nion. On this point there could be no that the scarcity was felt as severely in dispute, why were we so ? Because France at present as in England.” it was the policy of the authors of this Mr Stephen “confessed that he did and the preceding war which had made not hear the first speech of the hon. us so ; which had first made Buona- gentleman, but had the misfortune to parte consul for life, and afterwards, hear the two last. He should cerin alliance with his own talents, had tainly think himself greatly wanting in made him emperor, and had enabled his duty to the public, if he did not him to trample upon every hostile state. endeavour to counteract, by every efThe same errors and fallacies were still fort in his power, the mischievous mis. circulating and still believed ; one day representations of the measures of goPrussia was said to be arming against vernment which were circulated insiFrance, on another she was described diously through the country. Those as uniting her force to that of France, misrepresentations were calculated to to assist in crushing the only independe divert the resources of the country ent state remaining on the continent. from that patriotic channel in which It was his duty, then, to ask the peo- they ought to flow, into a channel of ple to be misled no longer by the fatal disaffection; they were calculated to policy of ministers ; and he would ask make men turn away their confidence the right hon. gentleman himself, not from the conductors of our public afto become the victim of his own infa. fairs, and to make them believe that tuation, by bringing the country to

until certain measures were adopted, the end of its resources. He believed until a change, which he knew to be the period must soon arrive when this impossible, should take place, the would be the case. He should be country could never regain its former sorry if any thing had fallen from him prosperity. It was the proper

and that might bear an interpretation fo. peculiar duty of a membe of parlia. reign to his intentions, but he had ment not to suffer the public to be de. deemed it an impressive duty to enter luded by artful misrepresentations,into this avowal of his sentiments." not to suffer their ignorance or their

The Chancellor of the Exchequer prejudices to be worked upon by those declared, “ that every offensive imprese persons in the country who seemed to sion which the hon. gentleman had spend their time and talents in poison. made, more on the feelings of his hon. ing the minds of the people. He could friends than on his own, was complete. conceive nothing more mischievous in ly removed. He had certainly not at a political, nor more infamous in a mo tributed to the hon. gentleman that ral sense, than the propagation of the which he imagined him to have done. falsehood which was now disseminaAs to the question immediately before ted; of falsehood he should say, bethe house, he held it to be desirable cause there were many members on that in populous towns the soldiery the benches opposite, and even the ought rather to be kept apart than to honourable gentleman himself, (Mr be quartered on the people. The hon. Whitbread) who had admitted at vagentleman had again alluded to the or- rious times that the effect of the orders ders in council; but could they be in council was not such as was now said to prevent the importation of corn, attributed to them. He held in his when it was generally known that, hand a paper which was just one of notwithstanding their operation, eight that description which now crowded millions had been paid last year for the newspapers, and in hand-bills crept foreign corn imported ? The fact was, through the country; this paper was

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signed, “ A Staffordshire Potter,” animated by French spirit, imbued and it set out with a most notori- with French principles, entertaining ous falsehood, that before the orders French views, discontented with their in council, and under the first ope. own government, and willing to rush ration of Buonaparte's decrees, our upon measures that must be fatal to all trade was not diminished (Hear, that Englishmen hold dear, to the hear, from Mr Baring.) What? did freedom that Englishmen cherish, and

he hear a cheer from any gentleman the independence, without which they ¿ opposite ? or was the cheer from him would not care to exist. Such an

who had often taken part in debates on imposture as this, in such a country, this subject, and who must, therefore, and under such a government, was unbe well acquainted with the truth of paralleled in the baseness and profligathe fact which he was alluding to ? cy of mankind. In justice to the poor Did the honourable gentleman mean deluded manufacturers, he wished to that the representation of the paper see these detestable arts abandoned ; was right? If so, he should certainly and this effort of his indignation was move a resolution on the fact, and have directed to no other purpose. He it officially before the house. (Move, begged the lurking authors of those move from the opposition benches.) misrepresentations to look to the conHe disdained those sneering cries, be- sequences; to see that they were only. cause he knew that there was no per. paving the way for the ravages of mi. son who would venture to call upon litary force, and exposing the nation him seriously for proof of a fact which to a deluging waste of blood.The was in evidence before the house. It honourable and learned gentleman then was already known, that during the proceeded to shew, that in the six first three months after the issuing of months subsequent to the issuing of Buonaparte's decrees, until the orders the orders in council, the country had in council were adopted, our trade had reached a pitch of prosperity unknown not only diminished, but was entirely at any former period of our history, at a stand; that there were no exports, that our exports were unexampled, and that many of the cargoes which amounting to no less an excess than had cleared the river for the continent ten millions. After this statement, he were obliged to be relanded. The in- would put it to the candour of the surance was even so high as 60 per honourable gentleman, whether he was cent. ; so that scarcely any underwri. fair in the introduction into his speeches ter was to be found who would sub- of those little episodes on the orders

This was a stubborn fact, in council ; whether his custom of and yet, in defiance of such a truth, Ainging a remark or two on this subthere were men who could be base ject into the context of his casual enough to mislead poor ignorant ma. speeches, was altogether very gracious,, nufacturers, and make them attribute when he always declined making any to the orders in council, and the go. specific motion,-any motion that vernment who advised them, all the could be distinctly met by the evievils of their present condition. Such a

dence of facts which were too strong bold and rank imposture he would not to be broken down. The honourable impute to any member of that house, gentleman was always carping at the because he was aware that the inten- orders in council, save the first two tions of them all were pure ; but he years, when he thought it convenient

that such an imposture to be silent on their effects; and now must proceed from a French party, again be came forward with his views,

scribe one.

would say,

and prospects, and prophecies; and it some little appearance of discrepancy appeared that in his opinion there was in the honourable gentleman's asserno alternative for England but inabili. tions. At one time it was his dextety to carry on the war, or submission. rity, and the next moment it was the Really, although he was not himself refusal of others to take his situation, totally devoid of apprehension, he con that kept him in it. His right hofessed that he derived some consola- nourable friend's dexterity must certion from the honourable gentleman's tainly be very formidable, when there evil predictions. In fact, the honour.

was no person on the other side who able gentleman's prophecy was to him would venture to change places with the very best security he could wish him. But if it was not even choice, for. The reputation of a prophet but necessity, to which his right hoseemed to be the fame now most in nourable friend owed his situation, he vogue; and if the ambition of the must say, that it was a most fortunate honourable gentleman was very soar- necessity for the country. If the with. ing, he would recommend him to be holding of their services on the part of come editor of Moore's Almanack, in others was the means of preserving his which work he could have a wide field right honourable friend to his country, for the display of his abilities. The then that refusal was a most important prediction of sun-shine in the dog- event in the history of England, and days, or a fall of snow in December, would be equally an important event might fortuitously and felicitously to his character. It would shew that turn out to be realised, and the cha- his fame, which was progressively inracter of the honourable gentleman creasing, and would increase to ages, might be retrieved. - The honourable arose not from any ardent and sanguine and learned gentleman then argued, love of power—that its spring was not that the present scarcity was not to be in ambition, but that it was driven to attributed to the orders in council, display itself by the disinclination of contrary to what he understood had others to strengthen the administrabeen stated by the honourable gentle. tion, to share in the toils and perils of man. (Here Mr Whitbread signified his situation. It was pleasing to him his dissent.) He was glad to see that say,

that he knew no minister who the honourable gentleman disavowed, had better graced his pre-eminence; by his gesture, that he had imputed and under his auspices he was confithe scarcity to the government, that dent that this country would not be was at least one advantage gained by reduced to the disgraceful alternative this irregular discussion. As to the mentioned by the honourable gentleasperity of the beginning of the de. man opposite.”-Such was the viobate, after the display of good humour lence on the one side, and such the by the honourable gentleman, he dignity displayed on the other, in the should not repeat the offensive express course of this famous conversation, sions which were applied to his right which did much to exalt the charachonourable friend. At the same time, ter of Mr Perceval. The historian he could not help saying, that when of these times may well dispense with his right honourable friend was repre- any reflections on an occurrence upon sented by the honourable gentleman as which the parties themselves have so rising to his station by talent, and in- effectually stamped their characters genuity, and dexterity, and afterwards and pretensions. said to have obtained his place because About thirty years ago, the comno one else would take it, there was missioners of public accounts report


ed their opinion that the office of pay- reason to fear that men would forget master of widows' pensions was a mere their duty, and be cheated into silence, sinecure, that it was useless, and that than when a man deservedly high in it ought to be abolished. In a late public estimation was appointed to a report of the commissioners of mili- sinecure. The appointment, they said, tary enquiry, these gentlemen referred was insulting to parliament. It few to the former report of the commis- directly in the face of their resolutions. sioners of public accounts, confirmed The abolition of the office of paymaster their opinion, and recommended that on of widows' pensions had been recomthe death of the patentee, Gen. Fox, mended not merely by the commissionthe office should be abolished. Gene- ers of 1783, but that recommendation ral Fox died in the interval betwixt the had been confirmed by the commislast and present sessions of parliament, sioners of military enquiry in 1808, in but as the office had not been actually the strongest manner. The house itabolished, and as it was uncertain whe- self, in 1810, after no very mild debate, ther the legislature might concur in had given its sanction to that recomopinion with the commissioners, it was mendation. In that year, after a warm thought expedient, in the mean time, discussion on the 31st of May, and the to fill up the appointment. Colonel Ist of June, and after one division, the M.Mahon, an old and faithful servant house came to two resolutions. The of the Prince Regent, a gentleman in first was of a very general nature, as whose praise the different parties in it merely resolved, “That the utmost the house of commons vied with each attention to economy is at all times the other, was appointed to the office ; duty of parliament.”. The second stabut so anxious were ministers to avoid ted, " That it was the opinion of that suspicion, that care had been taken committee, that, in addition to the usedistinctly to communicate to Colonel ful and effective measures already aM.Mahon, that, considering the cir. dopted for the abolition of sinecure of. cumstances of his appointment, he was fices, it was expedient to extend them to hold the office subject to any view to others, the duties of which were per. which parliament might afterwards formed by deputy ;” and a farther atake of it. The ministers had some mended resolution, after a long debate, reason to believe that they had thus declared, " That for this purpose, in secured the government against all mis- addition to the useful and effective mea. representation ; but in this they were sures already adopted for the abolition greatly mistaken. The enemies of the of sinecures, and of offices the duties appointment fully subscribed to all of which were executed by deputy, it that had been said in praise of Colonel was expedient to enable his majesty M.Mahon, but were not the more sa. to reward in a different way those tisfied with the manner in which the who had filled high effective civil ofofficial situation to which he had been fices.”—That the office held by Coloappointed, had been bestowed. Far nel M.Mahon in the prince's housefrom thinking that the high character hold was a high one, but it did not of the individual justified the appointe bring him within the meaning of the ment, they were of opinion, that the last resolution, which was only undermore deserving the man, the more stood to comprehend those who held strictly ought his appointment to be high effective situations in the courts scrutinised. When a job was to be of justice, in the army


and done, said they, if a person generally in the public offices of state.--It apobnoxious were selected, there was less peared a mere jest to talk of the situa

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tion held by Colonel M.Mahon of parliament, was certain, but it threw ming within the meaning of the resolu an obstacle in the way of its abolition, tion.-- The resolution recommended the and on this ground they could not but abolition of all offices which produced object to the appointment. revenue without employment, and the The speakers on the other side reregulation of those where the revenue plied to some arguments against apand employment were disproportion. pointing members of parliament to ofate. The reports both of the com. ficial situations, as well as to the obmissioners of 1783, and of 1808, re. jections made to the appointment more commended the abolition of the two immediately under the consideration offices of paymaster and deputy pay. of the house. On the several questions master of widows' pensions, as being they took high ground. It is obvious, unnecessary,


one having very little said they, that where a member has to do, the other nothing at all. The been appointed to an office which ren, office of paymaster had in particular ders him incapable of sitting in parliabeen recommended to be done away on ment, he cannot belong to the class of the demise of General Fox. Now, persons by whom the determinations what had been done by ministers when of the house of commons are said to that event took place? Why, at a time be improperly influenced. By acceptwhen the house was not sitting, and ing office under government, he vaparliament had no opportunity of ad- cates his seat, and his constituents dressing the Prince Regent on the sub- must determine whether he shall again ject, they had advised that the office fill it. If they disapprove of him as should be given to Colonel M.Mahon!' their representative, the remedy is in But then, said the ministers, it was their own hands. But does any one distinctly communicated to him that really think that the circumstance of he was to hold it subject to any future being a member of the house of com. act of parliament. What was there in mons should disqualify any gentleman this? Why, 'Colonel M-Mahon held from serving the public in an official his own private estate subject to any capacity? Who will pretend that a future act of parliament. That he barrister, for instance, who has discomust so hold his sinecure was known vered extraordinary talents, should be to him before, and his having been told excluded from holding a public office, 50 then, only proved that the minis, because he is a member of parliament ? ters were conscious they were disre Yet to such absurdities did the argugarding those principles which had ments on the other side lead, for it been recognised by the house and its had been admitted that to all the apcommissioners. It had been said that pointments complained of, men of tait was not granted to General Fox for lent and integrity had been selected. life any more than to Colonel M.Ma. No want of honour or of capacity to hon; but on turning to the report of fill the situations to which they had 1783, it would be seen that no reason been appointed had been charged ahad been given for not immediately gainst any of them; and if the apabolishing the office, but that it was pointments were objectionable, they then held by General Fox. If, then, must be so on this foundation, that they had acted consistently with that the gentlemen on whom they had been recommendation, on his death it would conferred, had been thought, worthy have been abolished. That the grant of a seat in that house by their conof it to Colonel M.Mahon did not pre- stituents. The objection had the mesent its being subject to a future actrit of novelty to be sure, but could

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