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concurred with him. He thought, at all suspicion did the accounts of the all events, that the house should re

embassies appear on the closest scrusolve that these duties ought to find tiny; nay, so deeply was the public their way into the exchequer—that indebted, in a pecuniary point of view, they ought to be applied in aid of the to those who had served it with zeal public expenditure, and not reserved as and ability, that men of all parties a part of the prerogative of the crown; assented to the justice of the charge but as this proposition implied an un made

upon

the civil list on account of necessary and unjustifiable encroach- these distinguished persons. ment on the prerogative, he was not A message from the Prince Regent supported in his attempt to disturb it. was sent down to the House of Com. He finally maintained, that the abuses mons, recommending that a suitable in the application of this revenue call- provision should be made for the prin, ed for parliamentary interference; but

cesses.--By acts passed in the 18th and as he was unable to specify any such 39th of his present majesty's reign, the abuse, his motion for a committee was king was empowered to make a grant negatived.

(contingently in the event of his ma. The questions connected with the jesty's demise) of 30,0001. as an ancivil list naturally excited very great nuity to the four princesses who were interest ; and it is not wonderful that in life when the acts were passed. If every

effort was made to ascertain the the number of the annuitants should nature and amount of the expenditure. be reduced to three, each of them was A motion was accordingly made by to havė 10,0001. a-year ; if to two, Mr Eden for a select committee, to 20,0001. a-year was to be divided beenquire into the charges on the civil tween them; and if to one, the sur. list; and as ministers had nothing to vivor was to have 12,0001. a-year. conceal, they readily agreed to the Such was the provision which parliaproposal

. Á circumstance deserving ment had enabled the king to make of notice occurred in the course of the for the princesses in the event of his discussion. The charge on account majesty's demise ; but the melanchoof foreign embassies constitutes a very ly circumstances which had recently

, considerable branch of the aggregate occurred seemed to place their royal charge upon the civil-list revenue ; highnesses in the same condition as if and in the accounts presented to the the demise of the crown had actually house, in consequence of the motion, taken place. The princesses had hilarge sums were stated for the mission therto lived in family with their royal of Mr Arbuthnot to the Porte, and parents ; but as they might of the Marquis Wellesley to Spain. It a change in this respect, and might was strongly insinuated that many er even prefer to live separately from rors had crept into these accounts; each other, it became necessary to but a short explanation was found suf- make suitable provisions for them. ficient to remove every suspicion. Mr It was proposed by the Chancellor of Arbuthnot was present in his place as a the Exchequer, that to each of the member of the house to answer for four princesses the sum of 9000l. per himself; and Mr Richard Wellesley annum should be granted, exclusively was prepared to explain every thing of the grant of 40001. from the civil on the part of his brother. So minute list,-a sum which, as it was payable and satisfactory were the explanations during pleasure, could not with cer, given by these gentlemen ; 50 clear of tainty be relied upon. He proposed

now desire

also, that upon the death of one of family with their royal parents. But, the princesses, the survivors should in this view of the case, he had misreceive the sum of 10,000l. per an. understood the late arrangements ; for num each ; on the death of a second, it had been expressly stated, that the that the two survivors should conti. additional grant was to be voted to nue to receive 10,000l. each; and on the queen, solely on account of the the death of a third, that the sole sur. expense to which she might be put by vivor should receive 12,0001. per an the melancholy situation of the king. num. By this arrangement, it was He thought that the allowances to the intended that the former resolutions princesses might very well be paid out of the legislature, with regard to their of the immense fund which had so lateroyal highnesses, should be carried in- ly been voted to the Prince Regent ; to effect, making allowance for the although, when making this statement change of circumstances occasioned to the house and to the country, Mr by a fall in the value of money.

Whitbread could not have forgotten, To a proposal, apparently so rea. that the civil list, as transferred to his sonable, various objections were offer. royal highness, was less by 50,0001. ed. Mr Creevey was greatly alarmed than that which had been enjoyed by by the proposition for charging this the king.-Mr Tierney thought, that allowance to the princesses on the con as there was no reason to believe that solidated fund; and although he ad- the princesses would not continue to mitted that there was a large surplus live together, the proposed grant was of that fund, and that the public credi- extravagant ; although he admitted, tor was of course most amply secured, that if they should determine to live for the present at least, yet was he separately, the provision would be no alarmed lest the fund might ultimate more than reasonable. Mr Tierney ly become inadequate to answer the thus in effect declared, that such a demands which might be made on it. provision only ought to be made for the This view of the case was somewhat princesses as should confine them to a extravagant, and few of Mr Creevey's manner of life which they might find own friends ventured to support him disagreeable or inconvenient.---Mr in it; but he had another cause of Ponsonby had still another reason for complaint, which appeared better opposing the grant. His objection founded. He asked, Why this pro- was, that the present measure would vision for the princesses had not been put the princesses in immediate posproposed when the house

was engaged session of their provisions, while they in a general settlement of the civil.list had formerly obtained nothing more revenue ? and added, that by bringing than a contingent right to them to beforward measures in detail for the come effectual on the demise of the support of the royal family, ministers crown. He forgot that their royal fawere enabled to conceal the real state ther had already lost the power of the expenditure from the country. cuting the intentions of the legislature

Mr Whitbread took different ground in their favour ; that as to them the in his opposition to the measure. He demise of the crown had already in ef. contended, that the 10,0001. which had fect taken place ; that the king's suso lately been granted to the queen, perintending care had been withdrawn had been voted by the House of Com- from them; that it depended upon mons on the supposition that the prin. chance whether the provisions origicesses were still to continue to live in nally intended should ever be made

of exe

effectual ; and that the princesses were can be permitted to stand in the way thus placed in a situation in which it of a nation's anxiety upon a question would have been disreputable to the of such national importance. "If any country if it had allowed them to re man can satisfy the public upon this main. Some members of opposition topic, it is the right honourable genpleaded against the grant, the abstract tleman, (Mr Perceval.) They know

nd barren principles of economy; as him to have been at one time the zeaif a pension of 36,0001. a-year to four lousadviser and devoted adherent to the princesses were too much for such a Princess of Wales. They believe him country as England to bestow—as if to have conscientiously undertaken her another question could possibly have defence to have written her vindicome before parliament to which this cation to have published it. That principle of economy might not, with vindication is said to have involved in more justice, and with far more deli- it an attack upon her royal consort. cacy, have been applied.

It is known to have been an attack But the members of opposition who upon his royal highness, and the respoke on this subject, did not con- gent's first minister is known to have fine themselves within the usual limits been the author of it; and after he of debate; they endeavoured to mix had published it, after it had been with the question before the house read by one and by one hundred, it other topics with which it had no was bought up at an enormous ex. very obvious connection ; and selected

pence ; bought up by the private seone upon which they believed that cretary of the right honourable gen. they might with more than ordinary tleman. I ask him now, Does he readvantage, press both the prince and tain his former opinions of the unex. his ministers. This was the first oc ceptionable conduct of the Princess of casion on which they brought forward Wales ? I ask him, If he did not latethe differences subsisting betwixt the ly, in this house, solemnly record his Prince and Princess of Wales. Mr confirmation of that opinion ; and if Whitbread has uniformly taken a con it is now what it was the other night, spicuous part in the discussions con. I call upon him to explain, if he can, nected with this subject; and it may his apparent desertion of her just not be improper, therefore, to quote claims to that respect, notice, provi. the words with which he introduced sion, and consideration due to her? it to parliament. “ I have heard,” These are questions, which, as he vasaid Mr Whitbread, “ that the queen lues his own consistency,--as he va. is about to hold a drawing-room, of lues the character and claims of the course no hopes can now exist of his princess, and as he respects the prince majesty's recovery ; because if there his master, he is bound to answer." were any, such a step, I presume, But the House of Commons did not would not be resorted to; but in case give way to this mode of proceeding. that drawing-room is held, I would Men of all parties could perceive that wish to know, is there to be any the condition of the Princess of Wales public appearance of the Princess of had no immediate connection with the Wales ? This is no private concern ; provision to be made for the princesses ; the public have a right to demand for they knew, that less than two why the acknowledged consort of months before, (while the regent had their regent does not appear in public not yet declared himself in favour of as such. No affectation of delicacy his minister,) although the legislature

was then making ample provision for the princesses, which had been framed his royal highness, not a single murmur by the minister, was carried through respecting the state of the princess was its different stages, and received the heard. The bill for the provision to sanction of the legislature.

CHAP. II.

Debate on the Constitution of the Ecclesiastical Courts. Sir William Scott's

Bill on this Subject. , Measures adopted with reference to the State of the. Currency. Lord Holland's Motion respecting ex officio Informations. De. bates on Military Pu:izshments. Mr Brand's Motion for a Reform in Par liament.

lence upon

In England, where so much freedom which are necessary to ensure success, of discussion is indulged, both in and It is soon discovered, that plans of out of parliament, and where the peo- reform are not always brought forward ple are not influenced by a very super with a view to any solid advantage stitious veneration forancient establish- which may be derived from them, but ments, it may seem singular that from motives less generous and respect: many

obvious abuses should still exist, able--from a wish to embarrass the and that the spirit of a wise and tem- administration, and to seize by vioperate reform has not, long ago, re

the

government. Grievan. moved all the grosser evils at least ces are selected, not with reference to which are inseparable from the insti- their true magnitude and importance, tutions of an early age. The causes, but with a view to the effect which however, which have, in many instan- noisy discussion may

have on the par. ces, retarded improvement, may be ty-politics of the day; and even when discovered without difficulty. Those the subject of complaint is wisely cho. who are inyested with the higher of- sen, the manner in which it is urged fices of government, are, generally is commonly but little calculated to speaking, so much occupied with the raise those who support it in the scale discharge of their official duties, and of virtue and patriotism. The mi. the defence of their conduct against nisters, feeling that their conduct is the attacks of their enemies, that it is unjustly assailed, and their characters seldom they have leisure to turn re. wantonly traduced, are naturally proformers, and project extensive improve- voked to resist measures by which ments. The task of reform, therefore, their enemies may seem to gain an unis naturally abandoned to the mem- due advantage over them ; and by an bers of opposition, who do not always obstinacy, which is rather to be parcome to the discharge of a duty so doned than approved, are apt to car. delicate with the views and feelings ry their resistance farther than the

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