Dismantling the Welfare State?: Reagan, Thatcher and the Politics of Retrenchment
Cambridge University Press, 1994 - 213 sider
This book offers a careful analysis of the politics of social policy in an era of austerity and conservative governance. Focusing on the administrations of Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher, Pierson provides a compelling explanation for the welfare state's durability and for the few occasions in which each government was able to achieve significant cutbacks. Pierson's account draws on recent work in "historical institutionalism" and rational-choice theory to fashion an important argument about contemporary policy-making. The politics of retrenchment, he argues, is fundamentally different from that of welfare state expansion. The programs of the modern welfare state - the "policy legacies" of previous governments - generally proved resistant to reform. Hemmed in by the political supports that have developed around mature social programs, conservative opponents of the welfare state were successful only when they were able to divide the supporters of social programs, compensate those negatively affected, or hide what they were doing from potential critics. This book will be of interest to those in the fields of comparative public policy and political economy as well as to those concerned with the development of the modern welfare state.
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The logic of retrenchment
Interests institutions and policy feedback
The politics of programmatic retrenchment
Retrenchment in a core sector oldage pensions
Retrenchment in a vulnerable sector housing policy
Retrenchment in a residualized sector incomesupport policy
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action administration administration's allowed alternatives American analysis argued arguments authority benefits Britain British budget central changes Chapter Congress consequences conservative considerable continued contributions costs council countries created critical cutbacks cuts deficit discussion economic effects efforts evidence example existing expansion expenditures families federal fund government's groups housing impact important income increased individual influence initiatives institutional interest labor largely legislation less levels limited lower major Means means-tested ment Nevertheless offered opposition organized outcomes particular parties pension percent political poor position Press pressures problems produced programs proposals prospects radical rates Reagan reduce reform relatively remained responsibility result retrenchment retrenchment advocates Review role sector shift significant social policy social programs Social Security spending strategies strong structure subsidies substantial success suggested Thatcher government unemployment unions United University vulnerable welfare
Beyond the Welfare State?: The New Political Economy of Welfare
Ingen forhåndsvisning tilgjengelig - 2006
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