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the manner for determining such ceiling prices) and classifications for such crude oil, the President shall determine that such ceiling prices (or the manner for determining such ceiling prices) and such classifications

(A) are administratively feasible; and

(B) are justified on the basis that such prices and such classifications are consistent with obtaining optimum production of

crude oil in the United States. (2) No amendment to the regulation under section 4(a) made after the date of enactment of this section may permit, in any month which begins after such date, an increase in the price for any volume of old crude oil production from any priorities, unless the President finds that such amendment

(A) will give positive incentives for (i) enhanced recovery techniques, or (ii) deep horizon development, from such properties; or

(B) is necessary to take into account declining production from such properties; and

(C) is likely to result in a level of production from such properties beyond that which would otherwise occur if no such

amendment were made. (3) As used in paragraph (2), the term "old crude oil production" means that volume of crude oil produced and sold from a property in a month which is equal to or less than the volume of old crude oil, as defined in section 212.72 of title 10, Code of Federal Regulations (as in effect on November 1, 1975), produced and sold from such property in the months of September, October, and November of 1975, divided by 3.

(c)(1) Not later than 6 months after the effective date of the amendment promulgated under subsection (a), and not later than every 6 months thereafter, the President shall, on the basis of valid and reliable information (which may include information obtained by a valid and reliable sampling technique) of actual first sale prices of domestic crude oil, determine whether and the extent to which the actual weighted average first sale price for crude oil produced in the United States during any 6-month period or portion thereof for which data are available following the effective date of the amendment promulgated under subsection (a) of this section, exceeded or was less than the maximum weighted average first sale price of such crude oil specified in subsection (a) as may be adjusted pursuant to this section.

(2) If the President finds, pursuant to paragraph (1) of this subsection, that the regulation under section 4(a), as amended, resulted in an actual weighted average first sale price in excess of the maximum weighted average first sale price specified in subsection (a) as adjusted pursuant to this section, he shall amend the regulation to make such compensating adjustments as are necessary to result, in a corresponding period, in an actual weighted average first sale price for domestic crude oil sufficient to offset such excess.

(3) If the President finds, pursuant to paragraph (1) of this subsection, that the regulation under section 4(a), as amended, resulted in an actual weighted average first sale price less than the maximum weighted average first sale price specified in subsection (a) as adjusted pursuant to this section, he may, notwithstanding the requirements of this section pertaining to such maximum weighted average first sale price, amend the regulation to make such compensating adjustments in the regulation as are necessary to offset the deficiency in a corresponding period.

(d)(1) The amendment promulgated pursuant to subsection (a) of this section (or any subsequent amendment to the regulation under section 4(a)) may provide for an adjustment to the maximum weighted average first sale price specified in subsection (a), such adjustment to begin no earlier than in the calendar month following the first month the amendment is in effect

(A) to take into account the impact of inflation as measured by the adjusted GNP deflator; and

(B) as a production incentive; except that the combined effect of any such adjustments referred to in subparagraphs (A) and (B) shall not result in an increase in the maximum weighted average first sale price in excess of 10 per centum per annum (compounded annually), unless modified pursuant to this section.

(2) As used in this subsection, the term “adjusted GNP deflator” means the first revision of the quarterly percent change, seasonally adjusted at annual rates, of the most recent implicit price deflator for the gross national product which shall be computed and published for each calendar quarter by the Department of Commerce, subject to such additional modification as the President shall make to exclude therefrom any amount which he determines is attributable solely and directly to increases which occur after the date of enactment of this section in prices of imported crude oil, residual fuel oil, or any refined petroleum product resulting from concerted action of two or more petroleum exporting countries.

(3) The adjustment as a production incentive referred to in paragraph (1)(B) may be made only on a finding by the President that such an adjustment is likely to provide positive incentive for

(A) the discovery or development of high cost and high risk properties (including new wildcat properties, and properties located on the Outer Continental Shelf, properties located north of the Arctic Circle, deep wells and deep horizons in onshore or offshore properties, and properties operated by independent producers);

(B) the application of enhanced recovery techniques to producing properties to obtain a level of production higher than would otherwise occur from those properties but for such adjustment; or

(C) sustaining production from marginal wells. (e) 1) Not earlier than 90 days after the effective date of the amendment promulgated under subsection (a) and not earlier than 90 days after the date of any previous submission under this subsection, the President may submit to the Congress, in accordance with the procedures specified in section 551 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, an amendment to the regulation promulgated under section 4(a) which provides for a combined adjustment limitation in excess of the 10 per centum limitation specified in subsection (d)(1).

(2) Any such amendment shall be accompanied by a finding that a combined adjustment limitation greater than permitted by subsection (d)(1) is necessary to provide a more adequate incentive

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with respect to the matters referred to in subparagraph (A), (B), or (C) of subsection (d) (3).

(3) Any such amendment shall not take effect if either House of Congress disapproves such amendment in accordance with the procedures specified in section 551 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act.

(f)(1) On February 15, 1977, the President shall submit to the Congress a report containing an analysis of the impact of any amendment adopted pursuant to this section on the economy and on the supply of crude oil, residual fuel oil, and refined petroleum products and an analysis of the effects on price and the production of domestic crude oil resulting from the amendments made to this section by sections 121 and 122 of the Energy Conservation and Production Act.

(2) On March 15, 1977, the President may submit with such report to the Congress, in accordance with the procedures specified in section 551 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, an amendment to the regulation promulgated under section 4(a) which

(A) provides for the continuation of the adjustment as a production incentive (referred to in subsection (d));

(B) provides for a modification of the combined adjustment limitation (referred to in subsection (d) as may have been amended pursuant to subsection (e)); or

(C) provides for adjustments with respect to both subparagraphs (A) and (B). (3) Such amendment shall not take effect if either House of Congress disapproves such amendment in accordance with the procedures specified in section 551 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act.

(4) If any such amendment is disapproved by either House of Congress, the President may, not later than 30 days after the date of such disapproval, submit one additional amendment in accordance with paragraph (2), which amendment shall not take effect if either House of Congress disapproves such amendment in accordance with the procedures specified in section 551 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act.

(5) If no amendment to continue the adjustment as a production incentive takes effect, no such adjustment to the maximum weighted average first sale price thereafter may be taken into account in computing such price for any month which begins after (A) the date on which a submission could have been made under paragraph (2) but was not, or (B) the last date on which a submission was disapproved and no further submission pursuant to paragraph (4) could be made, except that the President may, pursuant to the procedures under subsection (e), submit an amendment to the regulation to provide for a prospective reinstatement of such adjustment.

(g)(1) On April 15, 1977, the President shall submit to the Congress a report as to whether the regulation promulgated under section 4(a) and in effect on such date will provide positive price incentives for the development of the domestic crude oil production referred to in paragraph (2)(A) without lessening needed incentives for sustaining or enhancing crude oil production in the remainder of the United States.

(2) If the President determines that a price required to provide positive price incentives for the development of the domestic crude oil production referred to in paragraph (2)(A) would, because of the maximum weighted average first sale price specified in subsection (a) of this section, as adjusted, have the effect of reducing or limiting ceiling prices permitted for crude oil produced in the remainder of the United States to levels which would result in less production of such crude oil than would otherwise occur, the President may, together with such report, or at any time thereafter not earlier than 90 days after any previous submission under this subsection, except as provided in paragraph (4), submit to the Congress in accordance with the procedures specified in section 551 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act and amendment to the regulation promulgated under section 4(a) which

(A) excludes up to 2 million barrels a day of crude oil production transported through the trans-Alaska pipeline from the computation of the maximum weighted average first sale price specified in subsection (a); and

(B) establishes ceiling prices (or a manner of determining prices) for the first sale crude oil production referred to in subparagraph (A) such that the actual weighted average first sale price for such production will not exceed the highest actual weighted average first sale price permitted under the regulation for significant volumes of any other classification of do

mestic crude oil. (3) Any such amendment shall be accompanied by such findings and supporting rationale as the President determines justify such ceiling prices (or manner for determining such prices). Any amendment submitted to the Congress pursuant to this subsection shall not take effect if either House of Congress disapproves such amendment in accordance with the procedures specified in section 551 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act.

(4) If any such amendment is disapproved by either House of Congress, the President may not later than 30 days after the date of such disapproval submit one additional amendment in accordance with paragraphs (2) and (3), which amendment shall not take effect if either House of Congress disapproves such amendment in accordance with the procedures specified in section 551 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act.

(5) If any amendment submitted by the President to the Congress pursuant to this subsection becomes effective, such amendment may thereafter be further amended by the President, subject to the procedures and requirements of paragraphs (2) and (3) of this subsection, except that no such further amendment shall be submitted earlier than January 1, 1978, and thereafter no earlier than 90 days after the date of any previous submission made under this paragraph.

(h) In any judicial review of an amendment required by this section to be submitted to the Congress in accordance with the procedures specified in section 551 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act, the reviewing court may not hold unlawful or set aside any such amendment on the ground that any findings made by the President were not adequate to meet the requirements of this section or of subparagraph (A), (E), or (F) of section 706(2) of title 5, United States Code.

(1) exempts crude oil produced in the United States from any provision of such regulation required to be made a part of such regulation by section 8; or

(2) results in making such regulation, as so amended, inconsistent with any limitation or other requirement specified in

section 8. (b) Except as provided in subsection (a), the President may amend the regulation under section 4(a) if he determines that such amendment is consistent with the attainment, to the maximum extent practicable, of the objectives specified in section 4(b)(1) and that the regulation, as amended, provides for the attainment, to the maximum extent practicable, of such objectives.

(c)(1) Any such amendment which, with respect to a class of persons or class of transactions (including transactions with respect to any market level), exempts crude oil, residual fuel oil, or any refined petroleum product or refined product category from the provisions of the regulation under section 4(a) as such provisions pertain to either (A) the allocation of amounts of any such oil or product, or (B) the specification of price or the manner for determining the price of any such oil or product, or both of the matters de scribed in subparagraphs (A) and (B), may take effect only pursuant to the provisions of this subsection.

(2) The President shall submit any amendment referred to in paragraph (1) to the Congress in accordance with the procedures specified in section 551 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act. Any such amendment shall be accompanied by a specific statement of the President's rationale for such amendment and the matter described in subsection (d) of this section. Such an amendment

(A) may apply only to one oil or one refined product category;

(B) may apply to the matters specified in either subparagraph (A) or (B) of paragraph (1) of this subsection, or both; and

(C) may provide for scheduled or phased implementation. (3) As used in this section the term “refined product category” means

(A) motor gasoline;

(B) Number 2 oils (Number 2 heating oil and Number 2-D diesel fuel);

(C) propane; or

(D) all or any portion of other refined petroleum products as a class (including natural gas liquids and natural gas liquid

products, other that propane). (4) Such an amendment shall not take effect if either House of Congress disapproves such amendment in accordance with the procedures specified in section 551 of the Energy Policy and Conservation Act.

(d)(1) The President shall support any amendment described in subsection (b) which is transmitted to the Congress under subsection (c) of this section with a finding that such amendment is consistent with the attainment of the objectives specified in subsection 4(b)(1) and in the case of

(A) any exemption described in subsection (c)(1)(A), with a finding that such oil or refined product category is no longer in short supply and that exempting such oil or refined product

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