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and drove his troops before them from one height to another, bringing forward their right, so as to acquire strength upon the enemy's flank, in proportion to the advance. BrigadierGeneral Pack made a very gallant attack upon the Arapiles, in which, however, he did not succeed, excepting in diverting the attention of the enemy's corps placed upon it, from the troops under the command of Lieutenant-Gemeral Cole, in his advance. The cavalry under Lieutenant-General Sir Stapleton Cotton made a most gallant and successful charge against a body of the enemy’s infantry, which they overthrew and cut to ieces. In this charge Major-General o: Marchant was killed at the head of his brigade; and I have to regret the loss of a most noble officer. After the crest of the height was carried, one division of the enemy’s infantry made a stand against the 4th division, which, after a severe contest, was obliged to give way, in consequence of the enemy having thrown some troops on the left of the 4th division, after the failure of BrigadierGeneral Pack’s attack upon the Arapiles, and the honourable Lieut.-General Cole having been wounded. Marshal Sir William Beresford, who happened to be on the spot, directed Brigadier-General Spry’s brigade of the 5th division, which was in the second line, to change its front, and to bring its fire on the flank of the enemy’s division; and, I am sorry to add, that while engaged in this service, he received a wound, which I am apprehensive will deprive me of the benefit of his counsel and assistance for some time. Nearly about the same time, Lieutenant-General Leith received a wound, which unfortunately obliged him to quit the field. I ordered up the 6th division, under Major-General Clinton, to relieve the 4th, and the
battle was soon restored to its former SucCeSS. The enemy's right, however, reinforced by the troops which had fled from his left, and by those which had now retired from the Arapiles, still continued to resist; and I ordered the 1st and light divisions, and Colonel Stubbs’s Portuguese brigade of the 4th division, which was re-formed, and Major-General William Anson’s brigade, likewise of the 4th division, to turn the right, while the 6th division, supported by the 3d and 5th, attacked the front. It was dark before this point was carried by the 6th division, and the enemy fled through the woods towards the Tormes. I pursued them with the 1st and light divisions, and Maior-General William Anson’s brigade of the 4th division, and some squadrons of cavalry under Lieutenant-General Sir Stapleton Cotton, as long as we could find any of them together, directing our march upon Huerta and the fords of the Tormes, by which the enemy had passed on their advance; but the darkness of the night was highly advantageous to the enemy, many of whom escaped under its cover, who must otherwise have been in our hands. I am sorry to report, that owing to this same cause, Lieutenant-General Sir Stapleton Cotton was unfortunately wounded by one of our own sentries, after he had halted. We renewed the pursuit at break of day in the morning, with the same troops, and Major General Bock's and Major-General Anson’s brigades of cavalry, which joined during the night; and having crossed the Tormes, we came up with the enemy’s rear-guard of cavalry and infantry near La Serna; they were immediately attacked by the two brigades of dragoons, and the cavalry fled, leaving the infantry to their fate. I have never witnessed a more gallant charge than was made on the enemy’s infantry by the heavy brigade of the King’s German legion, under MajorGeneral Bock, which was completely successful, and the whole body of infantry, consisting of three battalions of the enemy’s first division, were made prisoners. The pursuit was afterwards continued as far as Penaranda last night; and our troops are still following the flying enemy. Their head-quarters were in this town, not less than ten leagues from the field of battle, for a few hours last night; and they are now considerably advanced on the road towards Valladolid by Arevalo. They were joined yesterday on their retreat by the cavalry and artillery of the army of the north, which have arrived at too late a period, it is to be hoped, to be of much use to them. It is impossible to form a conjecture of the amount of the enemy’s loss in this action; but from all reports it is very considerable. We have taken from them eleven pieces of cannon, several ammunition waggons, two eagles, and six colours; and one general, three colonels, three lieutenant-colonels, 130 officers of inferior rank, and between six and seven thousand soldiers are prisoners; and our detachments are sending in more every moment. The number of dead on the field is very large. I am informed that Marshal Marmont is badly wounded, and has lost one of his arms; and that four general officers have been killed, and several wounded. Such an advantage could not have been acquired without material loss on our side; but it certainly has not been of a magnitude to distress the army or to cripple its operations. I have great pleasure in reporting to your lordship, that, throughout this trying day, of which I have related the events, I had every reason to be
satisfied with the conduct of the general officers and troops. The relation which I have written of its events will give a general idea of the share which each individual had in them ; and I cannot say too much in praise of the conduct of every individual in his station. I am much indebted to Marshal Sir Wm. Beresford for his friendly counsel and assistance, both previous to and during the action; to Lieutenant-Generals Sir Stapleton Cotton, Leith, and Cole, and Major-Generals Clinton, and the Hon. Edward Pakenham, for the manner in which they led the divisions of cavalry and infantry under their command respectively ; to Major-General Hulse, commanding a brigade in the sixth division; Major-General G. Anson, commanding a brigade of cavalry; Colonel Hinde ; Colonel the Hon. Wm. Ponsonby, commanding Major-General Le Marchant’s briade, after the fall of that officer; to §. William Anson, commanding a brigade in the 4th division; Major-General Pringle, commanding a brigade in the 5th division, and the division after Lieutenant-General Leith was wounded; Brigadier-Gen. Bradford, Brigadier-General Spry, Colonel Stubbs, and Brigadier-General Power of the Portuguese service; likewise to Lieutenant-Colonel Campbell of the 94th, commanding a brigade in the 3d division ; Lieut.-Colonel Williams, of the 60th foot; Lieut.-Colonel Wallace, of the 88th, commanding a brigade in the 3d division ; LieutenantColonel Ellis, of the 23d, commanding General the Hon. Edward Pakenham’s brigade in the 4th division, during his absence in the command of the 3d division; the Hon. Lieutenant-Colonel Greville, of the 38th regiment, commanding Major-General Hay's brigade in the 5th division, during his absence on leave; Brigadier-General Pack; Brigadier General the Conde de Re.
zendi, of the Portuguese service; Co lonel Douglas, of the 8th Portuguese reg neut; Li ut. Colonel the Conde de Ficalho. of the same regiment; and Lieutena t-Colonel Bingham, of the 53d regim nt; likewise to BrigadierG-ueral d’Urban and Lieut.-Colonel Hervey, of the 14th light dragoons; Colonel Lord Edward Somerset, commanding the 4th dragoons; and Lieut.Colonel the Hon. Frederick Ponsonby, commanding the 12th light dragoons. I must alo mention LieutenantColonel Woodford, commanding the light battalion of the brigade of guards, who, supported by two companies of the fusileers, under the command of Captain Crowder, maintained the village of Arapiles against all the efforts of the enemy, previous to the attack upon their p sition by our troops. In a case in which the conduct of all has been conspicuously good, 1 regret that the necessary limits of a dis. patch prevent me from drawing your lordship’s notice to the conduct of a larger number of individuals; but I can assure your lordship, that there was no officer of corps engaged in this
action, who did not perform his duty
by his sovereign and his country.
The royal and German artillery,
wnder Lieutenant-Colonel Framingham, distinguished themselves by the accuracy of their fire wherever it was possible to use them ; and they advan ced to the attack of the enemy's position with the same gallantry as the other troops. I am particularly indebted to Lieutenant-Colonel de Lansy, the deputy quarter-master general, the head of the department present in the absence of the quarter-master general, and to the officers of that department, and of the staff corps, for the assistance I received from them, particularly the Honourable Lieutenant-Colonel
Dundas, and Lieutenant Colonel Sture geon of the latter, and Major Scoyell of the former ; and to Lieutenant-Colonel Waters, at present at the head of the adjutant-general's department, and to the officers of that department, as well at head-quarters as with the several divisions of the army , and Lieutenant-Colonel Lord Fitzroy Somerset, and the officers of my personal staff Among the latt, r 1 particularly request your lordship to draw the attention of his royal highness the prince regent to his serene highness the hereditary prince of Orange, whose conduct in §: field, as well as upon every other occasion, entitles him to my highest commendation, and has acuired for him the respect and regard of the whole army. I have had every reason to be satisfied with the conduct of the Mariscal del Campo Don Carlos d'Espagna, and of Brigadier Don Julian Sanchez, and with that of their troops under their command respectively ; and with that of the Mariscal del Campo Don Miguel Alava, and of Brigadier Don Joseph O'Lawler, employed with this army by the Spanish government, from whom, and from the Spanish authorities, and people in general, I received every assistance I could expect. It is but justice likewise to draw your lordship's attention, upon this occasion, to the merits of the officers of the civil departments of the army. Notwithstanding the increased distance of our operations from our magazines, and that the country is completely exhausted, we have hitherte wanted nothing owing to the diligence and attention of commissary-general Mr Bisset, and the officers of the department under his direction. I have likewise to mention, that by the attention and ability of Doctor Mac Gregor, and of the officers of the department under his charge, our wounded as well as those of the enemy left in our hands have been well o care of ; and I hope that mamy of these valuable men will be saved to the service. Captain Lord Clinton will have the honour of laying at the feet of his royal highness the prince regent, the eagles and colours taken from the enemy in this action. 1 inclose a return of the killed and wounded. .
Segovia on the 7th, and at St Ildefonso on the 8th, where I halted one day, to allow the right of the army more time to come up No opposition was made to the passage of the troops through the mountains: and Brigadier-General. 1)’Urban, with the Portuguese cavalry, and 1st light battalion of the King's German, and Captain M*Donalds troo of horse artillery, had been is: the Guadarama pass since the 9th. He
moved forward on the morning of the
Downing Street, Sept. 4. Major Burgh, aid-de-camp to the Marquis of Wellington, has this day arrived at Lord Bathurst’s office with dispatches, addressed to his lordship by Lord Wellington, dated Madrid, the 13th and 15th ultimo, of which the following are extracts: Madrid, August 13. Having found that the army under Marshal Marmont continued their retreat upon Burgos, in a state not likely to take the field again for some time, I determined to bring Joseph Buonaparte to a general action, or force him to 3. Madrid. Accordingly I moved from Cuellar on the 6th instant. We arrived at
11th from the neighbourhood of Galapagas, and supported by the heavy o: of the King s German Legion from Torrelodones, he drove in the French cavalry, about two thousand in number, and placed himself at Majalahonda, with the Portuguese cavalry and Captain M Donald's troop, and the cavalry and light infantry of the King's German Legion at Las Royas, about three quarters of a mile distant. The enemy's cavalry, which had been driven off in the morning, and had moved towards Naval Carnero, returned about five in the afternoon ; and Brigadier-General D'Urban ha.."; formed the Portuguese cavalry in front of Majalahonda, supported by the horse artillery, ordered the cavalry to charge the enemy's leading squadrons, which appeared too far advanced to be supported by their main body. The Portuguese cavalry advanced to the attack, but unfortunately turned about before they reached the enemy and they fled through the village of Majalahonda, and back upon the Geronan dragoons, leaving behind them, unprotected and supported, those guns of Captain M*Donald's troop which had been moved forward to co-operate with the cavalry. By the activity of the officers and soldiers of Captain MoDonald's troop, the guns were, however, moved off; but owing 1a the unfavourable nature of the ground over which they were moved, the carriageof one was broken, and two others were overturned ; and these three guns fell into the enemy's hands. The Portuguese dragoons having fled through Majalahonda, were rallied and re-formed upon the heavy dragoons of the King's German Legion, which were formed between that village and Las Royas. The German cavalry charged the enemy, although under many disadvantages, and stopped their further progress; but I am sorry to say, that they suffered considerable
loss, and that Colonel Jonqueires, who
commanded the brigade, was taken prisoner. The left of the army was about two miles and a half distant, at the Puente de Ratamar, on the Guadarama river; and Colonel Ponsonby's brigade of cavalry, and a brigade of infantry of the 7th division, having moved forward to the support of the troops in advance, the enemy retired upon Majalahonda as soon as they observed these troops; and night having come on, they retired upon Alcorcon, leaving our guns at Majalahonda. I am happy to report that the officers of the Portuguese cavalry behaved remarkably well, and shewed a good example to their men, particularly the Visconde de Barbacena, who was taken prisoner. The conduct of the brave German cavalry was, I understand, excellent, as was that of Captain MoDonald's troop of horse artillery. The o infantry battalion was not engaged. The army moved forward yesterday morning, and its left took possession of the city of Madrid, Joseph Buonaparte having retired with the army of the centre by the roads of Toledo and
Aranjuez, leaving a garrison in the Re
It is impossible to describe the joy manifested by the inhabitants of Madrid upon our arrival; and I hope that the prevalence of the same sentiments of detestation of the French yoke, and
of a strong desire to secure the independence of their country, which first induced them to set the example of resistance to the usurper, will induce them to make exertions in the cause of their country, which will be more efficacious than those formerly made. I have not yet heard that Astorga has fallen; but the garrison which the enemy left in Tordesillas, about two hundred and sixty in number, surrendered to General Santocildes on the 5th instant. I have received no further reports of the situation of General Ballasteros since the 21st of July. I have letters from General Joseph O’Donnell and General Roche, of the 26th July; and the army of Murcia, under the command of the former, was defeated by General D Harispe on the 21st of July. It appears that the Spanish troops moved forward to attack General D’Harispe’s posts at Castalla and at Ybi ; those which attacked the former were repulsed with the loss of two thousand men and two pieces of cannon; those which attacked the latter, under the command of General Roche, conducted themselves remarkably well, and covered the retreat of the troops under General O’Donnel, and afterwards effected their own retreat, in good order, to Alicante. Madrid, August 15. I have the pleasure to inform your lordship, that the garrison of the Retiro surrendered by capitulation yesterday; and I have now the honour to enclose a translation of the capitulation. We invested the place completely on the evening of the 13th ; and in the night, detachments of the 7th division of infantry, under the command of Major-General Hope, and of the 3d division of infantry, under the command of Major-General the Honourable E. Pakenham, drove in the enemy’s posts from the Prado and the Botanical Garden, and the works which they had