appearance in the London mar

be unequal, one or more of them ket. I imagined it would prove being useless, and the coarseness a treasure, but, in common with of the cast line increased without other piscators, was disappointed; adding to its strength. it was inferior in strength. Some Pretending to no arrangement, anglers stain gut: this is often while on the subject of cast lines, done in the shops to disguise its I shall make a few remarks upon inferiority (its dulness): if this the manner in which they are be done, a light blue is probably used in actual practice. With the best colour. Gut should al- some (and certainly the best anways be wetted before you at glers) the tail fly is the first which tempt to knot it, and even then touches the water. To do this the knot should not be drawn withoutsplashing, the casting hand too tight immediately : I mean, must be slightly raised or checkthe tension should be moderate ed, just as you are aware the fly in closing the knot. If pulled is about to descend; it is a very hard, the miscroscope will con- minute and delicate operation, vince the sceptical or the satirical and requires long practice to rethat immediately under the knot duce it to certainty. With some the gut will be more or less flat- the bottom of the hair or silk tened and injured. If this slight line, just above where it is joined precaution be observed, the an- to the cast, touches first, the tail gler will be spared many mortifi- fly falling over-in throwing a cations, and not have to deplore very long line this is admissible, the loss of many a good tish. and cannot well be helped, but is Another great objection to knot- not the best practice, the drop of ting gut dry is, that, when subse- the fly (for large trout especially) quently wetted in the river, the being worth all. To throw your coil of the knot loses its position, fly to the opposite side of a bank, and it is apt to slip. Great care on stones or rocks, the leaves of should be taken, in uniting the aquatic plants, &c., and then let links, that the substance of the it fall off, is very killing, and gut be as nearly as possible the should be well practised. It is same, as otherwise, in the constant these apparent trifles which are use of the casting line, the weakest advantageous when reduced to link would be sure to go close practice, and render one man by the knot. In the doubling successful, where another goes and twisting treble gut for large home empty. Almost every one salmon flies, each link of gut now-a-days knows the principles, should be of the same thickness; but how few are up to the niceby which means in the machine ties of the art ! and did I not each link will receive an equal dread being tedious, I should number of twists: if this be not dilate more. I have still a few attended to, and the links of un- remarks to make in my next. cqual thickness, the tension will



SIR, THE nearest place to London of my knowledge, I believe I have

where Grouse are to be found enumerated all the places in the is in the several forests and unin- South of England where Grouse closed lands on the borders of are to be found. Surrey and Sussex, and some I shall next proceed to Wales. parts of Kent; and I believe they The first place is the mountains were formerly, if not at the pre- near Crickhowell; the Black sent day, to be found within Mountain, near Brecon; and, thirty miles of the Metropolis running south to Merthyr Tyd. On these lands there is only vil, westward to Penderyn, Es. Black Game.

trevelle, and to Llandovery, in The next place, westward, is Carmarthenshire. In Pembrokethe New Forest, all Black: thenshire they were formerly in abunthe heaths near Poole in Dorset- dance. On the highest mountain shire; the hills in the parish of of that country, called Priscilla Sidbury, Devon, extending to Top, I have been told that for Honiton, Ottery St. Mary, &c.; many years they were totally ex. Hall Down, on the road from tinct, but that lately some had Exeter to Newton Bushell; and come to that spot, but whence or on the wilds of Dartmoor.

how nobody pretends to know. Turning northward, in the Farther westward in that countyparish of North Molton, on the but I never heard of any going lands of Lord Poltimore, where north-eastintoCardiganshire-they they are more plentiful at present are again found; on the borders of than any of the beforementioned Carmarthenshire and Cardiganlands. Exmoor Forest, and some shire; in the vicinity of Tregaron, lands belonging to Lord Carnar. Yspythy-Istwyth; tothe eastward, von, in the vicinity of Dulverton, in Radiorshire, on New Radnor they are also to be found. Forest, the property of the Earl

More in the centre of the king- of Essex; on the property of dom, they are also in abundance Mr. Macnamara, of Langoidmore at Beaudesert, the property of the Castle ; on the Cwn Teither Hills, Marquis of Anglesea ; and also in near Rhaedor Gwy; on the hills Sutton Colfield Park, belonging near Hafod, the seat of the late to the Corporation of that town— Col. Johns, but now the Duke of both in Staffordshire, and within Newcastle, and those of Crossten miles of Birmingham. wood, Lord Lisburn's.

All the abovementioned places Formerly the greater part of afford only the Black Game. these moors were not preserved,

There may have been formerly and any person shot over them Black Game on some of the heaths without interruption : now they and commons in Shropshire and are all preserved, with very little Cheshire; but although I have exception. known those counties well for In North Wales the moors are forty years, I never remember to much more extensive. Those have seen any: and, to the best round Llanidloes, the property of


Lord Powis, have been preserved ing they were all killed, being many years, There are

easy of access, as he had often adjoining moors in the neighbour- seen them perched on the turf hood of Newtown Commons open and peat stacks. to the public. Round Machnllaith, In the North of England the and to the west of Townmeiri- moors nearest London are in the onydd, the moors belong to vicinity of Buxton, the property Edwards of Talgarth, and Corbet of His Grace the Duke of Devon, of Ynys-y-maeng wyn. At Dynas- shire, who kindly gives them up mawddwy the moors belong to to the visitors at that place: they Mr.Mytton of Aldstone in Shrop- are not very extensive. Per. shire, and were always preserved, mission is obtained by application and the only moors I ever knew to the Duke's Steward, who gives let in Wales.

a card for so many days. I have Round Bala it was always been credibly informed that there said that the moors belonged to have been occasionally as many the Prince of Wales, and I was shooters on the moors as birds. in the habit of frequently going The Duke has other moors at the there. Six brace a-day was called back of Chatsworth, towards Shefgood shooting. To the north of field, where they are strictly preBala Mr. Price of Rhiwlas claimed served for his own shooting and an exclusive right, but I never his particular friends staying in saw any quantity of birds there. the house, where they are toleraAgain to the westward, on the bly plentiful. There are other north side of Bala Pool, is a moors in the parish of Eyam, very large range of mountains Hathersage, &c. where the combelonging to Sir Watkin Williams mons have been inclosed, and the Wynne. On the different moun- Grouse are extinct, or nearly so. tains further north Grouse are to At the back of Sheffield is be found, but in still smaller an extensive range of moors, fornumberg.

merly open to everyone, but Snowden, I have heard, was which have been lately preserved, once famous, but at the present and tickets sold at the rate of moment I do not think there are ten guineas each for liberty to any. On some of the Carnarvon- shoot. To whom the moors beshire hills they were equally long, or who has the management plenty with the hills round Bala, of them, I am not able to say. which was reckoned the best spot Between these moors, Manchester in Wales. On all the hills in to the west, and Huddersfield to South and North Wales the Red the north-east, there are many Game is only to be found at pre- acres of moor land belonging to sent; the Black were formerly different proprietors. abundant, but have been all de More to the north, at Rippenstroyed some years. I have heard den, is a large tract belonging the Rev. Mr. Anwyl, Rector of to His Grace the Duke of Lanykil, and Chapluin to Sir Leeds, and hired by a party of W. W. Wynne, a man forty years gentlemen who preserve them, since nearly eighty, say, that he raising the money by the sale of remembered them plenty, but tickets, as at Sheffield. There that as people improved in shoot- are also various other tracts of moors more to the north: those Mr. solicitor, Barnard Casnear Shipton, belonging to the tle. Many people from York Earl of Thanet ; also around and Yorkshire take tickets anSettle; and more to the west. To nually; they were formerly five the east, near Paitley Bridge, guineas. There are inns at Bowes, there are many small tracts of and two in the centre of the moors that are annually let. On moor, where sportsmen during all these moors the game, from the shooting season put up. being so near large manufacturing Adjoining to Stainmoor is Midtowns, and regularly shot over, dleton Teesdale, the property of afford only sport for two or three the Duke of Cleveland ; and, to days.

the west, moors belonging to Lady Proceeding further north there Strathmore, strictly preserved. are some moors adjoining, close, if The latter have been let. not in the parish of Dent, that are Next again, to the east, are strictly preserved, where there is moors belonging to the See of a good sprinkling of birds. In Durham ; near and round WolDent the moors have been open singham also, to Mr. Beaumont; to the public from time immemo- Lord Crewe, and various other rial, and are shot over the first small proprietors; some of which two or three days by all the are let annually. poachers out of Kendal, and from To the north, Aldeston Moor, all parts of Westmoreland.

being part of the forfeited estates On the road from Kendal to of the Earl of Derwentwater, but Penrith, pass over a large tract of now belonging to Greenwich Hosmoor to Shap, where there is a pital. It was let three years since mineral spring in the centre of to Captain Coulson of the Guards ; the moors, and a new house build- and the first day it was trespassed ing on a large scale by the Earl upon by one hundred and fifty of Lonsdale, whose property ex- miners, all having guns, with tends for many miles. The game their wives and children to carry is strictly preserved, and is plen- the game. tiful for England.

I some years since bought a dog To the north of Hawes are of a miner at that town, Aldeston moors, strictly preserved by Lord Moor, who told me that the miners Wharncliffe ; and still further, on made it a rule always to begin the River Swale, Muker, pre- shooting the Sunday before the served many years by Mr. Osbal- day on which the shooting com deston, and now let to Mr. Richard menced; and that for ten weeks Sutton.

they always calculated on sending Still farther north, at Stainmoor, to Carlisle market weekly 300 are m oors where every freeholder brace of Grouse; and that they has a right to shoot, and where nu- went southward beyond the Swale, merous small freeholds, with small and northward to fifty miles becottages, are to be purchased at yond the Scotch Border. the low sum of 2001. or 3001. Northward, beyond Aldeston giving the owner that right. Moor, is Lord Wallace; and on the There is also another part of the right, Mr. Orde, Member for the moor, which is let out by tickets, County; and, near Haltwhistle at 10gs. each, on application to Unthank, Mr. Pearson ; and sevea VOL. VII. SECOND SERIES.No. 37.


ral other tracts of moor, belong. all the Northumberland moors ing to different proprietors. are Black and Red. In York

To return back to Yorkshire: shire I know of no place where on the east are very extensive the Black are to be found. Furmoors, with a decent supply of ther north, there are many estates game, near Helmsley, Pickering, nearer the Scotch Border, where and Kirby moor side, belonging Grouse, both black and red, are to Lord Faversham; with many to be had in tolerable abundance. other smaller estates belonging to The miners, both coal and lead, numerous proprietors, reaching are so much in the habit of poacheastward to Whitby and Scarbo- ing, that it is not possible to calrough, and westward nearly to culate on any good shooting in Malton.

the north of Yorkshire or NorthGoing again north-east from umberland to any certainty.Haltwhistle is Bewcastle, a very Two years since I bought two extensive tract belonging to Sir dogs of Mr. Allgood's keeper of James Graham, strictly preserved, Nunwick, who told me that three which las of late years been weeks before the shooting season advertised both for sale and to let. commenced he was out on the Adjoining, to the east, are the moors, and saw several men at a moors of the Earl of Carlisle ; distance, who he at first took for some other smali moors at Lam- people gathering sheep, but on port, &c. &c., which are let. hearing guns he soon discovered Adjoining are moors belonging it was a gang of poachers, sixteen to Sir Thomas Blacket, who has or eighteen in number. Knowlately built an excellent house on ing it useless to go alone, he prothem. Then Mr. Allgood, of cured three or four other men, Nunwick. Further north, Ot- and went up to them. On orderterbourne Moors, belonging to ing them off, they replied, they Greenwich Hospital, part of the were come to shoot for the support Derwentwater estate, letto Messrs. of their families, and that they Bell and Brandling of Newcastle; would not only shoot that day, round Kirk Whelpington and Els- but come the next; and having don Moors, belonging to Sir John fallen in with a brood of Black Trevylian and Mr. Trevylian. Game scarcely able to fly, killed Further to the north, the famous five or six in their presence. moors and Castle of Nielder, be- The same thing happened the longing to the Duke of Northum- same year in several places in berland, well stocked, parti- Northumberland. cularly with Black Game; but on April 6, 1833.


SIR, IF you think the following ac- not so well known to many of

count of three weeks' most su- your Southern readers as they perior sport with the Fife Hounds are to those north of the Tweed, worthy a place in your Magazine it may be as well, before giving you are welcome to it. Is, how- an account of their sport, to give ever, these hounds are probably a short account of themselves.

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