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inspiration for our guide, exclaim- sufficiently distinguished between ing with the confidence of faith, sanction and permission: if he con“Shall not the Judge of all the fine himself to the former, he will earth do right ? ” that we are recon- find it difficult to discover an ade. ciled to the transaction. Divine quate analogy; if he include the Providence, we will suppose, suffers latter, there is nothing, however à virtuous and unoffending man to monstrous, that might not be paralbecome the victim, a willing victim, leled. We think it best, therefore, for the deliverance of his country. though not absolutely rejecting This is, perhaps, as favourable an even this portion of the argument, analogy as we can imagine. The to rise above it; to say frankly that greatness of the object, and the the atonement of Christ is a transwillingness of the victim, invest the action of its own kind,--not to be sacrifice with peculiar dignity. We accounted for, or even rendered cannot take an example more nearly plausible to the eye of the objector, approaching to our author's theo. by any analogy whatever ; an event rem, that “ it appears from the unexampled, and the only evidence analogy pointed out in the holy for which is the word of God. If Scriptures between the Divine and that word is denied, we fall back human governments, that though a upon our proofs of its inspiration; just and righteous penalty cannot and in this field there is no danger be gratuitously remitted, yet it may of defeat. We admit all subsidiary be commuted by the substitution analogies, as we have already of another, under certain circum- shewn; but the great majestic truth stances, in the place of the offender." must still for ever rest, where our Now we will not say that the ana- respected author has most substanlogy in the case just supposed hastially placed it, on the plain, palno weight ; but we must think pable declarations of Holy Writ. it not wholly satisfactory till our If the Socinian rejects these, we author assures us that there is no cannot undertake to convince him, latent feeling passing through the or even materially to soften his premind that injustice was committed; judices. injustice on the part of those who required or accepted this innocent victim as a substitute for his guilty Sermons. By the Rev. J. JONES, countrymen. It might be a fact M.A., Minister of St. Andrew's that he suffered (and this shews by Church, Liverpool. I vol. 8vo. analogy that God may permit the London. 1829. innocent to suffer); but was it right so far as respected those at whose Our readers will have been enabled instance he suffered ? Ought they to form their own judgment of this to have demanded or received such volume of scriptural and very praca commutation ? Natural justice tical and useful discourses, from the says not; and so far from the per- specimen (slightly abbreviated in a mission of Providence being con. few places), in our present Number, strued into a direct sanction, a under the head of a Family Sermon. divine, in alluding to the event, We have not, perhaps, selected the would probably feel it necessary to best; but some of them being intervindicate the ways of God by shew. woven with such topics as “the ing that on earth virtue and vice are minister's joy,” or discussions on not suitably punished or rewarded, unfulfilled prophecy relative to the but that the day of final judgment Millennium, seemed less adapted for will solve all difficulties and reveal a discourse for domestic instructo every man an award according to tion. Mr. Jones inclines to think his deeds. We think that our author that Christ will reign personally on has in the course of his argument not earth a thousand years, and that
the resurrection of the just will hood he arrived at the Q. E. D. of occur previous to this great con- the 17th of the first book of Euclid, summation. We ourselves are not has never chanced to read Paley's convinced of the correctness of Horæ Paulinæ; for that man has a either of these inferences; but we pleasure in reserve, which all who cannot but admire the humble, in- have enjoyed it would be glad to genuous, and edifying manner in
The infidel may deny that which Mr. Jones has introduced his St. Paul and the writer of the Acts remarks upon them. His chiliasm of the Apostles were inspired ; but is connected with no extravagance he would sadly discredit his own of sentiment; but is set forth in reasoning powers, it' after weighing conjunction with those fundamental Paley's coincidences he professed doctrines and duties which, whether to doubt whether they narrated peculiar systems of prophetical in- actual facts; and the facts being terpretation be true or false, must proved, one very important advance ever constitute the great staple of is secured in the argument for the evangelical instruction.
inspiration of the sacred text. We rejoice to see such truly pas- Mr. Blunt has followed with no toral volumes multiplying around unworthy step in the path of his us; whether, as Mr. Jones modestly illustrious predecessor. His success expresses of his own publication, for in the little volume before us must, the welfare of a minister's own af. however, be measured not by what fectionate and beloved flock, or in Paley achieved in a more fruitful the wide circulation which, in this field, but by what was possible in age of large and rapid publication, the present instance ; for the brief can await comparatively few volumes and rapid narrative of Moses could of sermons. St. Andrew's church was not be expected to offer so prolific erected some fourteen years ago, by a harvest of coincidences as the Mr. Gladstone, of Liverpool, at a Acts of the Apostles and the Pautime when that large and populous line Epistles, which dovetail into town was lamentably deficient in each other with the most remarkchurch accommodation, and when able accuracy. We must not mea. the difficulties in the way of opening sure the skill or diligence of our new churches were almost ivsuper- Pentateuchal traveller, by the mere able. The discourses before us do number or brilliancy of the gems honour to his appointinent of Mr. which he has discovered in this new Jones as the minister; and we shall region ; especially as he has sucrejoice to hear that from the pulpitsceeded in collecting sufficient to of the churches now erecting in that shew that there are rich mines of and other populous places, are heard truth below the surface ; and even equally sound and faithful instruc- if a critical mineralogist should tions.
think that some of his specimens are doubtful, the general result of
his researches will not be affected. The Veracity of the Five Books of We have cut open the book too
Moses, argued from the unde- late in the month to allow of our signed Coincidences to be found in giving an adequate sample of the them when compared in their seve- curious coincidences discovered by ral Parts. By the Rev.J.J. Blunt, the author ; we shall therefore treaFellow of St. John's College, Cam. sure these for another department bridge. 1 vol. 6s. 6d. London. of our work in a future Number; 1830.
and shall, content ourselves for the
present with a portion of his arguWe envy the man, if such a one ment to prove that there was a there be, who, remembering his glow primitive patriarchal church ; with of exultation when first in his boy. its temple, its priest, its sacerdotal
dress, its holy seasons, its preach- the ass which they had brought with érs, its prophets, its laws, its sacri. them, but laid on the shoulders of him
who was to die, as the cross was borne up fices, and its types; with thc Mes
that same ascent of Him, who, in the fulsiah in prospect as a leading feature ness of time, was destined to expire upon of the whole dispensation, as in it.
it. But indeed I see the promise all retrospect he is of the dispensation Gen
Genesis through, so that our Lord might that succeeded. This opinion the
well begin with Moses in expounding the
things concerning himself; and well might author grounds on a variety of in- Philip say, We have found him of whom cidental notices in the Book of Moses in the Law did write.' I see the Genesis, which he considers as
promise all Genesis through, and if I bave “ coincidences without design," thus constructed a rude and imperfect temple of proving the consistency and the which offer themselves to our hands in that truth of the Mosaic narrative. history, the Messiah to come is the Spirit These we for the present pass over,
that must fill that temple with His all-per. and quote only ihe glowing and vading presence, none other than He must
be the Shekinah of the Tabernacle we eloquent passage relative to the have reared. For I confess myself wholly types and promise of the patriarchal at a loss to explain the nature of that church. Our readers will readily book on any other principle, or to unlock supply the Scripture references.
its mysteries by any other key. Couple it
with this consideration, and I see the “ Then as the patriarchal church had scheme of Revelation, like the physical her sacrifices, so bad she her types-types scheme, proceeding with beautiful uniforwhich in number scarcely yield to those of mity-an unity of plan connecting (as it the Levitical law, in precision and interest has been well' said by Paley) the chicken perhaps exceed them. For we meet with roosting upon its perch with the spheres them in the names and fortunes of indi- revolving in the firmament; and an unity viduals whom the Almighty Disposer of of plan connecting in like manner the events, without doing violence to the na- meanest accidents of a household with tural order of things, exhibits as pages of the most illustrious visions of a prophet. a living book in which the promise is to Abstracted from this consideration, I see be read-as characters expressing His in it details of actions, some trifling, some counsels and covenants writ by His own even offensive, pursued at a length (when finger—as actors, whereby he holds up to compared with the whole) singularly disa world, not yet prepared for less gross proportionate ; while things which the and sensible impressions, scenes to come. angels would desire to look into are passed It would lead me far beyond the limits over and forgotten. But this principle of my argument were I to touch upon the once admitted, and all is consecratedmultitude of instances, which will crowd, all assumes a new aspect-trifles that however, I doubt not, upon the minds of seem at first not bigger than a man's my readers. I might tell of Adam, whom hand, occupy the heavens ; and wherefore St. Paul himself calls the figure' or Sarah laughed, for instance, at the pro. type of Him that was to come.' spect of a son, and wherefore that laugh might tell of the sacrifice of Isaac (though was rendered immortal in his name, and not altogether after him whose vision upon wherefore the sacred historian dwells on this subject, always bright though often a mutter so trivial, wbilst the world and baseless, would alone have immortalized its vast concerns were lying at his feet, I his name)-of that Isaac whose birth was can fully understand. For then I see the preceded by an annunciation to his mother hand of God shaping every thing to his --whose conception was miraculous-who own ends, and in an event thus casual, was named of the angel before he was thus easy, thus unimportant, telling forth conceived in the womb, and Joy, or his mighty design of salvation to the Laughter, or Rejoicing was that name - world, and working it up into the web of who was, in its primary sense, the seed in his noble prospective counsels. I see that which all the nations of the earth were to nothing is great or little before Him who be blessed--whose projected death was a can bend to his purposes whatever He rehearsal (as it were), almost two thou- willeth, and convert the light-hearted and sand years beforehand, of the great offer thoughtless mockery of an aged woman ing of all-the very mountain, Moriah, into an instrument of his glory, effectual not chosen by chance, not chosen for con. as the tongue of the seer which He touched venience, for it was three days' journey with living coals from the altar. Bearing from Abraham's dwelling place, but no this master-key in my hand, I can inter. doubt appointed of God as the future pret the scenes of domestic mirth, of doscene of a Saviour's passion tooma son, inestic stratagem, or of domestic wickedan only son the victim--the very instru: ness, with which the history of Moses ments of the oblution, the wood, not abounds. The Seed of the woman, that carried by the young men, not carried by was to bruise the serpent's head, however
indistinctly understood, (and probably it if a portion of the cement may was understood very indistinctly,) was have been furnished by an ardent the one thing longed for in the families of old, was the desire of all nations,' as
imagination; there is still sufficient the Prophet Haggai expressly calls it, and left to bind many of the mateprovided they could accomplish this desire, rials without any very abrupt inthey (like others when urged by an over- terstices. Our specimens in a fupowering motive) were often reckless of the means, and rushed upon deeds which ture Number will enable our readthey could not defend." Then did the ers to decide on the proportions for wife forget her jealousy, and provoke, in- themselves. There is danger of stead of resenting, the faithlessness of her merging truth by fastidiousness ; mother's part, and teach her own child and of overstepping it by laxity of treachery and deceit; then did daughters imagination. The general notion turn the instincts of nature backward; of a patriarchal church may be then did the daughter-in-law veil her face; possible, and our author's coinciand to refuse to raise up seed to a bro: dences powerfully corroborate it; ther was to be spit upon; and the pro- but the minuter details, such as the spect of the Promise, like the fulfilment sacerdotal robes, are not demonof it, did not send peace into families, strated, nor does he offer them in but a sword, and three were set against this severe light, or profess that two, and two against three ; who would be promoted unto honour, there is plenary evidence on the was set against the younger, whom God subject. He gives us his glimpses would promote, and national differences as he thinks he perceives them in were engendered by it, as individualsgrew Scripture ; and all that we can say into nations; and even the foulest of idolatries may be traced, perhaps, to this on laying down the telescope is, it hallowed source: for the corruption of may be so; some parts assuredly the best is the worst corruption of all. It is upon this principle of interpretation, these scattered blocks and fragments
are so; if such an edifice existed, and I know not upon what other so well, that we may put to silence the ignorance were doubtless portions of it; but of foolish men, who have made those parts they are not sufficiently numerous of the Mosaic history a stumbling-block or perfect to allow of our re-conto many, which, if rightly understood, are structing the fabric, and adjusting
M. Cuvier can a principle, which is thus extensive in its its proportions. application and successful in its results, build up an extinct antediluvial which explains so much that is difficult, animal from a fragment of a single and answers so much that is objected digital bone ; and Mr. Blunt has strong presumption in its favour, strong reared some parts of his temple from claims upon our sober regard." pp. 35–44. equally scanty vestiges ; but passing
This is a splendid tablet of by these, there remain coincidences “ Mosaic;" the pieces are skilfully amply sufficient to sustain his genefitted, and take a high polish; and ral argument.
LITERARY AND PHILOSOPHICAL INTELLIGENCE
cer ;— The Last Days of Bishop Heber; WORKs preparing for publication, and in by the Rev. T. Robinson (from the the press :-Lectures on Liberality and Madras Edition). Expedience; by the Rev. J. Grant ;Twelve Sermons, by the Rev. E. Apple- We have received numerous communiyard ;-Discourses on the Sacrifice of cations expressive of approbation of the Christ, Faith, Assurance, and the Sealing plan of publishing a portion of the Christian of the Holy Spirit; by the Rev. W. Hull; Observer Family Sermons; among others, - Theological Meditations by a Sea-offi. from Mrs. Hannah More and Mr. Wilber
many trees !”
force, which they are pleased to allow us local information," in every department of to quote.
parochial and local interest has been pubTo the Editor of the Christian Observer. lished to enable clergymen and other in
" My dear sir, — I have heard, with very telligent persons, without much labour, great pleasure, of your intention to collect to collect gradually such a mass of topointo a volume a selection of the Sermons graphical facts as will furnish interesting dispersed throughout that very valuable and ample materials for the antiquary, the periodical, the Christian Observer, thus naturalist, and the man of science. rescuing from the mass those sound and Place-hunting, it seems, is no innovaexcellent portions of Divinity, and pre- tion of modern times ; for Evelyn, who senting them to the public in a compen- was born among woods, and knew more of dium, which will be a real acquisition to
the culture of timber-trees than any perit. The volume will be most accepta- son of his day, tells us, that when he wishble to many of your readers, not only for ed to be appointed to "a little office then their own use, but to present to families vacant,” the salary of which to him was in which the Christian Observer is hither- of no consequence, but which would have to unknown. I have taken this work from enabled him greatly to improve his Mathe very beginning, and I continue to jesty's forests, which had been sadly misprize it as highly as I have ever done, and managed, it was conferred, he says, upon count its now long range of volumes not a person “ who had seldom been out of among the least valuable part of my li- the smoke of London, where, though there brary.
is a great deal of timber, there are not “ I am, dear sir, with much esteem, “ Yours faithfully,
FRANCE. “ HANNAH MORE." A posthumous paper of the late Baron Mr. Wilberforce writes as follows: de Stael to a French periodical work has To the Editor of the Christian Observer. just been published, in wbich he recom
“My dear sir, I have heard with great mends to his Protestant countrymen the pleasure that you are about to publish a pious custom of praying for the blessing volume of the Sermons that foralong period of God and returning him thanks at have constituted each one article in every meals; a custom, he remarks, so prevalent Number of the Christian Observer ; for in Great Britain and the United States, with such of the sermons as have been read as not to be dispensed with even at public to me (the weakness of my eyes prevent- and political dinners. We fear he could ing my reading them myself) I have been not have said much for the reverence with much pleased. Would you not also extract which it is usually performed-a mere some other articles from the Christian parenthesis, stans pede in uno, chair in Observer? I know of no publication of hand. He remarks that Britain and the the kiod which contains so many of supe. United States, while they stand the highest rior merit. The cause I have just specim of the nations for industry, liberal institu. fied has, to my regret, rendered me less tions, and the astonishing progress of moacquainted with the Christian Observer dern civilization, are most distinguished than I formerly was; but I think so highly also for “ real, vital, energetic piety, in of it, and of the many excellent Contri- which the thought of a God and Saviour butors to it (many of them, alas! friends, most blends itself with the actions of pubthat are now no more), that I must rejoice lic and private life." in any circumstance which will be likely It is stated that thirteen priests, with to draw it into augmented notice. the express concurrence of the Bishop of “ I am, my dear sir,
Montpellier, recently celebrated with great “ Yours very sincerely, pomp, the obsequies of M. de Saint H,
“ W. WILBERFORCE." an avowed Protestant-a heretic. Madame The Family Sermons will be published de H. is a devoted Papist, and, being very in April, so that those of our readers who wealthy, wished to spare no expense for may wish for copies may direct their the repose of her husband's soul; but the booksellers to send them with their ma- priest declined the sacred rites till the gazines next month.
bishop cut the knot by declaring that
“though M. H-died to all appearThe Cambridge Norrisian prize was ad- ance a Protestant, yet in his heart he was judged to Mr. Selwyn, of St. John's, for doubtless a Catholic." his Essay on “ the Doctrine of Types,
SWITZERLAND. and its Influence on the Interpretation of The company of pastors of Geneva bave the New Testament."
rejected, by a large majority, a proposition A well digested series of " heads of for an evening service; on the ground both