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stigma of evil tendency, as no book is so party. A Georgian may thus rob or murforcible in its denunciations against injus- der an Indian with impunity, provided no tice, tyranny, and inhumanity The bill white spectator be present, or willing to which has just passed the Georgian legis- appear in evidence against him. lature, to extend the laws of that state . The legislature of New York has aboover the Indians, prohibits a Cherokee lished the absurd and exceptionable cusgiving testimony in a court of justice, in tom of making prisoners plead guilty or any case to which a White man may be a not guilty.

ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. E. D. J.; J. P ; D. M. P.; #1515; A Naval OFFICER ; M. E. C.; TheoGNIS ; N. ;

W. G.; J. M.; J. P.; CLERICUS; D. C.; and A Lover OF TRUTH, are

under consideration. The object of the passage referred to by Parvus, in the Bishop of Winchester's

sermon in our last Number (p. 12, col. 2, at the bottom), appears to be to con. trast, not to class ; and it is not so much the true son of the circumcision, as the tither of mint, anise, and cummin, the cleanser of the outside of the cup and the platter, who is intended by the Bishop to be opposed to the worshipper in spirit and in truth under the Gospel dispensation. This explanation, we think, will

solve our correspondent's difficulty. We should be very unwilling to subscribe to some of the abstruse technicalities of

doctrine and definition propounded to us by E. N., or to some of those conclusions which he considers to be the tests of those who are called Evangelical : for instance, that faith only is to be “the subject of sermons, because good works wili naturally and necessarily follow." St. Paul's conclusion is very different (Titus ji. 11-15. and passim.) We should be equally unwilling to refer our correspondent, as he wishes, to any human composition as a standard of “ evangelical doctrine." We know nothing of any such “ party" as he speaks of. For ourselves, our standard is the Bible, and our best human expositor is our own Church ; and if this last reference will suit our correspondent's object, we shall be abundantly satisfied. Dr. NIBLOCK solicits the gift of printed forms of state prayers, or authenticated manu

script copies, of any date between 1548 and 1760, both to perfect his own set, and to enrich with his duplicates the collections in the public libraries. He has discovered that his collection, though he believes the largest extant, is not strictly unique ; as Dr. Says, and the Rev. Mr. Baker, about a century ago attempted a similar object. To complete his collection, all forms issued before 1660 will be particularly acceptable, as well as those of the years 1661, 2, 3, 5, 6, 7; 1672, 3, 5; 1688, 9 ; 1690, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7; 1700, 3, 4, 6, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 15; 20, 28; 39; 43, 44, 46; 58, and 59: in all of which, forms of prayer were issued, many of which Dr. Niblock has hitherto obtained only in MS., and that at much expense. He requests them

to be sent, free of charge, to Mi. Souter's, bookseller, 73 St. Paul's Church-yard. D. C. L. quite mistakes our remark about the Bishop of Ferns in our last Number,

p. 54, in supposing that we admit that the laws allow of a bishop's probibiting, generally, every clergyman from another diocese preaching an occasional sermon in any church in his see, with the permission of the incumbent. In our volume for 1826, p. 149, will be found Dr. Philimore's opinion upon the case, in which that learned civilian states, that any clergyman may preach an occasional sermon any where, with the permission of the incumbent, on exhibiting his letters of orders. The bishop cannot interfere either with the incumbent or the preacher, except to prosecute the latter, if he happen to preach unsound doctrine. "This opinion does not, and ought not, to apply to the case of regular curates, who ought always to be licensed to their cure; nor should we wish to see it applied in any case so as to provoke a hostile and insubordinate spirit, where there ought to be the greatest mutual respect and good understanding; but if an individual prelate, as in the case of the Bishop of Ferns, sees fit, for the sake of opposing Bible and Missionary proceedings, and whatever else he is pleased to call Puritanism, to issue an ungracious and imperious edict, it is but just that his clergy should know their own rights, and, if they see fit, act upon them. See the conduct of St. Paul, Philemon 8, 9, as an admirable pattern for episcopal monitions.

SUPPLEMENT TO RELIGIOUS INTELLIGENCE, We have only space to refer our readers generally to the interesting contents of the two appended papers, under the heads of British and Foreign Bible Society and AntiSlavery Society.

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CONSIDERABLE portion of the designs of the common enemy,

our pages, as our readers are who would sow discord in the aware, has for nearly thirty years church of Christ, and prevent the been devoted to the important sub- study of the sacred word, by dividject of prophecy. In the course of ing the ranks of those who ought that period, not a few of the chief to be mutually aiding each other, questions arising out of this interest. under the guidance of its Divine ing theme bave been again and again Author, in examining its hallowed discussed; and in many cases, either contents. Why prophecy is to be anonymously or by name, by the prin- exempted from the range of serious cipal writers who, during the pre- Christian contemplation, we can dissent century, have advocated parti. cover no better pretext for, than cular hypotheses of prophetic inter that some have abused the study. pretation. To these discussions, That it ought not to be the chief or we believe, we may attribute some exclusive object of attention is no share of that increased attention to reason why, in its due measure and the study of prophecy, fulfilled and proportion, which are not small, it unfulfilled, which has of late spread should not be a subject of earnest so widely, and excited so much of inquiry to every Christian; critithe inquiries of Christians of every cally, to those who possess learning communion. That some persons and leisure; popularly, to those who have adopted unsound interpreta- have neither ; prayerfully and humtions, or that others have defended bly, to both. their interpretations, sound or un- The following communication, we sound, in a wrong spirit, is not to are permitted to state, is from the the disparagement of prophecy, but pen of Mr. Henry Drummond; a only of its frail, fallible, and sinful gentlemen who has devoted much expositors. Far from considering attention to the subject, and whose that the varying opinions, and un- general views of the interpretation seemly controversies which divide of the Apocalypse are exhibited in a Christians on this sacred topic, are concise, but striking manner, and in a reason why we should close our a Christian spirit, without debate or pages to such discussions, we think controversy, in the following paper. them, rather a reason why we should Some other communications on open them widely, that by the run- questions connected with the same ning to and fro of many knowledge topic, from other correspondents, may be increased, and brotherly in- are now lying before us, and are tercourse on subjects of such high intended to appear in future Numand holy communion may defeat bers. We purpose, also, ourselves,

CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 339.

to advert to the general inquiry, in which the Holy Ghost uses to set our review department, in reference forth the spiritual truths contained to some of the recent publications in this book. Thus, when it is said on the subject. We earnestly pray that this is THE REVELATION OF for ourselves and our correspond. Jesus CHRIST, it is to be remements, that the Omniscient Inspirer bered that Jesus Christ is declared of the prophetic record may open by the Apostle (Heb. ix. 12) to be our minds to receive with meekness now “ within the veil ;" or in the and sincerity, his infallible decla- holy of holies. The word “ Aporations; and that where he is pleased calypse" literally signifies the “un. still to permit the veil of darkness veiling ;" that is, the lifting up of to hang over their unfulfilled an. the veil which conceals Jesus Christ nouncements, he would lead us with from us, and revealing his person and deep humility to renounce our own his occupations during his present wisdom, and to wait with faith and absence from the earth (John xiv.3). patience a brighter day, assured that “God gave" this revelation of is what we know not now we shall himself to him : this is one of the know hereafter."

gifts then, which he received for men when he ascended up on high

gus

POPULAR INTRODUCTION TO THE

STUDY OF THE APOCALYPSE.

Jesus immediately sent, and “ sig.

nified," or communicated it by Tothe Editorofthe Christian Observer. « signs” to his beloved disciple

John, in order that he might make . Since many persons seem dis- it known to his church for her consuaded from studying THE BOOK solation and encouragement during OF THE REVELATION OF Jesus his absence. The contents are not Christ, by an apprehension that left to John to indite under the init requires much knowledge of the fluence of the Holy Ghost ; but the dead languages and of history, and things to be communicated are set that the discordant opinions of many forth in visions, invented expressly pious and learned men render it by God to represent what He wished hopeless for those less highly gifted to declare. Hence this book conto attempt it ; and since this book tains, so to speak, less stain of hucontains a peculiar blessing, pro. manity, and is more truly Divine, mised to all who study it, and God's than any other book in the Bible. blessings are addressed to the poor In every other book is to be traced, and foolish in their own sight, more or less, the character of the rather than to the rich and wise; writer: the style of St. Paul is it will be well to shew to this latter readily distinguished from that of class that the only eyes which are St. Peter and St. John ; and Isaiah required for its perusal, are those differs much from Jeremiah, Zechaof faith and honesty, the peculiar riah, &c. In all these books there characteristics of the poor in spirit, is something of man, some infuto whom the promise of inheriting sion of human character, with which the earth is made.

mere man can find fellowship; and The title of the book, “ the Re. hence, mere literary men, not having velation of Jesus Christ,” declares the Holy Spirit, can admire many the subject of it. It is not a re- passages in these books, while the velation of things made by Jesus Book of the Revelations has exChrist, but the revelation of Jesus cited more sneers and scoffs than Christ himself. The language in all the rest of the Bible besides. It which it is written, is that of the is the purest transcript of the mind

is to say, the ceremonies and rites those taught by his Spirit can enter of the temple are the emblems into, admire, and love it. Neither does this remark trench in the re- the seven stars are all Christian motest degree upon the question of ministers. the plenary inspiration of every John describes Jesus Christ, -first, word in the Bible: since two men as “the faithful Witness," which may both truly tell the same story, respects the truth of his prophetic and yet their expressions may be word ; not one jot or tittle of which very different.

shall pass away till it is all literally The first vision represents the fulfilled, and for the veracity of Lord Jesus Christ in the dress of which he laid down his life, as the High Priest (Exod. xxviii. 2) it was written of him by, other walking amongst seven candlesticks, prophets : it likewise applies to which are afterwards declared to him as the accurate observer of all mean seven churches. The dress that goes on in the churches over which the Lord is seen wearing, is which he is the Head Bishop ;-senot that which was worn by the condly, as "the First-begotten from high priest whilst he was within the the dead;" referring to him in his veil, which were only linen gar- priestly office of making atonement, ments (Jer. xvi. 1-4); but that as the Lamb seen in heaven alive, which he wore when he came out as it had been slain, in the followfrom the holy of holies, after hav. ing vision; and which is his true ing offered up the atoning sacrifice description all through the middle alone in the presence of God. In of this book, till we arrive at chap. the temple was a candlestick with xix.; when, thirdly, the “ Prince of seven lights, all made of one piece, the kings of the earth” becomes to represent that the church which his title, with reference to his held up the true light to the world, royal office, when he shall reign was the one Jewish church alone. with all his saints, raised as he has But now that the middle wall of been over the nations ; after which, partition between Jew and Gentile the Apostle breaks out into the is broken down, and all are one in song of praise, “Who loved us, and Christ Jesus, there are as many washed us from our sins in his own candlesticks as lights, each candle- blood, and made us kings and priests stick bearing its own light. Where- unto God, even to his father : to fore, we perceive, that though there him be glory and dominion for ever was to be one Jewish church, with and ever. Amen." one ceremonial and one ritual, and The Lord Jesus then describes confined to one place, there were to himself as the Alpha and the be many Gentile churches, and not Omega, which are the first and one only.

last letters of the Greek alphabet ; The word seven in Hebrew, sig- as much as to say, “I am he of nifies also perfect. It came to have whom alone all wise discourse can this meaning, probably, from the be made : all language, which is but work of creation having been per- the expression of man's thoughts, fected by seven acts performed can only take form and utterance at seven intervals of time: hence within these two letters; and all time was computed by sevens, of wisdom, and exercise of the noblest days, years, and weeks of days, faculties of man, all intellect, can years, &c. Thus seven spirits de- only in its highest acts arrive at note the Holy Spirit ; seven horns comprehending me. I am the bedenote complete power ; seven ages ginning and the end : I am he who complete knowledge. So seven was first in the mind, plan, and intrumpets denote seven acts of tention of God (Prov. viii). I am judgment; the seven-sealed book the end which God had in view is the complete unopened mystery from the beginning: to manifest of God. The seven candlesticks whom the world was created, man are the whole Christian church; formed, man fell, man was redeemed, and man shall be glorified." these seven epistles form a com“ The being one, the was one, and plete code of instruction for every the coming one,” is a literal trans. minister, and for every church, in lation of the word Jehovah.

every condition into which it can John describes himself as the come. brother and companion in tribula The angel, or minister of the tion, and in the kingdom and pa. church, is addressed as responsible tient waiting for Jesus Christ. All for the conduct of the flock under men are born to tribulation ; but him. He is represented as a star the tribulation which arises from in the hand of Christ himself, an the kingdom and waiting for Jesus implement with which the UniverChrist is the portion of Christians sal Bishop acts when, and where, alone; of the brethren of John), and and in what manner he will; where. of the Lord Jesus himself.

fore all ministers of churches are of John sees a vision of the Lord equal dignity, and none is superior Jesus such as Daniel saw (vii. 9), .to them; none stands, or dares inand Ezekiel (ch.i.), which he is com- terpose, between them and Christ. 'manded to write in a book, and to Christ speaks directly to them, and

send to the churches in Asia. It is through them to the people; while not said to the church of Asia, but it is added, “ Let him that hath an churches in Asia ; shewing again, ear, hear what the Spirit saith unto that mere diversity of place, without the churches :" Christ speaking to the any diversity of doctrine or cere- minister, and the Spirit speaking mony, is sufficient to constitute a to the people, is the only true unia different church; and therefore formity of which the state of the proving that the Christian churches Gentile churches admits. were to be various, and not uniform, In all these epistles a reward during this Gentile dispensation. is promised “ to him that over

The description which is given of cometh ;" which reward is a reward the glorious person of our Lord is on this earth. At the end of this afterwards subdivided, and a por. book, a vision of paradise is seen, tion only of that description placed with all these things in it which at the head of each epistle, ad- are here promised to these seven dressed to each of the seven churches, so that if these seven rechurches ; so that if the whole of wards are put together, they make the the headings of the seven epistles description of the New Jerusalem at are put together, they will recom- the end of the book. Thus the pose the one glorious description whole book of the Revelation is previously given by the Apostle. enclosed, as it were, with a hook Each church is warned of a par. and eye between these promises to ticular danger, and has a special en the church at the beginning, and couragement, and also a threatening the state when she is to receive her in case of neglecting that warning. reward at the end ; and all the interThese seven dangers, taken toge mediate visions are only to represent ther, compose all the evils which the several operations by which the can assail any church in any time, Lord Jesus Christ, who is now sit. whether arising from poverty, per- ting on His Father's throne, exersecution, and other terrors without, cises His Father's power and authoor heresy, relaxation of discipline, rity, in order to bring about and want of love, zeal, or any other reduce the earth into that state into decays from within ; and the parti. which it must be brought before he cular character of Christ, which is and his people can enjoy it. These contained in the Epistle to each letters to the churches, therefore, church, is that by the meditation are for the encouragement of the on which the particular evil which church in all times during the abhas befallen it will be cured. Thus sence of Christ, until she shall enter

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