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remarkably destructive, and seldom Mary, which was found in the rubfails to make a long stay. The bish of a church there. On the cæmeteries are swelled to a great European side, opposite to the extent round the town, and filled Rhodius, was Cynossema The Barwith broken columns, pieces of row of Hecuba, which is still very granate, and marble fragments, conspicuous, and within or close by : tixed as grave-stones; some carved the castle. with Turkish characters in relievo, We returned, when we had figilded and painted. In the Arme- nished our survey, to our lodging, nian burying-ground we discovered where we supped cross-legged, aa long Greek inscription on a slab bout sunset. Soon after, when it of white marble, but not legible. was dark, three coverlets richly On a rocky eminence on the side embroidered were taken from a next the Propontis is a range of press in the room, which we ocwindmills.

cupied; and delivered, one to cach The town and castle has on the of us; the carpet or sopha and a south a river, which descends from cushion serving, with this addimount Ida. · Its source, as we were tion, instead of a bed. A lamp told, is seven hours up in the coun- was left burning on

a shelf, and try; and its violence, after snow the consul retired to his - family, or rains upon the summits, prodi- which lay in the same manner in gious. Athick wall has been an adjoining apartment. We pulerected, and plane trees disposed to ed off our coats and shoes, and keep off the torrent, and protect expected to be much refreshed by the buildings from its assaults. At sleeping on shore. We had not the mouth, like the Scamander, it been apprized of a nightly plague, had then a bar of sand. The bed which haunts the place, or perhaps was wide, stony, and intersected rather the houses of the Jews. Two with green thickets, but had water of us could not obtain rest for a in the cavities, at which many wo- moment, but waited the approach men, with their faces muffed, were of dawn with a degree of impatience busy washing linen, and spreading equalled only by our bodily sufit on the ground to dry.

ferings, which cannot be desThis river enables us to ascer- cribed. tain the site of the inner castles, a We had agreed in the evening point of some consequence in the to visit some neighbouring places topography of the Hellespont. Its on the continent, with the prinantient name,

appears from cipal islands near the mouth of the Strabo, was Rhodius; and it en- Hellespont. Early in the morning tered the sea between Dardanus and the consul asked for money to purAbydos. The remnants of marble, chase provisions, which, with other which we

saw in the burying. necessaries, were put into a scheick grounds about the town, have been or wherry. He embarked with us, removed thither chicfly from the between the hours of eight and ruins of thëse cities, particularly nine by our watches. We had six of the latter, which was the most Turks, who rowed; a Janizary, considerable. The consul showed and a Jew servant. The two latter, us a head of an image of the Virgin with the consul, sate cross-legged Vol. XVIII, 1775.

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before us, on a small carpet; as the It is on the north-side of the castle, sais or master of the boat did behind, and ranges along the brink of a presteering with the handle of the helm cipice. over his shoulder.

When the leat was abated a We soon crossed the Hellespont, little, we were informed that the and coasting by the European shore, governor gave us permission to resaw several solitary king-fishers, fresh in his garden. We dismissed with young partridge, among vast his messenger with a bac-shish or single rocks. The winter torrents present of three pịasters*, and an had worn deep gullies, but the excuse, that we were just going courses were dry, except a streain, arv?;'; but this was not acceptert; which we were informed, turns a and we paid another piaster for seemill. À narrow valley, or two, ing a very small spot of ground, was green with the cotton plant walled in, and containing nothing, and with vines, or sowed with except two vines, a fig and a pone

granate tree, and a well of excelAfter passing the mouth of a lent water. port or bay called antiently Coelos, The Turks, after we were land, we landed about eleven on the c!, had rowed the wherry round chc.ronese of Thrace, near the Ma tusia, and waited for us with first European castle, within the en- 'out the point, In our way to them, trance of the Hellespont; by the castle-wall, we saw a large cended to the miserable cottage of: Corinthian capital; and an altar, a poor Jew in the town.

Here a made hollow and used as a mortar mat was spread on the r, ud-toor for bruising corn. Near the other of a rooni by the sea-side, and the end of the town is a bare barrow. catables we had provided, were By this, was formerly the sacred placed on it. The noon-tide heat portion of Protesilaus, and his at this place was excessive, The temple, to which perhaps the consul retired, as usual, to sleep; marble fragments have belonged. while we alsørested, or were anzused He was one of the learlers in the with the prospect from the win: Trojan expedition; and was killed dow. Beneath us was the shining by Hector. Aticrwards he was wercanal, with Cape Mastusia on the shipped as a hero, and reputed the right hand; and opposite, the patron or tutelar deity of Eleus. Asiatic town and castle, with the On our arrival at the wherty, noble plain divided by the Sca- which was behind the castle, we mander; and the barrow's men- found our Turks sitting on the tioned before, two standing by each ground, where they lad dined, other not far from the shore, with chiefly on ripe fruits, with ordinary in Sigéum, and one more reniote. bread. We had there a wide and

The ancient name of this town, deep gulf, a portion of the Ageran which is exceedingly mean and sca anciently called Melas, on vur wretched, was Eleûs. The streets right hand, with Imbios, toward or lanes are narrow and intricate. the entrance, twenty-five miles

A piaster is about half a crown English, and is equal in value to thirty peraus, · These are a omall silver coin, about the size of an English penny.

from

from Mastusia, and twenty-two place of rendezvous; and Othman
from Lemnos, which lay before us, seized it in 1302, procured vessels,
and beyond these, other islands, and from thence subdued the other
and the continent of Europe, in islands of the Archipelago.
view. We had intended to visit The port of Tenedos has been
Lemnos, and the principal places inclosed in a mole, of which no
in that quarter, but, the wind pro- part now appears above water, but
ving contrary, we now steered for loose stones are piled on the founda-
Tenedos, and, alter rowing some

tions to break the waves. The time with a rough sea, hoisted sail: . basin is encompassed by a ridge of we passed by some islets, and about the mountain. On the south side three in the afternoon, reached the is a row of wind-mills and a small. town. On opening the harbour, fort; and on the opposite, a castle we discovered in it, besides smalle by the shore. This was taken in craft, three Turkish gallies wait. the year 1656 by the Venetians in. ing to convey the Venetian bailow four days, but soon after abandonor resident, who was expected ed, as not tenable. The houses, daily, to Constantinople; the ships which are numerous, stand at the, of that republic being by treaty foot, or on the slope, of an accliexcked from navigating the Hel vity; with a flat between them and lespont.

the sea, formed partly by soil washThe island Tenedos is chiefly ed down from above. They reckon rock, but fertile. It was anciently six hundred Turkish families, and reckoned about eighty stadia or ten three hundred Greek. The church miles in circumference, and from belonging to the latter is decent. Sigéum twelve miles and a half. We fc:nd here but few remains Its position, thus near the mouth of of antiquity worthy notice. We the Hellespont, has given it im- perceived on our lauding a large portance in all ages; vessels bound and entire sarcophagus or stone toward Constantinople finding coffin serving as ? fountain, the shelter in its port, or safe anchor. top-stone or lid being perforated age in the road, during the etesian to admit a current of water, which or contrary winds, and in foul supplies the vent below; and on weather. The Emperor Justinian one side is an inscription. Vear erected a magazine to receive the this we saw part of a futed column cargoes of the corn-ships from converted into a murtar for bruisAlexandria, when detained there. ing curn; and in a shop was a This building, was two hundred remnant of tesselated pavement and eighty feet long, ninety-brvad, then recently discovered. In the and very lofty. The voyage from streets, the walls, and buryingEgypt was rendered less precarious, gro:ends, were pieces of marble, and and the grain preserved, until it fragments of pillars, with a few incould be transported to the capital. scriptions. Afterwards during the troubles of In the evening, this being Sunthe Greek empire, Tenedos ex- day and a festival, we were much perienced a variety of fortune. amused with seeing the Greeks. The pirates, which infested these who were singing and dancing, in seas, made it for many years their several companies, to music, pear

the

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the town ; while their women were exquisite flavour, called mescade!!.
sitting in groups on the roofs of The island is deses vedly famous for
the houses, which are flat, as specta- the species of vine which produces
tors, at the same time enjoying the this delicious liquor.
soft air and serene sky.

We had been told, that an anWe were lodged much to our sa- tient building remained on the tisfaction in a large room, with a south side of the island, not much raised floor matted, on which we out of our way to the ruins of a slept in our clothes, in company city, called Eski-Stamboul, on the with two Jews and several'Greeks; continent of Asia. Our Turks a cool breeze entering all night at were waiting at the boat, and we the latticed windows, and sweeten- just ready to join them, when we ing our repose.

were informed that a scheik was In these countries, on account arrived from the Asiatic Dardanell, of the heat, it is usual to rise with which we had lately left, and that the dawn. About day break we the presence of the consul was rereceived from the French consul, a quired on some very urgent busi, Greek with a respectable beard, a ness at Constantinople. His bro, present of grapes, the clusters large ther, who had set sail in the morn. and rich, with other fruits all fresh ing early to overtake him, reviin gathered. We had, besides, bread ed with us in his stead, and son and coffee for breakfast, and good won our regard by his attention and wines, particularly one sort, of an çivility,

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THE

Co Ν Τ Ε Ν Τ S.

HISTORY OF EUROPE.

CH A P.

I.

Retrospective riew of affairs in the colonies in the year 1764. General effect

of the late laws. Impeachment of Mr. Oliver. Assembly of Massachusett's
Pay dissolved. General Gage arrives at Boston. Great consternation or
receiving the Bosion port bill

. New assembly meet at Boston, and are ad-
journed to. Salem. Provincial and town meetings. Assembly of Virginia
dissolved. Philadelphia. New York. Address from Gentlemen, &c. of
Boston to the new governor. Address from the council rejected. Trans-
actions of the house of representatives at Salem. The assembly dissolved.
Address from the town of Sulem. General temper and disposition of the
people throughout the continent. Solemn leugue and covenant. Proclama-
tion against it. Measures relative to the holding of a general congress Reso-
tutions passed in different places. Address from the justices of Plymouth county.
Uneasiness excited by the arrival of troops. False alarm. Proclamation
for the encouragement of piety and virtue, &c. Hostile appearances.

New
judges incapable of acting. New counsellors compelled to renounce their
offices. Fortification on Boston Neck. Provincial magazine seized. The
people in a violent ferment. Company of cadets disband themselves; and
return the standard. Sundry resolutions paseed by the delegates of the county
of Suffolk. Remonstrance. Ansier, Writs for holding a general assembly
counter manded by proclumation. The representatives meet notwithstanding
at Salem ; vote them.cives into a provincial congress, and adjourn to the
town of Concord. Renonstrunce from the provincial congress; governor's

State of affairs at Boston. Further proceedings of the provincial
Cozress. Proclamation.

[p. ).
R3

CHAP

ansver.

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