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' 97- iosimus, l. ii. p. 93. Anonym. Valefian. p. 713. Eutro
pins, x. 5. Aurelius Victor£ Euseb, in Lhron. Sozomen,-l. i. c. 2.,
Four of these writers affirm that the promotion of the Czsars Was ' an
C H A P.
Treaty of peace. December.
. The reconciliation- of Constantine and Licinius, though it was embitter-ed by resentment and jealousy, by the remembrance of recent injuries, and by the apprehension of future dangers, maintained, however, above eight years, the tranquillity of the Roman world. As _a very regular series of the Imperial laws commences about this period, it would not be difficult to transcribe the civil regulations which employed the leisure of Constantine, But the most important of his institutions are intimately connected with the new system of policy and religion, which was not perfectly established till the last and peaceful years of his reign. There are many of his laws, which, as far as they concern' the rights andtproperty of individuals, and the. practice of the bar, are more properly referred to the private'v than to the public jurisprudence of_ the empire; and he published many edicts of so local and temporary a nature, that they would ill deserve the notice of a general history. Two laws, however, may be selected from the crowd; the one, for its importance, the other, for its fingularity;
the former for its remarkable benevolence, the
latter for its excessive severity. 1. The horrid practice, so familiar to the ancients, of exposing or murdering their new-born infants, was be
an article of the treaty. It is however certain, that the younger Constantine and Licinius were not yet born; and it is highly probable that the promotion was made the rst of March, A. D. 317. The treaty had probably stipulated that two Caesars might be created' by the wenern, and one only ssby the eastern emperor; but each of them referred to himself the choice of the persons.
tine against rapes were dictated with'very little
was pronounced on the day of the Qtlinquennalia of the Czshrs, the rst of March, A. D. 321.
zo f© were