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CO N T E N T S.
ESSAY on POETRY and MUSIC,
as they affect the Mind.
POETRY considered with respeet to its MATTER
CHAP. I. Of the end of Poetical Composition.
II. Of the Standard of Poetical Inven.
III. Poetry exhibits a System of nature
Somewhat different from the reality
IV. The subje&t continued. Of Poetical
V. Further Illustrations. Of Poetical
VI. Remarks on Music.
Sect. 1. Of Imitation. Is Music an Imitative
2. How are the pleasures we derive from
Music to be accounted for? 137
3. Conjectures on some peculiarities of
National Mufic. Page 164
CHAP. VII. Of Sympathy.
Of the LANGUAGE of POETRY.
CHAP. I. Of Poetical Language, considered as
Sect. 1. An idea of Natural Language. ibid.
2. Natural language is improved in Poetry
by the use of Poetical words.
3. Natural Language is improved in Poetry,
by means of Tropes and Figures. 233
CHAP. II. Of the Sound of Poelical Language. 271
ESSAY on LAUGHTER and LUDI-
CHAP. I. Introduction. The Subje£t proposed.
Opinions of Philosophers,-1. Ari-
stotle.-II. Hobbes.- III. Hutcheson.
CHAP. II. Laughter seems to arise from the vieru
of things incongruous united in the
same assemblage: I. By Juxta-
position ; II. As Cause and Effect;
III. By Comparison founded on Simi-
litude ; or, IV. United so as to ex-
bibit an opposition of Meanness and
III. Limitations of the preceding doetrine.
Incongruity not Ludicrous, I. When
customary and common; nor, 11. When
it excites any powerful emotion in the
beholder, as, 1.Moral Disapprobation,
2. Indignation or Disgust, 3. Pity ;
or, 4. Fear; III. Influence of Good-
breeding upon Laughter; IV. of
Similitudes, as connected with this
subject ; V. Recapitulation. 384
IV. An attempt to account for the supe-
riority of the moderns in Ludicrous
REMARKS on the Usefulness of CLAS-