaio pealant. whose linen, hempen thread, &c. if laid up in boxes, though wets or tung tipo on kicks in the air, did loon take fires : 51.3j...


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in Italy 1669. Thus a quick and perhaps was going to open a wide violent agitation of fpirits, or a dow. fermentation of juices in the ito- It is said the old lady was mach, produces a visible flame. used, when she felt herself indit

The German Ephemerides, posed, to bathe all her body with anno x. p. 53. by Sturmius, fays, camphorated fpirit of wine and That in the northmost countries, she did it perhaps that very night. fames evaporate from the stomachs This is not a circumstance of any of those who drink strong liquors moment; for the best opinion is plentifully.

that of the internal heat and fire; Of three noblemen of Cour- which, by having been kindled in the land, who drank, by emulation, entrails, naturally tended upwards; ftrong liquors, two of them died finding the way easier, and the scorched and fuffocated by a

unctuous and com fiame forcing itself from the sto- bustible, left the legs untouched; ; mach.

the thighs were too near the origin My lord Bacon, in his Nat. of the fire, and therefore were also Univ. Hift. affures, he had seen burnt by it; which was certainly a woman's belly sparkling like fire; increased by the urine and excre. and such flames would often rise in ments, a very combustible matter, us, if the natural moisture did not as one may see by its phosphorus, quench them; as Lucretius ob

Galenus (Class. 1; lib. iii. de Temferves, v. 868. 1. iv. and v. peram.) says, That the dung of a 1065. 1. VI. Marcellus Donatus, dove was sufficient to set fire to a in his Mirab. Hift. Medic. fays, whole house : and the learned fat That in the time of Godfrey of ther Casati, a Jesuit, in his Phys. Bologne's Christian war, in the Dissert. part 2. p. 48. relates to territory of Niverva, people were have heard a worthy gentleman burning of invisible fire in their en- fay, That, from the great quantitrails, and some had cut off a foot ties of the dung of doves, Aights or an hand where the burning be- of which used, for many years, nay gan, that it fhould not go fur- ages, to build under the roof of the ther.

great church of Pisa, sprung origiAfter these and other instances, nally the fire which consumed the what wonder is there, says our au

said church. The author conthor, in the case of our old lady? cludes, that certainly the lady was Her dulness before going to bed burnt to ashes standing, as her skull was an effect of too much heat con was fallen perpendicular between centrated in her breast, that hin-, her legs, and that the back-part of dered the perspiration through the her head had been damaged more pores of her body, which is calcu. than the fore-part was, becaufe of lated to about 40 ounces per night. her hair, and of the nerves, whose Her alhes, found at four feet di- principal seat lies there : and be stance from her bed, are a plain ar- liqes, because in the face there were gument, that she, by natural in- many places open, out of which Itinet, rose up to cool her heat, and the dames might pars, "


• Galen de Morb. Dist. Pigeons dung takes fire, when it is become rotten.

[Two similar instances are add- the discharge of small arms, which ed; one of John Hitchell, of South fakes the very rock. After this ampton, whose body being fired by noise has been repeated four or five lightening, continued burning for times, the water, which is hot, near three days, without any out- emits a thick steam, like smoke, is ward appearance of fire, except a violently agitated, and fprings up kind of smoke from it. The other to the height of fixty fathoms, in of one Grace Pett, a fisherman's fuch quantities as to form several wife of Ipswich; who going down hot rivulets on every side of the into the kitchen, when he was half rock. The rising and violent agi, undressed for bed, was there found tation of the water ceases in fix or the next morning lying on the right seven minutes, and the cavity, or side, extended over the hearth, bason, becomes empty. This sure with her legs on the deal floor; prising phænomenon happens once her body appeared like a block of a day, and is periodical, returning wood, burning with a glowing fire at a certain hour; but whether the with flame, the trunk covered, like agitations of this {pring correspond charcoal, with white alhes, and with the tides in the neighbouring her head and limbs much burnt; fea, has not yet been determined, there was no fire in the

grate, the candle was burnt out of the socket, a child's cloaths on one side of her, and a paper screen on the other Account of foffil glass found in Sibewere both untouched, and the deal floor, was not discoloured, though the

fat had to penetrated the hearth THE famous marienglas, or la as not to be scoured out.]

pis specularis, great quantities of which are dug up in Siberia, is by fome called Muscovy or Rullian

glass; and by others, though with Account of a wonderful Spring in less propriety, ifinglass. It is a Iceland.

particular species of transparens

Atone, lying in strata, like so many GEY PEYSER, a wonderful spring Sheets of paper. The matrix or

in the valley of Haukadal, is stone in which it is found, is partbut a few miles from Skaalholt. ly a light yellow quartz or marcarThis spring rises in a hollow rock fia, and partly a brown indurated at the foot of a mountain. Ac- fuid; and this stone contains in it cording to Mr. Olav's description all the species of the marienglas. of this spring, who saw it in the The clearest and most transparent year 1746, it is a cavity in a rock, is accounted the best, and that of a about twenty fathoms in circum- greenish tinge is looked upon as ference, and three in depth. There the worst fort. Next to the cois a small aperture at the bottom, lour, its fize is moft, regarded. through which the water gradually. Some pieces have been found near rises till it runs over the bason, two ells square; but these are not then follows a terrible noise, like very common. Hence it is that



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they bear an extraordinary value, should so long have escaped the no: a ruble or two a pound being rea tice of every observer, though dily paid for a piece of an ell hourly passed over by all who went fquare. As for the common fort, that way. The lower part, that a pud * of that of a quarter is to say that which lay lowest in of an éll square is sold for nine the pavement; seems nearly of the or ten rubles; and the worft fame colour, excepting that the fort of all, for a ruble and a ftria of the wood are more easily half, or two rubles a pud. To diftinguishable in it. One fide is render the marienglas fit fór use, covered with a sparry incrustation, it is split with a thin two-edged of a white glittering colour, break knife; but care is taken that the ing easily into fakes, and as easy Jaminæ be not too thin. It is used to be reduced into powder ; not for windows and lanterns all over unlike, in Nort, to the selenites

, Siberia, and indeed in every part or some kinds of alabaster. This of the Russian empire, and looks does not seem, however, to have very beautiful; its luftre and clear- formed originally any part of the ness surpassing that of the finest wood, but to he father a fony glass, to which it is particularly coat or excrescence generated by preferable for windows and lan- the water which effected the peterns of ships, as it will stand the trifaction. The other fide confifts explofion of cannon. It is found intirely of the petrified woody in the greatest plenty near the tiver matter, and by the cavity formed Wittim.

in it, seems to have been rotted away in that part before its petrifaction. Two questions natärally

arise from this appearahce of it: Account of a curious petrifaction dug The first, what kind of wood it

up out of the common pavement in may have been: the second, how White Friars.

it came to be petrified, or what

water occafioned it. With regard TH HIS curiosity was perceived to the first, that is to say the wood,

in paffing along, by the gen- if we suppose it to have been petleman, in whose custody it now trified in the placě it was taken

. is. It is of an oblong figure, be- up at, it is probable it was either tween round and square, about a oak or elm, and I Mould rather foot a foot and a half in length, pronounce for the latter, from the and near nine inches thick; weight redith appearance it has in those exactly ninety pounds. From its parts where the sparry incrustation form it looks as if it had originally is frelh broke off. But if we fup; been a post to keep off the carts, pose it tot to have been petrified Its upper surface which lay level in the place where dug up, and in: with the superficies of the i pave. deed the sparry coat above men ment, is of a brown colour, re tioned will not allow us to foppose sembling the other stones in the that to have been done by any freet, and therefore when covered other than falt water, in that case with wet and dirt, it is no wonder it may be either lignum vitæ, log

• About 36 English pounds.


wood, or any other ponderous of the waters of these springs came wood of a reddish brown colour.

near it, I mean, fo as frequently.. As to the ends they are both so en to moisten it, in that case it is to tirely stone, that it is impossible to be attributed to them, rather than form any judgment from them; to the river waters.' What renders and though the fawing it would be this point also still clearer is, that a very likely means of deciding in the great use that has been made that question, yet for particular of the two river waters, we have reasons the owner does not chuse never heard of any petrifying qua. to have recourse to that method at lity being attributed to them. prefent. Should the heart of the Upon the whole then, it is imposwood be entirely pervaded by fible to say when it was done, or the stony particles, so as to be also whence it was brought, but that petrified, this would not be deci- it is a great curiosity, and the five. For the rest, it was found more so for having been found in close to a water-plug, where it has the streets of London, must be evi, probably remained many ages, with dept to every one who considers the water continually exuding upon it. it, but that the water there formed the petrifaction is a point not to beadmitted on account of the sparry coat fo often mentioned, which Remarkable infance of a decrepitude will not admit of its having been transinitted from parents to chile been petrified by fresh water. But dren. even thould this be granted, it would be still necessary to enquire IN the Warsaw Gazette, of the what water did it; for though the 13th May, 1763, we have the water of the plug, near which it following extraordinary relation: lay, was continually exuding upon One Margaret Krafiowna died it, yet as both rivers water run that lately in the village of Koninia, way, its petrifaction might have aged 108, being born Feb., 12, been owing to the other. It is 1655. At the age of 94 the marwell known, morcover, that the ried, for her third husband, Galfriary is for the most part an arti- pard Raykol, of the village of ficial ground, abounding in springs, Ciwouszin, then aged 105. Dursome of which have been formerly ing the 14 years they lived toge, reputed medicinal*; and if any ther, they had two boys and one

The memory of this medicinal quality of the waters is still preserved in the name of a court there, called Dog.well Court, which though improperly let down Dodwell in the city books, as if it had formerly belonged to one Dodwell as proprietor, yet it is well known took its name froin a dog's accidentally falling into a well, which is still to be seen in the cellar of the upper house in the court, and being thereby cured of a molt inveterate mange. From this accident the well grew into very great repute, insomuch, that in monkish times it was prodigiously resorted to by persons afiliated with cutaneous disorders.; but since the difiòlution of the monasteries under Harry VIII. has been noted for nothing more than the tradition of its foriner virtues.


· VOL. VI.

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