History of Europe: From the Fall of Napoleon, in 1815, to the Accession of Louis Napoleon, in 1852, Volum 2

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W. Blackwood and sons, 1853

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Want of industry in the national character
9
The physical circumstances of Spain favoured commerce but not manufac tures
10
Effect of the longcontinued hostility with the Moors
11
Impolitic laws of Spain in regard to money
12
Important effect of the Romish faith
13
Difference of the towns and country in respect of political opinion
14
Disposition of the army
15
The church
16
State of the peasantry
17
State of the nobility 19 Huge gap in the revenue from the loss of the South American colonies
19
how it was formed 21 Its extreme democratic tendency
21
Utter unsuitableness of the constitution to the generality of Spain
22
Universal unpopularity of the Cortes and constitution
23
Influence of the Cortes on South America
24
effect of the removal of the seat of government
25
Rio Janeiro
27
Its general adoption of English habits and ideas 27 Character of Ferdinand VII
29
Decree of Valencia
31
Universal transports in Spain at this decree and the kings return
32
VOL II
33
Ferdinands despotic measures Reestablishment of the Inquisition
34
Discontent in various quarters 36 Revolt of Mina in Navarre
36
Fresh arbitrary decree of Ferdinand
37
15
38
Its failure and his death
39
Invasion of France and retreat of the Spaniards Fresh tyrannical acts
40
the king 41 Change of ministers and policy at Madrid
41
Restoration of the Jesuits and other despotic measures
42
19
43
Creation of the kingdom of Brazil
44
Insurrection in Valencia
45
Abortive conspiracy in Barcelona and death of General Lacy
46
Papal bull regarding the contribution by the Spanish church
47
20
48
Treaty for the limitation of the slavetrade
49
its army and navy
50
Extreme penury of the finances of Spain Decree April 3 1818
52
Disastrous fate of the first expedition to Lima
53
Fresh revolt at Valencia which is suppressed
54
Causes of the revolt in the Isle of Leon
55
Efforts of the Cadiz Liberals to promote
56
Insurrection at Cadiz
57
The conspiracy is at first arrested by dAbisbal
58
DAbisbal is deprived of the command of the expedition
59
Additional measures of severity on the part of the Government
60
Yellow fever at Cadiz
61
Sale of Florida to the Americans
62
Marriage of the king
63
21
64
Vigorous measures adopted against the insurgents
65
Capture of the arsenal and expedition of Riego into the interior
66
Its defeat and failure
67
Perilous position of Quiroga in the Isle of Leon
68
Insurrection at Corunna and in Navarre
69
the king accepts the constitution
70
Reflections on this revolution
71
Rapid advances of the revolution
72
Reception of the revolution at Barcelona Valencia and Cadiz
73
Massacre at Cadiz
74
New ministry at Madrid
75
First measures of the new government
76
Establishment of clubs in Madrid and other revolutionary measures
77
22
78
251
82
23
86
24
93
Internal measures of 1824 and settlement of the boundaries of Russian
97
Iness of Ireland
102
25
103
FROM THE PEACE OF 1815 TO THE ACCESSION
113
What would have relieved the couutry and its neglect
117
istration and training of the army
120
Suspension of the Habeas Corpus Act and Insurrection Act
123
Their unity of purpose
126
28
128
53
129
Unity of interest in the empire
132
Tchinn
135
Of the bourgeois and trading classes
138
29
141
Condition of the exiles in Siberia
142
Generous conduct of the emperor to the relatives of the convicts
143
Opinion of M Haxthausen on the serfs and their enfranchisement
144
Great reforms in all departments introduced by the emperor
145
Great legal reforms of the emperor
146
Enciple of government in Russia
147
Coronation of the emperor and empress at Moscow
148
Character of the Emperor Nicholas and parallel between him and Peter in the Great
149
Causes which have led to this character
150
His personal appearance and failings
151
58
165
61
171
62
174
67
178
Death of Alexanders natural daughter
211
And death
217
How this came about
223
Information given of the conspiracy to Alexander
229
Nicholas advances against the rebels
237
Leaders of the revolt in the army of the south
243
Reflections on this event
249
ROYALIST REACTION IN FRANCE FRANCE FROM THE COUP DETAT OF 5TH MARCH 1819 TO TIE ACCESSION OF THE PURELY ROYA...
263
265
265
270
270
arst arrested by dAbisbal
274
14 Increasing violence and exasperation of the press 15 Budget of 1819
275
Preparations for the election of 1819
278
de Serres TES
279
His character 22 Conversation of Louis XVIII and the Count dArtois on the election 23 Change in the ministry
282
236
288
The Duke de Berri
289
His biography
290
Louvel his assassin
291
Assassination of the Duke de Berri
292
3536 His last moments 293294
294
His death
295
Immense sensation which it produced
296
Chateaubriands words on the occasion
297
General indignation against M Decazes
298
Violent attacks on the new ministry by the press 25 Kings speech at opening the session 26 Comparative strength of parties in the Chamber 27 Design...
299
He at length agrees to his dismissal
300
Resiguation of M Decazes and the Duke de Richelieu sent for
301
The kings inclination for Platonic attachments
302
Her first interview with Louis which proves successful ib 47 Character of M Decazes
304
Merits of his measures as a statesman ib 49 Division of parties in the Assembly after M Decazes fall
306
Funeral of the Duke de Berri and execution of Louvel
307
5152 Ministerial measures of the session Argument against the first 308309
308
Answer by the Government
309
5455 Censorship of the press Argument against it by the Opposition
311
5657 Answer by the Ministerialists 312313
312
Result of the debate
314
Reflections on this subject
315
Alarming state of the country and defensive measures of Government
316
Denunciation of the secret government
317
Ministerial project of a new electoral law Taw
318
6366 Argument against it by the Opposition 319321
319
6771 Answer by the Ministerialists 321324
321
CamilleJourdans amendment carried
325
The amendment of M Boin is carried by Government
326
Disturbances in Paris
328
The budget
330
Military conspiracy headed by Lafayette
331
Changes in the household
343
Ordonnance regarding public instruction
345
276
349
277
371
CHAPTER X
376
A currency based on the precious metals is always liable to Auctuations
387
Concurring causes which brought about the bill of 1819
388
Danger of a currency entirely rested on a metallic basis
390
True system
391
Peculiar dangers with which the resumption of cash payments was attended
392
Strain on the money market from the immense loans on the Continent
393
Great prosperity of England in end of 1818 and spring of 1819 from extension of its currency
394
278
395
237
396
Disastrous contraction of the currency
398
281
399
Rapid increase of disaffection in the country
401
Meeting at Peterloo
403
Great excitement and objects of the meeting
404
Its dispersion by the military ib 28 Noble conduct of Lord Sidmouth on the occasion
406
Result of Hunts trial
407
Reflections on the impolicy of allowing such meetings
408
And on the conduct of the magistrates
409
Seditious meetings in other quarters 33 Augmentation of the Chelsea pensioners
412
Meeting of Parliament and measures of Government
414
Lord Sidmouths Acts of Parliament
415
246
416
Death of the Duke of Kent
418
Death of George III
419
Birth of Queen Victoria
420
Alarming illness of George IV
421
Ominous questions regarding the omission of Queen Carolines name in the Liturgy
422
Remarkable speech of Mr Brougham
423
Cato Street conspiracy Thistlewoods previous life ib 45 Design of the conspirators
425
Conflict in the dark in the Cato Street loft
426
Execution of the conspirators
427
Disturbances in Scotland and north of England
429
Insurrection in Scotland
430
Outbreak of the insurrection and its suppression ib 52 Death and character of Mr Grattan
432
His character as a statesman and orator
433
Increase of the yeomanry force
434
The budget for 1820
435
Important subjects of debate in this session
437
Statistics on education in England and Wales by Mr Brougham ib 58 Difficulties of this subject and necessity of an assessment
439
Its difficulties and attempts at their solution ib 60 Probable mode of solving it
440
What is to be done with the educated classes ?
441
Americans
445
282
475
oved the couutry and its neglect
493
pas Corpus Act and Insurrection Act
500
Measures for the relief of the agricultural classes
505
vernment for the relief of the agriculturists
506
Repeated defeats of Ministers in the House of Commons
515
Details of the measure
521
Political changes in progress from the resumption of cash payments
528
284
571
339
579
Proceedings of the Cortes and progress of the civil war
591
his appearance and character and followers
593
Desperate assault of Cervera
594
Defeat of Misas ib 59 Severe laws passed by the Cortes 595 59 Severe laws passed by the Cortes 60 Great extension of the civil war
596
Deplorable state of the Spanish finances
599
Riot in Madrid and death of Landabura 599 62 Riot in Madrid and death of Landabura 63 Commencement of the strife between the guard and the ga...
600
Progress of the negotiations with the insurgents
601
Attack of the guards on Madrid and its defeat
602
Destruction of the royal guard
603
Defeat of the insurgents in Andalusia and Cadiz
604
Change of ministry and complete triumph of the revolutionists
605
The new ministry and provincial appointments
606
Murder of Geoiffeux ib 72 Second trial and execution of Elio
607
Civil war in the northern provinces
609
Vigorous measures of the revolutionary government
610
Capture of Castelfollit and savage proclamation of Mina
611
Continued disasters of the Royalists and flight of the regency from Urgel
612
CHAPTER XII
614
Effect of these events in France and Europe
615
Lamartines observations on the subject
616
Opposite views which prevailed in Great Britain
617
Repugnance to French intervention
618
Danger of a renewal of the family compact between France and Spain
619
Influence of the South American and Spanish bondholders
620
Immense extent of the Spanish and South American loans
621
Views of the Cabinet and Mr Canning on the subject
622
Congress of Verona agreed on by all the powers
623
Members of the Congress there
624
Description of Verona
625
Views of the different powers at the opening of the Congress
626
Brilliant assemblage of princesses and courtiers at Verona
627
Treaty for the evacuation of Piedmont and Naples th 16 Resolution of the Congress regarding the slavetrade
628
Note of England regarding South American independence
629
Instructions of M de Villèle to M de Montmorency regarding Spain
630
Mr Cannings instructions to Duke of Wellington
631
Measures adopted by the majority of the Congress on the subject
632
Views of what had occurred in this Congress
635
The warlike preparations of France continue
641
Mr Canning adopts the principle of noninterference
654
Immense sensation produced by this speech
664
Dramatic scene at his expulsion
670
by Riego
671
Portrait of Mr Canning by M Marcellus
676
uiroga in the Isle of Leon
677
Forces and their disposition on both sides
682
Entry of the Duke dAngoulême into Madrid
688
Its provisions
694
Defeat and capture of Riego
700
Resumed negotiations at Cadiz and assault of Santa Petri
701
Deliverance of the king and dissolution of the Cortes
702
Scene at his deliverance
703
rid
704
Sentence of Riego
705
Entry of the king and queen into Madrid
706
Distracted and miserable state of Spain
708
State of Portugal during this year Royalist insurrection
709
Royalist counterrevolution
710
Triumphant return of the Duke dAngoulême to Paris
711
Offer of assistance by Russia to France rejected
712
101102 Views of Mr Canning in recognising the republics of South America 713715
713
acknowledged it
716
Mr Canning did not give independence to South America but only 104 Recognition of the South American republics by Mr Canning
717
ind in regard to the Spanish revolution
719
Speech of Mr Canning at Plymouth
720
The elections of 1824 and strength of the Royalists
721
Great effect which this had on the future destinies of France
722
Meeting of the Chambers and measures announced in the royal speech
723
considerations in favour of it ib 112 Argument on the other side
724
Law for the reduction of interest of the national debt
725
285
726
Reflections on this decision Difference of the English and French funds
727
288
728
Statistics of France in this year
729
Reign of Louis XVIII draws to a close ib 120 His declining days
730
His great powers of conversation
731
His religious impressions in his last days
732
Character of Louis XVII
733
His private qualities and weaknesses
734
Political inferences from the result of the Spanish revolution
735
Great merit of the French expedition into Spain in 1823
736
It had nearly established the throne of the Restoration
737
The French invasion of Spain was justifiable
738
Was the English intervention in behalf of South America justifiable ?
739
Its ultimate disastrous effects to England
740

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Side 717 - It would be disingenuous, indeed, not to admit that the entry of the French army into Spain was, in a certain sense, a disparagement — an affront to the pride— a blow to the feelings of England...
Side 467 - ... from the roots and the stem of the tree. Save that country, that you may continue to adorn it; save the Crown, which is in jeopardy, the aristocracy, which is shaken; save the altar, which must stagger with the blow that rends its kindred throne!
Side 717 - I have already said that, when the French army entered Spain we might, if we chose, have resisted or resented that measure by war. But were there no other means than war for restoring the balance of power? Is the balance of power a fixed and unalterable standard?
Side 717 - Spain might be rendered harmless in rival hands, — harmless as regarded us, and valueless to the possessors ? might not compensation for disparagement be obtained, and the policy of our ancestors vindicated, by means better adapted to the present time ? If France occupied Spain, was it necessary, in order to avoid the consequences of that occupation, that we should blockade Cadiz? No: I looked another way; I sought materials of compensation in another hemisphere. Contemplating Spain such as our...
Side 467 - Save the country, my lords, from the horrors of this catastrophe ; save yourselves from this peril ; rescue that country of which you are the ornaments, but in which you can flourish no longer, when severed from the people, than the blossom when cut off from the roots and the stem of the tree.
Side 398 - The Prince Regent has the greatest pleasure in being able to inform you, that the trade, commerce, and manufactures of the country are in a most flourishing condition. " The favourable change which has so rapidly taken place in the internal circumstances of the United Kingdom, affords the strongest proof of the solidity of its resources. " To cultivate and improve the advantages of our present situation will be the object of your deliberations...
Side 637 - ... opinion, that to animadvert upon the internal transactions of an independent state, unless such transactions affect the essential interests of his Majesty's subjects, is inconsistent with those principles on which his Majesty has invariably acted on all questions relating to the internal concerns of other countries ; that such animadversions, if made, must involve his Majesty in serious responsibility, if they should produce any effect ; and must irritate, if they should not...

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